Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Iraq 0.3 0.4 3.7 6.3 4.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 5.7 4.2 6.5 3.1
Myanmar 15.8 14.6 10.6 11.0 14.2
Georgia 11.7 18.7 18.3 18.1 17.0
Cameroon 17.3 21.1 17.7 18.8 21.0
Sudan 26.0 21.5 23.5 19.7 27.2
Sierra Leone 19.5 21.7 18.7 25.2 28.7
Azerbaijan 24.3 22.5 16.6 18.4 18.6
Nigeria 20.4 24.3 26.1 29.1 33.5
Armenia 28.0 24.4 28.6 28.4 18.2
Guinea 24.6 24.7 28.0 30.3 31.7
Pakistan 27.9 25.7 20.8 19.6 21.7
Niger 21.0 25.8 25.7 25.7 26.2
India 26.7 26.1 26.5 29.0 27.0
Dominican Republic 23.2 26.3 30.8 33.8 34.5
Albania 23.5 26.8 30.2 36.5 36.1
Nepal 26.2 26.8 38.6 30.0 24.6
Burundi 32.2 27.2 30.8 31.2 30.6
Uganda 25.0 27.4 30.6 26.8 27.1
Morocco 31.9 28.0 29.2 28.8 29.4
Cote d'Ivoire 27.3 28.0 25.4 27.4 29.6
Gambia, The 26.6 29.6 33.8 35.1 34.2
Togo 32.7 29.6 36.6 31.4 28.5
Cambodia 33.7 30.1 21.3 20.3 22.2
Chile 32.1 31.0 31.2 32.2 36.1
Malawi 27.1 31.0 33.7 34.9 45.8
Senegal 36.3 32.6 33.1 38.8 40.9
Vietnam 32.3 32.9 35.0 35.2 30.9
Zambia 33.7 33.0 31.4 43.5 47.4
Guinea-Bissau 30.3 33.5 31.3 25.3 10.5
Indonesia 36.4 35.0 34.1 34.6 36.1
Chad 37.2 35.2 30.7 33.9 42.5
Cyprus 34.1 35.2 41.9 42.7 41.7
Sao Tome and Principe 27.8 35.3 39.5 45.4 43.2
Syrian Arab Republic 35.5 35.4 38.3 38.4 40.4
Venezuela, RB 42.4 35.9 32.5 37.0 41.5
Mali 39.6 36.1 34.5 30.1 32.9
Tanzania 40.5 37.2 40.3 37.3 43.4
Uruguay 44.0 37.9 37.1 56.8 54.6
Mauritania 35.3 37.9 45.0 54.3 52.6
El Salvador 41.0 38.6 42.5 43.4 45.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 41.6 38.7 40.0 40.4 40.5
South Africa 35.9 38.8 39.4 40.1 41.3
Kenya 40.1 38.8 44.4 39.8 46.3
Lebanon 32.8 38.9 27.5 27.1 29.5
Paraguay 41.7 39.2 44.9 44.6 39.9
Central African Republic 38.0 39.2 38.1 46.6 50.2
Haiti 38.1 39.4 33.9 30.0 27.7
Gabon 38.4 40.2 41.3 35.0 40.5
Ethiopia 38.1 40.9 43.8 46.6 54.6
Burkina Faso 38.4 41.0 39.9 41.2 39.6
Rwanda 42.3 42.0 50.4 45.6 39.2
Yemen, Rep. 40.0 42.0 46.7 49.7 54.0
Benin 44.3 42.1 44.2 46.0 44.2
Eritrea 37.3 42.2 43.1 42.8 39.1
Bahamas, The 40.1 42.5 45.5 47.2 48.1
Guatemala 39.8 42.5 45.2 43.9 38.5
Brazil 40.5 43.0 42.6 42.7 40.3
Korea, Rep. 40.5 43.0 47.9 48.5 49.0
Bangladesh 36.2 43.0 41.5 40.8 40.7
Philippines 41.0 43.1 42.9 44.2 47.6
Suriname 42.4 43.1 53.3 45.4 53.4
Grenada 43.4 43.5 42.9 47.6 52.0
Madagascar 41.8 44.0 43.0 43.8 49.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.9 44.1 41.9 53.4 56.7
Tajikistan 41.8 44.1 32.1 26.8 20.4
China 46.6 44.2 41.8 40.9 38.3
Mexico 41.4 44.7 46.0 47.8 46.6
United States 45.1 44.8 43.5 43.0 43.0
Uzbekistan 50.5 45.2 46.4 50.7 47.5
Sri Lanka 46.4 45.2 50.2 47.4 48.4
Trinidad and Tobago 45.8 46.3 39.7 44.4 45.4
Lesotho 50.4 46.4 47.8 47.9 50.2
Angola 52.1 47.6 30.0 51.9 49.5
Ghana 58.6 47.9 54.9 51.7 50.0
Singapore 48.7 48.1 53.6 52.5 45.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 47.4 48.5 48.5 42.4 41.6
Honduras 49.6 48.6 51.9 46.7 54.2
Nicaragua 59.2 48.9 49.3 45.8 53.5
Kyrgyz Republic 44.2 48.9 43.2 42.2 44.3
Peru 54.2 51.7 56.4 57.1 56.4
Libya 49.6 51.8 48.3 45.3 48.7
Tunisia 54.7 52.5 54.1 53.4 54.9
Greece 53.0 52.8 52.1 53.4 60.0
Ecuador 58.6 53.3 39.0 39.4 31.2
Thailand 47.2 53.9 54.8 54.9 56.1
Mauritius 54.0 54.2 54.7 54.0 52.1
Argentina 57.7 54.5 54.2 55.1 53.9
Swaziland 56.6 54.9 52.3 56.3 56.3
Switzerland 54.5 55.0 54.7 55.1 55.4
Malaysia 55.7 55.2 55.5 55.5 55.8
Maldives 56.5 55.5 55.2 57.0 57.6
Latvia 57.8 55.8 59.2 58.4 54.4
Jamaica 60.0 56.2 58.6 50.3 52.6
Botswana 52.6 56.6 56.5 57.8 62.2
Jordan 61.1 57.0 56.9 53.3 48.0
Belize 56.4 57.7 56.8 55.5 52.6
Lao PDR 58.0 57.9 43.4 31.0 35.1
Saudi Arabia 55.1 57.9 58.7 68.4 72.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 58.5 58.2 59.8 56.8 60.4
Comoros 61.5 58.5 55.0 51.7 43.7
St. Lucia 64.5 60.7 60.1 55.8 52.6
Macedonia, FYR 59.7 61.1 65.0 60.7 57.7
Ukraine 68.2 61.2 53.6 49.9 51.8
Djibouti 58.4 61.6 66.2 70.9 67.8
Congo, Rep. 60.1 61.7 59.3 57.2 57.5
Colombia 62.1 62.5 69.9 74.5 79.3
Mozambique 60.7 63.8 65.7 67.5 70.0
Moldova 65.3 64.3 56.2 49.3 48.5
Kazakhstan 63.5 64.3 64.0 52.5 50.9
Barbados 68.3 65.2 65.4 65.4 65.8
Antigua and Barbuda 63.4 65.5 67.8 68.9 67.1
Portugal 65.3 65.7 67.1 67.6 66.6
Bolivia 64.3 66.0 61.2 58.1 60.1
Andorra 65.2 66.2 72.0 66.2 64.8
Australia 65.2 66.9 66.4 68.4 66.9
Netherlands 66.2 67.8 64.1 62.7 63.1
Tonga 66.4 67.9 68.0 73.2 70.5
Israel 69.0 68.0 64.2 64.3 62.6
Panama 64.4 68.5 66.7 66.3 68.1
Qatar 66.9 68.7 66.6 67.2 72.3
Serbia 68.1 68.9 67.3 67.3 67.2
Malta 68.4 69.5 70.3 69.8 72.5
Canada 70.8 70.1 70.6 70.0 70.4
Turkmenistan 72.2 70.1 69.6 61.5 81.5
Montenegro 69.9 70.2 70.0 69.5 71.0
Bahrain 68.5 70.6 66.8 67.8 67.3
Equatorial Guinea 61.5 70.7 71.4 69.7 79.3
Palau 71.7 70.8 64.8 62.8 58.5
Russian Federation 71.4 70.8 65.1 61.9 59.9
Algeria 74.7 71.0 70.3 69.4 73.3
Samoa 71.7 71.6 76.0 76.3 76.8
Turkey 69.2 71.6 71.9 61.1 62.9
Bulgaria 69.6 71.7 69.9 66.3 60.9
Poland 73.4 72.0 65.4 71.1 70.0
Namibia 72.2 72.0 72.4 73.3 68.9
Finland 71.6 72.1 72.5 71.5 71.3
Spain 72.4 72.5 72.2 72.0 71.6
Lithuania 70.4 72.5 76.0 74.9 69.7
Italy 72.7 72.9 72.3 72.7 74.2
Dominica 71.8 72.9 72.4 71.8 70.7
Vanuatu 68.4 74.6 77.8 74.9 76.6
Ireland 71.5 74.9 74.7 75.3 74.1
Slovenia 76.2 75.0 75.5 75.7 74.0
Austria 73.2 75.2 75.3 75.7 75.6
Belgium 78.2 75.4 74.8 74.6 74.6
Costa Rica 76.2 76.2 78.9 78.5 78.6
New Zealand 76.7 77.3 77.0 77.5 78.0
Bhutan 79.9 78.0 77.0 75.1 79.3
United Arab Emirates 79.3 78.3 78.4 77.4 76.7
Romania 73.2 79.4 75.6 79.7 81.2
France 79.6 79.6 79.5 79.4 79.4
Kuwait 79.4 79.9 79.0 79.7 76.3
Papua New Guinea 86.1 80.2 83.1 82.4 81.7
United Kingdom 82.9 80.4 80.4 80.6 79.1
Germany 82.0 80.6 79.9 79.8 79.5
Brunei Darussalam 81.4 81.2 83.8 77.8 86.5
Japan 82.3 81.2 80.4 80.7 80.8
Hungary 81.6 81.3 74.8 72.4 70.7
Norway 84.2 81.3 82.2 82.6 82.5
Cabo Verde 81.7 81.6 75.0 73.7 73.3
Fiji 80.8 81.9 81.8 79.7 83.6
Iceland 83.3 82.1 80.4 82.2 81.1
Denmark 82.4 82.3 82.1 84.0 83.9
Belarus 75.3 82.3 77.0 76.5 75.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 84.6 82.6 81.1 83.3 82.3
Guyana 81.7 82.9 81.9 81.5 84.7
Oman 83.9 83.0 81.6 81.7 81.8
Mongolia 85.5 84.0 86.2 84.6 82.1
Croatia 87.6 84.5 87.0 87.3 86.1
San Marino 86.4 85.2 85.2 85.9 85.8
Seychelles 87.1 85.7 83.6 83.4 82.0
Sweden 86.9 85.8 85.8 85.7 84.9
Marshall Islands 85.7 86.4 85.4 85.4 87.9
Estonia 88.4 89.2 86.3 77.5 77.2
Monaco 89.6 89.2 88.1 87.5 87.1
Czech Republic 90.7 90.3 90.4 90.5 90.3
Cuba 90.5 90.7 90.6 91.2 90.8
Slovak Republic 88.7 91.7 91.6 89.6 89.4
Luxembourg 92.8 92.5 92.4 89.8 85.1
Solomon Islands 92.2 92.8 92.9 93.2 94.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 94.6 93.8 93.1 93.6 93.9
Kiribati 95.2 95.7 94.8 95.4 94.9
Tuvalu 99.9 99.8 99.8 99.9 100.0
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Afghanistan
Macao SAR, China
New Caledonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
South Sudan
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Somalia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Greenland
Curacao
Liberia 24.6 26.1 24.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Aruba
American Samoa
French Polynesia
West Bank and Gaza
Timor-Leste 65.7
St. Martin (French part)
Zimbabwe

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