Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Iraq 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 2.0
Myanmar 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 1.1
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7
Sudan 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1
Indonesia 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0
Cameroon 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.3
Azerbaijan 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Guinea 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.3 0.8
Tajikistan 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Bangladesh 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1
Cambodia 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.5 2.4
India 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Georgia 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3
Morocco 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Lao PDR 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3
Gabon 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.6
Gambia, The 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.4 2.1
Equatorial Guinea 1.4 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.3
Philippines 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.3
Guinea-Bissau 1.5 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.3
Togo 1.5 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.4
Singapore 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.4
Tanzania 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.9
Libya 1.5 1.7 2.2 3.3 2.7
Liberia 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.1 1.2
Ecuador 1.6 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.7
Niger 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Armenia 1.6 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.5
Nigeria 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.7
Nepal 1.6 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.5
Malaysia 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.3
Sri Lanka 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Kenya 1.7 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.9
Haiti 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6
Vietnam 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.7
Senegal 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.1
Burundi 1.7 1.9 2.4 2.4 2.0
Congo, Rep. 1.8 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Cote d'Ivoire 1.8 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.5
Ethiopia 1.8 2.3 2.7 2.5 2.8
Mali 1.8 2.1 2.9 2.5 2.7
Central African Republic 1.8 2.2 1.9 2.1 2.1
China 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.8
Mauritius 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Trinidad and Tobago 1.9 1.8 2.2 2.6 2.6
United Arab Emirates 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.7
Thailand 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.4 2.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.3 2.2
Qatar 2.0 1.6 1.9 2.0 3.5
Madagascar 2.0 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.3
Comoros 2.0 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.8
Chad 2.0 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.7
Eritrea 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.3
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.5
Syrian Arab Republic 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5
Belize 2.0 2.1 2.6 2.5 2.6
Uganda 2.1 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.2
Rwanda 2.1 1.7 2.1 2.2 3.3
Venezuela, RB 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2
Benin 2.1 1.9 2.3 1.9 2.2
Yemen, Rep. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2
Angola 2.1 1.7 2.8 1.8 2.1
Korea, Rep. 2.1 2.2 2.8 2.6 2.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.1
Burkina Faso 2.2 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.6
Botswana 2.2 2.9 3.7 4.3 2.8
Kyrgyz Republic 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1
Malawi 2.3 2.8 2.2 2.9 4.6
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Jamaica 2.4 2.9 2.2 2.8 2.3
Algeria 2.4 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8
Turkmenistan 2.4 3.2 2.8 2.4 2.7
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.1
Nicaragua 2.4 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.5
Mexico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Guatemala 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.4
Bahamas, The 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Fiji 2.5 3.2 2.6 2.9 2.7
Albania 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Ghana 2.6 2.4 3.2 2.4 2.5
Vanuatu 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.8
Antigua and Barbuda 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9
Peru 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.6
Saudi Arabia 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.1 2.9
Uzbekistan 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4
Bahrain 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5
Zambia 2.9 2.9 3.4 4.3 4.2
Oman 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6
Tunisia 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.8
Moldova 2.9 3.2 3.2 4.0 4.0
Honduras 2.9 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.7
Kuwait 2.9 1.9 2.9 2.8 2.6
Turkey 2.9 3.1 3.5 3.8 3.8
Ukraine 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.5 4.0
Lebanon 2.9 3.2 3.7 3.7 3.5
Sierra Leone 3.0 4.0 3.1 3.1 2.7
Monaco 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.5
Swaziland 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.7
Brazil 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.1
Paraguay 3.0 3.2 2.7 2.4 2.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.1
St. Lucia 3.1 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.0
Suriname 3.1 4.7 4.2 3.6 3.4
Brunei Darussalam 3.2 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Chile 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.2 2.7
Lesotho 3.2 3.5 4.4 3.8 4.0
Romania 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.8 4.5
Papua New Guinea 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.6 3.3
Mongolia 3.4 3.8 3.9 3.8 4.1
Cabo Verde 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.5 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.2
Solomon Islands 3.5 4.3 6.2 5.8 5.5
South Africa 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5
Mozambique 3.6 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.1
Russian Federation 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.3
Bolivia 3.6 3.7 3.7 4.1 3.3
Grenada 3.7 3.4 4.5 3.5 3.0
Latvia 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2
Maldives 3.7 4.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Tonga 3.8 3.4 4.3 3.8 4.2
El Salvador 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Guyana 3.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7
Sao Tome and Principe 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 6.0
Bulgaria 4.0 3.8 4.3 4.6 4.7
Andorra 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0
Barbados 4.0 4.1 4.5 5.1 4.7
Mauritania 4.0 4.0 2.9 4.0 3.4
Poland 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.4
Dominica 4.1 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Djibouti 4.4 3.9 3.5 3.5 4.2
Malta 4.4 4.8 4.9 5.5 5.7
Seychelles 4.4 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.3
San Marino 4.5 4.5 4.4 5.8 4.4
Greece 4.5 4.7 5.2 5.2 5.3
Estonia 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.8
Panama 4.5 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.0
Ireland 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.4 5.6
Lithuania 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.9
Belarus 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.8 4.0 4.3 4.4 5.5
Samoa 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.1
Israel 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.9
Jordan 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.5
Bhutan 5.1 5.3 4.8 6.6 3.7
Netherlands 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.5 6.0
Namibia 5.1 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7
Argentina 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.3
Slovak Republic 5.2 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1
Serbia 5.2 5.2 5.2 6.4 6.3
Montenegro 5.2 5.2 6.0 5.9 6.7
Luxembourg 5.2 6.4 6.2 7.1 6.5
Finland 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.9
Spain 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.7
Hungary 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.3 6.1
Australia 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.5
Macedonia, FYR 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.4
Portugal 5.4 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.7
Costa Rica 5.4 5.6 5.4 6.1 6.1
Cuba 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.6
Italy 5.5 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.2
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.9 6.1 6.4
United Kingdom 5.5 5.6 5.8 6.1 6.2
Czech Republic 5.7 5.7 5.8 6.1 6.4
United States 5.8 5.8 6.3 6.6 6.8
New Zealand 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.2
Slovenia 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.2
Japan 6.0 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.4
Belgium 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.2 7.5
Canada 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.7 6.9
Uruguay 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8 4.9
Croatia 6.4 6.7 6.0 5.0 5.3
Colombia 6.5 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.9
Palau 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.4 6.6
Sweden 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.1 7.3 8.0 7.4 9.0
Denmark 7.5 7.3 7.7 7.9 8.0
Austria 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7
Iceland 7.9 7.7 7.6 8.3 8.7
France 8.1 8.0 8.1 8.4 8.4
Germany 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.5 8.6
Norway 8.3 7.6 8.1 8.7 8.8
Kiribati 8.4 7.5 8.4 8.3 9.1
Tuvalu 9.0 11.0 9.2 7.1 21.6
Marshall Islands 16.0 19.8 16.7 15.5 14.5
Bermuda
Korea, Dem. Rep.
New Caledonia
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Greenland
Somalia
Guam
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kosovo
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macao SAR, China
Timor-Leste 3.5 3.7 3.7 5.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
French Polynesia
Aruba
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Afghanistan 0.6 0.7
West Bank and Gaza
Puerto Rico
Curacao
Zimbabwe

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