Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Iraq 0.3 0.4 3.7 6.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.7 3.7 5.7 4.2 6.5
Myanmar 19.0 15.8 14.6 10.6 11.0
Azerbaijan 24.0 24.3 22.5 16.6 18.4
Cameroon 23.3 17.3 21.1 17.7 18.8
Georgia 5.2 11.7 18.7 18.3 18.1
Sierra Leone 21.0 19.5 21.7 18.7 25.2
Pakistan 26.3 27.9 25.7 20.8 19.6
Cambodia 19.7 33.7 30.1 21.3 20.3
Sudan 20.2 26.0 21.5 23.5 19.7
Liberia 24.6 26.1
Cote d'Ivoire 25.7 27.3 28.0 25.4 27.4
Niger 22.8 21.0 25.8 25.7 25.7
Nigeria 25.2 20.4 24.3 26.1 29.1
India 27.0 26.7 26.1 26.5 29.0
Lebanon 29.6 32.8 38.9 27.5 27.1
Guinea 35.2 24.6 24.7 28.0 30.3
Armenia 31.1 28.0 24.4 28.6 28.4
Morocco 32.2 31.9 28.0 29.2 28.8
Angola 70.6 52.1 47.6 30.0 51.9
Albania 17.9 23.5 26.8 30.2 36.5
Uganda 19.8 25.0 27.4 30.6 26.8
Chad 34.7 37.2 35.2 30.7 33.9
Burundi 32.2 32.2 27.2 30.8 31.2
Dominican Republic 20.9 23.2 26.3 30.8 33.8
Chile 33.0 32.1 31.0 31.2 32.2
Guinea-Bissau 24.7 30.3 33.5 31.3 25.3
Zambia 40.7 33.7 33.0 31.4 43.5
Tajikistan 42.1 41.8 44.1 32.1 26.8
Venezuela, RB 42.6 42.4 35.9 32.5 37.0
Senegal 32.5 36.3 32.6 33.1 38.8
Malawi 37.9 27.1 31.0 33.7 34.9
Gambia, The 32.0 26.6 29.6 33.8 35.1
Haiti 40.9 38.1 39.4 33.9 30.0
Indonesia 35.7 36.4 35.0 34.1 34.6
Mali 52.3 39.6 36.1 34.5 30.1
Vietnam 33.9 32.3 32.9 35.0 35.2
Togo 34.6 32.7 29.6 36.6 31.4
Uruguay 43.9 44.0 37.9 37.1 56.8
Central African Republic 42.4 38.0 39.2 38.1 46.6
Syrian Arab Republic 39.7 35.5 35.4 38.3 38.4
Nepal 26.5 26.2 26.8 38.6 30.0
Ecuador 55.4 58.6 53.3 39.0 39.4
South Africa 39.6 35.9 38.8 39.4 40.1
Sao Tome and Principe 36.7 27.8 35.3 39.5 45.4
Trinidad and Tobago 47.6 45.8 46.3 39.7 44.4
Burkina Faso 38.7 38.4 41.0 39.9 41.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 46.5 41.6 38.7 40.0 40.4
Tanzania 42.1 40.5 37.2 40.3 37.3
Gabon 36.6 38.4 40.2 41.3 35.0
Bangladesh 36.2 36.2 43.0 41.5 40.8
China 50.5 46.6 44.2 41.8 40.9
Cyprus 35.8 34.1 35.2 41.9 42.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 38.9 48.9 44.1 41.9 53.4
El Salvador 38.5 41.0 38.6 42.5 43.4
Brazil 43.0 40.5 43.0 42.6 42.7
Grenada 43.5 43.4 43.5 42.9 47.6
Philippines 39.5 41.0 43.1 42.9 44.2
Madagascar 36.4 41.8 44.0 43.0 43.8
Eritrea 47.9 37.3 42.2 43.1 42.8
Kyrgyz Republic 51.2 44.2 48.9 43.2 42.2
Lao PDR 59.7 58.0 57.9 43.4 31.0
United States 45.1 45.1 44.8 43.5 43.0
Ethiopia 40.6 38.1 40.9 43.8 46.6
Benin 45.0 44.3 42.1 44.2 46.0
Kenya 46.3 40.1 38.8 44.4 39.8
Paraguay 36.0 41.7 39.2 44.9 44.6
Mauritania 47.8 35.3 37.9 45.0 54.3
Guatemala 41.5 39.8 42.5 45.2 43.9
Bahamas, The 39.8 40.1 42.5 45.5 47.2
Mexico 42.1 41.4 44.7 46.0 47.8
Uzbekistan 52.0 50.5 45.2 46.4 50.7
Yemen, Rep. 31.3 40.0 42.0 46.7 49.7
Lesotho 47.7 50.4 46.4 47.8 47.9
Korea, Rep. 37.6 40.5 43.0 47.9 48.5
Libya 46.2 49.6 51.8 48.3 45.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.8 47.4 48.5 48.5 42.4
Nicaragua 64.4 59.2 48.9 49.3 45.8
Sri Lanka 46.8 46.4 45.2 50.2 47.4
Rwanda 38.4 42.3 42.0 50.4 45.6
Honduras 53.7 49.6 48.6 51.9 46.7
Greece 52.0 53.0 52.8 52.1 53.4
Swaziland 57.1 56.6 54.9 52.3 56.3
Suriname 51.6 42.4 43.1 53.3 45.4
Singapore 49.6 48.7 48.1 53.6 52.5
Ukraine 65.9 68.2 61.2 53.6 49.9
Tunisia 49.4 54.7 52.5 54.1 53.4
Argentina 59.8 57.7 54.5 54.2 55.1
Switzerland 53.6 54.5 55.0 54.7 55.1
Mauritius 54.6 54.0 54.2 54.7 54.0
Thailand 47.0 47.2 53.9 54.8 54.9
Ghana 52.6 58.6 47.9 54.9 51.7
Comoros 63.3 61.5 58.5 55.0 51.7
Maldives 58.6 56.5 55.5 55.2 57.0
Malaysia 54.6 55.7 55.2 55.5 55.5
Moldova 64.2 65.3 64.3 56.2 49.3
Peru 53.8 54.2 51.7 56.4 57.1
Botswana 52.2 52.6 56.6 56.5 57.8
Belize 62.0 56.4 57.7 56.8 55.5
Jordan 62.9 61.1 57.0 56.9 53.3
Jamaica 52.6 60.0 56.2 58.6 50.3
Saudi Arabia 52.6 55.1 57.9 58.7 68.4
Latvia 66.3 57.8 55.8 59.2 58.4
Congo, Rep. 59.3 60.1 61.7 59.3 57.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 59.3 58.5 58.2 59.8 56.8
St. Lucia 64.1 64.5 60.7 60.1 55.8
Bolivia 63.8 64.3 66.0 61.2 58.1
Kazakhstan 64.0 63.5 64.3 64.0 52.5
Netherlands 71.0 66.2 67.8 64.1 62.7
Israel 67.4 69.0 68.0 64.2 64.3
Palau 69.1 71.7 70.8 64.8 62.8
Macedonia, FYR 59.5 59.7 61.1 65.0 60.7
Russian Federation 73.9 71.4 70.8 65.1 61.9
Poland 72.9 73.4 72.0 65.4 71.1
Barbados 68.0 68.3 65.2 65.4 65.4
Mozambique 64.1 60.7 63.8 65.7 67.5
Djibouti 60.3 58.4 61.6 66.2 70.9
Australia 65.8 65.2 66.9 66.4 68.4
Qatar 62.6 66.9 68.7 66.6 67.2
Panama 68.0 64.4 68.5 66.7 66.3
Bahrain 69.0 68.5 70.6 66.8 67.8
Portugal 62.6 65.3 65.7 67.1 67.6
Serbia 68.5 68.1 68.9 67.3 67.3
Antigua and Barbuda 65.8 63.4 65.5 67.8 68.9
Tonga 64.7 66.4 67.9 68.0 73.2
Turkmenistan 60.5 72.2 70.1 69.6 61.5
Bulgaria 74.0 69.6 71.7 69.9 66.3
Colombia 55.1 62.1 62.5 69.9 74.5
Montenegro 70.0 69.9 70.2 70.0 69.5
Malta 67.5 68.4 69.5 70.3 69.8
Algeria 72.2 74.7 71.0 70.3 69.4
Canada 71.2 70.8 70.1 70.6 70.0
Equatorial Guinea 72.2 61.5 70.7 71.4 69.7
Turkey 70.3 69.2 71.6 71.9 61.1
Andorra 64.4 65.2 66.2 72.0 66.2
Spain 72.2 72.4 72.5 72.2 72.0
Italy 72.8 72.7 72.9 72.3 72.7
Dominica 70.9 71.8 72.9 72.4 71.8
Namibia 71.1 72.2 72.0 72.4 73.3
Finland 71.7 71.6 72.1 72.5 71.5
Ireland 72.5 71.5 74.9 74.7 75.3
Hungary 84.0 81.6 81.3 74.8 72.4
Belgium 76.8 78.2 75.4 74.8 74.6
Cabo Verde 80.4 81.7 81.6 75.0 73.7
Austria 73.5 73.2 75.2 75.3 75.7
Slovenia 77.7 76.2 75.0 75.5 75.7
Romania 74.5 73.2 79.4 75.6 79.7
Lithuania 74.2 70.4 72.5 76.0 74.9
Samoa 73.6 71.7 71.6 76.0 76.3
Bhutan 69.2 79.9 78.0 77.0 75.1
New Zealand 77.2 76.7 77.3 77.0 77.5
Belarus 71.1 75.3 82.3 77.0 76.5
Vanuatu 73.4 68.4 74.6 77.8 74.9
United Arab Emirates 79.0 79.3 78.3 78.4 77.4
Costa Rica 76.5 76.2 76.2 78.9 78.5
Kuwait 81.9 79.4 79.9 79.0 79.7
France 79.7 79.6 79.6 79.5 79.4
Germany 81.4 82.0 80.6 79.9 79.8
United Kingdom 83.9 82.9 80.4 80.4 80.6
Japan 82.3 82.3 81.2 80.4 80.7
Iceland 83.9 83.3 82.1 80.4 82.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 84.8 84.6 82.6 81.1 83.3
Oman 84.0 83.9 83.0 81.6 81.7
Fiji 79.1 80.8 81.9 81.8 79.7
Guyana 81.4 81.7 82.9 81.9 81.5
Denmark 82.5 82.4 82.3 82.1 84.0
Norway 84.2 84.2 81.3 82.2 82.6
Papua New Guinea 86.2 86.1 80.2 83.1 82.4
Seychelles 84.6 87.1 85.7 83.6 83.4
Brunei Darussalam 77.9 81.4 81.2 83.8 77.8
San Marino 86.7 86.4 85.2 85.2 85.9
Marshall Islands 82.8 85.7 86.4 85.4 85.4
Sweden 86.6 86.9 85.8 85.8 85.7
Mongolia 82.5 85.5 84.0 86.2 84.6
Estonia 89.8 88.4 89.2 86.3 77.5
Croatia 86.5 87.6 84.5 87.0 87.3
Monaco 89.6 89.6 89.2 88.1 87.5
Czech Republic 90.9 90.7 90.3 90.4 90.5
Cuba 90.2 90.5 90.7 90.6 91.2
Slovak Republic 88.5 88.7 91.7 91.6 89.6
Luxembourg 92.4 92.8 92.5 92.4 89.8
Solomon Islands 92.8 92.2 92.8 92.9 93.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 95.2 94.6 93.8 93.1 93.6
Kiribati 95.1 95.2 95.7 94.8 95.4
Tuvalu 99.7 99.9 99.8 99.8 99.9
Faeroe Islands
Puerto Rico
South Sudan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Hong Kong SAR, China
Middle East (developing only)
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland
French Polynesia
Afghanistan
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
Somalia
Cayman Islands
Guam
Bermuda
Macao SAR, China
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Timor-Leste
Zimbabwe

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