Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Kiribati 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Namibia 21.8 21.9 21.9 21.3 18.2
Netherlands 24.0 23.8 23.6 24.1 24.3
United States 26.0 26.3 26.6 26.3 26.1
South Africa 29.2 26.5 25.4 23.4 23.1
Suriname 13.9 30.5 46.1 49.5 44.4
Uruguay 27.7 31.0 27.7 33.2 31.2
Swaziland 33.8 31.5 34.9 40.9 42.4
Botswana 34.3 34.5 36.5 36.2 36.7
France 35.8 35.3 34.7 34.9 34.4
Mozambique 41.5 39.8 43.7 41.6 40.6
Bahamas, The 40.2 40.2 40.2 40.2 40.2
Rwanda 41.2 41.2 41.2 41.0 40.7
Malawi 46.1 43.7 39.7 38.3 40.5
Slovenia 49.5 46.7 48.4 50.8 44.1
Papua New Guinea 46.5 46.8 46.9 48.7 56.0
Maldives 47.7 47.0 49.4 44.5 52.7
Zambia 49.9 47.5 46.6 51.8 55.3
Belarus 59.8 49.8 58.3 56.2 57.1
Australia 48.8 51.0 59.2 58.9 59.7
Gambia, The 53.8 53.6 53.7 53.7 53.7
Germany 54.4 54.7 55.9 55.8 56.8
Guinea-Bissau 58.7 55.3 58.8 53.5 54.7
Solomon Islands 55.9 55.9 55.9 55.9 56.7
Vanuatu 56.4 56.4 56.4 56.4 56.4
Canada 55.6 56.5 55.3 54.5 53.7
United Kingdom 68.1 59.8 59.8 58.9 53.8
Ireland 54.6 60.9 56.9 60.6 60.8
Austria 60.9 61.2 60.9 60.0 60.0
Uganda 61.2 61.2 61.5 56.7 51.8
Russian Federation 63.2 61.9 65.9 72.1 74.7
Oman 63.0 63.0 64.4 65.0 64.4
Mongolia 77.5 63.1 71.6 64.2 74.7
Argentina 70.4 63.2 63.4 63.7 63.0
Fiji 63.5 63.5 63.5 63.5 63.5
Ghana 63.9 64.8 63.4 63.2 63.6
Monaco 67.1 64.8 58.7 56.2 54.3
Sao Tome and Principe 70.2 65.1 75.8 71.1 76.1
Chile 63.6 66.5 66.1 66.3 65.5
Portugal 67.2 66.7 69.8 73.0 70.0
Angola 55.2 66.7 74.3 61.1 56.5
Brazil 68.6 66.9 66.9 67.1 63.6
Jordan 66.9 68.5 69.1 72.4 74.9
Dominican Republic 75.7 68.8 68.1 68.4 68.5
New Zealand 69.9 68.8 70.8 70.7 69.9
Burundi 68.2 68.9 68.6 68.5 72.7
Jamaica 60.6 69.4 66.6 69.5 65.0
Andorra 69.6 69.7 63.3 71.1 70.7
United Arab Emirates 68.9 70.6 74.8 74.6 74.3
Saudi Arabia 71.5 71.0 72.0 69.0 66.1
Bahrain 71.6 71.9 73.6 72.2 68.0
Switzerland 69.2 71.9 72.5 74.4 74.0
Indonesia 73.1 73.0 74.3 75.6 72.7
Mauritius 73.8 73.7 73.5 73.0 74.6
Ecuador 72.6 74.3 78.9 84.2 85.3
Malaysia 75.0 75.0 74.1 74.3 76.3
Marshall Islands 75.2 75.2 75.2 75.2 75.2
Barbados 75.8 75.9 76.4 77.1 77.3
Madagascar 76.8 76.8 76.7 76.6 76.6
Lesotho 79.8 77.1 71.6 71.4 71.1
Morocco 77.5 77.1 76.8 76.7 76.6
Tonga 77.5 77.5 77.5 77.5 77.5
Palau 77.7 78.0 75.4 72.0 64.8
Ethiopia 78.6 78.5 79.5 79.6 79.2
Moldova 79.1 78.9 83.1 86.2 83.3
Kenya 79.1 79.2 80.4 80.4 80.4
Belize 78.8 79.4 78.8 78.6 82.3
Finland 79.8 79.4 78.5 78.4 77.7
Thailand 80.4 80.1 78.3 76.5 76.9
Azerbaijan 86.0 80.3 80.7 79.4 77.7
Lebanon 80.7 80.6 82.3 81.5 80.7
Japan 79.3 81.2 80.8 81.2 81.3
Philippines 81.8 81.6 81.1 77.6 77.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 82.7 82.4 84.4 83.2 56.5
Israel 84.2 83.2 83.5 80.4 80.5
Togo 83.6 83.4 82.5 83.2 84.7
Korea, Rep. 84.8 83.4 81.5 82.5 80.6
Tanzania 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5
Gabon 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5
Cote d'Ivoire 81.6 83.7 84.3 81.5 78.8
Panama 86.2 83.7 83.3 81.9 81.3
Bolivia 77.9 83.9 80.2 83.8 81.6
Spain 83.9 83.9 83.6 83.3 83.1
Tunisia 85.0 85.3 85.0 83.5 80.1
Paraguay 89.2 85.3 86.5 83.7 86.6
Samoa 84.1 85.3 84.8 85.5 85.1
Serbia 85.6 85.6 86.0 86.2 85.3
Peru 86.1 85.7 83.8 81.2 83.4
Belgium 86.5 85.8 84.1 82.0 80.9
Sri Lanka 87.6 85.9 85.9 84.5 80.8
Colombia 85.4 85.9 80.3 72.4 59.0
Haiti 83.3 86.2 73.5 72.8 69.7
Trinidad and Tobago 86.3 86.3 86.4 86.9 86.3
Antigua and Barbuda 86.1 86.7 88.0 87.0 81.3
Guyana 87.9 87.1 87.3 86.1 86.1
Costa Rica 87.5 87.1 87.6 88.2 88.2
Equatorial Guinea 100.0 87.3 90.3 85.8 80.1
Guinea 88.0 87.9 88.0 87.9 87.9
Malta 88.0 88.1 89.9 92.9 92.9
Niger 88.2 88.2 88.2 88.3 87.8
Lithuania 88.4 89.0 95.7 99.6 86.2
Honduras 89.5 89.6 85.5 88.1 95.0
Greece 89.7 89.6 89.2 88.6 85.9
Qatar 91.1 90.2 89.4 88.4 100.0
Lao PDR 91.0 90.5 90.5 91.8 91.8
San Marino 90.8 90.8 90.8 90.8 90.8
Venezuela, RB 93.5 91.2 91.2 87.8 88.9
Ukraine 89.2 91.5 92.6 92.2 91.4
Italy 91.3 91.7 91.9 91.7 90.8
India 91.0 91.9 91.8 91.0 91.8
Denmark 92.3 92.1 91.3 91.0 90.9
Guatemala 92.4 92.3 92.4 85.0 89.4
Kyrgyz Republic 93.2 92.8 96.5 89.1 89.3
Sudan 92.8 92.9 92.6 92.3 89.9
Cabo Verde 92.9 93.0 95.2 95.2 95.2
Senegal 93.7 93.2 92.7 92.5 91.6
Central African Republic 93.5 93.5 93.2 93.4 93.0
Sierra Leone 92.8 93.6 93.5 92.5 93.1
Kuwait 93.8 93.8 93.8 93.2 93.2
Nepal 94.3 93.8 92.9 92.4 91.2
Burkina Faso 94.4 94.3 94.4 94.3 94.3
Cameroon 95.3 94.5 94.5 94.5 94.4
Nigeria 94.7 94.6 95.0 94.8 92.7
Mauritania 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
China 94.8 94.8 94.3 94.5 95.6
Armenia 96.3 95.0 94.9 93.9 94.5
Yemen, Rep. 95.3 95.2 93.2 94.9 94.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 92.8 95.2 96.2 97.0 97.6
Norway 96.5 95.4 95.3 95.4 95.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 95.3 96.0 96.0 95.9 96.5
Mexico 96.6 96.0 95.9 95.9 95.3
Chad 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2
Singapore 96.5 96.3 95.6 95.3 95.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 97.2 96.5 96.9 96.2 96.2
Algeria 96.5 96.7 97.1 97.0 96.7
Vietnam 96.4 97.1 97.7 95.5 95.6
Tajikistan 97.8 97.2 97.6 97.0 99.0
El Salvador 97.5 97.3 96.7 94.6 94.6
Nicaragua 98.8 97.6 98.0 95.6 91.6
Dominica 97.7 97.6 97.7 97.8 96.7
Pakistan 97.7 97.7 82.4 82.8 81.5
Estonia 98.9 97.9 96.6 74.4 88.5
Latvia 98.2 97.9 97.2 97.2 96.8
Bangladesh 96.2 98.1 97.5 97.6 97.4
Cyprus 98.4 98.2 98.2 95.2 95.7
Brunei Darussalam 98.4 98.4 98.3 98.3 98.2
St. Lucia 98.5 98.5 97.6 98.0 98.0
Congo, Rep. 98.2 98.6 98.8 98.8 98.9
Kazakhstan 98.5 98.6 98.6 98.9 98.9
Seychelles 98.7 98.7 98.7 98.7 99.2
Djibouti 98.7 98.9 98.8 98.8 98.5
Cambodia 99.2 99.3 99.2 99.3 99.4
Turkey 100.0 99.6 99.6 74.8 74.6
Myanmar 99.4 99.6 100.0 100.0 100.0
Uzbekistan 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.6 99.7
Sweden 99.9 99.8 95.7 93.8 91.1
Benin 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9
Albania 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9
Georgia 100.0 99.9 99.9 99.8 99.4
Mali 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7 99.1
Syrian Arab Republic 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Comoros 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bhutan 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Cuba 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Croatia 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Hungary 100.0 100.0 88.4 90.0 89.8
Grenada 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Tuvalu 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Turkmenistan 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Eritrea 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Iceland 100.0 100.0 93.2 93.2 93.7
Iraq 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Czech Republic 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Luxembourg 100.0 100.0 100.0 72.9 79.0
Slovak Republic 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Poland 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Macedonia, FYR 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Libya 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bulgaria 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Romania 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Montenegro 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liberia 50.3 50.3 50.3
Isle of Man
New Caledonia
Aruba
South Sudan
Guam
West Bank and Gaza
Puerto Rico
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Faroe Islands
Macao SAR, China
Northern Mariana Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste 48.9
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Cayman Islands
Afghanistan
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Greenland
Somalia
Zimbabwe 52.1

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