Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Afghanistan 3 3 6 9 12
Ethiopia 7 9 11 13 15
Somalia 20 20 20 20 19
Madagascar 19 20 21 22 22
Mozambique 23 24 25 25 26
Papua New Guinea 24 25 25 26 26
Congo, Dem. Rep. 26 26 26 26 27
Sierra Leone 26 27 28 29 30
Cambodia 24 26 29 31 33
Mali 27 28 30 31 33
Mongolia 26 28 30 32 34
Zambia 28 29 30 31 33
Swaziland 27 30 32 34 37
Niger 32 32 33 34 34
Mauritania 31 32 33 34 35
Lao PDR 34 34 34 34 34
Nigeria 32 33 34 35 36
Gabon 37 37 37 37 37
Togo 37 37 37 38 38
Cameroon 37 38 39 39 40
Guinea-Bissau 36 38 39 40 41
Kenya 37 38 39 40 41
Chad 39 39 39 40 40
Kiribati 39 39 40 41 41
Paraguay 35 38 41 43 46
Angola 42 41 41 41 40
Equatorial Guinea 42 42 42 42 42
Iraq 39 41 42 44 46
Tajikistan 44 44 44 44 45
Eritrea 41 42 44 45 47
Tanzania 46 46 45 45 45
Guinea 44 45 46 47 49
Uganda 43 45 46 48 50
Senegal 45 46 47 48 49
Liberia 47 47 47 47 47
Burkina Faso 44 46 47 49 51
Central African Republic 47 48 48 48 49
Malawi 44 47 49 51 53
Timor-Leste 49 49 49 49
Ghana 46 48 50 52 54
Bolivia 47 48 50 51 53
Haiti 50 50 50 50 50
Peru 49 50 51 53 54
Myanmar 49 51 53 55 56
Azerbaijan 51 52 54 55 56
Yemen, Rep. 56 55 55 54 53
Benin 53 54 55 56 57
Libya 55 55 55 55 55
Morocco 55 56 56 57 57
Sudan 60 59 58 58 57
Nicaragua 57 58 59 59 60
Chile 56 58 60 62 64
Djibouti 60 61 61 61 62
Rwanda 60 61 61 62 62
Kyrgyz Republic 59 61 63 64 66
Romania 61 62 64 65 67
Namibia 61 63 64 66 67
Vanuatu 61 63 64 66 67
China 62 63 65 66 68
Vietnam 62 63 65 67 69
Ecuador 64 65 65 66 66
Indonesia 64 65 65 66 67
Sao Tome and Principe 65 65 65 65 65
El Salvador 63 64 66 67 68
Honduras 64 65 66 67 68
South Africa 63 65 66 68 69
Cote d'Ivoire 67 67 67 67 67
Mexico 65 66 68 69 71
Burundi 68 68 69 69 69
Korea, Rep. 67 67 69 71 72
Suriname 70 70 70 70 70
Nepal 68 69 70 71 72
Colombia 70 70 70 70 71
Zimbabwe 70 70 70 70 70
Bangladesh 68 69 70 71 72
Tunisia 68 70 71 72 73
Sri Lanka 68 70 71 72 74
Belize 67 69 71 73 75
India 69 70 71 73 74
Oman 70 71 72 73 74
Panama 71 72 72 73 74
Brazil 71 72 73 73 74
Venezuela, RB 73 73 73 73 74
Gambia, The 72 73 74 74 75
Georgia 72 74 75 76 78
Lesotho 75 75 75 75 75
Armenia 75 75 75 77 79
Cuba 76 76 76 76 76
Turkmenistan 76 76 76 76 76
Syrian Arab Republic 75 76 76 77 78
Argentina 74 75 76 78 79
Lithuania 75 76 77 78 78
Uruguay 75 76 77 78 79
Palau 76 76 77 78 79
Guyana 75 76 77 79 80
Dominican Republic 77 77 77 77 77
Guatemala 77 78 79 79 80
Cabo Verde 79 79 79 80 80
Turkey 77 79 80 81 83
Philippines 79 79 80 81 82
Fiji 81 82 83 84 84
Pakistan 82 83 83 84 84
Russian Federation 83 83 84 85 85
Uzbekistan 85 85 85 84 84
Iran, Islamic Rep. 84 85 85 86 86
Algeria 87 87 86 85 85
Thailand 85 86 87 87 88
Turks and Caicos Islands 87 87 87 87
Moldova 88 88 88 88 89
Costa Rica 88 88 88 88 88
Comoros 86 87 88 89 90
Botswana 88 88 88 89 89
West Bank and Gaza 89 89 88 88 88
Malaysia 87 88 89 90 91
Jamaica 89 89 89 89 89
Kazakhstan 90 90 89 89 89
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 90 90 90 89 89
Samoa 89 90 90 91 91
Ukraine 91 91 91 91 91
Jordan 91 91 91 91 91
Trinidad and Tobago 91 91 91 91 91
Tuvalu 90 91 91 92 92
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 90 91 91 92 92
Maldives 91 91 92 92 93
Dominica 92 92 92 92
St. Lucia 93 93 93 93 93
Egypt, Arab Rep. 92 92 93 93 94
Aruba 92 93 93 93 94
Puerto Rico 94 94 94 94 94
Saudi Arabia 93 93 94 94 94
Albania 94 94 94 94 94
Northern Mariana Islands 95 95 95 95 95
United States 95 95 95 95 96
Hungary 94 94 95 96 97
Greece 94 95 95 96 96
Marshall Islands 95 95 95 95 96
Grenada 95 95 95 95 95
Montenegro 95 95 95 95 95
Bosnia and Herzegovina 96 96 96 96 96
Latvia 96 96 96 96 96
Portugal 96 96 96 96 97
American Samoa 95 96 96 97 97
Seychelles 96 96 96 96 96
Bahamas, The 96 96 96 96 96
Bahrain 95 96 97 97 98
Croatia 97 97 97 97 97
Barbados 97 97 98 98 98
Antigua and Barbuda 98 98 98 98 98
Estonia 98 98 98 98 98
St. Kitts and Nevis 98 98 98 98 98
Macedonia, FYR 99 99 99 99 99
Mauritius 99 99 99 99 99
Canada 99 99 99 99 99
Tonga 99 99 99 99 99
Kuwait 99 99 99 99 99
Malta 99 99 99 99 99
Belarus 99 99 99 99 99
Serbia 99 99 99 99 99
Slovenia 99 99 99 99 99
Czech Republic 100 100 100 100 100
Bulgaria 100 100 100 100 100
Slovak Republic 100 100 100 100 100
Guam 100 100 100 100 100
Ireland 100 100 100 100 100
Spain 100 100 100 100 100
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 100 100 100 100 100
United Kingdom 100 100 100 100 100
Switzerland 100 100 100 100 100
United Arab Emirates 100 100 100 100 100
Sweden 100 100 100 100 100
Lebanon 100 100 100 100 100
Germany 100 100 100 100 100
French Polynesia 100 100 100 100 100
Greenland 100 100 100 100 100
Iceland 100 100 100 100 100
Japan 100 100 100 100 100
Italy 100 100 100 100 100
France 100 100 100 100 100
Finland 100 100 100 100 100
Australia 100 100 100 100 100
Andorra 100 100 100 100 100
Austria 100 100 100 100 100
Belgium 100 100 100 100 100
Denmark 100 100 100 100 100
Cyprus 100 100 100 100 100
Korea, Dem. Rep. 100 100 100 100 100
Israel 100 100 100 100 100
New Zealand 100 100 100 100 100
Qatar 100 100 100 100 100
Netherlands 100 100 100 100 100
Norway 100 100 100 100 100
Luxembourg 100 100 100 100 100
San Marino
Monaco
Curacao
Hong Kong SAR, China
Poland
Macao SAR, China
Isle of Man
New Caledonia 94
Solomon Islands
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Bhutan 82 82
Congo, Rep. 32 32
South Sudan
Brunei Darussalam
Kosovo
Bermuda
Faeroe Islands
Singapore
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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