Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Congo, Dem. Rep. 18 18 18 25 40
Chad 20 24 35 45 36
Somalia 21 19 33 36 33
Niger 23 25 29 32 34
Nigeria 26 21 32 31 29
Angola 28 41 47 21 31
Afghanistan 31 28 27 27 24
Congo, Rep. 37 23 26 29 33
Burkina Faso 37 39 15 15 45
Djibouti 41 32 23 23 46
Haiti 42 42 45 47 49
Cambodia 43 46 47 53 59
Pakistan 46 52 55 58 62
Cameroon 46 48 56 59 62
Yemen, Rep. 47 40 68 72 76
Guinea 48 47 56 43 46
Central African Republic 48 43 43 33 37
Madagascar 49 49 52 55 57
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 50 37 43 50 56
Togo 50 42 42 57 64
Mauritania 50 28 16 53 51
Mali 53 52 52 40 43
Guinea-Bissau 53 63 54 45 49
Cote d'Ivoire 55 58 58 58 65
Ethiopia 55 55 41 27 30
Sudan 56 55 46 55 62
Papua New Guinea 56 45 60 60 59
Uganda 57 56 48 50 52
Venezuela, RB 57 60 39 76 77
Lao PDR 58 60 54 55 51
Comoros 60 48 75 73 70
Mozambique 60 62 65 68 70
Bolivia 61 58 61 77 75
Gabon 62 54 50 45 45
Nepal 65 78 71 65 74
India 66 62 61 59 58
Guatemala 66 73 78 77 81
Eritrea 66 75 86 93 81
Benin 66 66 70 74 78
Vanuatu 67 72 72 71 71
Bosnia and Herzegovina 67 79 89 90 85
Sao Tome and Principe 68 73 73 78 82
Senegal 70 59 59 60 52
Namibia 70 66 74 72 79
Ghana 71 71 76 79 88
Indonesia 72 73 74 75 75
Dominican Republic 72 73 75 83 78
Solomon Islands 72 72 70 88 86
Turkey 72 79 81 79 85
Paraguay 72 75 79 82 86
Burundi 73 74 65 79 80
South Africa 73 76 75 74 73
Ireland 74 76 84 86 86
Azerbaijan 74 70 73 75 76
Philippines 75 81 81 80 78
Tajikistan 75 81 79 82 83
Iraq 76 78 76 81 80
Brazil 77 79 93 94 98
Bangladesh 77 78 77 80 82
Denmark 77 92 99 99 97
Marshall Islands 78 78 86 66 39
Kiribati 79 91 88 78 90
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 79 75 80 76 85
Georgia 80 80 80 84 80
Grenada 80 95 97 88 97
Equatorial Guinea 80 81 81 33 34
Nicaragua 80 80 73 79 83
Swaziland 82 82 83 83 84
Ecuador 82 81 85 79 87
Tanzania 82 79 79 76 79
Argentina 83 88 84 86 83
Guyana 83 88 90 83 88
China 83 84 84 85 85
Germany 84 87 89 97 90
Zambia 84 83 84 84 85
Russian Federation 84 88 91 95 96
Barbados 85 96 93 87 93
Bahamas, The 85 86 89 82 99
Belize 85 86 87 87 91
Suriname 85 81 90 85 71
Costa Rica 85 94 85 86 88
Colombia 85 84 73 74 79
Australia 86 77 82 88 90
Armenia 86 88 82 91 93
Kenya 87 79 81 82 82
Estonia 87 87 88 91 93
Lesotho 87 87 88 88 83
Bhutan 87 87 86 90 92
Algeria 88 89 85 83 86
Cabo Verde 88 87 88 89 90
Myanmar 88 90 90 75 82
New Zealand 88 86 81 88 90
Syrian Arab Republic 88 87 87 86 84
St. Lucia 88 98 88 89 70
Switzerland 89 89 88 93 93
Rwanda 89 73 79 85 90
Trinidad and Tobago 89 90 91 90 90
Mauritius 89 90 89 85 88
Greece 90 90 89 88 89
Spain 90 94 95 95 95
Mongolia 90 92 94 94 94
Canada 90 86 90 90 89
United Arab Emirates 90 92 94 94 94
Egypt, Arab Rep. 90 88 92 97 98
Zimbabwe 90 86 84 81 78
Korea, Rep. 90 80 74 86 97
Austria 90 90 82 74 81
Cuba 90 99 99 95 95
Malawi 90 95 96 85 75
Chile 91 90 90 95 91
Serbia 91 94 93 92 95
Uruguay 91 91 91 93 90
Panama 91 95 98 92 98
Croatia 91 92 93 93 93
Lithuania 91 90 93 93 94
Malta 92 92 92 93 94
Qatar 92 92 94 92 80
Sri Lanka 92 97 94 99 99
Jamaica 92 90 86 89 93
Saudi Arabia 93 92 94 93 95
Lebanon 93 92 89 86 83
Macedonia, FYR 93 97 94 95 95
Latvia 93 92 94 95 96
Israel 94 95 92 91 93
Peru 94 90 94 99 98
Honduras 94 95 97 95 94
United Kingdom 94 92 91 92 91
Thailand 94 95 96 97 97
Vietnam 94 95 94 93 96
Bulgaria 95 94 95 96 93
Mexico 95 95 96 96 97
United States 95 96 96 96 94
Uzbekistan 95 96 99 99 99
Portugal 95 94 97 97 96
Samoa 95 96 99 98 99
Kazakhstan 95 97 99 98 97
Morocco 95 94 93 91 95
Belgium 95 87 79 87 95
Tunisia 95 96 96 99 97
Gambia, The 96 96 85 74 80
Italy 96 95 95 95 87
Bahrain 96 98 98 97 97
Botswana 96 96 98 97 97
Jordan 96 99 99 85 91
Libya 96 96 95 94 94
El Salvador 96 97 99 94 99
Turkmenistan 97 98 99 98 97
Maldives 97 97 97 97 98
Czech Republic 97 98 98 98 98
Fiji 97 86 87 89 90
France 97 97 96 97 97
Tuvalu 97 77 94 83 82
Singapore 97 98 97 97 98
Poland 97 98 98 98 98
Norway 97 95 93 92 90
Moldova 97 97 97 97 95
Netherlands 97 97 97 97 97
Malaysia 97 98 97 97 98
Cyprus 98 98 98 97 97
Slovenia 98 94 91 92 91
Palau 98 91 96 96 96
Romania 98 97 97 97 99
Kyrgyz Republic 98 98 97 99 99
Albania 98 99 96 97 97
Luxembourg 98 98 98 98 99
Belarus 98 98 99 99 99
Sweden 99 99 99 99 99
Iran, Islamic Rep. 99 99 99 99 99
Monaco 99 99 99 99 99
Ukraine 99 99 98 99 99
Kuwait 99 96 95 94 98
Antigua and Barbuda 99 99 99 99 95
Brunei Darussalam 99 99 97 92 99
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 99 99 99 95 98
Tonga 99 96 96 91 91
Dominica 99 92 99 99 99
Slovak Republic 99 99 99 99 99
San Marino 99 99 99 96
Hungary 99 99 99 99 99
Iceland 99 99 99 98 98
Japan 99 70 75 80 85
Seychelles 99 98 99 99 98
St. Kitts and Nevis 99 99 97 98 98
Oman 99 99 99 99 99
Finland 99 99 99 99 99
Cayman Islands
Guam
Curacao
Liechtenstein
French Polynesia
Montenegro
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Andorra 90 89 90 98
Timor-Leste
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Greenland
Sierra Leone 43 44
Hong Kong SAR, China
New Caledonia
Macao SAR, China
Faroe Islands
Bermuda
Aruba
Liberia 50 46
St. Martin (French part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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