Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Myanmar 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9
Lao PDR 0.8 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.0
Guinea-Bissau 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.2
Guinea 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.3
Indonesia 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.0
India 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Tajikistan 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.4
Afghanistan 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.9
Azerbaijan 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8
Singapore 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2
Cameroon 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.1 1.3 1.5 2.0 3.5
Equatorial Guinea 1.1 0.9 1.5 1.6 1.8
Bangladesh 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3
Eritrea 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.9
Philippines 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Georgia 1.3 1.6 1.8 1.4 1.8
Sudan 1.3 1.4 1.7 2.0 2.5
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.2
Armenia 1.4 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.8
Morocco 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.9
United Arab Emirates 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Gabon 1.5 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.1
Vietnam 1.5 1.5 2.1 2.8 2.3
Tanzania 1.5 1.9 3.8 3.7 3.4
Nepal 1.5 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.4
Cote d'Ivoire 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
Togo 1.7 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.4
Ecuador 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.3
Kenya 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.7
China 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.3
Chad 1.8 1.9 1.3 1.0 0.8
Niger 1.8 3.0 3.2 2.7 2.7
Yemen, Rep. 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6
Central African Republic 1.9 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.1 2.0
Uganda 1.9 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.7
Sri Lanka 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.6
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.0 2.0
Haiti 2.0 0.9 1.4 1.3 1.4
Comoros 2.0 2.2 2.5 2.8 3.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5
Malaysia 2.1 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.9
Senegal 2.1 3.0 3.1 2.3 2.5
Syrian Arab Republic 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.6
Paraguay 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.4
Benin 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.1
Kuwait 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5
Guatemala 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4
Uzbekistan 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.5
Nigeria 2.3 1.9 1.9 2.4 2.4
Kyrgyz Republic 2.3 2.4 3.3 3.5 3.1
Mauritius 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Thailand 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.0
Cambodia 2.3 1.5 0.9 1.1 1.0
Kazakhstan 2.3 2.5 2.3 1.8 2.3
Venezuela, RB 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.4
Libya 2.3 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5
Madagascar 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.2
Liberia 2.4 1.6 2.0 2.8 3.9
Turkmenistan 2.4 2.0 1.5 1.4 0.9
Oman 2.4 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.6
Angola 2.5 2.1 3.0 2.2 2.7
Ethiopia 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.2
Belize 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.1 3.3
Gambia, The 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.0 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.5 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.0
Algeria 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.7 3.1
Peru 2.6 2.7 2.5 3.0 3.6
Vanuatu 2.6 2.4 2.5 3.2 3.2
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.1
Chile 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 3.0
Sierra Leone 2.6 2.6 1.9 1.6 1.8
Saudi Arabia 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.1
Bahrain 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.6 3.0
Antigua and Barbuda 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9
Grenada 2.7 2.9 3.2 2.9 2.7
Mexico 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7
Jamaica 2.7 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.9
Albania 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.7
Korea, Rep. 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.6
Cyprus 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.9
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.6 3.3 3.2 3.4
Rwanda 2.9 3.2 5.0 5.1 5.4
Fiji 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.7
Tunisia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.9
Dominica 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1
Qatar 3.0 2.5 2.2 1.9 1.6
St. Lucia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.0 3.6
Russian Federation 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.4
Mali 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.1
Maldives 3.1 4.2 4.1 4.0 5.6
Lebanon 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7
Bhutan 3.2 3.2 3.4 4.2 4.5
Namibia 3.2 3.6 3.1 3.8 3.7
South Africa 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.7
Burkina Faso 3.3 4.1 4.2 4.6 5.1
Suriname 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.7
Bolivia 3.3 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.2
Brazil 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5
Nicaragua 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.9
Botswana 3.5 4.1 3.5 3.3 3.7
Mozambique 3.5 4.3 4.0 3.5 2.9
Monaco 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.0 3.2
Burundi 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.8 3.4
El Salvador 3.6 3.8 4.2 3.7 3.7
Latvia 3.7 3.6 4.4 4.3 4.1
Swaziland 3.7 4.6 4.6 4.8 5.7
Papua New Guinea 3.8 3.1 2.6 3.3 3.6
Cabo Verde 3.8 3.6 4.0 3.4 3.0
Ghana 3.8 4.7 3.1 3.7 3.2
Turkey 3.8 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.4
Lithuania 3.8 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.8
Mauritania 3.8 3.2 2.2 2.5 2.2
Ukraine 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.8
Zambia 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.1 3.6
Estonia 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.9 4.7
Mongolia 3.9 3.4 3.1 3.4 3.9
Lesotho 3.9 3.3 4.2 5.6 6.1
Seychelles 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.1 2.5
Andorra 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.3 4.3
Tonga 4.0 5.6 4.8 5.8 5.3
Samoa 4.0 4.0 4.4 5.1 4.3
Iraq 4.1 2.8 1.9 2.6 2.9
Romania 4.1 4.4 4.1 4.3 4.5
Colombia 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7
Moldova 4.2 4.2 4.7 4.9 5.4
Honduras 4.2 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.7
Uruguay 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.4 5.1
Argentina 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.8 5.1
Poland 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.9
Bulgaria 4.4 4.5 3.9 4.0 4.1
Guyana 4.5 4.4 3.0 2.7 5.4
Djibouti 4.6 4.9 4.7 5.3 5.7
San Marino 4.6 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.3
Barbados 4.6 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.1
Jordan 4.7 4.8 4.5 5.0 5.4
Israel 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.7
Belarus 4.9 5.0 4.5 4.5 3.9
Greece 5.1 5.7 6.0 5.8 6.6
Sao Tome and Principe 5.1 5.3 2.5 2.1 1.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.5 6.0
Solomon Islands 5.2 7.4 6.2 5.2 5.2
Macedonia, FYR 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.8
Slovak Republic 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.4
Croatia 5.4 6.0 6.1 6.6 6.6
Cuba 5.5 7.4 7.1 9.9 10.3
Costa Rica 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.6 6.3
Panama 5.7 5.2 4.7 4.3 5.0
Malawi 5.7 6.1 6.2 4.4 6.1
Hungary 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.0
Australia 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.9
Spain 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.5
Ireland 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.0 6.8
Malta 5.9 6.3 6.3 5.7 5.3
Serbia 6.0 6.0 5.9 6.4 6.4
Netherlands 6.0 7.0 8.4 8.4 8.7
Finland 6.0 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.2
Slovenia 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.6 6.2
Czech Republic 6.2 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.6
Timor-Leste 6.2 5.6 9.0 6.4 7.2
Montenegro 6.2 6.0 5.6 4.5 4.0
New Zealand 6.4 6.7 7.1 7.0 7.7
Switzerland 6.4 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.7
Japan 6.5 6.7 6.5 6.6 7.0
United Kingdom 6.5 6.7 6.9 6.8 7.3
Italy 6.6 6.8 6.9 6.7 7.0
Portugal 6.8 7.0 6.7 6.7 6.7
Canada 6.9 6.9 6.9 7.0 7.2
United States 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.3 7.6
Luxembourg 7.0 6.7 6.6 5.8 6.5
Sweden 7.4 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.5
Palau 7.4 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.6
Belgium 7.6 7.6 7.0 7.0 7.4
Austria 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.8 8.0
Denmark 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.6
Iceland 8.2 7.8 7.7 7.7 7.7
Germany 8.2 8.3 8.1 8.0 8.2
Norway 8.4 8.0 7.8 8.0 7.6
France 8.5 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.9 11.3 11.0 11.1 11.7
Kiribati 9.9 9.5 9.4 9.8 11.3
Marshall Islands 14.9 14.5 16.9 16.9 15.2
Tuvalu 16.6 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3
Somalia
Curacao
Guam
Aruba
French Polynesia
Greenland
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kosovo
Macao SAR, China
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Puerto Rico
New Caledonia
South Sudan 0.6
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
West Bank and Gaza
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
Isle of Man
Zimbabwe

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