Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Iraq 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 2.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 1.1
Myanmar 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Guinea-Bissau 1.5 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.3
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7
Azerbaijan 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Singapore 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.4
Tajikistan 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Sudan 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1
Indonesia 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0
India 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Comoros 2.0 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.8
Lao PDR 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3
Equatorial Guinea 1.4 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.3
Cameroon 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.3
Bangladesh 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1
Togo 1.5 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.4
Cambodia 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.5 2.4
Guinea 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.3 0.8
Philippines 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.8 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Gabon 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.6
Cote d'Ivoire 1.8 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.5
Ecuador 1.6 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.7
Georgia 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3
Morocco 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Haiti 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6
Nigeria 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.7
Eritrea 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.3
Gambia, The 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.4 2.1
Nepal 1.6 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.5
Armenia 1.6 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.5
Tanzania 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.9
China 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.8
Liberia 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.1 1.2
Sri Lanka 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
Vietnam 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.7
Niger 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Burkina Faso 2.2 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.6
Thailand 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.4 2.3
Central African Republic 1.8 2.2 1.9 2.1 2.1
Qatar 2.0 1.6 1.9 2.0 3.5
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.5
United Arab Emirates 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.7
Malaysia 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.3
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Kyrgyz Republic 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1
Mauritius 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Uganda 2.1 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.2
Kenya 1.7 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.9
Senegal 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.1
Rwanda 2.1 1.7 2.1 2.2 3.3
Syrian Arab Republic 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5
Jamaica 2.4 2.9 2.2 2.8 2.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.3 2.2
Malawi 2.3 2.8 2.2 2.9 4.6
Trinidad and Tobago 1.9 1.8 2.2 2.6 2.6
Libya 1.5 1.7 2.2 3.3 2.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.1
Yemen, Rep. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2
Benin 2.1 1.9 2.3 1.9 2.2
Albania 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.1
Burundi 1.7 1.9 2.4 2.4 2.0
Chad 2.0 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.7
Guatemala 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.4
Venezuela, RB 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2
Mexico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.1
Bahamas, The 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Bahrain 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5
Oman 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6
Uzbekistan 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4
Brunei Darussalam 3.2 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Belize 2.0 2.1 2.6 2.5 2.6
Fiji 2.5 3.2 2.6 2.9 2.7
Madagascar 2.0 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.3
Paraguay 3.0 3.2 2.7 2.4 2.1
Ethiopia 1.8 2.3 2.7 2.5 2.8
Peru 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.6
Korea, Rep. 2.1 2.2 2.8 2.6 2.7
Vanuatu 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.8
Angola 2.1 1.7 2.8 1.8 2.1
Turkmenistan 2.4 3.2 2.8 2.4 2.7
Tunisia 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.8
Nicaragua 2.4 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.5
Mauritania 4.0 4.0 2.9 4.0 3.4
Mali 1.8 2.1 2.9 2.5 2.7
Monaco 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.5
Swaziland 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.7
Kuwait 2.9 1.9 2.9 2.8 2.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.5 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9
Algeria 2.4 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8
Maldives 3.7 4.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Ukraine 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.5 4.0
Brazil 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.1
Sierra Leone 3.0 4.0 3.1 3.1 2.7
Latvia 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2
Ghana 2.6 2.4 3.2 2.4 2.5
Moldova 2.9 3.2 3.2 4.0 4.0
Saudi Arabia 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.1 2.9
Chile 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2 2.7
Russian Federation 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.3
Dominica 4.1 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
St. Lucia 3.1 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.0
Zambia 2.9 2.9 3.4 4.3 4.2
South Africa 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5
Namibia 5.1 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7
Djibouti 4.4 3.9 3.5 3.5 4.2
Turkey 2.9 3.1 3.5 3.8 3.8
Romania 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.8 4.5
Honduras 2.9 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.7
Timor-Leste 3.5 3.7 3.7 5.2
El Salvador 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Botswana 2.2 2.9 3.7 4.3 2.8
Lebanon 2.9 3.2 3.7 3.7 3.5
Bolivia 3.6 3.7 3.7 4.1 3.3
Papua New Guinea 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.6 3.3
Sao Tome and Principe 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 6.0
Estonia 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.8
Andorra 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0
Mongolia 3.4 3.8 3.9 3.8 4.1
Cabo Verde 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.7
Mozambique 3.6 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.1
Seychelles 4.4 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.3
Suriname 3.1 4.7 4.2 3.6 3.4
Poland 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.4
Tonga 3.8 3.4 4.3 3.8 4.2
Bulgaria 4.0 3.8 4.3 4.6 4.7
Samoa 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.8 4.0 4.3 4.4 5.5
Lesotho 3.2 3.5 4.4 3.8 4.0
San Marino 4.5 4.5 4.4 5.8 4.4
Grenada 3.7 3.4 4.5 3.5 3.0
Barbados 4.0 4.1 4.5 5.1 4.7
Lithuania 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.9
Colombia 6.5 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.9
Belarus 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.9
Jordan 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.5
Bhutan 5.1 5.3 4.8 6.6 3.7
Malta 4.4 4.8 4.9 5.5 5.7
Guyana 3.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7
Slovak Republic 5.2 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1
Hungary 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.3 6.1
Macedonia, FYR 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.4
Israel 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.9
Argentina 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.3
Ireland 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.4 5.6
Spain 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.7
Panama 4.5 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.0
Serbia 5.2 5.2 5.2 6.4 6.3
Netherlands 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.5 6.0
Greece 4.5 4.7 5.2 5.2 5.3
Finland 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.9
Costa Rica 5.4 5.6 5.4 6.1 6.1
Australia 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.5
Cuba 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.6
Czech Republic 5.7 5.7 5.8 6.1 6.4
United Kingdom 5.5 5.6 5.8 6.1 6.2
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.9 6.1 6.4
New Zealand 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.2
Montenegro 5.2 5.2 6.0 5.9 6.7
Croatia 6.4 6.7 6.0 5.0 5.3
Uruguay 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8 4.9
Italy 5.5 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.2
Solomon Islands 3.5 4.3 6.2 5.8 5.5
Portugal 5.4 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.7
Luxembourg 5.2 6.4 6.2 7.1 6.5
Belgium 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.2 7.5
United States 5.8 5.8 6.3 6.6 6.8
Slovenia 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.2
Japan 6.0 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.4
Canada 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.7 6.9
Palau 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.4 6.6
Sweden 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.6
Iceland 7.9 7.7 7.6 8.3 8.7
Austria 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7
Denmark 7.5 7.3 7.7 7.9 8.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.1 7.3 8.0 7.4 9.0
France 8.1 8.0 8.1 8.4 8.4
Norway 8.3 7.6 8.1 8.7 8.8
Germany 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.5 8.6
Kiribati 8.4 7.5 8.4 8.3 9.1
Tuvalu 9.0 11.0 9.2 7.1 21.6
Marshall Islands 16.0 19.8 16.7 15.5 14.5
South Sudan
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Somalia
Kosovo
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
Hong Kong SAR, China
Guam
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
Korea, Dem. Rep.
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Afghanistan 0.6 0.7
Curacao
Bermuda
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
French Polynesia
Macao SAR, China
Northern Mariana Islands
Zimbabwe

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