Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Gambia, The 4.8 5.3 5.4 7.3 18.8
Congo, Rep. 8.6 7.6
Zambia 10.6 7.7 6.2 5.7
Angola 8.0 7.5
Lebanon 7.9 8.4 7.7 7.3 5.9
Uruguay 7.9 8.7 9.0
Greece 8.4 9.2
Italy 9.6 9.2 9.7 9.0 9.4
Czech Republic 9.7 9.5 10.5 9.9 9.5
Central African Republic 11.8 9.7 10.1 9.9 8.0
Oman 10.3 10.1 11.2
Kazakhstan 10.3 10.2 13.3 11.9 9.6
Japan 9.9 10.3 10.2 10.0 10.3
France 10.9 10.6 10.6 10.7 10.5
India 10.8 10.7 10.4
Romania 9.8 10.8 12.0
Austria 10.2 10.9 11.0 11.0 11.1
Hungary 11.1 10.9 10.4 10.4 10.4
Guinea 12.3 10.9 14.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 12.0 11.0 12.0 12.8
Spain 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.1 11.1
Georgia 15.0 11.2 12.9 9.5 8.9
Portugal 11.3 11.2 11.4 11.5 10.9
Albania 10.7 11.4 10.8 11.2
Belgium 12.1 11.4 12.3 12.4 12.9
Russian Federation 11.2 11.5 12.4 12.0
Brazil 11.1 12.0 13.0 13.2 14.1
Bulgaria 6.7 12.1 12.0 11.1 12.6
Sao Tome and Principe 6.5 12.1 9.7 16.7 18.2
Netherlands 11.8 12.2 12.0 11.7 11.9
Canada 12.2 12.4 12.1
Philippines 12.8 12.4 13.3 13.7 14.4
Pakistan 10.7 12.5 13.6 13.5 12.4
Israel 12.6 12.5 12.9 12.8 13.0
Finland 12.8 12.5 12.6 12.4 12.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.2 12.5 10.0 9.4 9.9
Poland 12.7 12.6 12.0 11.6 11.8
Sweden 13.1 12.8 12.8 12.9 13.1
Belarus 12.8 12.9 12.7 10.7
Slovak Republic 14.8 13.0 12.9 11.9 10.7
Maldives 19.5 13.0 13.3 12.7 12.6
Azerbaijan 13.3 13.1 9.5 9.8 8.3
Slovenia 13.5 13.3 13.3 12.9 12.5
Barbados 15.4 13.4 12.0 12.0
Australia 13.6 13.2 13.0 12.6
United Kingdom 13.3 13.6 13.7 13.4 13.3
Armenia 13.6 13.6 13.5 14.3
Lao PDR 14.8 13.7 16.4 16.9 12.2
Ukraine 12.8 13.7 13.9 14.0 13.6
Jamaica 10.8 13.8 15.5 16.3
Guyana 11.1 13.8 13.5 11.5
Kuwait 15.0 13.9 13.4
Estonia 14.2 13.9 13.5 13.6
Ireland 13.9 13.9 13.8 13.4 13.3
Peru 15.3 14.3 14.0 14.1 14.5
Lithuania 15.6 14.6 14.3 13.3 13.1
United States 15.2 14.6 15.5 15.2 14.9
El Salvador 14.7 15.6 16.9 19.4
Chad 11.0 14.7
Switzerland 15.6 15.2 15.3 15.0 16.5
Indonesia 13.8 15.3 15.0 13.6
Sierra Leone 17.1 15.5 19.8 14.9
Colombia 15.4 15.5 13.8 14.5 14.7
Denmark 15.4 15.7 15.4 15.3 14.9
St. Lucia 13.1 15.7 19.6 19.1
Cyprus 15.9 15.9 16.2 16.7 17.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.9 16.1 16.2 18.6 16.4
Chile 16.9 16.1 16.2 16.6 17.5
Mali 17.7 16.3 18.0
Norway 16.6 16.8 16.3 16.6 16.1
Mauritius 17.4 17.1 15.2 14.2 14.0
Togo 21.8 17.7 17.3 18.2 19.2
Saudi Arabia 18.0 17.8 20.1 17.7
Madagascar 12.9 18.0 15.3 18.0 15.6
Iceland 16.3 18.0 18.1 17.4 16.9
Fiji 22.0 18.8 19.3 21.4 16.7
Benin 19.2 18.8 19.7 14.9 19.1
Moldova 19.6 19.4 18.8 19.8 19.8
New Zealand 20.1 19.5 18.1 17.6 16.7
Burkina Faso 19.5 18.2 17.2
Bhutan 18.8 19.8 14.0
Korea, Rep. 20.7 19.9 19.6 19.3 21.5
South Africa 19.9 19.9 19.7 18.5 17.9
Swaziland 17.2 20.2 21.9 17.2
Thailand 20.5 20.2 21.2 18.0 17.1
Tanzania 22.8 20.4 16.2 20.9 20.9
Cameroon 20.8 21.4 20.3 21.6 15.6
Cote d'Ivoire 22.0 21.6 20.3 21.5 21.8
Senegal 17.0 21.8 18.0 19.2
Tunisia 23.0 22.0 22.1 22.0 20.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 32.7 22.6 20.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 23.1 22.7 23.3 21.8 18.2
Mexico 23.6 22.7 21.0 20.7 19.0
Djibouti 24.7 22.7 22.1 22.3
Mozambique 18.0 22.7 18.6
Ghana 22.4 23.4 24.2 23.9 23.6
Singapore 24.4 23.7 17.3
Nepal 22.5 23.8 25.9 24.5 23.9
Botswana 25.5 22.2
Lesotho 27.0 28.7 24.8 20.1
Kenya 28.4 32.3 29.1
Serbia 10.3 10.8
Turkmenistan
Kiribati
Kosovo
Kyrgyz Republic
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Burundi 13.0
Somalia
Latvia 14.5 13.9 14.1 13.3
Bermuda
Afghanistan
Antigua and Barbuda
Jordan
San Marino
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Libya
Sri Lanka
Liechtenstein
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Isle of Man
Tonga 18.7
Luxembourg
Bahamas, The
Macao SAR, China
Vietnam 18.1
Macedonia, FYR
Rwanda 18.8 15.6
Iraq
Cuba
Malawi
Costa Rica
Malaysia 21.0 16.7 16.1 14.0
Comoros 29.2
Honduras
South Sudan
Haiti
Cabo Verde 20.8 17.5 18.3 18.6
Malta 10.7 14.8 13.2
Suriname
Marshall Islands
Syrian Arab Republic 17.1 20.0 18.9 20.0
Mauritania 13.0
Timor-Leste 7.0
Guinea-Bissau
Bahrain 11.9 11.0 10.6
Guatemala 20.3 21.3 23.3
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Aruba
Guam
Vanuatu 21.4
Monaco
West Bank and Gaza
Mongolia 13.6 13.3
Dominica
Montenegro
Samoa 16.1
Morocco 20.0 18.7 17.5
Curacao
Grenada
Croatia 9.1 9.6 10.7
Myanmar
Seychelles 10.1
Namibia 20.0 21.3
American Samoa
Greenland
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Germany 9.8 10.3 10.4
Solomon Islands 22.2 18.8
New Caledonia
China
Algeria 11.4
Cayman Islands
Nicaragua
Cambodia 12.4 11.1
Niger 16.9 17.4 16.2
St. Martin (French part)
Nigeria
Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Brunei Darussalam
Gabon
Bolivia 21.2 19.9
French Polynesia
Tajikistan
Faeroe Islands
Belize 16.1 19.3
Palau
Bangladesh 15.4 16.4 17.4 15.0
Panama 14.6 14.9
Trinidad and Tobago
Papua New Guinea
Turkey 8.8 8.6
Paraguay
Turks and Caicos Islands
Ethiopia 21.9 22.3 22.7
Uganda 21.9
Eritrea 5.7 5.2
United Arab Emirates
Equatorial Guinea
Argentina 11.9 14.6 14.7 15.8
Ecuador
Uzbekistan
Puerto Rico
Venezuela, RB 9.3 10.1
Qatar 5.5 7.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Dominican Republic 12.6
Yemen, Rep. 12.5
Liberia
Zimbabwe

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