Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.7 3.7 5.7 4.2 6.5
Georgia 5.2 11.7 18.7 18.3 18.1
Albania 17.9 23.5 26.8 30.2 36.5
Myanmar 19.0 15.8 14.6 10.6 11.0
Cambodia 19.7 33.7 30.1 21.3 20.3
Uganda 19.8 25.0 27.4 30.6 26.8
Sudan 20.2 26.0 21.5 23.5 19.7
Dominican Republic 20.9 23.2 26.3 30.8 33.8
Sierra Leone 21.0 19.5 21.7 18.7 25.2
Niger 22.8 21.0 25.8 25.7 25.7
Cameroon 23.3 17.3 21.1 17.7 18.8
Azerbaijan 24.0 24.3 22.5 16.6 18.4
Guinea-Bissau 24.7 30.3 33.5 31.3 25.3
Nigeria 25.2 20.4 24.3 26.1 29.1
Cote d'Ivoire 25.7 27.3 28.0 25.4 27.4
Pakistan 26.3 27.9 25.7 20.8 19.6
Nepal 26.5 26.2 26.8 38.6 30.0
India 27.0 26.7 26.1 26.5 29.0
Lebanon 29.6 32.8 38.9 27.5 27.1
Armenia 31.1 28.0 24.4 28.6 28.4
Yemen, Rep. 31.3 40.0 42.0 46.7 49.7
Gambia, The 32.0 26.6 29.6 33.8 35.1
Morocco 32.2 31.9 28.0 29.2 28.8
Burundi 32.2 32.2 27.2 30.8 31.2
Senegal 32.5 36.3 32.6 33.1 38.8
Chile 33.0 32.1 31.0 31.2 32.2
Vietnam 33.9 32.3 32.9 35.0 35.2
Togo 34.6 32.7 29.6 36.6 31.4
Chad 34.7 37.2 35.2 30.7 33.9
Guinea 35.2 24.6 24.7 28.0 30.3
Indonesia 35.7 36.4 35.0 34.1 34.6
Cyprus 35.8 34.1 35.2 41.9 42.7
Paraguay 36.0 41.7 39.2 44.9 44.6
Guatemala 36.0 34.1 37.1 47.5 49.9
Bangladesh 36.2 36.2 43.0 41.5 40.8
Madagascar 36.4 41.8 44.0 43.0 43.8
Gabon 36.6 38.4 40.2 41.3 35.0
Sao Tome and Principe 36.7 27.8 35.3 39.5 45.4
Korea, Rep. 37.6 40.5 43.0 47.9 48.5
Malawi 37.9 27.1 31.0 33.7 34.9
Rwanda 38.4 42.3 42.0 50.4 45.6
El Salvador 38.5 41.0 38.6 42.5 43.4
Burkina Faso 38.7 38.4 41.0 39.9 41.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 38.9 48.9 44.1 41.9 53.4
Philippines 39.5 41.0 43.1 42.9 44.2
South Africa 39.6 35.9 38.8 39.4 40.1
Syrian Arab Republic 39.7 35.5 35.4 38.3 38.4
Bahamas, The 39.8 40.1 42.5 45.5 47.2
Ethiopia 40.6 38.1 40.9 43.8 46.6
Zambia 40.7 33.7 33.0 31.4 43.5
Haiti 40.9 38.1 39.4 33.9 30.0
Tajikistan 42.1 41.8 44.1 32.1 26.8
Mexico 42.1 41.4 44.7 46.0 47.8
Tanzania 42.1 40.5 37.2 40.3 37.3
Central African Republic 42.4 38.0 39.2 38.1 46.6
Venezuela, RB 42.6 42.4 35.9 32.5 37.0
Brazil 43.0 40.5 43.0 42.6 42.7
Grenada 43.5 43.4 43.5 42.9 47.6
Uruguay 43.9 44.0 37.9 37.1 56.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.8 47.4 48.5 48.5 42.4
Benin 45.0 44.3 42.1 44.2 46.0
United States 45.1 45.1 44.8 43.5 43.0
Libya 46.2 49.6 51.8 48.3 45.3
Kenya 46.3 40.1 38.8 44.4 39.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 46.5 41.6 38.7 40.0 40.4
Sri Lanka 46.8 46.4 45.2 50.2 47.4
Thailand 47.0 47.2 53.9 54.8 54.9
Trinidad and Tobago 47.6 45.8 46.3 39.7 44.4
Lesotho 47.7 50.4 46.4 47.8 47.9
Mauritania 47.8 35.3 37.9 45.0 54.3
Eritrea 47.9 37.3 42.2 43.1 42.8
Tunisia 49.4 54.7 52.5 54.1 53.4
Singapore 49.6 48.7 48.1 53.6 52.5
China 50.5 46.6 44.2 41.8 40.9
Suriname 51.0 42.4 43.1 53.3 45.4
Kyrgyz Republic 51.2 44.2 48.9 43.2 42.2
Uzbekistan 52.0 50.5 45.2 46.4 50.7
Greece 52.0 53.0 52.8 52.1 53.4
Botswana 52.2 52.6 56.6 56.5 57.8
Mali 52.3 39.6 36.1 34.5 30.1
Jamaica 52.6 60.0 56.2 58.6 50.3
Ghana 52.6 58.6 47.9 54.9 51.7
Saudi Arabia 52.6 55.1 57.9 58.7 68.4
Switzerland 53.6 54.5 55.0 54.7 55.1
Honduras 53.7 49.6 48.6 51.9 46.7
Peru 53.8 54.2 51.7 56.4 57.1
Mauritius 54.6 54.0 54.2 54.7 54.0
Malaysia 54.6 55.7 55.2 55.5 55.5
Colombia 55.1 62.1 62.5 69.9 74.5
Ecuador 55.4 58.6 53.3 39.0 39.4
Djibouti 56.0 53.5 61.6 66.2 70.9
Swaziland 57.1 56.6 54.9 52.3 56.3
Maldives 58.6 56.5 55.5 55.2 57.0
Congo, Rep. 59.3 60.1 61.7 59.3 57.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 59.3 58.5 58.2 59.8 56.8
Macedonia, FYR 59.5 59.7 61.1 65.0 60.7
Lao PDR 59.7 58.0 57.9 43.4 31.0
Argentina 59.8 57.7 54.5 54.2 55.1
Turkmenistan 60.5 72.2 70.1 69.6 61.5
Belize 62.0 56.4 57.7 56.8 55.5
Portugal 62.6 65.3 65.7 67.1 67.6
Qatar 62.6 66.9 68.7 66.6 67.2
Jordan 62.9 61.1 57.0 56.9 53.3
Comoros 63.3 61.5 58.5 55.0 51.7
Bolivia 63.8 64.3 66.0 61.2 58.1
Kazakhstan 64.0 63.5 64.3 64.0 52.5
Mozambique 64.1 60.7 63.8 65.7 67.5
St. Lucia 64.1 64.5 60.7 60.1 55.8
Moldova 64.2 65.3 64.3 56.2 49.3
Nicaragua 64.4 59.2 48.9 49.3 45.8
Andorra 64.4 65.2 66.2 72.0 66.2
Tonga 64.7 66.4 67.9 68.0 73.2
Australia 65.8 65.2 66.9 66.4 68.4
Antigua and Barbuda 65.8 63.4 65.5 67.8 68.9
Ukraine 65.9 68.2 61.2 53.6 49.9
Latvia 66.3 57.8 55.8 59.2 58.4
Israel 67.4 69.0 68.0 64.2 64.3
Malta 67.5 68.4 69.5 70.3 69.8
Barbados 68.0 68.3 65.2 65.4 65.4
Panama 68.0 64.4 68.5 66.7 66.3
Serbia 68.5 68.1 68.9 67.3 67.3
Bahrain 69.0 68.5 70.6 66.8 67.8
Palau 69.1 71.7 70.8 64.8 62.8
Bhutan 69.2 79.9 78.0 77.0 75.1
Montenegro 70.0 69.9 70.2 70.0 69.5
Turkey 70.3 69.2 71.6 71.9 61.1
Dominica 70.4 70.4 71.3 70.6 69.9
Angola 70.6 52.1 47.6 30.0 51.9
Netherlands 71.0 66.2 67.8 64.1 62.7
Namibia 71.1 72.2 72.0 72.4 73.3
Belarus 71.1 75.3 82.3 77.0 76.5
Canada 71.2 70.8 70.1 70.6 70.0
Finland 71.7 71.6 72.1 72.5 71.5
Equatorial Guinea 72.2 61.5 70.7 71.4 69.7
Spain 72.2 72.4 72.5 72.2 72.0
Algeria 72.2 74.7 71.0 70.3 69.4
Ireland 72.5 71.5 74.9 74.7 75.3
Italy 72.8 72.7 72.9 72.3 72.7
Poland 72.9 73.4 72.0 65.4 71.1
Vanuatu 73.4 68.4 74.6 77.8 74.9
Austria 73.5 73.2 75.2 75.3 75.7
Samoa 73.6 71.7 71.6 76.0 76.3
Russian Federation 73.9 71.4 70.8 65.1 61.9
Bulgaria 74.0 69.6 71.7 69.9 66.3
Lithuania 74.2 70.4 72.5 76.0 74.9
Romania 74.5 73.2 79.4 75.6 79.7
Costa Rica 76.5 76.2 76.2 78.9 78.5
Belgium 76.8 78.2 75.4 74.8 74.6
New Zealand 77.2 76.7 77.3 77.0 77.5
Slovenia 77.7 76.2 75.0 75.5 75.7
Brunei Darussalam 77.9 81.4 81.2 83.8 77.8
United Arab Emirates 79.0 79.3 78.3 78.4 77.4
Fiji 79.1 80.8 81.9 81.8 79.7
France 79.7 79.6 79.6 79.5 79.4
Cabo Verde 80.4 81.7 81.6 75.0 73.7
Guyana 81.4 81.7 82.9 81.9 81.5
Germany 81.4 82.0 80.6 79.9 79.8
Kuwait 81.9 79.4 79.9 79.0 79.7
Japan 82.3 82.3 81.2 80.4 80.7
Mongolia 82.5 85.5 84.0 86.2 84.6
Denmark 82.5 82.4 82.3 82.1 84.0
Marshall Islands 82.8 85.7 86.4 85.4 85.4
United Kingdom 83.9 82.9 80.4 80.4 80.6
Iceland 83.9 83.3 82.1 80.4 82.2
Hungary 84.0 81.6 81.3 74.8 72.4
Oman 84.0 83.9 83.0 81.6 81.7
Norway 84.2 84.2 81.3 82.2 82.6
Seychelles 84.6 87.1 85.7 83.6 83.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 84.8 84.6 82.6 81.1 83.3
Papua New Guinea 86.2 86.1 80.2 83.1 82.4
Croatia 86.5 87.6 84.5 87.0 87.3
Sweden 86.6 86.9 85.8 85.8 85.7
San Marino 86.7 86.4 85.2 85.2 85.9
Slovak Republic 88.5 88.7 91.7 91.6 89.6
Monaco 89.6 89.6 89.2 88.1 87.5
Estonia 89.8 88.4 89.2 86.3 77.5
Cuba 90.2 90.5 90.7 90.6 91.2
Czech Republic 90.9 90.7 90.3 90.4 90.5
Luxembourg 92.4 92.8 92.5 92.4 89.8
Solomon Islands 92.8 92.2 92.8 92.9 93.2
Kiribati 95.1 95.2 95.7 94.8 95.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 95.2 94.6 93.8 93.1 93.6
Tuvalu 99.7 99.9 99.8 99.8 99.9
Kosovo
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
Macao SAR, China
Iraq 0.3 0.4 3.7 6.3
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
Somalia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Timor-Leste
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bermuda
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
Afghanistan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Greenland
Puerto Rico
Liechtenstein
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
Liberia 24.6 26.1
Aruba
Zimbabwe

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