Country name 2011 2012 2013 2014
Kiribati 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tuvalu 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.8
Solomon Islands 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.6
Seychelles 4.8 2.5 2.0 2.3
Botswana 4.9 4.7 5.1 5.2
Cuba 5.0 5.8 5.5 4.4
Netherlands 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.2
San Marino 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.8
Mozambique 6.6 7.2 6.7 9.5
France 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.3
South Africa 7.0 6.7 6.6 6.5
Monaco 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Namibia 7.1 7.4 7.4 7.2
Samoa 7.5 8.5 6.3 5.9
Vanuatu 7.7 8.2 7.6 5.8
Brunei Darussalam 7.8 8.0 7.7 6.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.6 9.0 9.4 9.1
Thailand 8.7 8.5 8.3 7.9
Malawi 9.0 10.2 13.1 12.7
United Kingdom 9.3 9.5 9.5 9.7
Papua New Guinea 10.2 11.0 10.2 10.5
Luxembourg 10.6 11.0 10.8 10.6
Timor-Leste 10.6 9.1 8.9 9.6
Oman 10.8 10.4 7.1 5.8
New Zealand 10.9 11.0 10.9 11.0
United States 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.0
Slovenia 11.8 11.9 12.1 12.1
Bhutan 11.8 25.7 25.2 25.3
Croatia 12.1 11.5 11.3 11.2
Kuwait 12.5 13.5 13.9 12.7
Marshall Islands 12.8 12.5 11.7 11.8
Denmark 12.8 12.4 12.9 13.4
Swaziland 13.2 12.0 10.0 10.3
Sweden 13.4 13.8 14.1 14.1
Suriname 13.8 12.8 10.9 11.4
Germany 13.8 13.8 13.2 13.2
Qatar 13.9 8.7 6.5 6.9
Japan 14.0 13.9 13.9 13.9
Tonga 14.0 13.1 12.6 11.9
Canada 14.0 13.7 13.6 13.6
Norway 14.6 14.2 13.9 13.6
Czech Republic 14.7 15.0 14.5 14.3
Turkey 15.4 15.8 16.8 17.8
Colombia 15.6 14.6 13.8 15.4
Lesotho 15.8 16.7 16.6 16.5
Ghana 16.1 26.6 19.9 26.8
Saudi Arabia 16.3 15.8 15.0 14.3
Austria 16.7 16.3 16.2 16.1
Palau 16.7 15.8 16.3 15.4
United Arab Emirates 16.9 16.7 17.1 17.8
Uruguay 17.3 16.9 16.5 15.6
Estonia 17.6 19.1 20.3 20.7
Ireland 17.7 16.9 17.4 17.7
Equatorial Guinea 17.9 14.2 17.9 20.1
Australia 17.9 18.7 18.8 18.8
Iceland 18.0 18.0 17.8 17.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 18.0 48.1 17.3 49.2
Bahrain 18.0 25.2 24.5 23.3
Belgium 18.7 17.8 17.9 17.8
Finland 18.8 18.0 18.2 18.2
Andorra 19.2 17.3 11.3 15.9
Romania 20.3 19.1 18.7 18.9
Spain 20.7 22.5 23.5 24.0
Jordan 20.8 21.6 22.5 20.9
Italy 21.0 20.9 20.6 21.2
Gambia, The 21.0 21.0 19.5 17.0
Fiji 22.0 21.7 20.6 23.0
Poland 22.3 22.7 23.5 23.5
Slovak Republic 22.6 22.4 22.7 22.5
Antigua and Barbuda 23.0 24.1 24.4 23.7
Argentina 23.0 26.9 30.2 30.7
Gabon 23.2 21.0 20.8 21.9
Belize 23.4 24.0 24.3 23.0
Costa Rica 24.1 24.4 24.5 24.9
Sao Tome and Principe 24.1 12.2 10.3 11.2
Cabo Verde 24.2 24.3 24.0 22.2
Israel 24.5 25.1 26.5 27.0
Iraq 24.9 37.7 37.2 39.7
Angola 25.0 24.0 18.6 24.0
Portugal 25.2 27.4 26.4 26.8
Maldives 25.2 24.0 21.6 18.3
Bolivia 25.3 25.9 24.4 23.1
Burundi 25.8 21.9 20.2 21.0
Switzerland 26.4 27.2 25.8 26.8
Dominica 26.5 28.2 28.7 28.3
Belarus 26.6 19.5 30.7 32.0
Brazil 26.8 26.9 25.8 25.5
Panama 27.0 24.8 22.2 22.3
Lithuania 27.0 30.4 30.9 31.3
Hungary 27.3 28.5 27.3 26.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 27.8 27.8 29.0 27.9
Algeria 27.9 25.7 26.4 26.5
Congo, Rep. 28.0 20.0 19.6 17.5
Dominican Republic 28.6 26.1 25.0 21.1
Bahamas, The 28.7 30.0 30.4 29.2
Greece 28.7 28.8 30.7 34.9
Rwanda 28.9 28.8 27.6 28.1
Liberia 29.2 29.9 31.1 30.7
Tanzania 29.6 22.0 23.4 23.2
Haiti 29.8 26.6 26.8 45.2
Malta 30.2 29.9 30.3 28.9
Guyana 30.2 31.3 39.9 37.4
Barbados 30.9 28.5 28.9 29.9
Ethiopia 31.8 33.2 33.4 32.3
El Salvador 32.1 32.4 28.4 28.8
Latvia 32.1 34.4 35.8 35.1
Nicaragua 32.7 40.3 41.1 37.5
Jamaica 32.9 25.1 25.0 27.8
Zambia 33.1 32.7 30.0 30.0
Chile 33.5 32.6 32.3 31.5
Korea, Rep. 34.4 34.9 35.2 36.1
Kyrgyz Republic 34.5 35.2 37.3 39.4
China 34.8 34.3 33.9 32.0
Madagascar 34.9 38.2 30.7 41.4
Malaysia 35.1 34.9 36.1 35.3
Macedonia, FYR 35.4 34.6 30.8 36.7
Uganda 35.5 43.9 39.3 41.0
Benin 35.9 38.8 39.7 39.1
Turkmenistan 36.0 35.1 32.8 34.8
Serbia 36.2 37.1 37.1 36.6
Tunisia 36.4 36.7 36.4 37.7
Libya 36.7 29.7 30.3 26.5
Peru 37.2 35.6 31.9 28.6
Senegal 37.5 38.3 39.0 37.3
Trinidad and Tobago 38.0 41.1 40.1 39.6
Mongolia 38.6 43.3 44.3 41.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 38.7 37.7 39.3 57.4
Kenya 38.9 26.6 26.9 26.1
Zimbabwe 39.1 34.0 34.2 35.9
Montenegro 39.5 38.3 42.1 42.8
Moldova 40.4 44.7 40.3 38.4
Nepal 41.4 45.9 48.7 47.7
Djibouti 42.0 40.9 41.4 35.8
Burkina Faso 42.8 38.0 33.7 39.1
Russian Federation 43.4 42.5 45.4 45.8
Kazakhstan 43.5 43.7 48.6 45.1
Ukraine 43.6 42.0 43.1 46.2
Bulgaria 43.9 42.5 46.8 44.2
Chad 44.5 45.4 41.5 39.2
Cyprus 44.8 47.0 47.0 48.7
Mexico 45.0 45.0 44.0 44.0
Vietnam 45.6 36.8 36.5 36.8
Central African Republic 45.9 46.3 45.2 46.2
Ecuador 45.9 50.6 44.3 48.4
Lebanon 46.0 37.3 37.5 36.4
Uzbekistan 46.4 48.7 47.6 43.9
Mauritius 46.6 47.3 46.5 46.4
Armenia 47.0 54.6 53.7 53.5
Indonesia 47.4 45.3 45.6 46.9
Mauritania 47.5 44.4 40.5 43.8
Sri Lanka 48.1 48.7 41.0 42.1
Guinea-Bissau 48.1 46.9 45.8 49.5
Cameroon 48.7 64.8 65.7 66.3
Comoros 48.9 42.1 46.5 45.1
Venezuela, RB 49.9 58.5 62.6 64.3
Albania 50.0 50.9 49.7 49.9
Mali 50.1 49.5 50.9 47.7
Honduras 50.2 49.3 45.6 43.5
Grenada 50.4 50.3 52.0 50.9
Guinea 51.2 53.7 49.9 45.3
Togo 51.6 46.4 43.3 46.2
Lao PDR 51.8 52.5 40.8 39.0
Syrian Arab Republic 53.4 53.7 53.7 53.7
Eritrea 54.0 53.5 54.2 54.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 54.5 52.2 58.7 50.8
Paraguay 54.9 50.7 49.9 49.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 55.6 50.0 47.1 47.8
Guatemala 55.6 55.4 52.6 52.2
St. Lucia 56.2 48.9 54.3 45.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 56.7 57.6 56.1 55.7
Cote d'Ivoire 57.5 52.3 49.6 50.8
Morocco 57.5 57.0 59.2 58.4
Niger 57.6 60.5 39.7 34.3
Philippines 57.7 57.2 56.3 53.7
Cambodia 61.2 71.0 73.1 74.2
Bangladesh 61.3 63.3 66.8 67.0
Singapore 61.3 60.1 57.9 54.8
Tajikistan 61.4 60.1 60.1 61.7
Pakistan 61.5 54.8 54.9 56.3
India 64.4 64.9 63.8 62.4
Georgia 64.9 62.4 61.0 58.6
Sierra Leone 65.2 64.5 62.7 61.0
Sudan 65.3 74.0 74.8 75.5
Nigeria 65.8 65.6 72.9 71.7
Azerbaijan 69.8 69.0 71.1 72.1
Yemen, Rep. 72.2 71.6 74.6 76.4
Afghanistan 73.3 65.4 67.1 63.9
Myanmar 78.8 59.1 57.8 50.7
New Caledonia
French Polynesia
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Hong Kong SAR, China
Greenland
Somalia
Isle of Man
Curacao
Bermuda
Guam
South Sudan 62.1 60.3 54.4
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Macao SAR, China
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Puerto Rico
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)

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