Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Myanmar 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Afghanistan 0.6 0.7
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7
Guinea 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.3 0.8
Azerbaijan 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Tajikistan 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
India 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0
Indonesia 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 1.1
Sudan 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1
Bangladesh 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1
Liberia 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.1 1.2
Georgia 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3
Lao PDR 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3
Equatorial Guinea 1.4 1.8 1.1 0.9 1.3
Eritrea 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.3
Congo, Rep. 1.8 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3
Philippines 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.3
Guinea-Bissau 1.5 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.3
Cameroon 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.3
Singapore 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.4
Morocco 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4
Togo 1.5 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.4
Nepal 1.6 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.5
Cote d'Ivoire 1.8 1.8 1.4 1.5 1.5
Armenia 1.6 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.5
Gabon 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.6
Haiti 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6
Sri Lanka 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6
United Arab Emirates 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.7
Vietnam 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.7
Niger 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.7
Ecuador 1.6 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.7
Nigeria 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.7
China 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.8
Comoros 2.0 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.8
Tanzania 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.9
Kenya 1.7 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.9
Iraq 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 2.0
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Burundi 1.7 1.9 2.4 2.4 2.0
Kyrgyz Republic 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1
Paraguay 3.0 3.2 2.7 2.4 2.1
Senegal 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.1 2.1
Mauritius 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
Angola 2.1 1.7 2.8 1.8 2.1
Gambia, The 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.4 2.1
Central African Republic 1.8 2.2 1.9 2.1 2.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.9 1.9 2.2 2.3 2.2
Yemen, Rep. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2
Benin 2.1 1.9 2.3 1.9 2.2
Albania 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2
Uganda 2.1 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.2
Venezuela, RB 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2
Madagascar 2.0 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.3
Thailand 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.4 2.3
Jamaica 2.4 2.9 2.2 2.8 2.3
Malaysia 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.3
Cambodia 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.5 2.4
Guatemala 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.4
Uzbekistan 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4
Syrian Arab Republic 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5
Ghana 2.6 2.4 3.2 2.4 2.5
Bahrain 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.5
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.5
Mexico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6
Burkina Faso 2.2 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.6
Kuwait 2.9 1.9 2.9 2.8 2.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.2 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Belize 2.0 2.1 2.6 2.5 2.6
Trinidad and Tobago 1.9 1.8 2.2 2.6 2.6
Oman 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6
Peru 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.6
Bahamas, The 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
Fiji 2.5 3.2 2.6 2.9 2.7
Chad 2.0 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.7
Turkmenistan 2.4 3.2 2.8 2.4 2.7
Korea, Rep. 2.1 2.2 2.8 2.6 2.7
Chile 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2 2.7
Mali 1.8 2.1 2.9 2.5 2.7
Sierra Leone 3.0 4.0 3.1 3.1 2.7
Libya 1.5 1.7 2.2 3.3 2.7
Botswana 2.2 2.9 3.7 4.3 2.8
Vanuatu 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.8
Algeria 2.4 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8
Tunisia 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.8
Ethiopia 1.8 2.3 2.7 2.5 2.8
Saudi Arabia 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.1 2.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9
Maldives 3.7 4.1 3.1 3.0 3.0
Grenada 3.7 3.4 4.5 3.5 3.0
St. Lucia 3.1 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.0
Cyprus 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.1
Brazil 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.5 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.2
Latvia 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2
Dominica 4.1 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Papua New Guinea 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.6 3.3
Russian Federation 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.3
Rwanda 2.1 1.7 2.1 2.2 3.3
Bolivia 3.6 3.7 3.7 4.1 3.3
Suriname 3.1 4.7 4.2 3.6 3.4
Mauritania 4.0 4.0 2.9 4.0 3.4
El Salvador 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5
Nicaragua 2.4 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.5
Monaco 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.5
South Africa 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5
Qatar 2.0 1.6 1.9 2.0 3.5
Lebanon 2.9 3.2 3.7 3.7 3.5
Swaziland 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.7
Namibia 5.1 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7
Cabo Verde 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.7
Bhutan 5.1 5.3 4.8 6.6 3.7
Estonia 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.8
Turkey 2.9 3.1 3.5 3.8 3.8
Moldova 2.9 3.2 3.2 4.0 4.0
Andorra 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0
Lesotho 3.2 3.5 4.4 3.8 4.0
Ukraine 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.5 4.0
Mongolia 3.4 3.8 3.9 3.8 4.1
Samoa 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.1
Mozambique 3.6 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.1
Djibouti 4.4 3.9 3.5 3.5 4.2
Zambia 2.9 2.9 3.4 4.3 4.2
Tonga 3.8 3.4 4.3 3.8 4.2
Argentina 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.3
Seychelles 4.4 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.3
Poland 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.4
San Marino 4.5 4.5 4.4 5.8 4.4
Jordan 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.5
Romania 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.8 4.5
Malawi 2.3 2.8 2.2 2.9 4.6
Barbados 4.0 4.1 4.5 5.1 4.7
Bulgaria 4.0 3.8 4.3 4.6 4.7
Honduras 2.9 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.7
Guyana 3.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7
Israel 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.9
Belarus 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.9
Colombia 6.5 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.9
Uruguay 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8 4.9
Lithuania 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.9
Panama 4.5 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.0
Slovak Republic 5.2 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1
Timor-Leste 3.5 3.7 3.7 5.2
Greece 4.5 4.7 5.2 5.2 5.3
Croatia 6.4 6.7 6.0 5.0 5.3
Macedonia, FYR 5.3 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.8 4.0 4.3 4.4 5.5
Australia 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.5
Solomon Islands 3.5 4.3 6.2 5.8 5.5
Ireland 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.4 5.6
Cuba 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.6
Malta 4.4 4.8 4.9 5.5 5.7
Spain 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.7
Finland 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.9
Netherlands 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.5 6.0
Sao Tome and Principe 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 6.0
Hungary 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.3 6.1
Costa Rica 5.4 5.6 5.4 6.1 6.1
New Zealand 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.2
Slovenia 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.2
Italy 5.5 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.2
United Kingdom 5.5 5.6 5.8 6.1 6.2
Serbia 5.2 5.2 5.2 6.4 6.3
Switzerland 5.5 5.5 5.9 6.1 6.4
Czech Republic 5.7 5.7 5.8 6.1 6.4
Japan 6.0 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.4
Luxembourg 5.2 6.4 6.2 7.1 6.5
Palau 7.0 7.0 6.9 6.4 6.6
Montenegro 5.2 5.2 6.0 5.9 6.7
Portugal 5.4 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.7
United States 5.8 5.8 6.3 6.6 6.8
Canada 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.7 6.9
Belgium 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.2 7.5
Sweden 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.6
Austria 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7
Denmark 7.5 7.3 7.7 7.9 8.0
France 8.1 8.0 8.1 8.4 8.4
Germany 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.5 8.6
Iceland 7.9 7.7 7.6 8.3 8.7
Norway 8.3 7.6 8.1 8.7 8.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.1 7.3 8.0 7.4 9.0
Kiribati 8.4 7.5 8.4 8.3 9.1
Marshall Islands 16.0 19.8 16.7 15.5 14.5
Tuvalu 9.0 11.0 9.2 7.1 21.6
Kosovo
Somalia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
French Polynesia
Hong Kong SAR, China
St. Martin (French part)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Puerto Rico
Aruba
Greenland
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Guam
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Macao SAR, China
New Caledonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
American Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Zimbabwe

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