Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Tanzania 12 13 14 15 15
Ghana 14 15 15 15 16
Madagascar 15 16 16 16 16
Benin 17 17 18 18 19
Ethiopia 20 20 21 21 22
Guinea 21 22 22 23 24
Sierra Leone 23 23 23 23 23
Chad 23 24 24 25 25
Central African Republic 23 25 26 27 28
Sao Tome and Principe 24 24 24 24 25
Niger 25 25 26 26 27
Liberia 26 26 26 26 26
Guinea-Bissau 26 26 26 26 26
Afghanistan 26 27 29 30 31
Togo 26 26 26 26 26
Malawi 26 26 26 26 25
Cambodia 27 31 34 37 40
Kenya 28 28 28 28 29
Cote d'Ivoire 29 29 29 30 30
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31 31 31 31 31
Mauritania 32 33 34 36 37
Uganda 32 32 32 32 33
Mali 33 34 34 34 34
Burundi 34 34 35 35 36
Haiti 34 34 34 34 33
Mozambique 34 35 36 36 37
Nigeria 35 35 34 34 34
Lesotho 35 35 35 35 35
Comoros 36 37 38 40 41
Nepal 38 39 40 40 41
Gabon 39 39 39 39 40
Somalia 42 42 42 43 44
Kiribati 45 46 46 46 47
Bolivia 45 46 47 48 48
Burkina Faso 45 46 46 46 47
Bangladesh 48 49 49 50 50
Sudan 50 50 49 49 49
Vanuatu 51 51 51 52 53
Timor-Leste 51 51 51 51 51
India 52 53 53 54 54
Zimbabwe 53 53 53 53 53
China 54 56 57 58 60
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 55 57 58 60 62
Cabo Verde 56 56 57 59 60
Korea, Dem. Rep. 57 57 59 61 63
Eritrea 57 56 56 55 55
Namibia 60 59 59 59 59
Zambia 60 60 59 59 59
Senegal 60 60 61 61 62
Nicaragua 60 60 61 61 61
Cameroon 60 60 61 61 61
American Samoa 61 61 61 61 62
Papua New Guinea 61 61 61 60 60
Gambia, The 62 62 62 62 62
Lao PDR 62 62 62 62 64
Swaziland 63 63 63 63 63
Rwanda 63 63 63 63 63
Indonesia 63 64 64 65 65
Mongolia 65 65 65 65 65
Botswana 65 66 67 68 69
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 68 69 70 71 72
St. Lucia 68 68 69 69 69
Djibouti 69 70 70 70 70
Angola 69 71 72 73 74
Azerbaijan 70 70 70 70 72
Paraguay 71 72 74 76 77
Vietnam 71 72 73 75 76
Northern Mariana Islands 71 72 72 73 73
Philippines 72 72 73 73 74
Pakistan 72 72 72 72 72
El Salvador 73 73 73 74 74
Honduras 73 74 75 76 76
Peru 74 74 75 75 75
South Africa 76 76 77 77 77
Palau 76 79 81 84 86
Yemen, Rep. 76 77 79 80 81
Ecuador 77 77 78 78 79
Myanmar 77 77 78 78 79
Panama 77 77 77 77 78
Jamaica 78 78 78 78 78
Tuvalu 78 79 79 80 81
Russian Federation 78 78 78 78 77
Marshall Islands 79 79 80 80 80
Sri Lanka 79 79 80 80 80
Antigua and Barbuda 80 81 82 83 84
Dominica 80 80 80 80 80
Iran, Islamic Rep. 80 81 82 83 83
Mexico 80 81 81 81 82
Brazil 81 81 82 82 82
Belize 81 82 83 83 84
Turks and Caicos Islands 81 81 81 81 81
Morocco 82 82 82 82 82
Iraq 83 83 83 83 83
Colombia 83 83 83 83 83
Guatemala 83 83 84 84 84
Dominican Republic 83 83 83 83 84
Guyana 85 86 86 86 86
Barbados 86 87 88 89 89
Moldova 87 87 87 87 87
Fiji 87 88 88 88 89
St. Kitts and Nevis 87 87 87 87 87
Thailand 88 88 88 88 88
Romania 88 88 88 88 88
Cuba 88 88 89 89 89
Bahamas, The 88 88 88 88 88
Guam 89 89 89 89 89
Suriname 90 90 90 90 90
West Bank and Gaza 90 91 91 91 92
Venezuela, RB 91 91 92 92 92
Argentina 91 91 92 92 92
Mauritius 91 91 91 91 91
Malaysia 91 92 92 93 93
Kyrgyz Republic 92 92 92 92 92
Tajikistan 92 92 92 92 92
Equatorial Guinea 92 92 92 92 92
Trinidad and Tobago 93 93 92 92 92
Egypt, Arab Rep. 93 94 94 94 95
Chile 93 94 94 95 95
Macedonia, FYR 93 93 93 93 93
Uruguay 94 94 94 94 94
Costa Rica 94 94 94 94 94
Saudi Arabia 94 94 95 96 96
Belarus 94 94 94 94 94
Lithuania 94 94 95 95 95
Samoa 94 94 94 94 94
Albania 95 95 95 95 95
Tunisia 95 95 95 95 96
Syrian Arab Republic 95 95 95 95 95
Oman 96 96 96 96 96
Armenia 96 96 96 96 96
Poland 96 96 96 96 96
Uzbekistan 96 96 97 97 97
Turkey 96 96 96 96 96
Estonia 96 96 96 96 96
Cayman Islands 96 96 96 96 96
Kazakhstan 96 96 96 96 96
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 96 96 96 96 96
Georgia 97 97 97 97 97
Libya 97 97 97 97 97
Serbia 97 97 97 97 97
Seychelles 97 97 97 97 97
Ukraine 97 97 97 97 97
Grenada 98 98 98 98 98
Maldives 98 98 98 98 98
Jordan 98 98 98 98 98
United Arab Emirates 98 98 98 98 98
Bosnia and Herzegovina 98 98 98 98 98
Tonga 98 98 98 99 99
Portugal 98 99 99 99 99
Aruba 98 98 98 98 98
French Polynesia 99 98 98 98 98
Croatia 99 99 99 99 99
Bahrain 99 99 99 99 99
Turkmenistan 99 99 99 99 99
Algeria 99 99 99 99 99
Puerto Rico 99 99 99 99 99
Singapore 99 100 100 100 100
Greece 100 100 99 99 99
Ireland 100 100 100 100 100
Slovak Republic 100 100 100 100 100
United States 100 100 100 100 100
Bulgaria 100 100 100 100 100
Sweden 100 100 100 100 100
Switzerland 100 100 100 100 100
United Kingdom 100 100 100 100 100
Slovenia 100 100 100 100 100
Spain 100 100 100 100 100
Lebanon 100 100 100 100 100
Greenland 100 100 100 100 100
Germany 100 100 100 100 100
France 100 100 100 100 100
Hungary 100 100 100 100 100
Iceland 100 100 100 100 100
Korea, Rep. 100 100 100 100 100
Japan 100 100 100 100 100
Finland 100 100 100 100 100
Denmark 100 100 100 100 100
Austria 100 100 100 100 100
Australia 100 100 100 100 100
Andorra 100 100 100 100 100
Belgium 100 100 100 100 100
Canada 100 100 100 100 100
Czech Republic 100 100 100 100 100
Cyprus 100 100 100 100 100
Kuwait 100 100 100 100 100
Israel 100 100 100 100 100
Monaco 100 100 100 100 100
Malta 100 100 100 100 100
Norway 100 100 100 100 100
Netherlands 100 100 100 100 100
New Caledonia 100 100 100 100 100
Luxembourg 100 100 100 100 100
Qatar 100 100 100 100 100
Bhutan 66 66 66
Curacao
Hong Kong SAR, China
Middle East (developing only)
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macao SAR, China
Italy
New Zealand
Solomon Islands
Congo, Rep. 18 18 18
Latvia 82 82 82
Brunei Darussalam
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro 92 92
Faeroe Islands
San Marino

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