Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Ethiopia 3 5 6 7 9
Niger 6 6 6 6 7
Tanzania 8 8 9 9 9
Chad 9 9 9 10 10
Ghana 9 9 10 10 10
Madagascar 10 10 10 10 10
Burkina Faso 10 10 11 11 12
Eritrea 10 10 11 11 11
Benin 10 10 11 11 12
Sierra Leone 11 11 11 11 11
Guinea-Bissau 11 11 11 12 12
Togo 12 11 11 11 11
Guinea 11 12 12 12 13
Liberia 13 13 13 13 13
Congo, Rep. 13 13 13 13
Cambodia 9 11 13 15 16
Mozambique 12 13 13 14 14
Uganda 15 15 15 15 16
Central African Republic 16 16 17 17 17
Cote d'Ivoire 16 17 17 17 18
Mali 16 17 17 18 18
Nepal 15 17 18 20 22
Sao Tome and Principe 18 18 19 20 21
Papua New Guinea 20 20 19 19 19
Haiti 20 20 20 21 21
Mauritania 19 20 22 23 24
Somalia 22 22 22 22 22
Congo, Dem. Rep. 21 21 22 22 23
Lao PDR 21 21 22 25 28
Afghanistan 21 22 22 23 23
Lesotho 23 23 23 23 24
Comoros 22 23 24 24 25
India 22 23 24 25 26
Sudan 27 26 26 26 25
Kenya 26 26 26 27 27
Namibia 26 26 27 27 27
Bhutan 25 26 28 29 31
Angola 27 28 29 31 32
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 27 28 30 32 34
Kiribati 31 32 33 34 34
Pakistan 30 31 33 35 37
Malawi 32 33 33 34 34
Nigeria 36 35 35 34 34
Bolivia 34 35 36 37 38
Yemen, Rep. 33 35 36 38 39
Timor-Leste 37 37 37 37 37
Gabon 38 38 38 39 39
Vanuatu 36 37 39 40 42
Cabo Verde 35 37 39 42 44
Senegal 38 39 39 40 40
Zimbabwe 40 40 39 39 39
Zambia 41 41 41 41 41
Cameroon 41 42 42 42 42
Bangladesh 41 42 43 44 45
Burundi 43 44 44 44 44
Rwanda 42 43 44 45 47
Indonesia 42 44 45 46 47
Mongolia 46 47 47 48 48
Botswana 47 48 49 51 52
Vietnam 46 48 50 51 53
Swaziland 50 50 51 51 52
Nicaragua 50 51 52 53 54
Guatemala 52 52 53 54 55
South Africa 55 55 56 57 57
China 54 55 57 58 59
Korea, Dem. Rep. 53 55 57 59 61
Myanmar 56 57 59 60 62
Gambia, The 60 60 60 60 60
Honduras 57 59 60 62 63
El Salvador 58 59 61 62 62
Peru 59 60 61 62 63
American Samoa 61 61 61 62 62
Djibouti 64 63 62 61 60
Morocco 60 61 62 63 64
Turkmenistan 62 62 62 62 62
Azerbaijan 63 63 62 64 66
Philippines 61 62 63 63 64
Panama 64 65 65 66 67
Paraguay 62 64 65 67 69
Ecuador 65 66 67 69 70
Marshall Islands 68 69 69 70 70
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 69 70 71 72 73
Fiji 68 70 71 73 75
Moldova 72 72 72 72 73
Russian Federation 73 73 73 73 73
Northern Mariana Islands 72 72 73 73 74
Mexico 72 72 73 74 75
Brazil 72 72 73 74 75
Romania 73 73 73 74 74
Colombia 73 73 74 74 75
Iraq 72 73 74 75 75
Palau 68 71 74 78 81
Maldives 72 74 76 78 79
Dominican Republic 76 76 77 77 78
Iran, Islamic Rep. 75 76 77 78 79
Tuvalu 76 77 77 78 78
Guyana 78 78 79 79 79
Sri Lanka 77 78 79 80 81
Tunisia 79 79 80 81 82
Jamaica 80 80 81 81 81
Dominica 81 81 81 81 81
Equatorial Guinea 81 81 81 81 80
Suriname 81 81 81 81 81
Belize 80 81 81 82 83
Turks and Caicos Islands 81 81 81 81 81
Latvia 82 82 82 82
Albania 80 81 82 83 83
St. Lucia 81 82 82 83 83
Egypt, Arab Rep. 80 81 82 83 84
Antigua and Barbuda 81 82 83 84 85
Lebanon 83 83 83
Algeria 82 83 83 83 84
Barbados 84 85 85 86 87
Bulgaria 86 86 86 86 86
Cuba 85 85 86 86 87
Lithuania 85 85 86 86 87
Poland 87 87 87 87 87
Turkey 86 87 87 88 88
Venezuela, RB 86 87 87 88 88
St. Kitts and Nevis 87 87 87 87 87
Oman 86 87 87 88 89
Syrian Arab Republic 86 87 87 88 89
West Bank and Gaza 87 88 88 88 89
Bahamas, The 88 88 88 88 89
Uzbekistan 86 87 88 90 91
Guam 89 89 89 89 89
Montenegro 89 89 89
Ireland 89 89 89 89 89
Armenia 89 89 89 89 89
Tajikistan 90 90 90 90 90
Malaysia 89 90 90 91 91
Chile 89 90 90 91 92
Trinidad and Tobago 90 91 91 91 91
Thailand 90 90 91 91 91
Argentina 90 90 91 91 91
Costa Rica 90 91 91 91 91
Mauritius 91 91 91 91 91
Kyrgyz Republic 91 92 92 92 92
Samoa 92 92 92 92 92
Uruguay 93 93 93 93 94
Tonga 94 93 93 93 93
Ukraine 95 95 95 95 95
Belarus 95 95 95 95 95
Greece 94 95 95 95 96
Bosnia and Herzegovina 95 95 95 95 95
Portugal 95 95 96 96 96
Cayman Islands 96 96 96 96 96
Saudi Arabia 94 95 96 96 97
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 96 96 96 96 96
Libya 97 97 97 97 97
Kazakhstan 97 97 97 97 97
Serbia 97 97 97 97 97
Georgia 98 98 97 96 96
Estonia 97 97 97 97 97
Croatia 97 97 97 97 97
United Arab Emirates 97 97 97 97 97
Finland 97 97 97 97 97
Luxembourg 98 98 98 98 98
Jordan 98 98 98 98 98
Hungary 98 98 98 98 98
Grenada 98 98 98 98 98
French Polynesia 98 98 98 98 98
Netherlands 98 98 98 98 98
Norway 98 98 98 98 98
Aruba 98 98 98 98 98
Seychelles 98 98 98 98 98
France 99 99 99 99 99
Iceland 99 99 99 99 99
Slovak Republic 99 99 99 99 99
Bahrain 99 99 99 99 99
Czech Republic 99 99 99 99 99
Slovenia 99 99 99 99 99
Germany 99 99 99 99 99
United Kingdom 99 99 99 99 99
Puerto Rico 99 99 99 99 99
Sweden 99 99 99 99 99
Italy 100 100 100 100 100
Belgium 100 100 100 100 100
Qatar 100 100 100 100 99
Denmark 100 100 100 100 100
Singapore 100 100 100 100 100
United States 100 100 100 100 100
Canada 100 100 100 100 100
Switzerland 100 100 100 100 100
Spain 100 100 100 100 100
Austria 100 100 100 100 100
Malta 100 100 100 100 100
Andorra 100 100 100 100 100
Japan 100 100 100 100 100
Kuwait 100 100 100 100 100
Korea, Rep. 100 100 100 100 100
Australia 100 100 100 100 100
New Caledonia 100 100 100 100 100
Monaco 100 100 100 100 100
Cyprus 100 100 100 100 100
Israel 100 100 100 100 100
Greenland 100 100 100 100 100
San Marino
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Macao SAR, China
Solomon Islands 26
Brunei Darussalam
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
New Zealand
Liechtenstein
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 90
South Sudan
Faeroe Islands
Curacao

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