Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Kiribati 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Namibia 21.8 21.9 21.9 21.3 18.2
Netherlands 24.0 23.8 23.6 24.1 24.3
South Africa 29.2 26.5 25.4 23.4 23.1
United States 26.0 26.3 26.6 26.3 26.1
Uruguay 27.7 31.0 27.7 33.2 31.2
France 35.8 35.3 34.7 34.9 34.4
Swaziland 33.8 31.5 34.9 40.9 42.4
Botswana 34.3 34.5 36.5 36.2 36.7
Malawi 46.1 43.7 39.7 38.3 40.5
Bahamas, The 40.2 40.2 40.2 40.2 40.2
Rwanda 41.2 41.2 41.2 41.0 40.7
Mozambique 41.5 39.8 43.7 41.6 40.6
Suriname 13.9 30.5 46.1 49.5 44.4
Zambia 49.9 47.5 46.6 51.8 55.3
Papua New Guinea 46.5 46.8 46.9 48.7 56.0
Slovenia 49.5 46.7 48.4 50.8 44.1
Maldives 47.7 47.0 49.4 44.5 52.7
Liberia 50.3 50.3 50.3
Gambia, The 53.8 53.6 53.7 53.7 53.7
Canada 55.6 56.5 55.3 54.5 53.7
Solomon Islands 55.9 55.9 55.9 55.9 56.7
Germany 54.4 54.7 55.9 55.8 56.8
Vanuatu 56.4 56.4 56.4 56.4 56.4
Ireland 54.6 60.9 56.9 60.6 60.8
Belarus 59.8 49.8 58.3 56.2 57.1
Monaco 67.1 64.8 58.7 56.2 54.3
Guinea-Bissau 58.7 55.3 58.8 53.5 54.7
Australia 48.8 51.0 59.2 58.9 59.7
United Kingdom 68.1 59.8 59.8 58.9 53.8
Austria 60.9 61.2 60.9 60.0 60.0
Uganda 61.2 61.2 61.5 56.7 51.8
Andorra 69.6 69.7 63.3 71.1 70.7
Ghana 63.9 64.8 63.4 63.2 63.6
Argentina 70.4 63.2 63.4 63.7 63.0
Fiji 63.5 63.5 63.5 63.5 63.5
Oman 63.0 63.0 64.4 65.0 64.4
Russian Federation 63.2 61.9 65.9 72.1 74.7
Chile 63.6 66.5 66.1 66.3 65.5
Jamaica 60.6 69.4 66.6 69.5 65.0
Brazil 68.6 66.9 66.9 67.1 63.6
Dominican Republic 75.7 68.8 68.1 68.4 68.5
Burundi 68.2 68.9 68.6 68.5 72.7
Jordan 66.9 68.5 69.1 72.4 74.9
Portugal 67.2 66.7 69.8 73.0 70.0
New Zealand 69.9 68.8 70.8 70.7 69.9
Lesotho 79.8 77.1 71.6 71.4 71.1
Mongolia 77.5 63.1 71.6 64.2 74.7
Saudi Arabia 71.5 71.0 72.0 69.0 66.1
Switzerland 69.2 71.9 72.5 74.4 74.0
Mauritius 73.8 73.7 73.5 73.0 74.6
Haiti 83.3 86.2 73.5 72.8 69.7
Bahrain 71.6 71.9 73.6 72.2 68.0
Malaysia 75.0 75.0 74.1 74.3 76.3
Indonesia 73.1 73.0 74.3 75.6 72.7
Angola 55.2 66.7 74.3 61.1 56.5
United Arab Emirates 68.9 70.6 74.8 74.6 74.3
Marshall Islands 75.2 75.2 75.2 75.2 75.2
Palau 77.7 78.0 75.4 72.0 64.8
Sao Tome and Principe 70.2 65.1 75.8 71.1 76.1
Barbados 75.8 75.9 76.4 77.1 77.3
Madagascar 76.8 76.8 76.7 76.6 76.6
Morocco 77.5 77.1 76.8 76.7 76.6
Tonga 77.5 77.5 77.5 77.5 77.5
Thailand 80.4 80.1 78.3 76.5 76.9
Finland 79.8 79.4 78.5 78.4 77.7
Belize 78.8 79.4 78.8 78.6 82.3
Ecuador 72.6 74.3 78.9 84.2 85.3
Ethiopia 78.6 78.5 79.5 79.6 79.2
Bolivia 77.9 83.9 80.2 83.8 81.6
Colombia 85.4 85.9 80.3 72.4 59.0
Kenya 79.1 79.2 80.4 80.4 80.4
Azerbaijan 86.0 80.3 80.7 79.4 77.7
Japan 79.3 81.2 80.8 81.2 81.3
Philippines 81.8 81.6 81.1 77.6 77.2
Korea, Rep. 84.8 83.4 81.5 82.5 80.6
Lebanon 80.7 80.6 82.3 81.5 80.7
Pakistan 97.7 97.7 82.4 82.8 81.5
Togo 83.6 83.4 82.5 83.2 84.7
Moldova 79.1 78.9 83.1 86.2 83.3
Panama 86.2 83.7 83.3 81.9 81.3
Israel 84.2 83.2 83.5 80.4 80.5
Tanzania 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5
Gabon 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5 83.5
Spain 83.9 83.9 83.6 83.3 83.1
Peru 86.1 85.7 83.8 81.2 83.4
Belgium 86.5 85.8 84.1 82.0 80.9
Cote d'Ivoire 81.6 83.7 84.3 81.5 78.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 82.7 82.4 84.4 83.2 56.5
Samoa 84.1 85.3 84.8 85.5 85.1
Tunisia 85.0 85.3 85.0 83.5 80.1
Honduras 89.5 89.6 85.5 88.1 95.0
Sri Lanka 87.6 85.9 85.9 84.5 80.8
Serbia 85.6 85.6 86.0 86.2 85.3
Trinidad and Tobago 86.3 86.3 86.4 86.9 86.3
Paraguay 89.2 85.3 86.5 83.7 86.6
Guyana 87.9 87.1 87.3 86.1 86.1
Costa Rica 87.5 87.1 87.6 88.2 88.2
Guinea 88.0 87.9 88.0 87.9 87.9
Antigua and Barbuda 86.1 86.7 88.0 87.0 81.3
Niger 88.2 88.2 88.2 88.3 87.8
Hungary 100.0 100.0 88.4 90.0 89.8
Greece 89.7 89.6 89.2 88.6 85.9
Qatar 91.1 90.2 89.4 88.4 100.0
Malta 88.0 88.1 89.9 92.9 92.9
Equatorial Guinea 100.0 87.3 90.3 85.8 80.1
Lao PDR 91.0 90.5 90.5 91.8 91.8
San Marino 90.8 90.8 90.8 90.8 90.8
Venezuela, RB 93.5 91.2 91.2 87.8 88.9
Denmark 92.3 92.1 91.3 91.0 90.9
India 91.0 91.9 91.8 91.0 91.8
Italy 91.3 91.7 91.9 91.7 90.8
Guatemala 92.4 92.3 92.4 85.0 89.4
Ukraine 89.2 91.5 92.6 92.2 91.4
Sudan 92.8 92.9 92.6 92.3 89.9
Senegal 93.7 93.2 92.7 92.5 91.6
Nepal 94.3 93.8 92.9 92.4 91.2
Yemen, Rep. 95.3 95.2 93.2 94.9 94.6
Central African Republic 93.5 93.5 93.2 93.4 93.0
Iceland 100.0 100.0 93.2 93.2 93.7
Sierra Leone 92.8 93.6 93.5 92.5 93.1
Kuwait 93.8 93.8 93.8 93.2 93.2
China 94.8 94.8 94.3 94.5 95.6
Burkina Faso 94.4 94.3 94.4 94.3 94.3
Cameroon 95.3 94.5 94.5 94.5 94.4
Mauritania 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.7
Armenia 96.3 95.0 94.9 93.9 94.5
Nigeria 94.7 94.6 95.0 94.8 92.7
Cabo Verde 92.9 93.0 95.2 95.2 95.2
Norway 96.5 95.4 95.3 95.4 95.5
Singapore 96.5 96.3 95.6 95.3 95.7
Sweden 99.9 99.8 95.7 93.8 91.1
Lithuania 88.4 89.0 95.7 99.6 86.2
Mexico 96.6 96.0 95.9 95.9 95.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 95.3 96.0 96.0 95.9 96.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 92.8 95.2 96.2 97.0 97.6
Chad 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2 96.2
Kyrgyz Republic 93.2 92.8 96.5 89.1 89.3
Estonia 98.9 97.9 96.6 74.4 88.5
El Salvador 97.5 97.3 96.7 94.6 94.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 97.2 96.5 96.9 96.2 96.2
Algeria 96.5 96.7 97.1 97.0 96.7
Latvia 98.2 97.9 97.2 97.2 96.8
Bangladesh 96.2 98.1 97.5 97.6 97.4
St. Lucia 98.5 98.5 97.6 98.0 98.0
Tajikistan 97.8 97.2 97.6 97.0 99.0
Dominica 97.7 97.6 97.7 97.8 96.7
Vietnam 96.4 97.1 97.7 95.5 95.6
Nicaragua 98.8 97.6 98.0 95.6 91.6
Cyprus 98.4 98.2 98.2 95.2 95.7
Brunei Darussalam 98.4 98.4 98.3 98.3 98.2
Kazakhstan 98.5 98.6 98.6 98.9 98.9
Seychelles 98.7 98.7 98.7 98.7 99.2
Congo, Rep. 98.2 98.6 98.8 98.8 98.9
Djibouti 98.7 98.9 98.8 98.8 98.5
Cambodia 99.2 99.3 99.2 99.3 99.4
Turkey 100.0 99.6 99.6 74.8 74.6
Uzbekistan 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.6 99.7
Benin 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9
Georgia 100.0 99.9 99.9 99.8 99.4
Albania 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9 99.9
Mali 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7 99.1
Turkmenistan 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Syrian Arab Republic 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bulgaria 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bhutan 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Tuvalu 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Comoros 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Montenegro 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Cuba 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Croatia 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Czech Republic 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Luxembourg 100.0 100.0 100.0 72.9 79.0
Grenada 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Iraq 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Eritrea 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Libya 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Myanmar 99.4 99.6 100.0 100.0 100.0
Macedonia, FYR 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Slovak Republic 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Poland 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Romania 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Faroe Islands
Curacao
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Timor-Leste 48.9
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Puerto Rico
American Samoa
Somalia
Guam
Macao SAR, China
Afghanistan
Greenland
Aruba
Bermuda
French Polynesia
West Bank and Gaza
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
South Sudan
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Zimbabwe 52.1

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