Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan
Albania 5.7 1.7 1.8 0.4 8.2
Algeria 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
American Samoa
Andorra 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Angola 4.4 3.7 9.9 5.2 1.8
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Armenia 3.8 4.8 5.3 6.5 15.8
Aruba
Australia
Austria 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Azerbaijan 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.2
Bahamas, The 0.0 0.0
Bahrain 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bangladesh 3.0 3.1 5.7 5.3 7.1
Barbados 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.5 4.2
Belarus 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Belgium
Belize 6.1 6.9 6.2 4.2 4.2
Benin 19.6 12.0 18.3 14.4 13.1
Bermuda
Bhutan 28.6 28.8 26.0 25.2
Bolivia 6.9 5.2 7.4 6.0 5.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.8 0.1 20.6 9.8 2.2
Botswana 1.3 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.7
Brazil 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.5
Brunei Darussalam 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bulgaria 1.4 0.2 0.1 0.5
Burkina Faso 16.6 16.8 13.9 11.1 10.5
Burundi 13.4 22.1 22.8 22.3 22.2
Cabo Verde 3.5 1.1 6.4 7.3 8.0
Cambodia 17.3 34.0 28.8 18.7 12.5
Cameroon 4.6 2.7 2.9 3.2 2.3
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 8.6 14.5 1.2 8.5 21.0
Chad 22.7 19.3 11.5 20.0 21.6
Chile 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.1
China 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Colombia 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Comoros 30.5 28.7 29.4 27.2 26.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.1 2.8 8.5 5.0 3.8
Congo, Rep. 6.3 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.3
Costa Rica 0.0 1.0 1.8 1.0 0.9
Cote d'Ivoire 2.4 3.4 3.2 2.8 3.1
Croatia 0.1 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5
Cuba 0.2
Curacao
Cyprus 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Czech Republic
Denmark 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Djibouti 48.9 50.7 44.7 37.6 31.0
Dominica 0.1 4.8 6.3 4.0 3.4
Dominican Republic 0.9 1.6 1.2 2.5 2.5
Ecuador 0.5 0.5 2.1 2.4 3.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.7 2.1 1.6 1.4 1.2
El Salvador 3.3 4.9 3.4 2.9 1.5
Equatorial Guinea 3.8 4.3 10.5 22.9 21.8
Eritrea 16.4 22.1 8.2 21.4 27.1
Estonia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5
Ethiopia 11.9 12.7 15.2 12.5 15.0
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 5.8 0.2 0.0 0.7 7.6
Finland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
France 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
French Polynesia
Gabon 7.9 3.5 2.2 1.9 2.4
Gambia, The 2.6 2.6 3.2 9.1 18.5
Georgia 1.8 1.8 3.1
Germany 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ghana 7.8 6.4 7.1 6.9 7.4
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 2.3 2.2 0.7 0.6
Guam
Guatemala 0.9 2.9 4.3 3.4 2.6
Guinea 8.3 9.0 9.5 10.8 14.7
Guinea-Bissau 2.9 30.3 26.1 49.4 16.3
Guyana 3.6 3.3 4.3 3.4 4.1
Haiti 25.4 14.7 27.8 23.3 12.7
Honduras 8.0 10.9 8.7 10.1 12.0
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
India 1.3 0.2 1.6 1.6 1.3
Indonesia
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iraq 2.2 1.7 66.4 68.1
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel 2.1 2.9 2.6 2.6 3.0
Italy
Jamaica 10.6 8.6 2.3 2.6 2.6
Japan
Jordan 2.6 2.5 2.3 1.8 3.5
Kazakhstan 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.3 2.2
Kenya 5.3 8.8 11.6 9.8 12.4
Kiribati 28.5 28.6 28.7 28.4 28.6
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 0.0
Kuwait 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kyrgyz Republic 1.1 4.9 13.9 1.8 9.1
Lao PDR 1.2 14.1 22.0 12.6 22.4
Latvia 0.7 0.7
Lebanon 1.3 2.3 1.6 2.0 2.1
Lesotho 6.0 3.6 2.4 2.9 3.6
Liberia 9.5 17.2
Libya 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 1.4 1.1 3.0 2.5 1.3
Madagascar 6.2 5.2 3.3 6.3 13.8
Malawi 29.3 25.9 29.6 48.1 40.0
Malaysia 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
Maldives 8.4 6.7 5.7 10.8 6.5
Mali 3.3 2.9 2.7 5.1 8.0
Malta
Marshall Islands 28.6 28.9 29.1 29.1 37.0
Mauritania 10.4 4.9 5.6 6.1 9.7
Mauritius 1.6 1.5 1.9 1.6 1.6
Mexico 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.9 1.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 61.6 63.9 74.6 73.4 72.9
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 1.8
Monaco 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mongolia 8.5 4.6 5.1 11.9 21.3
Montenegro
Morocco 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5
Mozambique 33.1 31.6 30.2 25.4 26.2
Myanmar 0.1 0.1 0.4 1.2 0.9
Namibia 3.4 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.4
Nepal 12.5 12.8 11.0 25.5 20.4
Netherlands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 15.8 12.2 9.9 9.1 8.5
Niger 14.9 12.4 15.6 17.2 20.5
Nigeria 0.4 0.2 0.3 13.1 13.8
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pakistan 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Palau 38.3 36.7 37.1 33.2 32.0
Panama 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1
Papua New Guinea 6.5 5.9 32.9 20.4 24.2
Paraguay 0.1 2.0 1.1 1.5 5.2
Peru 3.1 2.3 2.3 2.1 1.7
Philippines 1.8 2.5 2.0 2.8 3.7
Poland 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Portugal 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Puerto Rico
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Romania
Russian Federation 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.8
Rwanda 5.2 9.6 19.4 50.7 43.4
Samoa 13.2 13.9 11.4 17.0 14.1
San Marino 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sao Tome and Principe 45.8 55.3 58.0 37.4 40.4
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Senegal 9.4 12.7 10.6 12.0 16.7
Serbia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Seychelles 1.0 1.9 0.0 2.2 4.3
Sierra Leone 1.5 1.1 7.5 6.7 6.3
Singapore 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 2.8 2.4 2.5 3.2 2.9
Slovenia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Solomon Islands 14.5 8.4 4.8 1.7 3.0
Somalia
South Africa 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
South Sudan
Spain 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sri Lanka 0.1 0.2 2.1 1.3 0.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 7.7 7.2 6.9 6.6 5.9
St. Lucia 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Sudan 0.3 1.6 1.7 0.9 2.1
Suriname 28.3 49.6 20.1 21.5 20.3
Swaziland 1.8 1.5 1.4 20.6 10.9
Sweden 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Switzerland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syrian Arab Republic 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2
Tajikistan 17.6 2.3 1.7 1.8 14.0
Tanzania 9.6 9.0 17.4 19.2 35.3
Thailand 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Timor-Leste
Togo 0.5 1.6 5.8 5.5 6.9
Tonga 1.9 1.8 1.7 5.8 18.7
Trinidad and Tobago 0.1 0.1 0.0 6.7 5.1
Tunisia 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.9
Turkey 1.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Turkmenistan 0.8 2.5 0.5 3.7 0.7
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu 5.1 20.0 0.0 4.7 3.7
Uganda 9.6 14.4 21.7 27.5 28.3
Ukraine 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.2
United Arab Emirates 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
United Kingdom 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
United States
Uruguay 0.3 0.5
Uzbekistan 0.1 0.3 0.3 3.3 25.5
Vanuatu 67.4 1.3 0.7 8.1 51.8
Venezuela, RB 0.3 1.5 1.8 1.3 0.9
Vietnam 3.5 1.0 4.7 2.8 3.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 1.0 1.0 3.0 6.5 6.8
Zambia 12.3 18.8 23.4 25.1 6.7
Zimbabwe

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