Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Iraq 0.3 0.4 3.7 6.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.1 3.3 5.0 3.8 5.8
Myanmar 19.0 15.8 14.6 10.6 11.0
Sierra Leone 15.3 14.2 15.8 13.6 18.7
Georgia 5.2 11.7 18.7 18.3 18.1
Guinea 20.5 18.9 20.3 16.8 18.4
Cameroon 23.3 17.3 21.1 17.7 18.8
Sudan 20.1 25.9 21.4 23.4 19.7
Gambia, The 23.0 20.8 22.0 27.5 28.7
Azerbaijan 24.0 24.3 22.5 16.6 18.4
Niger 20.5 18.9 23.3 23.2 23.2
Cambodia 17.0 25.7 23.8 18.2 18.2
Armenia 31.1 28.0 24.4 28.6 28.4
India 26.0 25.7 25.1 25.6 28.0
Pakistan 26.3 27.9 25.7 20.7 19.5
Nigeria 28.2 21.4 26.0 26.1 29.1
Dominican Republic 20.9 23.2 26.3 30.8 33.8
Cote d'Ivoire 25.9 26.8 26.5 23.4 25.7
Nepal 26.5 26.2 26.8 38.6 30.0
Burundi 32.2 32.2 27.2 30.8 31.2
Morocco 32.2 31.9 28.0 29.2 28.8
Togo 34.6 32.7 29.6 36.6 31.4
Malawi 36.9 27.4 31.0 34.1 34.9
Senegal 32.5 36.3 32.6 33.1 38.8
Vietnam 33.9 32.3 32.9 35.0 35.2
Guinea-Bissau 24.7 30.3 33.5 31.3 25.3
Uganda 29.2 31.2 33.8 28.8 30.6
Indonesia 35.7 36.4 35.0 34.1 34.6
Chad 34.7 37.2 35.2 30.7 33.9
Cyprus 35.8 34.1 35.2 41.9 42.7
Sao Tome and Principe 36.7 27.8 35.3 39.5 45.4
Syrian Arab Republic 39.7 35.5 35.4 38.3 38.4
Venezuela, RB 42.6 42.4 35.9 32.5 37.0
Mali 52.3 39.6 36.1 34.5 30.1
Guatemala 36.0 34.1 37.1 47.5 49.9
Uruguay 43.9 44.0 37.9 37.1 56.8
Chile 38.2 37.8 38.5 39.8 41.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 46.5 41.6 38.7 40.0 40.4
South Africa 39.6 35.9 38.8 39.4 40.1
Kenya 46.3 40.1 38.8 44.4 39.8
Lebanon 29.6 32.8 38.9 27.5 27.1
Central African Republic 42.3 37.9 39.1 38.0 46.5
Albania 48.1 39.4 39.2 39.5 43.3
Paraguay 36.0 41.7 39.2 44.9 44.6
Haiti 40.9 38.1 39.4 33.9 30.0
Gabon 36.4 38.2 39.9 41.1 34.8
Ethiopia 37.1 38.1 40.9 43.8 46.6
Burkina Faso 38.7 38.4 41.0 39.9 41.2
Rwanda 38.4 42.3 42.0 50.4 45.6
Yemen, Rep. 31.3 40.0 42.0 46.7 49.7
Benin 45.0 44.3 42.1 44.2 46.0
Eritrea 47.9 37.3 42.2 43.1 42.8
Bangladesh 36.1 36.2 42.3 40.8 39.9
Bahamas, The 39.8 40.1 42.5 45.5 47.2
Tanzania 47.5 43.9 42.5 40.7 43.3
Brazil 43.0 40.5 43.0 42.6 42.7
El Salvador 38.5 43.1 43.0 43.1 45.7
Philippines 39.5 41.0 43.1 42.9 44.2
Suriname 51.6 42.4 43.1 53.3 45.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 37.2 43.0 43.4 41.9 53.4
Grenada 43.5 43.4 43.5 42.9 47.6
Madagascar 36.1 41.5 43.7 42.7 43.5
Tajikistan 37.5 41.8 44.1 32.1 26.8
Korea, Rep. 38.6 41.8 44.2 49.3 50.1
China 50.5 46.6 44.2 41.8 40.9
Mexico 42.1 41.4 44.7 46.0 47.8
United States 45.1 45.1 44.8 43.5 43.0
Sri Lanka 46.8 46.4 45.2 50.2 47.4
Trinidad and Tobago 47.6 45.8 46.3 39.7 44.4
Lesotho 47.7 50.4 46.4 47.8 47.9
Angola 70.6 52.1 47.6 30.0 51.9
Equatorial Guinea 57.0 52.4 48.0 47.4 55.2
Uzbekistan 53.0 51.6 48.1 46.4 50.7
Singapore 49.6 48.7 48.2 53.7 52.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.8 47.4 48.5 48.5 42.4
Honduras 53.7 49.6 48.6 51.9 46.7
Nicaragua 64.4 59.2 48.9 49.3 45.8
Kyrgyz Republic 51.2 44.2 48.9 43.2 42.2
Mauritania 59.1 48.9 50.9 59.6 67.7
Greece 51.0 52.2 51.8 51.0 52.4
Libya 46.2 49.6 51.8 48.3 45.3
Peru 54.4 54.7 52.1 56.0 56.6
Tunisia 49.4 54.7 52.5 54.1 53.4
Ecuador 55.4 58.6 53.3 39.0 39.4
Thailand 47.0 47.2 53.9 54.8 54.9
Mauritius 54.7 54.1 54.2 54.7 54.0
Argentina 59.8 57.7 54.5 54.2 55.1
Ghana 57.9 57.0 54.7 55.7 51.2
Malaysia 56.6 58.0 54.9 55.5 55.6
Swaziland 57.1 56.6 54.9 52.3 56.3
Switzerland 53.6 54.5 55.0 54.7 55.1
Maldives 58.6 56.5 55.5 55.2 57.0
Latvia 66.3 57.8 55.8 59.2 58.4
Jamaica 52.6 60.0 56.2 58.6 50.3
Botswana 52.4 52.5 56.5 56.4 57.8
Jordan 62.9 61.1 57.1 57.0 53.3
Belize 62.0 56.4 57.7 56.8 55.5
Lao PDR 59.7 58.0 57.9 43.4 31.0
Saudi Arabia 52.6 55.1 57.9 58.7 68.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 59.3 58.5 58.2 59.8 56.8
Comoros 63.3 61.5 58.5 55.0 51.7
Macedonia, FYR 58.7 58.8 60.3 64.1 60.7
St. Lucia 64.1 64.5 60.7 60.1 55.8
Ukraine 65.9 68.2 61.2 53.6 49.9
Djibouti 56.0 53.5 61.6 66.2 70.9
Congo, Rep. 59.3 60.1 61.7 59.3 57.2
Colombia 55.1 62.1 62.5 69.9 74.5
Mozambique 64.1 60.7 63.8 65.7 67.5
Moldova 64.2 65.3 64.3 56.2 49.3
Kazakhstan 64.0 63.5 64.3 64.0 52.5
Barbados 68.0 68.3 65.2 65.4 65.4
Zambia 60.6 62.0 65.3 62.2 49.4
Portugal 62.6 65.3 65.7 67.1 67.6
Bolivia 63.8 64.3 66.0 61.2 58.1
Antigua and Barbuda 66.5 64.2 66.0 68.0 69.3
Andorra 64.4 65.2 66.2 72.0 66.2
Australia 65.8 65.2 66.9 66.4 68.4
Netherlands 71.0 66.2 67.8 64.1 62.7
Tonga 64.7 66.4 67.9 68.0 73.2
Panama 68.0 64.4 68.5 66.7 66.3
Qatar 62.6 66.9 68.7 66.6 67.2
Malta 67.5 68.4 69.5 70.3 69.8
Israel 69.2 70.9 69.6 65.7 66.0
Canada 71.2 70.8 70.1 70.6 70.0
Montenegro 70.0 69.9 70.2 70.0 69.5
Palau 69.1 71.7 70.8 64.8 62.8
Russian Federation 73.9 71.4 70.8 65.1 61.9
Algeria 72.2 74.7 71.0 70.3 69.4
Dominica 70.4 70.4 71.3 70.6 69.9
Bahrain 70.2 69.4 71.6 68.5 68.9
Samoa 73.6 71.7 71.6 76.0 76.3
Turkey 70.3 69.2 71.6 71.9 61.1
Bulgaria 74.0 69.6 71.7 69.9 66.3
Turkmenistan 60.5 69.7 71.8 69.6 61.2
Serbia 70.9 70.9 71.8 70.1 70.0
Poland 72.9 73.4 72.0 65.4 71.1
Namibia 71.1 72.2 72.0 72.4 73.3
Finland 71.7 71.6 72.1 72.5 71.5
Spain 72.2 72.4 72.5 72.2 72.0
Lithuania 74.2 70.4 72.5 76.0 74.9
Italy 72.8 72.7 72.9 72.3 72.7
Vanuatu 73.4 68.4 74.6 77.8 74.9
Ireland 72.5 71.5 74.9 74.7 75.3
Slovenia 77.7 76.2 75.0 75.5 75.7
Austria 73.5 73.2 75.2 75.3 75.7
Belgium 76.8 78.2 75.4 74.8 74.6
Costa Rica 76.5 76.2 76.2 78.9 78.5
New Zealand 77.2 76.7 77.3 77.0 77.5
Bhutan 69.2 79.9 78.0 77.0 75.1
United Arab Emirates 79.0 79.3 78.3 78.4 77.4
Romania 74.5 73.2 79.4 75.6 79.7
France 79.7 79.6 79.6 79.5 79.4
Kuwait 81.9 79.4 79.9 79.0 79.7
Papua New Guinea 86.2 86.1 80.2 83.1 82.4
United Kingdom 83.9 82.9 80.4 80.4 80.6
Germany 81.4 82.0 80.6 79.9 79.8
Brunei Darussalam 77.9 81.4 81.2 83.8 77.8
Japan 82.3 82.3 81.2 80.4 80.7
Hungary 84.0 81.6 81.3 74.8 72.4
Cabo Verde 80.4 81.7 81.6 75.0 73.7
Fiji 79.1 80.8 81.9 81.8 79.7
Iceland 83.9 83.3 82.1 80.4 82.2
Norway 84.2 81.3 82.2 82.6 82.5
Denmark 82.5 82.4 82.3 82.1 84.0
Belarus 71.1 75.3 82.3 77.0 76.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 84.8 84.6 82.6 81.1 83.3
Guyana 81.4 81.7 82.9 81.9 81.5
Oman 84.0 83.9 83.0 81.6 81.7
Mongolia 82.5 85.5 84.0 86.2 84.6
Croatia 86.5 87.6 84.5 87.0 87.3
San Marino 86.7 86.4 85.2 85.2 85.9
Sweden 86.6 86.9 85.8 85.8 85.7
Seychelles 85.2 87.6 86.3 84.3 84.0
Marshall Islands 82.8 85.7 86.4 85.4 85.4
Estonia 89.8 88.4 89.2 86.3 80.3
Monaco 89.6 89.6 89.2 88.1 87.5
Czech Republic 90.9 90.7 90.3 90.4 90.5
Cuba 90.2 90.5 90.7 90.6 91.2
Slovak Republic 88.5 88.7 91.7 91.6 89.6
Luxembourg 92.4 92.8 92.5 92.4 89.8
Solomon Islands 92.8 92.2 92.8 92.9 93.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 95.2 94.6 93.8 93.1 93.6
Kiribati 95.1 95.2 95.7 94.8 95.4
Tuvalu 99.7 99.9 99.8 99.8 99.9
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
Hong Kong SAR, China
Aruba
Greenland
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Afghanistan
Kosovo
French Polynesia
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Puerto Rico
Macao SAR, China
Liberia 24.6 26.1
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza
Timor-Leste
Faeroe Islands
Zimbabwe

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