Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 76.5 73.2 69.8 63.4 63.8
Algeria 24.4 28.0 28.8 29.7 25.8
American Samoa
Andorra 21.2 21.0 16.5 22.3 22.1
Angola 21.1 28.0 42.8 22.6 22.5
Antigua and Barbuda 31.1 29.5 28.0 26.7 26.3
Argentina 29.8 28.8 29.1 28.6 29.0
Armenia 69.4 71.8 67.8 67.3 77.3
Aruba
Australia 17.0 16.9 19.9 18.6 19.8
Austria 15.5 15.4 15.3 15.0 15.1
Azerbaijan 65.1 62.2 67.2 64.8 63.3
Bahamas, The 24.1 23.1 21.9 21.2 20.9
Bahrain 22.8 21.5 24.5 23.3 22.2
Bangladesh 62.7 55.9 57.0 57.8 57.8
Barbados 24.0 26.4 26.5 26.7 26.4
Belarus 14.8 8.8 13.4 13.2 14.0
Belgium 18.9 21.1 21.2 20.9 20.5
Belize 34.4 33.5 34.0 35.0 39.0
Benin 55.6 57.9 55.7 53.9 55.7
Bermuda
Bhutan 22.0 24.0 25.1 27.1 23.0
Bolivia 27.8 30.2 31.1 35.1 34.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 53.0 56.9 59.1 46.9 43.1
Botswana 16.3 15.0 15.9 15.3 13.8
Brazil 41.0 38.2 38.4 38.4 38.0
Brunei Darussalam 18.7 18.9 16.3 16.3 14.6
Bulgaria 30.4 28.3 30.1 33.7 39.1
Burkina Faso 58.8 56.3 57.4 55.1 56.7
Burundi 45.5 50.0 49.6 49.2 52.2
Cabo Verde 17.0 17.1 23.9 25.1 25.5
Cambodia 63.9 67.7 76.9 78.3 76.7
Cameroon 78.9 74.6 77.7 76.7 74.7
Canada 16.3 16.9 16.3 16.4 15.9
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 51.4 61.8 58.0 50.5 46.8
Chad 61.3 62.2 66.7 63.6 55.3
Chile 49.4 53.5 52.3 51.1 47.0
China 50.6 52.8 54.8 55.9 59.0
Colombia 32.4 32.2 24.1 18.5 12.2
Comoros 39.4 42.5 46.0 49.2 57.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 79.7 77.7 80.9 77.8 54.8
Congo, Rep. 39.1 37.7 40.2 42.3 42.0
Costa Rica 20.9 20.7 18.4 19.0 18.7
Cote d'Ivoire 59.2 60.0 62.5 59.0 55.3
Croatia 12.4 15.5 13.0 12.7 13.9
Cuba 9.5 9.3 9.4 8.8 9.2
Curacao
Cyprus 64.9 63.6 57.1 54.6 55.9
Czech Republic 9.3 9.7 9.6 9.5 9.7
Denmark 16.2 16.3 16.4 14.6 14.7
Djibouti 41.1 38.0 33.4 28.8 31.7
Dominica 27.5 26.4 27.0 27.5 28.3
Dominican Republic 57.0 49.3 45.6 44.2 43.1
Ecuador 29.8 34.6 48.0 53.8 62.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 54.2 58.3 57.7 57.8 58.1
El Salvador 57.5 59.3 54.4 52.3 50.7
Equatorial Guinea 38.5 25.6 25.8 26.0 16.6
Eritrea 62.7 57.8 56.9 57.2 60.9
Estonia 11.5 10.6 13.2 14.1 19.9
Ethiopia 48.6 46.4 44.7 42.5 35.9
Faroe Islands
Fiji 12.2 11.5 11.6 12.9 10.4
Finland 22.7 22.2 21.6 22.4 22.3
France 7.3 7.2 7.1 7.2 7.1
French Polynesia
Gabon 51.9 50.4 49.4 54.7 50.1
Gambia, The 39.5 37.8 35.6 34.8 35.4
Georgia 88.3 81.3 81.6 81.7 82.5
Germany 9.9 10.6 11.2 11.3 11.8
Ghana 26.4 33.7 28.6 30.5 31.8
Greece 42.2 42.3 42.7 41.3 34.4
Greenland
Grenada 56.6 56.5 57.1 52.4 48.0
Guam
Guatemala 57.0 54.4 52.0 48.8 57.0
Guinea 66.3 66.2 63.4 61.3 60.1
Guinea-Bissau 40.9 36.8 40.4 39.9 49.0
Guyana 16.1 14.9 15.8 15.9 13.1
Haiti 51.5 52.3 48.6 51.0 50.4
Honduras 45.1 46.1 41.1 47.0 43.5
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 18.4 18.7 22.3 24.9 26.3
Iceland 16.7 17.9 18.1 16.4 17.5
India 67.5 68.7 68.2 65.5 67.9
Indonesia 46.4 47.3 48.7 49.2 46.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 51.1 49.7 49.9 55.4 56.2
Iraq 99.7 99.7 99.6 99.6 95.3
Ireland 15.5 15.3 14.4 15.0 15.7
Isle of Man
Israel 23.9 24.8 28.0 26.6 28.3
Italy 26.8 26.8 27.4 27.0 25.3
Jamaica 24.0 30.4 25.5 32.1 29.0
Japan 14.0 15.2 15.6 15.8 15.6
Jordan 26.0 29.4 29.8 33.8 39.0
Kazakhstan 35.9 35.2 35.5 47.0 48.5
Kenya 47.4 48.4 44.7 48.4 43.2
Kiribati 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 50.5 47.6 42.5 42.5 41.1
Kuwait 19.3 18.9 19.7 19.2 22.3
Kyrgyz Republic 52.0 47.4 54.8 51.5 49.8
Lao PDR 45.7 49.8 59.7 64.8 61.4
Latvia 41.5 43.3 39.6 40.5 44.1
Lebanon 50.7 49.4 59.6 59.4 56.9
Lesotho 39.5 41.3 37.4 37.2 35.4
Liberia 37.9 37.2 38.0
Libya 50.4 48.2 51.7 54.7 51.3
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 26.2 24.5 23.0 25.0 26.1
Luxembourg 7.2 7.5 7.6 7.4 11.8
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 40.3 38.9 35.0 39.3 43.8
Madagascar 44.2 42.3 43.3 42.2 37.8
Malawi 33.5 30.1 26.2 25.0 21.9
Malaysia 31.7 33.6 33.0 33.1 33.7
Maldives 20.7 20.9 18.8 15.9 19.0
Mali 60.4 63.9 65.5 69.7 66.5
Malta 28.5 26.2 27.9 29.4 28.4
Marshall Islands 10.8 10.3 11.0 10.9 9.1
Mauritania 61.1 58.6 52.0 43.2 44.8
Mauritius 34.0 33.8 33.3 33.6 35.8
Mexico 56.6 53.1 51.8 50.0 50.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 5.7 6.5 7.0 6.8 6.7
Moldova 27.4 28.2 36.4 43.7 42.9
Monaco 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
Mongolia 11.2 10.1 9.9 9.9 16.6
Montenegro 30.1 29.8 30.0 30.5 29.0
Morocco 52.1 54.8 53.7 54.6 54.1
Mozambique 16.3 14.4 15.0 13.5 12.2
Myanmar 83.7 85.1 89.4 89.0 85.8
Namibia 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.7 5.6
Nepal 69.6 68.7 57.0 64.6 68.5
Netherlands 8.1 7.7 8.4 9.0 9.0
New Caledonia
New Zealand 16.3 15.6 16.3 15.9 15.4
Nicaragua 40.3 49.9 49.7 51.9 42.6
Niger 70.2 66.1 66.2 66.3 65.6
Nigeria 75.2 71.3 70.2 67.2 61.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 15.3 17.8 17.0 16.6 16.7
Oman 10.1 10.8 11.9 11.9 11.7
Pakistan 70.5 72.7 65.3 66.6 63.7
Palau 19.4 20.2 21.8 23.3 21.3
Panama 30.7 26.4 27.7 27.6 25.9
Papua New Guinea 7.7 8.5 7.9 8.6 10.2
Paraguay 53.2 51.9 47.7 46.4 52.1
Peru 39.5 41.4 36.5 34.8 36.4
Philippines 48.3 46.5 46.3 43.3 40.5
Poland 26.6 28.0 34.6 28.9 30.0
Portugal 23.3 22.9 23.0 23.7 22.6
Puerto Rico
Qatar 29.6 28.6 29.9 29.0 27.7
Romania 26.8 20.6 24.4 20.3 18.8
Russian Federation 18.1 18.1 23.0 27.5 30.0
Rwanda 23.8 23.9 20.4 22.3 24.8
Samoa 23.4 24.0 20.4 20.3 19.2
San Marino 12.8 9.2 9.0 8.2 8.1
Sao Tome and Principe 50.7 42.1 45.9 38.8 43.3
Saudi Arabia 32.1 29.9 29.7 21.8 18.5
Senegal 59.6 62.8 62.0 56.6 54.1
Serbia 29.4 29.5 30.1 30.5 29.5
Seychelles 12.1 13.3 15.2 14.4 17.9
Sierra Leone 74.7 73.3 75.9 69.2 69.3
Singapore 49.5 50.0 44.4 45.3 52.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 11.3 8.3 8.4 10.4 10.6
Slovenia 11.8 11.7 11.8 12.4 11.5
Solomon Islands 4.4 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.2
Somalia
South Africa 16.0 14.9 14.7 14.0 13.7
South Sudan
Spain 23.2 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.6
Sri Lanka 46.8 46.8 42.4 44.1 41.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 45.5 45.6 43.9 47.1 49.8
St. Lucia 49.1 52.1 38.9 43.4 47.0
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 44.1 47.8 50.3 46.5 17.7
Sudan 69.5 73.3 71.3 73.9 65.2
Suriname 8.0 13.4 16.6 20.6 18.6
Swaziland 14.7 14.2 16.7 17.9 18.5
Sweden 13.1 14.1 13.6 13.4 13.8
Switzerland 31.5 32.4 32.9 33.4 33.0
Syrian Arab Republic 64.5 64.6 61.7 61.6 59.6
Tajikistan 57.0 54.3 66.3 71.0 78.8
Tanzania 48.2 49.6 50.3 48.5 47.3
Thailand 39.0 33.7 31.9 31.0 30.2
Timor-Leste 30.6
Togo 52.8 56.2 50.4 53.7 57.0
Tonga 26.1 24.9 24.8 20.8 22.9
Trinidad and Tobago 42.8 42.1 46.0 43.6 45.8
Tunisia 38.3 40.5 39.0 38.9 36.1
Turkey 30.8 28.3 28.0 29.1 27.6
Turkmenistan 27.8 29.9 30.4 38.5 18.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu 1.0 2.1 1.7 1.3 0.2
Uganda 46.0 45.4 42.7 41.5 37.7
Ukraine 26.8 35.5 43.0 46.2 44.1
United Arab Emirates 14.3 15.3 21.7 21.9 21.9
United Kingdom 11.0 11.7 11.8 11.4 11.0
United States 14.2 14.5 15.0 15.0 14.8
Uruguay 18.8 21.3 19.7 20.7 20.4
Uzbekistan 48.0 51.5 53.2 49.2 52.3
Vanuatu 13.5 10.7 8.9 10.2 9.4
Venezuela, RB 64.2 60.0 61.1 55.1 49.7
Vietnam 65.3 65.2 63.3 61.9 66.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 57.2 52.8 49.7 47.8 43.5
Zambia 29.3 28.0 25.9 27.9 26.6
Zimbabwe 19.7

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