Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Myanmar 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Guinea 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.8 1.3
Pakistan 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Azerbaijan 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.3
Indonesia 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.8 0.9 1.2 2.1 2.4
Cambodia 1.5 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.2
Singapore 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.5
India 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
Afghanistan 0.8 1.1 0.9 1.8 1.8
Guinea-Bissau 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.9
Cameroon 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.4
Chad 1.6 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.2
Tajikistan 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5
Lao PDR 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.8
Nigeria 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.3
Bangladesh 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Gabon 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.6
Haiti 0.9 1.4 1.3 1.4 2.1
United Arab Emirates 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6 2.6
Cote d'Ivoire 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.8
Timor-Leste 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.3
Ecuador 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2.2
Mauritania 2.0 1.4 1.6 1.5 2.3
Philippines 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.5
Equatorial Guinea 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.8 4.4
Eritrea 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.4
Congo, Rep. 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1
Yemen, Rep. 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.3
Turkmenistan 2.0 1.5 1.4 0.9 1.2
Sudan 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.4 2.3
Libya 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.4 2.2
Morocco 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.0
Georgia 1.6 1.8 1.4 1.8 2.3
Dominican Republic 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8
Kuwait 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5 3.4
Syrian Arab Republic 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.6
China 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.7
Kenya 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.7 2.0
Oman 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.6 2.4
Iraq 2.8 1.9 2.6 2.9 3.5
Sri Lanka 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.5
Brunei Darussalam 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.6
Vietnam 1.4 1.9 2.6 2.1 2.5
Sierra Leone 2.6 1.9 1.6 1.8 2.2
Central African Republic 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.3 1.5
Nepal 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.4
Liberia 1.6 2.0 2.8 3.9 3.3
Malaysia 1.7 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.3
Zambia 2.6 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.3
Mauritius 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.2
Armenia 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.8 2.0
Qatar 2.5 2.2 1.9 1.6 2.1
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.9
Togo 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.4 3.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.0 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.1
Kazakhstan 2.5 2.3 1.8 2.3 2.7
Jamaica 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.9 2.9
Algeria 2.3 2.3 2.7 3.1 3.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 3.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.9 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.2
Benin 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.3
Venezuela, RB 2.3 2.4 2.7 2.4 2.5
Peru 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.5 3.0
Paraguay 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.5 3.3
Vanuatu 2.4 2.5 3.2 3.2 3.4
Uzbekistan 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.6
Bahrain 2.6 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.3
Chile 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.9 3.5
Comoros 2.2 2.5 2.8 3.1 1.7
Thailand 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.0 3.1
Sao Tome and Principe 5.3 2.5 2.1 1.6 2.5
Mexico 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 3.1
Albania 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8
Ethiopia 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.4
Papua New Guinea 3.1 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.6
Madagascar 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.2 2.2
Cyprus 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.9 3.3
Belize 2.6 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.9
Uganda 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.1
Guatemala 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.9
Saudi Arabia 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.1 3.2
Antigua and Barbuda 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3
Tunisia 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.5
Fiji 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.9
Angola 2.1 3.0 2.2 2.7 2.7
Ghana 2.9 3.0 3.7 3.2 3.7
Guyana 4.4 3.0 4.0 5.4 5.3
Lebanon 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.9
Mongolia 3.4 3.1 3.4 3.9 3.9
Namibia 3.6 3.1 3.8 3.9 4.5
Senegal 3.0 3.1 2.3 2.5 2.5
Mali 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.1
Niger 3.0 3.2 2.7 2.7 2.7
Suriname 3.5 3.2 3.0 2.7 3.2
Grenada 2.9 3.2 2.9 2.7 3.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.9 4.3
Dominica 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.7
St. Lucia 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.5 4.4
Gambia, The 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5
Bahamas, The 2.6 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.5
Kyrgyz Republic 2.4 3.3 3.5 3.1 3.8
Korea, Rep. 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.6 4.1
Bolivia 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.8
Russian Federation 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.4 4.1
Monaco 3.5 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.8
South Africa 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.7 4.0
Barbados 3.5 3.4 3.8 4.1 4.2
Seychelles 3.6 3.5 3.1 2.4 2.4
Nicaragua 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.8 4.3
Botswana 4.1 3.5 3.3 3.7 4.2
Honduras 3.8 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.6
Brazil 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.9
Burundi 3.2 3.6 3.8 3.4 3.1
Argentina 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.1 5.0
Estonia 3.9 3.7 3.9 4.7 5.2
Tanzania 1.9 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.7
Ukraine 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.8 4.3
Bulgaria 4.5 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.0
Mozambique 4.3 4.0 3.5 2.9 2.8
Cabo Verde 3.6 4.0 3.4 3.0 3.2
Turkey 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.9
Romania 4.4 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.4
Maldives 4.2 4.1 4.0 5.6 5.6
San Marino 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1
El Salvador 3.8 4.2 3.7 3.7 4.1
Lesotho 3.3 4.2 5.6 6.1 7.0
Burkina Faso 4.1 4.2 4.6 4.0 3.7
Andorra 4.0 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3
Bhutan 4.2 4.3 5.1 5.6 4.9
Lithuania 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.8 5.5
Poland 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.9 5.2
Latvia 3.6 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.1
Samoa 4.0 4.4 5.1 4.3 4.9
Uruguay 4.2 4.4 4.3 5.1 5.4
Belarus 5.0 4.5 4.5 3.9 3.9
Israel 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.5
Jordan 4.8 4.5 5.0 5.4 6.7
Colombia 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.1
Swaziland 4.6 4.6 4.8 5.7 5.8
Djibouti 4.9 4.7 5.3 5.7 5.9
Moldova 4.2 4.7 4.9 5.4 6.1
Panama 5.2 4.7 4.0 4.7 5.6
Tonga 5.6 4.8 4.5 4.2 3.6
Malawi 4.6 4.8 3.6 4.9 5.0
Rwanda 3.2 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.4
Slovak Republic 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.4 6.0
Macedonia, FYR 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.8 4.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.9
Costa Rica 5.5 5.4 5.6 6.3 7.0
Montenegro 6.0 5.6 4.5 4.0 3.6
Australia 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.2
Ireland 5.8 5.7 6.0 6.8 7.2
Hungary 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.0 5.1
Czech Republic 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.6 6.6
Serbia 6.0 5.9 6.4 6.4 6.5
Spain 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.5 7.2
Greece 5.8 6.0 5.9 6.1 7.0
Croatia 6.0 6.1 6.6 6.6 7.1
Slovenia 6.2 6.1 5.8 6.3 6.9
Switzerland 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.7 7.2
Solomon Islands 7.4 6.2 6.0 5.5 7.5
Finland 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.2 6.9
Malta 6.3 6.3 5.7 5.3 5.4
Japan 6.7 6.5 6.6 7.0 7.8
Palau 6.5 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.2
Luxembourg 6.7 6.6 5.8 6.5 7.0
Portugal 7.0 6.7 6.7 6.7 7.2
United Kingdom 6.6 6.8 6.7 7.2 8.1
Canada 6.7 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.9
United States 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.4 8.0
Italy 6.8 6.9 6.7 7.0 7.4
Belgium 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.4 8.1
New Zealand 6.6 7.0 7.0 7.7 8.2
Cuba 7.4 7.1 9.9 10.3 11.2
Norway 7.5 7.2 7.4 7.2 8.2
Sweden 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.5 8.1
Iceland 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.9
Austria 7.8 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.5
Germany 8.3 8.1 8.0 8.2 9.0
Denmark 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.6 9.8
Netherlands 7.0 8.4 8.4 8.7 9.5
France 8.5 8.4 8.4 8.4 9.0
Kiribati 9.5 9.4 9.9 11.0 9.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 11.3 11.0 11.1 11.7 12.2
Marshall Islands 14.5 16.9 16.9 15.2 14.8
Tuvalu 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3 12.8
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Middle East (developing only)
Curacao
South Sudan 0.6 0.6
New Caledonia
Greenland
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macao SAR, China
St. Martin (French part)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bermuda
Hong Kong SAR, China
Somalia
Liechtenstein
Aruba
American Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Zimbabwe

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