Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Kiribati 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Suriname 13.9 30.5 46.1 49.5 44.4
Namibia 21.8 21.9 21.9 21.3 18.2
Netherlands 24.0 23.8 23.6 24.1 24.3
United States 26.0 26.3 26.6 26.3 26.1
Uruguay 27.7 31.0 27.7 33.2 31.2
South Africa 29.2 26.5 25.4 23.4 23.1
Swaziland 33.8 31.5 34.9 40.9 42.4
Botswana 34.3 34.5 36.5 36.2 36.7
France 35.8 35.3 34.7 34.9 34.4
Bahamas, The 40.2 40.2 40.2 40.2 40.2
Rwanda 41.2 41.2 41.2 41.0 40.7
Mozambique 41.5 39.8 43.7 41.6 40.6
Malawi 46.1 43.7 39.7 38.3 40.5
Papua New Guinea 46.5 46.8 46.9 48.7 56.0
Maldives 47.7 47.0 49.4 44.5 52.7
Australia 48.8 51.0 59.2 58.9 59.7
Slovenia 49.5 46.7 48.4 50.8 44.1
Zambia 49.9 47.5 46.6 51.8 55.3
Gambia, The 53.8 53.6 53.7 53.7 53.7
Germany 54.4 54.7 55.9 55.8 56.8
Ireland 54.6 60.9 56.9 60.6 60.8
Angola 55.2 66.7 74.3 61.1 56.5
Canada 55.6 56.5 55.3 54.5 53.7
Solomon Islands 55.9 55.9 55.9 55.9 56.7
Vanuatu 56.4 56.4 56.4 56.4 56.4
Guinea-Bissau 58.7 55.3 58.8 53.5 54.7
Belarus 59.8 49.8 58.3 56.2 57.1
Jamaica 60.6 69.4 66.6 69.5 65.0
Austria 60.9 61.2 60.9 60.0 60.0
Uganda 61.2 61.2 61.5 56.7 51.8
Oman 63.0 63.0 64.4 65.0 64.4
Russian Federation 63.2 61.9 65.9 72.1 74.7
Fiji 63.5 63.5 63.5 63.5 63.5
Chile 63.6 66.5 66.1 66.3 65.5
Ghana 63.9 64.8 63.4 63.2 63.6
Jordan 66.9 68.5 69.1 72.4 74.9
Monaco 67.1 64.8 58.7 56.2 54.3
Portugal 67.2 66.7 69.8 73.0 70.0
United Kingdom 68.1 59.8 59.8 58.9 53.8
Burundi 68.2 68.9 68.6 68.5 72.7
Brazil 68.6 66.9 66.9 67.1 63.6
United Arab Emirates 68.9 70.6 74.8 74.6 74.3
Switzerland 69.2 71.9 72.5 74.4 74.0
Andorra 69.6 69.7 63.3 71.1 70.7
New Zealand 69.9 68.8 70.8 70.7 69.9
Sao Tome and Principe 70.2 65.1 75.8 71.1 76.1
Argentina 70.4 63.2 63.4 63.7 63.0
Saudi Arabia 71.5 71.0 72.0 69.0 66.1
Bahrain 71.6 71.9 73.6 72.2 68.0
Ecuador 72.6 74.3 78.9 84.2 85.3
Indonesia 73.1 73.0 74.3 75.6 72.7
Mauritius 73.8 73.7 73.5 73.0 74.6
Malaysia 75.0 75.0 74.1 74.3 76.3
Marshall Islands 75.2 75.2 75.2 75.2 75.2
Dominican Republic 75.7 68.8 68.1 68.4 68.5
Barbados 75.8 75.9 76.4 77.1 77.3
Madagascar 76.8 76.8 76.7 76.6 76.6
Morocco 77.5 77.1 76.8 76.7 76.6
Tonga 77.5 77.5 77.5 77.5 77.5
Mongolia 77.5 63.1 71.6 64.2 74.7
Palau 77.7 78.0 75.4 72.0 64.8
Bolivia 77.9 83.9 80.2 83.8 81.6
Ethiopia 78.6 78.5 79.5 79.6 79.2
Belize 78.8 79.4 78.8 78.6 82.3
Kenya 79.1 79.2 80.4 80.4 80.4
Moldova 79.1 78.9 83.1 86.2 83.3
Japan 79.3 81.2 80.8 81.2 81.3
Lesotho 79.8 77.1 71.6 71.4 71.1
Finland 79.8 79.4 78.5 78.4 77.7
Thailand 80.4 80.1 78.3 76.5 76.9
Lebanon 80.7 80.6 82.3 81.5 80.7
Cote d'Ivoire 81.6 83.7 84.3 81.5 78.8
Philippines 81.8 81.6 81.1 77.6 77.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 82.7 82.4 84.4 83.2 56.5
Haiti 83.3 86.2 73.5 72.8 69.7
Tanzania 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5
Gabon 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5
Togo 83.6 83.4 82.5 83.2 84.7
Spain 83.9 83.9 83.6 83.3 83.1
Samoa 84.1 85.3 84.8 85.5 85.1
Israel 84.2 83.2 83.5 80.4 80.5
Korea, Rep. 84.8 83.4 81.5 82.5 80.6
Tunisia 85.0 85.3 85.0 83.5 80.1
Colombia 85.4 85.9 80.3 72.4 59.0
Serbia 85.6 85.6 86.0 86.2 85.3
Azerbaijan 86.0 80.3 80.7 79.4 77.7
Peru 86.1 85.7 83.8 81.2 83.4
Antigua and Barbuda 86.1 86.7 88.0 87.0 81.3
Panama 86.2 83.7 83.3 81.9 81.3
Trinidad and Tobago 86.3 86.3 86.4 86.9 86.3
Belgium 86.5 85.8 84.1 82.0 80.9
Costa Rica 87.5 87.1 87.6 88.2 88.2
Sri Lanka 87.6 85.9 85.9 84.5 80.8
Guyana 87.9 87.1 87.3 86.1 86.1
Guinea 88.0 87.9 88.0 87.9 87.9
Malta 88.0 88.1 89.9 92.9 92.9
Niger 88.2 88.2 88.2 88.3 87.8
Lithuania 88.4 89.0 95.7 99.6 86.2
Ukraine 89.2 91.5 92.6 92.2 91.4
Paraguay 89.2 85.3 86.5 83.7 86.6
Honduras 89.5 89.6 85.5 88.1 95.0
Greece 89.7 89.6 89.2 88.6 85.9
San Marino 90.8 90.8 90.8 90.8 90.8
Lao PDR 91.0 90.5 90.5 91.8 91.8
India 91.0 91.9 91.8 91.0 91.8
Qatar 91.1 90.2 89.4 88.4 100.0
Italy 91.3 91.7 91.9 91.7 90.8
Denmark 92.3 92.1 91.3 91.0 90.9
Guatemala 92.4 92.3 92.4 85.0 89.4
Sierra Leone 92.8 93.6 93.5 92.5 93.1
Sudan 92.8 92.9 92.6 92.3 89.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 92.8 95.2 96.2 97.0 97.6
Cabo Verde 92.9 93.0 95.2 95.2 95.2
Kyrgyz Republic 93.2 92.8 96.5 89.1 89.3
Central African Republic 93.5 93.5 93.2 93.4 93.0
Venezuela, RB 93.5 91.2 91.2 87.8 88.9
Senegal 93.7 93.2 92.7 92.5 91.6
Kuwait 93.8 93.8 93.8 93.2 93.2
Nepal 94.3 93.8 92.9 92.4 91.2
Burkina Faso 94.4 94.3 94.4 94.3 94.3
Mauritania 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
Nigeria 94.7 94.6 95.0 94.8 92.7
China 94.8 94.8 94.3 94.5 95.6
Yemen, Rep. 95.3 95.2 93.2 94.9 94.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 95.3 96.0 96.0 95.9 96.5
Cameroon 95.3 94.5 94.5 94.5 94.4
Bangladesh 96.2 98.1 97.5 97.6 97.4
Chad 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2
Armenia 96.3 95.0 94.9 93.9 94.5
Vietnam 96.4 97.1 97.7 95.5 95.6
Norway 96.5 95.4 95.3 95.4 95.5
Algeria 96.5 96.7 97.1 97.0 96.7
Singapore 96.5 96.3 95.6 95.3 95.7
Mexico 96.6 96.0 95.9 95.9 95.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 97.2 96.5 96.9 96.2 96.2
El Salvador 97.5 97.3 96.7 94.6 94.6
Pakistan 97.7 97.7 82.4 82.8 81.5
Dominica 97.7 97.6 97.7 97.8 96.7
Tajikistan 97.8 97.2 97.6 97.0 99.0
Congo, Rep. 98.2 98.6 98.8 98.8 98.9
Latvia 98.2 97.9 97.2 97.2 96.8
Brunei Darussalam 98.4 98.4 98.3 98.3 98.2
Cyprus 98.4 98.2 98.2 95.2 95.7
St. Lucia 98.5 98.5 97.6 98.0 98.0
Kazakhstan 98.5 98.6 98.6 98.9 98.9
Djibouti 98.7 98.9 98.8 98.8 98.5
Seychelles 98.7 98.7 98.7 98.7 99.2
Nicaragua 98.8 97.6 98.0 95.6 91.6
Estonia 98.9 97.9 96.6 74.4 88.5
Cambodia 99.2 99.3 99.2 99.3 99.4
Myanmar 99.4 99.6 100.0 100.0 100.0
Uzbekistan 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.6 99.7
Sweden 99.9 99.8 95.7 93.8 91.1
Benin 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9
Albania 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9
Mali 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7 99.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Eritrea 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Equatorial Guinea 100.0 87.3 90.3 85.8 80.1
Turkey 100.0 99.6 99.6 74.8 74.6
Hungary 100.0 100.0 88.4 90.0 89.8
Georgia 100.0 99.9 99.9 99.8 99.4
Grenada 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Iceland 100.0 100.0 93.2 93.2 93.7
Tuvalu 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Syrian Arab Republic 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Iraq 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Turkmenistan 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bhutan 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Montenegro 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Croatia 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Romania 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Comoros 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Poland 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Cuba 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Czech Republic 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Luxembourg 100.0 100.0 100.0 72.9 79.0
Macedonia, FYR 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bulgaria 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Slovak Republic 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Libya 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Liechtenstein
South Sudan
Cayman Islands
Macao SAR, China
Liberia 50.3 50.3 50.3
Aruba
Afghanistan
Bermuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Hong Kong SAR, China
Somalia
American Samoa
Faroe Islands
Timor-Leste 48.9
Guam
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
French Polynesia
Greenland
Puerto Rico
Zimbabwe 52.1

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