Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Tanzania 12 13 14 15 16
Ghana 15 15 15 16 16
Madagascar 16 16 16 16 16
Ethiopia 22 22 22 23 23
Sierra Leone 22 22 22 22 22
Guinea 22 22 23 24 25
Benin 22 23 24 25 25
Togo 24 24 24 24 24
Niger 24 25 25 26 27
Chad 24 24 25 25 26
Sao Tome and Principe 24 24 24 25 27
Liberia 24 24 24 25 25
Central African Republic 25 26 27 28 29
Guinea-Bissau 26 26 26 26 27
Afghanistan 27 28 29 30 31
Kenya 28 28 28 28 29
Uganda 28 28 28 28 28
Cote d'Ivoire 29 29 30 30 30
Congo, Dem. Rep. 30 30 30 30 30
Cambodia 31 34 37 40 43
Mali 32 33 33 33 33
Mauritania 33 34 36 37 39
Haiti 33 33 33 33 33
Burundi 34 35 35 36 36
Lesotho 35 35 35 35 35
Comoros 35 36 37 37 38
Mozambique 35 36 36 37 37
Nigeria 37 36 36 36 36
Gabon 39 39 39 40 40
Nepal 40 41 42 43 44
Somalia 42 42 43 44 45
Kiribati 46 46 46 47 47
Burkina Faso 46 46 46 47 47
Malawi 46 46 46 46 46
Bolivia 47 48 48 49 50
Bangladesh 49 50 50 51 51
Sudan 50 49 49 49 48
Vanuatu 51 51 52 53 54
Timor-Leste 51 51 51 51 53
Zimbabwe 51 51 51 51 51
Bhutan 52 53 55 57 59
India 52 53 53 54 55
Cabo Verde 54 56 57 59 60
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 57 58 60 62 64
Eritrea 57 56 55 54 54
Korea, Dem. Rep. 57 59 61 63 65
Zambia 58 58 58 58 58
Gambia, The 59 59 60 60 60
Namibia 59 59 59 59 58
Senegal 60 60 61 61 61
Cameroon 60 61 61 61 61
Rwanda 61 61 60 60 60
Papua New Guinea 61 61 60 60 60
American Samoa 61 61 61 62 62
Lao PDR 62 62 62 64 66
Swaziland 63 63 63 63 63
Indonesia 64 64 65 65 66
Nicaragua 64 65 66 67 67
Mongolia 65 65 65 65 65
South Africa 65 65 66 66 66
Botswana 66 67 68 69 69
Angola 68 69 71 72 73
Pakistan 69 69 70 71 72
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 69 70 71 72 73
Philippines 71 71 72 72 73
Djibouti 72 71 70 69 68
Northern Mariana Islands 72 72 73 73 74
Vietnam 72 73 74 76 77
China 72 73 74 75 75
Guatemala 72 73 73 73 74
Peru 73 74 74 75 75
Honduras 74 75 76 76 77
El Salvador 75 75 76 76 76
Azerbaijan 75 75 75 76 77
Myanmar 77 77 78 78 79
Turkmenistan 77 77 77 77 77
Ecuador 77 78 78 79 79
Yemen, Rep. 77 79 80 81 82
Russian Federation 78 78 78 78 78
Panama 78 78 78 79 79
Palau 79 81 84 86 89
Tuvalu 79 79 80 81 81
Jamaica 79 79 79 79 79
Marshall Islands 79 80 80 80 80
Paraguay 79 80 81 82 83
Dominica 80 80 80 80 80
Antigua and Barbuda 81 82 83 84 85
Equatorial Guinea 81 81 81 81 81
Iran, Islamic Rep. 81 82 83 83 84
St. Lucia 81 81 81 82 82
Mexico 81 82 82 82 83
Brazil 81 82 82 83 83
Turks and Caicos Islands 81 81 81 81 81
Morocco 82 82 82 82 82
Belize 82 83 83 84 85
Iraq 83 83 83 83 84
Colombia 83 83 83 83 83
Dominican Republic 83 83 84 84 84
Barbados 84 85 85 86 87
Sri Lanka 84 85 85 85 85
Guyana 86 86 86 86 86
Moldova 86 86 87 87 87
Bulgaria 87 87 87 87 87
St. Kitts and Nevis 87 87 87 87 87
Fiji 88 88 88 89 89
Ireland 88 88 88 88 88
Bahamas, The 88 88 88 88 89
Cuba 88 89 89 89 90
Guam 89 89 89 89 89
Thailand 89 89 89 89 89
Romania 89 89 90 90 90
Suriname 90 90 90 90 90
West Bank and Gaza 90 90 90 91 91
Trinidad and Tobago 90 91 91 91 91
Venezuela, RB 91 92 92 92 93
Argentina 92 92 92 92 93
Malaysia 92 92 92 93 93
Algeria 92 92 91 91 91
Tajikistan 92 92 92 92 92
Lithuania 92 93 93 93 93
Kyrgyz Republic 92 92 92 92 92
Mauritius 93 93 93 93 93
Macedonia, FYR 93 93 93 93 93
Egypt, Arab Rep. 94 94 94 94 95
Uruguay 94 94 94 94 94
Chile 94 94 95 95 95
Belarus 94 94 94 94 94
Samoa 94 94 94 94 94
Poland 94 94 94 94 94
Costa Rica 94 95 95 95 95
Saudi Arabia 94 95 96 96 97
Albania 95 95 95 95 95
Tunisia 95 95 95 95 95
Syrian Arab Republic 95 95 95 95 95
Armenia 95 95 95 95 95
Oman 96 96 96 96 96
Cayman Islands 96 96 96 96 96
Uzbekistan 96 97 97 97 98
Kazakhstan 96 96 96 96 97
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 96 96 96 96 96
Turkey 97 97 97 97 97
Georgia 97 97 97 96 96
Libya 97 97 97 97 97
Greece 97 97 97 98 98
Ukraine 97 97 97 97 97
Tonga 97 97 97 97 97
Estonia 97 97 97 98 98
Luxembourg 98 98 98 98 98
Grenada 98 98 98 98 98
Netherlands 98 98 98 98 98
Serbia 98 98 98 98 98
Maldives 98 98 98 98 98
Portugal 98 98 98 98 98
Hungary 98 98 98 98 98
French Polynesia 98 98 98 98 98
United Arab Emirates 98 98 98 98 98
Norway 98 98 98 98 98
Croatia 98 98 98 98 98
Jordan 98 98 98 98 98
Bosnia and Herzegovina 98 98 98 98 98
Aruba 98 98 98 98 98
Seychelles 98 98 98 98 98
France 99 99 99 99 99
Iceland 99 99 99 99 99
Czech Republic 99 99 99 99 99
Bahrain 99 99 99 99 99
United Kingdom 99 99 99 99 99
Slovenia 99 99 99 99 99
Germany 99 99 99 99 99
Sweden 99 99 99 99 99
Puerto Rico 99 99 99 99 99
Finland 99 99 99 99 99
Slovak Republic 99 99 99 99 99
Singapore 100 100 100 100 100
Belgium 100 100 100 100 100
Italy 100 100 100 100 100
Denmark 100 100 100 100 100
United States 100 100 100 100 100
Qatar 100 100 100 100 99
Spain 100 100 100 100 100
Switzerland 100 100 100 100 100
Cyprus 100 100 100 100 100
Monaco 100 100 100 100 100
Malta 100 100 100 100 100
Australia 100 100 100 100 100
Korea, Rep. 100 100 100 100 100
Canada 100 100 100 100 100
Israel 100 100 100 100 100
Kuwait 100 100 100 100 100
New Caledonia 100 100 100 100 100
Japan 100 100 100 100 100
Andorra 100 100 100 100 100
Greenland 100 100 100 100 100
Austria 100 100 100 100 100
South Sudan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Brunei Darussalam
Curacao
Latvia 87 87 87 87
Congo, Rep. 18 18 18 18
Isle of Man
Montenegro 91 91 91
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Solomon Islands 81
New Zealand
Macao SAR, China
Lebanon 83 83 83

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