Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Afghanistan 1.9 1.1 1.5 1.4 2.6
Albania 9.2 9.7 9.0 8.9 8.4
Algeria 8.5 8.2 7.8 8.1 8.1
American Samoa
Andorra 22.7 22.0 22.7 21.3 21.3
Angola 6.4 6.2 9.6 6.4 6.5
Antigua and Barbuda 10.7 12.1 10.1 10.8 10.8
Argentina 14.7 13.9 13.8 13.3 13.4
Armenia 8.0 10.2 11.3 10.4 7.0
Aruba
Australia 16.5 16.7 16.8 17.2 16.8
Austria 14.5 15.7 15.7 16.0 16.2
Azerbaijan 5.9 5.2 4.3 4.6 3.1
Bahamas, The 15.6 14.7 17.1 16.8 18.2
Bahrain 8.7 8.6 8.8 9.4 9.8
Bangladesh 8.2 7.5 8.4 8.4 7.4
Barbados 12.7 11.8 12.5 10.7 10.6
Belarus 10.8 10.5 9.5 9.1 7.9
Belgium 15.5 14.6 14.4 14.5 14.9
Belize 8.0 9.3 9.2 10.6 11.5
Benin 10.8 11.1 12.1 9.8 9.3
Bermuda
Bhutan 9.3 9.1 10.5 12.9 11.3
Bolivia 9.8 10.9 9.7 7.6 7.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 13.5 12.7 12.3 13.3 14.0
Botswana 9.2 11.7 10.2 8.8 7.9
Brazil 5.1 4.7 5.1 5.4 5.7
Brunei Darussalam 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.7 7.3
Bulgaria 11.5 11.9 11.4 10.1 10.6
Burkina Faso 15.3 18.7 15.2 15.6 18.9
Burundi 10.0 10.6 15.1 13.6 8.2
Cabo Verde 12.1 10.4 11.3 11.1 9.9
Cambodia 16.5 11.6 6.7 7.2 6.4
Cameroon 7.1 7.7 7.4 6.8 5.6
Canada 17.3 17.6 17.7 17.9 18.1
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 13.5 12.9 13.8 17.1 14.7
Chad 10.3 13.4 7.3 4.6 3.3
Chile 12.5 12.6 13.5 15.3 15.0
China 10.1 9.9 9.9 10.9 11.6
Colombia 15.4 15.7 16.4 16.7 18.0
Comoros 10.2 11.2 11.9 12.5 11.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.0 6.2 8.3 9.9 12.7
Congo, Rep. 5.1 6.2 5.5 5.3 5.2
Costa Rica 23.6 21.3 22.1 24.6 26.1
Cote d'Ivoire 7.7 7.0 7.7 7.5 7.5
Croatia 14.1 15.9 16.4 17.6 17.7
Cuba 10.3 11.7 11.2 14.5 13.2
Curacao
Cyprus 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.8
Czech Republic 14.2 14.1 13.8 13.5 13.7
Denmark 14.9 15.6 16.3 16.6 16.7
Djibouti 12.3 13.4 12.6 14.1 14.1
Dominica 8.2 7.9 10.7 8.2 8.7
Dominican Republic 10.9 12.0 12.4 11.6 12.0
Ecuador 7.3 7.5 7.3 8.4 6.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.9 6.1 6.1 5.8 5.6
El Salvador 15.1 15.5 15.9 15.6 15.0
Equatorial Guinea 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 7.1
Eritrea 3.6 1.8 3.6 3.6 3.6
Estonia 11.4 11.5 10.9 11.5 11.9
Ethiopia 10.6 10.9 10.4 13.1 11.8
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 10.3 10.7 10.4 10.2 10.9
Finland 12.0 12.4 12.7 12.6 12.6
France 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 15.9
French Polynesia
Gabon 7.1 5.2 5.5 6.1 5.6
Gambia, The 11.6 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.2
Georgia 5.6 6.2 5.9 4.3 4.8
Germany 17.4 17.7 17.9 18.4 18.6
Ghana 11.3 14.7 14.1 16.2 13.2
Greece 11.1 12.8 13.2 12.3 13.0
Greenland
Grenada 8.2 8.2 9.9 10.2 8.9
Guam
Guatemala 15.7 15.5 15.3 15.9 16.6
Guinea 5.0 6.0 5.6 7.7 7.6
Guinea-Bissau 3.4 5.0 5.1 6.5 4.8
Guyana 10.2 8.1 8.8 9.1 18.4
Haiti 16.6 8.2 12.6 9.2 9.5
Honduras 20.9 18.8 17.2 16.9 15.5
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 11.7 11.8 11.0 10.2 10.2
Iceland 18.5 18.6 18.6 18.3 13.4
India 6.1 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.6
Indonesia 5.0 4.4 4.6 5.9 5.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.1 9.6 9.3 10.5 10.1
Iraq 3.2 3.2 3.2 4.7 4.2
Ireland 17.3 17.0 16.5 16.2 15.9
Isle of Man
Israel 9.3 9.4 9.8 9.9 10.2
Italy 13.8 14.2 14.3 14.0 14.4
Jamaica 5.2 3.5 4.5 5.5 6.4
Japan 17.6 17.6 17.8 18.1 18.6
Jordan 12.4 12.3 12.3 13.5 15.8
Kazakhstan 10.2 9.3 10.4 7.4 8.3
Kenya 7.9 7.6 7.5 7.1 6.1
Kiribati 9.2 8.9 10.2 10.8 12.0
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 10.6 11.3 12.1 12.3 11.9
Kosovo
Kuwait 6.4 6.8 5.7 5.6 3.7
Kyrgyz Republic 11.4 11.9 14.7 14.0 13.1
Lao PDR 5.4 4.1 6.8 5.7 5.5
Latvia 10.3 10.1 11.4 11.8 10.6
Lebanon 9.6 10.0 8.5 8.2 8.0
Lesotho 8.7 6.7 7.8 10.0 9.9
Liberia 12.0 13.3 8.8 17.3 17.2
Libya 5.4 5.6 5.2 4.6 3.6
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 11.5 11.9 12.9 13.1 12.8
Luxembourg 16.3 16.2 17.1 16.1 16.6
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 14.8 13.7 15.4 14.1 14.0
Madagascar 11.6 11.6 12.5 14.7 10.5
Malawi 18.0 18.7 19.3 12.5 16.9
Malaysia 6.2 5.2 5.8 5.5 5.0
Maldives 12.0 9.4 9.9 9.6 13.4
Mali 13.0 12.4 13.0 13.8 14.8
Malta 13.5 14.4 14.5 13.6 12.3
Marshall Islands 18.1 18.9 25.1 24.0 24.5
Mauritania 9.8 9.0 7.7 8.5 7.3
Mauritius 9.7 9.4 8.8 8.9 7.9
Mexico 17.4 16.5 15.9 15.5 15.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 14.0 19.1 18.3 18.8 19.8
Moldova 11.9 11.3 11.7 11.7 13.0
Monaco 16.6 16.3 15.6 15.0 15.8
Mongolia 12.3 13.4 10.2 9.6 10.5
Montenegro 16.9 14.3 13.6 11.4 9.7
Morocco 5.2 4.4 5.8 6.3 5.9
Mozambique 13.8 18.2 15.2 12.8 10.5
Myanmar 1.7 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.2
Namibia 11.2 12.8 11.8 14.7 13.9
Nepal 10.8 10.3 12.7 11.4 12.9
Netherlands 12.9 15.7 18.5 18.6 18.8
New Caledonia
New Zealand 17.0 17.1 18.0 17.9 18.4
Nicaragua 19.2 18.6 17.1 18.8 18.1
Niger 9.0 14.8 16.1 12.2 11.4
Nigeria 8.4 8.3 8.3 9.4 9.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 18.7 19.1 19.4 19.9 19.1
Oman 6.2 6.1 5.4 5.6 5.4
Pakistan 4.5 4.3 4.6 4.1 3.9
Palau 15.3 16.0 15.0 14.3 15.5
Panama 11.5 12.7 11.8 11.4 13.7
Papua New Guinea 11.6 8.7 7.8 9.4 10.3
Paraguay 14.7 11.8 11.8 12.3 8.6
Peru 15.4 15.6 15.8 18.5 20.8
Philippines 7.5 8.9 8.7 8.2 7.4
Poland 10.0 9.9 9.9 10.6 11.4
Portugal 15.1 15.1 14.9 15.0 14.9
Puerto Rico
Qatar 9.7 8.1 7.2 6.5 6.6
Romania 12.1 13.2 11.4 11.3 11.3
Russian Federation 11.3 11.7 10.8 10.2 10.1
Rwanda 13.5 13.7 22.9 22.2 22.0
Samoa 13.2 11.2 14.0 14.1 13.2
San Marino 14.7 14.4 13.8 13.6 13.6
Sao Tome and Principe 10.0 13.2 5.6 5.6 5.6
Saudi Arabia 7.3 8.1 9.0 7.9 6.5
Senegal 9.0 12.4 11.6 8.7 9.6
Serbia 13.4 14.2 12.9 13.8 14.1
Seychelles 10.2 9.0 7.8 7.7 6.4
Sierra Leone 14.2 14.3 11.6 11.9 10.9
Singapore 6.5 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 14.1 13.8 13.7 15.2 15.6
Slovenia 13.3 13.4 13.4 13.3 13.9
Solomon Islands 23.9 28.5 25.3 19.7 15.1
Somalia
South Africa 12.3 12.6 12.2 12.2 12.2
South Sudan 4.0
Spain 14.9 15.3 15.7 15.6 15.8
Sri Lanka 8.6 7.6 7.9 7.5 6.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.6 4.5 5.3 6.5 6.2
St. Lucia 9.7 9.5 10.9 11.5 11.8
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 9.8 8.4 9.4 10.2 13.2
Sudan 6.5 5.4 6.9 8.0 10.4
Suriname 11.6 11.6 13.8 11.9 11.9
Swaziland 10.5 13.0 14.9 12.5 14.5
Sweden 13.6 13.7 13.8 14.2 14.5
Switzerland 17.8 18.3 18.5 18.8 20.9
Syrian Arab Republic 6.1 6.8 6.4 6.4 6.4
Tajikistan 5.3 5.9 5.9 4.3 5.0
Tanzania 7.7 8.5 16.6 15.8 13.8
Thailand 12.4 12.4 13.7 14.5 15.8
Timor-Leste 24.8 24.5 20.5 14.2 9.9
Togo 10.1 9.8 10.2 10.6 13.5
Tonga 18.5 26.6 17.4 23.8 21.3
Trinidad and Tobago 9.1 9.4 6.7 8.1 8.8
Tunisia 8.7 9.2 9.7 9.8 10.5
Turkey 10.8 11.3 11.9 12.1 12.8
Turkmenistan 12.8 10.3 10.4 10.4 8.7
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu 23.0 22.9 23.1 21.7 17.4
Uganda 9.4 11.2 10.5 8.7 9.5
Ukraine 13.0 11.9 12.0 12.4 11.6
United Arab Emirates 8.1 9.0 9.4 9.4 9.4
United Kingdom 15.1 15.3 15.6 15.6 15.2
United States 19.3 19.3 19.9 19.8 19.6
Uruguay 12.4 12.8 11.6 11.6 14.0
Uzbekistan 7.0 7.3 7.9 7.6 8.4
Vanuatu 13.7 12.9 12.5 14.3 12.8
Venezuela, RB 8.9 9.1 9.1 7.1 8.4
Vietnam 5.5 5.2 7.5 9.2 8.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 6.1 4.8 4.9 4.3 4.3
Zambia 14.5 15.0 16.7 12.9 15.0
Zimbabwe

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