Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Congo, Dem. Rep. 21 20 20 15 46
Chad 22 30 20 30 28
Papua New Guinea 24 50 61 62 62
Somalia 33 25 32 38 24
Nigeria 38 38 38 35 33
Niger 38 35 35 35 37
Cameroon 39 43 47 46 49
Burkina Faso 40 41 24 36 48
Djibouti 41 31 21 23 50
Afghanistan 42 38 31 31 27
Congo, Rep. 42 18 21 23 34
Comoros 43 49 67 69 70
Yemen, Rep. 43 41 66 74 71
Central African Republic 44 42 37 37 36
Madagascar 46 46 51 55 57
Togo 48 43 40 57 58
Guinea-Bissau 49 51 61 70 71
Korea, Dem. Rep. 50 34 49 63 78
Pakistan 50 52 54 56 59
Haiti 50 52 53 54 55
Malta 51 56 60 67 74
Ethiopia 54 51 44 37 36
Italy 55 57 55 70 74
Uganda 55 54 50 55 57
Cambodia 56 50 54 63 65
Mali 57 56 54 51 49
Sao Tome and Principe 57 60 59 64 69
Gabon 57 56 56 55 55
Mozambique 58 61 64 67 71
Sudan 59 58 49 51 58
Benin 60 66 67 69 70
Vanuatu 61 65 64 62 61
Namibia 61 59 64 65 69
Guinea 61 56 52 40 42
Bolivia 61 51 65 79 84
Mauritius 61 87 85 80 84
Angola 62 78 62 46 41
Venezuela, RB 64 68 92 84 84
Kiribati 64 82 77 62 80
Georgia 65 69 73 76 73
Nepal 65 73 67 81 71
Cote d'Ivoire 65 68 66 57 68
Azerbaijan 65 66 67 68 67
Eritrea 66 73 79 88 76
India 66 55 53 56 56
Mauritania 66 64 62 62 46
Marshall Islands 69 52 93 93 94
Guatemala 69 74 79 83 86
Bangladesh 69 72 71 71 74
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 86 84 83 80
Senegal 70 65 62 60 48
Ghana 71 73 78 81 90
Turkey 72 79 81 82 87
Belgium 73 76 80 82 82
Lao PDR 73 67 71 71 42
South Africa 76 82 79 75 72
Rwanda 76 66 72 78 74
Philippines 76 79 80 80 78
Ireland 77 77 77 77 79
Tanzania 78 73 72 72 78
Dominican Republic 79 79 80 83 85
Burundi 79 77 68 70 72
Ecuador 79 77 89 99 99
Indonesia 79 77 77 77 76
Tajikistan 79 84 83 79 88
Brazil 80 99 95 99 99
Equatorial Guinea 81 82 82 51 51
Kenya 81 79 90 76 78
Belize 81 85 84 82 96
Paraguay 81 61 71 82 92
Swaziland 82 92 92 92 92
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 82 74 82 79 85
Iraq 82 85 88 90 86
Lesotho 82 80 79 77 74
Switzerland 83 83 81 82 82
France 84 83 82 83 84
Cabo Verde 84 83 84 85 86
Costa Rica 84 99 83 88 82
China 84 83 83 84 84
Nicaragua 85 86 91 87 86
Syrian Arab Republic 85 84 87 86 84
Lebanon 85 89 83 77 71
Denmark 85 84 91 92 99
Bhutan 85 84 71 77 78
Grenada 85 92 97 94 92
Zambia 86 86 86 85 85
Myanmar 86 88 89 86 84
Estonia 86 88 89 92 93
Peru 87 91 93 93 97
Austria 87 90 78 65 75
Australia 87 85 82 88 91
Suriname 87 79 82 85 84
Zimbabwe 88 84 79 77 75
Russian Federation 88 91 94 97 97
Trinidad and Tobago 88 88 90 88 90
Armenia 89 92 94 92 92
Sri Lanka 89 94 94 95 99
Korea, Rep. 89 85 85 90 95
Uruguay 89 92 96 99 89
Mongolia 89 91 93 93 92
Botswana 89 89 89 90 91
Spain 90 93 93 95 94
Qatar 90 87 89 87 91
Malawi 90 87 90 82 73
Algeria 90 92 84 83 80
Panama 90 92 96 90 97
Moldova 90 95 93 93 89
Solomon Islands 90 68 66 99 91
Colombia 90 80 78 79 88
United Arab Emirates 90 95 95 96 94
Serbia 90 92 88 84 89
Cyprus 90 90 89 87 86
Greece 90 90 89 88 89
Honduras 91 89 98 98 98
Guyana 91 82 93 87 86
Macedonia, FYR 91 98 96 98 97
Luxembourg 91 91 92 92 93
United States 91 91 92 92 91
Germany 91 91 92 92 92
Bahamas, The 92 93 92 86 93
Ukraine 92 97 96 99 99
Saudi Arabia 92 92 93 92 94
Croatia 92 91 91 92 93
Albania 92 95 89 85 95
United Kingdom 92 91 87 88 88
New Zealand 92 99 81 83 85
Norway 92 93 91 90 88
Thailand 92 93 96 96 94
Tunisia 92 92 94 90 95
Egypt, Arab Rep. 92 92 98 96 98
Libya 93 91 92 92 93
Slovenia 93 82 93 98 95
Morocco 93 92 91 90 93
Mexico 93 91 96 94 96
Chile 93 96 98 94 97
Romania 94 97 97 98 98
El Salvador 94 98 99 94 97
Gambia, The 94 91 90 90 89
Fiji 94 75 77 79 81
Jordan 94 95 93 83 94
Japan 94 94 95 95 96
Tuvalu 94 99 96 94 81
Netherlands 94 96 96 95 96
Uzbekistan 95 96 95 96 99
Bahrain 95 94 99 94 98
Bulgaria 95 93 95 96 89
St. Lucia 95 95 90 95 88
Tonga 95 97 94 93 88
Maldives 95 96 98 97 99
Israel 96 97 94 94 95
Vietnam 96 96 96 94 97
Samoa 96 99 99 91 93
Sweden 96 96 94 89 91
Jamaica 96 88 88 82 88
Belarus 96 97 98 98 98
Lithuania 96 96 97 97 97
Latvia 96 97 97 97 97
Singapore 97 98 96 97 96
Canada 97 96 96 96 96
Malaysia 97 98 96 97 96
Kazakhstan 97 97 99 99 99
Poland 97 97 97 97 97
Czech Republic 97 96 95 97 97
Turkmenistan 98 99 99 97 96
Oman 98 98 98 99 99
San Marino 98 98 99 99 74
Finland 98 96 96 96 96
Kyrgyz Republic 98 98 98 99 98
Seychelles 98 99 93 99 97
Cuba 99 96 99 96 94
Hungary 99 99 99 99 99
Monaco 99 99 99 99 99
Antigua and Barbuda 99 93 99 99 95
Iceland 99 99 96 94 91
Iran, Islamic Rep. 99 95 99 99 99
Kuwait 99 95 99 96 99
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 99 99 99 87 96
Argentina 99 93 95 97 91
Dominica 99 99 98 99 99
Barbados 99 92 97 86 94
Portugal 99 96 96 92 87
Brunei Darussalam 99 98 99 94 99
Slovak Republic 99 99 99 99 98
St. Kitts and Nevis 99 97 99 99 99
Palau 99 83 74 96 83
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
South Sudan
Greenland
Bermuda
Andorra 90 90 97 97
Timor-Leste
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Macao SAR, China
Curacao
Liechtenstein
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro
Puerto Rico
New Caledonia
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guam
Liberia 69 63
West Bank and Gaza
Hong Kong SAR, China
Sierra Leone 62 37
Aruba

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