Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.1 3.3 5.0 3.8
Georgia 5.2 11.7 18.7 18.3
Sierra Leone 15.3 14.2 15.8 13.6
Cambodia 17.0 25.7 23.8 18.2
Myanmar 19.0 15.8 14.6 10.6
Sudan 20.1 25.9 21.4 23.4
Guinea 20.5 18.9 20.3 16.8
Niger 20.5 18.9 23.3 23.2
Dominican Republic 20.9 23.2 26.3 30.8
Gambia, The 23.0 20.8 22.0 27.5
Cameroon 23.3 17.3 21.1 17.7
Azerbaijan 24.0 24.3 22.5 16.6
Guinea-Bissau 24.7 30.3 33.5 31.3
Cote d'Ivoire 25.9 26.8 26.5 23.4
India 26.0 25.7 25.1 25.6
Pakistan 26.3 27.9 25.7 20.7
Nepal 26.5 26.2 26.8 38.6
Nigeria 28.2 21.4 26.0 26.1
Uganda 29.2 31.2 33.8 28.8
Lebanon 29.6 32.8 38.9 27.5
Armenia 31.1 28.0 24.4 28.6
Yemen, Rep. 31.3 40.0 42.0 46.7
Morocco 32.2 31.9 28.0 29.2
Burundi 32.2 32.2 27.2 30.8
Senegal 32.5 36.3 32.6 33.1
Vietnam 33.9 32.3 32.9 35.0
Togo 34.6 32.7 29.6 36.6
Chad 34.7 37.2 35.2 30.7
Indonesia 35.7 36.4 35.0 34.1
Cyprus 35.8 34.1 35.2 41.9
Paraguay 36.0 41.7 39.2 44.9
Guatemala 36.0 34.1 37.1 47.5
Madagascar 36.1 41.5 43.7 42.7
Bangladesh 36.1 36.2 42.3 40.8
Gabon 36.4 38.2 39.9 41.1
Sao Tome and Principe 36.7 27.8 35.3 39.5
Malawi 36.9 27.4 31.0 34.1
Ethiopia 37.1 38.1 40.9 43.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 37.2 43.0 43.4 41.9
Tajikistan 37.5 41.8 44.1 32.1
Chile 38.2 37.8 38.5 39.8
Rwanda 38.4 42.3 42.0 50.4
El Salvador 38.5 43.1 43.0 43.1
Korea, Rep. 38.6 41.8 44.2 49.3
Burkina Faso 38.7 38.4 41.0 39.9
Philippines 39.5 41.0 43.1 42.9
South Africa 39.6 35.9 38.8 39.4
Syrian Arab Republic 39.7 35.5 35.4 38.3
Bahamas, The 39.8 40.1 42.5 45.5
Haiti 40.9 38.1 39.4 33.9
Mexico 42.1 41.4 44.7 46.0
Central African Republic 42.3 37.9 39.1 38.0
Venezuela, RB 42.6 42.4 35.9 32.5
Brazil 43.0 40.5 43.0 42.6
Grenada 43.5 43.4 43.5 42.9
Uruguay 43.9 44.0 37.9 37.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.8 47.4 48.5 48.5
Benin 45.0 44.3 42.1 44.2
United States 45.1 45.1 44.8 43.5
Libya 46.2 49.6 51.8 48.3
Kenya 46.3 40.1 38.8 44.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 46.5 41.6 38.7 40.0
Sri Lanka 46.8 46.4 45.2 50.2
Thailand 47.0 47.2 53.9 54.8
Tanzania 47.5 43.9 42.5 40.7
Trinidad and Tobago 47.6 45.8 46.3 39.7
Lesotho 47.7 50.4 46.4 47.8
Eritrea 47.9 37.3 42.2 43.1
Albania 48.1 39.4 39.2 39.5
Tunisia 49.4 54.7 52.5 54.1
Singapore 49.6 48.7 48.2 53.7
China 50.5 46.6 44.2 41.8
Greece 51.0 52.2 51.8 51.0
Kyrgyz Republic 51.2 44.2 48.9 43.2
Suriname 51.6 42.4 43.1 53.3
Mali 52.3 39.6 36.1 34.5
Botswana 52.4 52.5 56.5 56.4
Jamaica 52.6 60.0 56.2 58.6
Saudi Arabia 52.6 55.1 57.9 58.7
Uzbekistan 53.0 51.6 48.1 46.4
Switzerland 53.6 54.5 55.0 54.7
Honduras 53.7 49.6 48.6 51.9
Peru 54.4 54.7 52.1 56.0
Mauritius 54.7 54.1 54.2 54.7
Colombia 55.1 62.1 62.5 69.9
Ecuador 55.4 58.6 53.3 39.0
Djibouti 56.0 53.5 61.6 66.2
Malaysia 56.6 58.0 54.9 55.5
Equatorial Guinea 57.0 52.4 48.0 47.4
Swaziland 57.1 56.6 54.9 52.3
Ghana 57.9 57.0 54.7 55.7
Maldives 58.6 56.5 55.5 55.2
Macedonia, FYR 58.7 58.8 60.3 64.1
Mauritania 59.1 48.9 50.9 59.6
Congo, Rep. 59.3 60.1 61.7 59.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 59.3 58.5 58.2 59.8
Lao PDR 59.7 58.0 57.9 43.4
Argentina 59.8 57.7 54.5 54.2
Turkmenistan 60.5 69.7 71.8 69.6
Zambia 60.6 62.0 65.3 62.2
Belize 62.0 56.4 57.7 56.8
Portugal 62.6 65.3 65.7 67.1
Qatar 62.6 66.9 68.7 66.6
Jordan 62.9 61.1 57.1 57.0
Comoros 63.3 61.5 58.5 55.0
Bolivia 63.8 64.3 66.0 61.2
Kazakhstan 64.0 63.5 64.3 64.0
Mozambique 64.1 60.7 63.8 65.7
St. Lucia 64.1 64.5 60.7 60.1
Moldova 64.2 65.3 64.3 56.2
Nicaragua 64.4 59.2 48.9 49.3
Andorra 64.4 65.2 66.2 72.0
Tonga 64.7 66.4 67.9 68.0
Australia 65.8 65.2 66.9 66.4
Ukraine 65.9 68.2 61.2 53.6
Latvia 66.3 57.8 55.8 59.2
Antigua and Barbuda 66.5 64.2 66.0 68.0
Malta 67.5 68.4 69.5 70.3
Barbados 68.0 68.3 65.2 65.4
Panama 68.0 64.4 68.5 66.7
Palau 69.1 71.7 70.8 64.8
Bhutan 69.2 79.9 78.0 77.0
Israel 69.2 70.9 69.6 65.7
Montenegro 70.0 69.9 70.2 70.0
Bahrain 70.2 69.4 71.6 68.5
Turkey 70.3 69.2 71.6 71.9
Dominica 70.4 70.4 71.3 70.6
Angola 70.6 52.1 47.6 30.0
Serbia 70.9 70.9 71.8 70.1
Netherlands 71.0 66.2 67.8 64.1
Namibia 71.1 72.2 72.0 72.4
Belarus 71.1 75.3 82.3 77.0
Canada 71.2 70.8 70.1 70.6
Finland 71.7 71.6 72.1 72.5
Spain 72.2 72.4 72.5 72.2
Algeria 72.2 74.7 71.0 70.3
Ireland 72.5 71.5 74.9 74.7
Italy 72.8 72.7 72.9 72.3
Poland 72.9 73.4 72.0 65.4
Vanuatu 73.4 68.4 74.6 77.8
Austria 73.5 73.2 75.2 75.3
Samoa 73.6 71.7 71.6 76.0
Russian Federation 73.9 71.4 70.8 65.1
Bulgaria 74.0 69.6 71.7 69.9
Lithuania 74.2 70.4 72.5 76.0
Romania 74.5 73.2 79.4 75.6
Costa Rica 76.5 76.2 76.2 78.9
Belgium 76.8 78.2 75.4 74.8
New Zealand 77.2 76.7 77.3 77.0
Slovenia 77.7 76.2 75.0 75.5
Brunei Darussalam 77.9 81.4 81.2 83.8
United Arab Emirates 79.0 79.3 78.3 78.4
Fiji 79.1 80.8 81.9 81.8
France 79.7 79.6 79.6 79.5
Cabo Verde 80.4 81.7 81.6 75.0
Guyana 81.4 81.7 82.9 81.9
Germany 81.4 82.0 80.6 79.9
Kuwait 81.9 79.4 79.9 79.0
Japan 82.3 82.3 81.2 80.4
Mongolia 82.5 85.5 84.0 86.2
Denmark 82.5 82.4 82.3 82.1
Marshall Islands 82.8 85.7 86.4 85.4
United Kingdom 83.9 82.9 80.4 80.4
Iceland 83.9 83.3 82.1 80.4
Hungary 84.0 81.6 81.3 74.8
Oman 84.0 83.9 83.0 81.6
Norway 84.2 81.3 82.2 82.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 84.8 84.6 82.6 81.1
Seychelles 85.2 87.6 86.3 84.3
Papua New Guinea 86.2 86.1 80.2 83.1
Croatia 86.5 87.6 84.5 87.0
Sweden 86.6 86.9 85.8 85.8
San Marino 86.7 86.4 85.2 85.2
Slovak Republic 88.5 88.7 91.7 91.6
Monaco 89.6 89.6 89.2 88.1
Estonia 89.8 88.4 89.2 86.3
Cuba 90.2 90.5 90.7 90.6
Czech Republic 90.9 90.7 90.3 90.4
Luxembourg 92.4 92.8 92.5 92.4
Solomon Islands 92.8 92.2 92.8 92.9
Kiribati 95.1 95.2 95.7 94.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 95.2 94.6 93.8 93.1
Tuvalu 99.7 99.9 99.8 99.8
Aruba
South Sudan
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
Liberia 24.6
Iraq 0.3 0.4 3.7
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Puerto Rico
New Caledonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Isle of Man
Kosovo
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Somalia
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Liechtenstein
Macao SAR, China
American Samoa
Afghanistan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bermuda
Timor-Leste
Zimbabwe

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