Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Iraq 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 2.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 1.1
Myanmar 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Guinea-Bissau 1.5 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.3
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7
Indonesia 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0
Azerbaijan 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Sudan 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1
Cameroon 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.3
Tajikistan 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Guinea 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.3 0.8
Bangladesh 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1
India 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Ecuador 1.6 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.7
Armenia 1.6 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.5
Gabon 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.6
Lao PDR 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3
Georgia 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.8 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Morocco 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Gambia, The 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.4 2.1
Nepal 1.6 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.5
Singapore 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.4
Cambodia 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.5 2.4
Liberia 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.1 1.2
Tanzania 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.9
Togo 1.5 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.4
Niger 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Comoros 2.0 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.8
Philippines 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.3
Nigeria 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.7
Qatar 2.0 1.6 1.9 2.0 3.5
Vietnam 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.7
Rwanda 2.1 1.7 2.1 2.2 3.3
Malaysia 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.3
United Arab Emirates 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.7
Angola 2.1 1.7 2.8 1.8 2.1
Haiti 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6
Libya 1.5 1.7 2.2 3.3 2.7
Sri Lanka 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
China 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.8
Eritrea 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.3
Uganda 2.1 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.2
Equatorial Guinea 1.4 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.3
Trinidad and Tobago 1.9 1.8 2.2 2.6 2.6
Cote d'Ivoire 1.8 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.5
Senegal 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.1
Thailand 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.4 2.3
Kuwait 2.9 1.9 2.9 2.8 2.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.3 2.2
Benin 2.1 1.9 2.3 1.9 2.2
Burundi 1.7 1.9 2.4 2.4 2.0
Mauritius 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Syrian Arab Republic 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5
Burkina Faso 2.2 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.6
Mali 1.8 2.1 2.9 2.5 2.7
Kyrgyz Republic 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1
Belize 2.0 2.1 2.6 2.5 2.6
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Central African Republic 1.8 2.2 1.9 2.1 2.1
Kenya 1.7 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.9
Korea, Rep. 2.1 2.2 2.8 2.6 2.7
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.1
Yemen, Rep. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2
Guatemala 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.4
Albania 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Ethiopia 1.8 2.3 2.7 2.5 2.8
Venezuela, RB 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2
Mexico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Bahrain 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5
Ghana 2.6 2.4 3.2 2.4 2.5
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.1
Madagascar 2.0 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.3
Bahamas, The 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Oman 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6
Uzbekistan 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4
Algeria 2.4 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 3.2 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Chad 2.0 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.7
Vanuatu 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.8
Peru 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.6
Malawi 2.3 2.8 2.2 2.9 4.6
Antigua and Barbuda 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9
Monaco 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.5
Jamaica 2.4 2.9 2.2 2.8 2.3
Nicaragua 2.4 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.5
Brazil 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.1
Zambia 2.9 2.9 3.4 4.3 4.2
Ukraine 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.5 4.0
St. Lucia 3.1 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.0
Botswana 2.2 2.9 3.7 4.3 2.8
Swaziland 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.7
Tunisia 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.8
Saudi Arabia 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.1 2.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.5 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.2
Turkey 2.9 3.1 3.5 3.8 3.8
Lebanon 2.9 3.2 3.7 3.7 3.5
Turkmenistan 2.4 3.2 2.8 2.4 2.7
Moldova 2.9 3.2 3.2 4.0 4.0
Paraguay 3.0 3.2 2.7 2.4 2.1
Fiji 2.5 3.2 2.6 2.9 2.7
Russian Federation 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.3
Papua New Guinea 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.6 3.3
Latvia 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2
Chile 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2 2.7
Tonga 3.8 3.4 4.3 3.8 4.2
Dominica 4.1 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Grenada 3.7 3.4 4.5 3.5 3.0
South Africa 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5
Lesotho 3.2 3.5 4.4 3.8 4.0
Timor-Leste 3.5 3.7 3.7 5.2
Cabo Verde 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.7
Romania 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.8 4.5
Honduras 2.9 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.7
Bolivia 3.6 3.7 3.7 4.1 3.3
El Salvador 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Bulgaria 4.0 3.8 4.3 4.6 4.7
Sao Tome and Principe 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 6.0
Mongolia 3.4 3.8 3.9 3.8 4.1
Poland 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.4
Djibouti 4.4 3.9 3.5 3.5 4.2
Sierra Leone 3.0 4.0 3.1 3.1 2.7
Mauritania 4.0 4.0 2.9 4.0 3.4
Seychelles 4.4 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.3
Andorra 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.8 4.0 4.3 4.4 5.5
Maldives 3.7 4.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Estonia 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.8
Barbados 4.0 4.1 4.5 5.1 4.7
Namibia 5.1 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7
Solomon Islands 3.5 4.3 6.2 5.8 5.5
Mozambique 3.6 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.1
Lithuania 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.9
San Marino 4.5 4.5 4.4 5.8 4.4
Ireland 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.4 5.6
Samoa 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.1
Belarus 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.9
Jordan 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.5
Suriname 3.1 4.7 4.2 3.6 3.4
Colombia 6.5 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.9
Israel 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.9
Greece 4.5 4.7 5.2 5.2 5.3
Malta 4.4 4.8 4.9 5.5 5.7
Slovak Republic 5.2 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1
Guyana 3.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7
Argentina 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.3
Netherlands 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.5 6.0
Macedonia, FYR 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.4
Hungary 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.3 6.1
Finland 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.9
Spain 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.7
Serbia 5.2 5.2 5.2 6.4 6.3
Montenegro 5.2 5.2 6.0 5.9 6.7
Panama 4.5 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.0
Bhutan 5.1 5.3 4.8 6.6 3.7
Australia 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.5
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.9 6.1 6.4
Cuba 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.6
United Kingdom 5.5 5.6 5.8 6.1 6.2
Costa Rica 5.4 5.6 5.4 6.1 6.1
Czech Republic 5.7 5.7 5.8 6.1 6.4
Italy 5.5 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.2
United States 5.8 5.8 6.3 6.6 6.8
New Zealand 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.2
Belgium 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.2 7.5
Slovenia 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.2
Uruguay 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8 4.9
Japan 6.0 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.4
Portugal 5.4 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.7
Canada 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.7 6.9
Luxembourg 5.2 6.4 6.2 7.1 6.5
Croatia 6.4 6.7 6.0 5.0 5.3
Sweden 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.6
Palau 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.4 6.6
Denmark 7.5 7.3 7.7 7.9 8.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.1 7.3 8.0 7.4 9.0
Kiribati 8.4 7.5 8.4 8.3 9.1
Austria 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7
Norway 8.3 7.6 8.1 8.7 8.8
Iceland 7.9 7.7 7.6 8.3 8.7
France 8.1 8.0 8.1 8.4 8.4
Germany 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.5 8.6
Tuvalu 9.0 11.0 9.2 7.1 21.6
Marshall Islands 16.0 19.8 16.7 15.5 14.5
French Polynesia
Afghanistan 0.6 0.7
Puerto Rico
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
New Caledonia
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Greenland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macao SAR, China
Somalia
St. Martin (French part)
Aruba
Liechtenstein
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Kosovo
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
Hong Kong SAR, China
American Samoa
West Bank and Gaza
Curacao
Bermuda
Zimbabwe

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