Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan
Albania 5.5 6.6 6.8 6.3 7.2
Algeria 8.5 8.6 8.2 8.1 8.0
American Samoa
Andorra 23.6 23.8 23.2 28.7 20.8
Angola 5.3 2.9 4.4 3.3 2.6
Antigua and Barbuda 12.9 12.0 12.0 12.0 11.8
Argentina 15.3 15.2 15.0 14.9 15.1
Armenia 8.3 8.4 8.1 7.7 6.6
Aruba
Australia 13.1 13.6 14.5 14.5 15.4
Austria 12.5 12.5 13.8 14.0 14.4
Azerbaijan 6.9 8.4 6.6 5.9 5.7
Bahamas, The 14.2 13.9 14.1 14.1 14.7
Bahrain 11.0 11.9 9.7 11.7 10.1
Bangladesh 8.8 9.0 8.7 8.6 8.1
Barbados 13.5 12.4 11.4 11.7 11.9
Belarus 11.5 11.5 12.1 10.1 10.0
Belgium 11.2 11.8 11.4 11.7 12.0
Belize 10.5 8.2 8.9 7.7 6.1
Benin 10.4 11.2 10.2 12.5 12.5
Bermuda
Bhutan 7.2 13.0 15.0 17.5 12.6
Bolivia 10.6 9.4 9.0 10.2 10.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.5 9.5 9.5 7.8 10.4
Botswana 5.7 5.9 6.5 5.7 5.8
Brazil 8.4 8.1 7.0 5.6 5.5
Brunei Darussalam 4.2 6.1 5.9 6.5 6.0
Bulgaria 8.5 7.4 11.2 9.5 9.9
Burkina Faso 9.1 11.1 9.1 9.8 9.3
Burundi 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.3
Cabo Verde 8.2 8.3 9.1 10.6 9.3
Cambodia 7.1 16.9 15.3 9.4 8.2
Cameroon 6.1 5.9 6.6 4.9 5.0
Canada 13.3 13.4 13.9 14.2 14.6
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 7.9 12.9 9.2 6.7 9.1
Chad 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.9
Chile 12.7 12.7 13.0 13.6 13.4
China 15.2 14.6 13.9 12.9 11.7
Colombia 17.2 20.4 22.1 22.7 21.0
Comoros 8.2 8.1 8.8 8.6 10.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.2 1.6 2.4 2.0 2.6
Congo, Rep. 5.7 5.8 5.1 5.2 5.3
Costa Rica 20.9 21.7 21.1 25.2 23.8
Cote d'Ivoire 6.8 8.3 9.2 9.0 9.0
Croatia 14.3 14.5 11.8 12.9 13.5
Cuba 8.0 9.3 10.0 10.3 11.1
Curacao
Cyprus 5.1 5.0 5.3 6.4 6.5
Czech Republic 11.5 13.9 13.6 13.5 13.6
Denmark 11.3 11.5 11.8 11.9 13.5
Djibouti 5.2 55.1 7.8 10.4 13.2
Dominica 11.9 10.7 10.8 9.0 8.4
Dominican Republic 10.7 11.0 11.8 13.8 14.1
Ecuador 9.6 11.1 10.4 9.3 9.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.5 6.3 8.1 7.2
El Salvador 13.5 15.2 16.7 14.5 15.1
Equatorial Guinea 15.3 11.7 12.9 8.7 8.7
Eritrea 3.0 2.2 3.4 2.4 2.1
Estonia 13.7 14.7 14.8 12.2 11.3
Ethiopia 5.9 5.9 7.3 7.8 6.9
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 9.5 9.0 8.7 7.3 8.4
Finland 9.1 9.6 9.8 10.1 10.2
France 15.2 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.3
French Polynesia
Gabon 5.2 6.2 3.8 3.6 4.5
Gambia, The 6.9 6.0 6.7 10.4 10.4
Georgia 2.5 4.5 6.5 5.9 5.5
Germany 15.0 17.4 17.2 17.1 17.2
Ghana 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.0 9.4
Greece 9.6 10.1 9.7 9.6 10.1
Greenland
Grenada 11.7 9.3 9.2 9.5 11.8
Guam
Guatemala 12.6 12.5 12.7 15.3 17.2
Guinea 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4
Guinea-Bissau 9.2 6.1 5.1 8.9 4.6
Guyana 10.3 10.1 10.2 10.8 10.7
Haiti 23.6 20.3 20.2 16.8 14.9
Honduras 13.4 12.2 11.9 14.3 12.3
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 11.0 11.2 11.1 10.5 10.8
Iceland 16.1 16.1 16.3 17.3 18.8
India 7.6 7.5 7.7 7.7 7.6
Indonesia 4.8 4.7 3.9 3.9 3.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.2 7.5 8.5 9.7 9.2
Iraq 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ireland 11.6 11.8 12.8 13.2 13.3
Isle of Man
Israel 9.7 10.0 10.3 9.1 9.0
Italy 9.8 10.0 10.8 11.1 11.5
Jamaica 5.4 5.9 7.7 7.4 5.6
Japan 15.6 15.8 15.9 15.8 15.8
Jordan 14.8 14.7 14.8 14.7 14.8
Kazakhstan 11.5 14.0 14.7 14.2 9.9
Kenya 6.4 7.3 6.8 8.9 8.3
Kiribati 10.3 10.2 11.1 7.8 9.2
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 7.1 7.7 8.0 8.2 9.2
Kosovo
Kuwait 5.6 6.2 6.8 6.7 6.5
Kyrgyz Republic 10.7 11.3 11.7 11.9 12.1
Lao PDR 8.4 12.3 19.5 13.9 6.9
Latvia 9.9 9.5 9.6 9.3 9.0
Lebanon 13.8 11.6 12.7 9.2 8.4
Lesotho 6.4 6.3 5.1 6.0 5.9
Liberia 6.9 6.7
Libya 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 11.6 10.8 8.4 11.5 11.6
Luxembourg 13.0 12.8 12.7 12.8 13.3
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 13.2 14.3 16.2 19.0 15.1
Madagascar 8.5 10.5 11.9 10.2 12.1
Malawi 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2 6.5
Malaysia 4.9 5.0 4.6 4.7 4.9
Maldives 9.2 11.2 11.1 10.9 10.3
Mali 12.1 13.6 11.4 9.6 7.9
Malta 9.9 10.0 10.6 10.8 10.7
Marshall Islands 9.3 19.4 19.4 19.4 19.4
Mauritania 11.6 7.6 8.8 12.1 16.0
Mauritius 9.0 8.5 7.7 9.9 8.2
Mexico 15.0 13.3 14.2 15.8 17.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 11.3 11.3 11.3 9.0 9.7
Moldova 15.9 18.5 15.0 13.0 10.2
Monaco 14.3 13.2 14.7 14.6 12.5
Mongolia 11.3 12.7 9.9 9.6 10.2
Montenegro 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9 16.9
Morocco 4.6 5.5 4.9 5.3 5.5
Mozambique 14.0 14.0 13.7 15.0 16.1
Myanmar 4.1 3.7 3.3 3.0 3.8
Namibia 13.2 13.8 14.1 14.0 14.2
Nepal 7.9 7.6 8.1 13.7 10.1
Netherlands 10.5 11.0 11.3 11.1 11.0
New Caledonia
New Zealand 13.3 13.3 13.7 14.5 14.6
Nicaragua 21.5 18.2 13.7 15.0 11.2
Niger 9.0 9.3 9.9 9.3 8.6
Nigeria 8.4 8.4 8.4 8.4 5.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 14.2 15.3 16.5 17.1 17.4
Oman 6.9 7.7 7.5 7.3 7.4
Pakistan 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.2 3.4
Palau 13.9 14.5 14.4 14.2 13.2
Panama 16.1 14.5 21.0 19.7 18.9
Papua New Guinea 10.7 11.5 9.5 11.6 10.6
Paraguay 11.8 14.9 13.8 16.2 16.9
Peru 13.7 13.9 12.8 14.1 14.6
Philippines 7.4 7.8 8.0 7.9 7.9
Poland 8.4 8.5 8.7 8.7 9.5
Portugal 11.2 12.0 12.3 12.5 12.9
Puerto Rico
Qatar 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0
Romania 7.0 7.1 9.6 8.0 8.6
Russian Federation 9.0 8.7 10.5 10.1 9.8
Rwanda 8.0 8.4 9.4 13.5 10.0
Samoa 7.5 7.6 10.5 13.1 12.5
San Marino 17.8 18.4 18.5 19.4 20.6
Sao Tome and Principe 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.7
Saudi Arabia 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.6 8.6
Senegal 7.1 7.7 7.2 7.1 9.0
Serbia 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5 13.5
Seychelles 8.4 7.8 8.5 7.5 7.8
Sierra Leone 14.2 14.2 14.2 14.2 14.2
Singapore 9.4 6.9 8.4 8.7 8.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 11.0 10.6 10.8 11.3 10.7
Slovenia 11.1 13.2 13.1 13.0 12.8
Solomon Islands 14.8 14.4 17.6 15.2 17.3
Somalia
South Africa 10.1 9.7 11.6 12.1 13.2
South Sudan
Spain 12.1 12.5 12.8 12.9 13.2
Sri Lanka 5.3 5.6 5.7 7.0 6.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.0 9.1 10.2 10.1 9.6
St. Lucia 11.3 13.0 11.6 10.7 11.1
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 13.1 12.1 9.2 8.5 8.5
Sudan 11.9 12.2 12.3 12.4 8.9
Suriname 11.0 11.0 11.9 8.8 8.4
Swaziland 12.4 12.3 11.9 11.8 10.6
Sweden 10.6 11.3 11.4 11.8 12.1
Switzerland 14.4 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.9
Syrian Arab Republic 7.7 7.2 6.6 6.5 6.5
Tajikistan 7.4 7.2 8.5 8.2 7.0
Tanzania 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.4
Thailand 10.8 11.3 10.9 9.2 7.8
Timor-Leste
Togo 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.5
Tonga 9.9 11.7 10.7 12.6 18.3
Trinidad and Tobago 7.9 6.8 5.3 4.4 6.4
Tunisia 8.2 8.2 7.6 8.3 8.5
Turkey 10.7 10.0 10.8 11.5 10.3
Turkmenistan 9.2 13.9 13.9 14.2 12.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu 6.3 7.5 6.9 8.5 7.0
Uganda 9.8 9.8 9.8 9.8 11.3
Ukraine 11.4 11.4 11.4 11.6 11.0
United Arab Emirates 8.1 7.1 8.8 8.0 8.0
United Kingdom 13.0 13.4 13.1 13.5 14.3
United States 16.6 16.8 17.1 17.1 17.1
Uruguay 22.2 19.4 11.6 12.6 21.0
Uzbekistan 9.5 9.3 10.2 8.5 9.0
Vanuatu 7.8 7.0 10.3 10.5 10.7
Venezuela, RB 7.8 6.6 5.4 6.2 8.5
Vietnam 7.4 7.1 6.5 7.9 7.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 6.9 6.1 7.6 7.8 8.6
Zambia 13.7 16.6 14.4 13.1 10.1
Zimbabwe

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