Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Iraq 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 4.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 5.7 4.2 6.5 3.1
Myanmar 15.8 14.6 10.6 11.0 14.2
Azerbaijan 24.3 22.5 16.6 18.4 18.6
Cameroon 17.3 21.1 17.7 18.8 20.8
Georgia 11.7 18.7 18.3 18.1 17.0
Sierra Leone 19.5 21.7 18.7 25.2 25.6
Pakistan 27.8 25.6 20.8 19.6 21.8
Cambodia 35.6 31.8 22.5 21.2 22.8
Sudan 25.1 21.1 23.0 20.0 27.5
Liberia 24.6 26.1 24.5
Niger 20.4 25.0 25.0 24.9 25.4
India 25.8 25.2 25.7 28.1 26.1
Cote d'Ivoire 27.5 28.4 25.9 27.6 29.8
Nigeria 20.6 24.6 26.1 29.1 33.5
Lebanon 37.1 38.7 27.5 27.1 29.5
Burundi 33.2 27.5 27.7 28.2 28.2
Guinea 24.6 24.7 28.0 30.3 31.7
Armenia 28.0 24.4 28.6 28.4 18.2
Uruguay 32.0 31.1 29.0 37.6 34.7
Morocco 32.8 28.9 30.1 28.8 29.4
Albania 23.5 26.8 30.2 36.5 36.1
Uganda 24.9 25.8 30.6 26.8 27.1
Chad 36.2 35.3 30.7 33.9 42.5
Guinea-Bissau 30.3 33.5 31.3 25.3 10.5
Tajikistan 41.8 44.1 32.1 26.8 20.4
Venezuela, RB 31.4 34.2 33.0 37.3 44.1
Senegal 36.3 32.6 33.1 38.8 40.9
Dominican Republic 24.7 28.2 33.1 35.3 37.1
Gambia, The 26.6 29.6 33.8 35.2 34.2
Haiti 38.1 39.4 33.9 30.0 27.7
Lao PDR 49.8 45.0 34.1 29.5 33.1
Malawi 27.4 31.1 34.2 34.9 45.8
Indonesia 36.6 35.2 34.4 34.8 36.6
Mali 39.6 36.1 34.5 30.1 32.9
Vietnam 32.3 32.9 35.2 35.2 30.9
Central African Republic 45.0 33.9 37.8 46.0 49.6
Syrian Arab Republic 35.5 35.4 38.3 38.4 40.4
Nepal 26.2 26.8 38.6 30.0 24.9
Togo 36.8 32.6 38.9 35.5 32.7
Ecuador 58.9 53.5 39.1 36.1 26.5
Burkina Faso 37.7 40.3 39.2 41.6 39.9
Sao Tome and Principe 27.8 35.3 39.5 45.4 43.2
Tanzania 42.3 40.6 39.7 41.9 43.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 41.6 38.7 40.0 40.4 40.5
Gabon 37.9 39.7 40.8 34.5 40.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 47.0 43.1 40.9 53.1 56.9
Bangladesh 34.8 43.0 41.5 40.8 40.7
China 46.6 44.2 41.8 40.9 38.3
Cyprus 34.1 35.2 41.9 42.7 41.7
South Africa 45.3 43.7 42.2 40.2 40.8
Angola 61.8 58.0 42.4 63.1 60.2
Brazil 40.3 43.0 42.6 42.7 40.3
Grenada 43.4 43.5 42.9 47.6 52.0
Philippines 41.0 43.1 42.9 44.2 47.6
Eritrea 37.3 42.2 43.1 42.8 39.1
Kyrgyz Republic 44.2 48.9 43.2 42.2 44.3
Madagascar 42.4 44.9 43.5 44.9 50.6
United States 45.2 45.0 43.7 43.2 43.3
El Salvador 41.0 39.0 43.7 44.7 46.5
Guatemala 38.2 41.1 43.7 42.5 36.3
Ethiopia 38.1 40.9 43.8 46.6 54.6
Benin 44.3 42.1 44.2 46.0 44.2
Zambia 41.4 41.2 44.4 46.2 51.9
Kenya 40.1 38.8 44.4 39.8 46.3
Paraguay 40.3 39.2 44.9 44.6 39.9
Mauritania 35.5 38.1 45.1 54.4 52.7
Bahamas, The 40.1 42.5 45.5 47.2 48.1
Mexico 41.4 44.7 46.0 47.8 46.6
Yemen, Rep. 40.0 44.6 46.7 49.7 54.0
Uzbekistan 51.9 48.4 46.7 50.7 47.5
Trinidad and Tobago 50.4 51.2 46.7 49.8 46.9
Lesotho 50.4 46.4 47.8 47.9 50.2
Korea, Rep. 40.4 43.0 47.8 48.5 49.0
Chile 47.2 47.1 48.1 49.9 52.1
Libya 49.6 51.8 48.3 45.3 48.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 47.4 48.5 48.5 42.4 41.6
Nicaragua 59.2 48.9 49.3 45.8 53.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 55.9 52.2 49.7 53.5 82.3
Rwanda 42.3 42.0 50.4 45.6 39.2
Sri Lanka 46.6 45.5 50.6 47.8 48.9
Honduras 49.6 48.6 51.9 46.7 54.2
Greece 53.0 52.8 52.1 53.4 60.0
Swaziland 56.6 54.9 52.3 56.3 56.3
Singapore 48.7 48.1 53.6 52.5 45.0
Ukraine 69.9 61.2 53.6 49.9 51.8
Comoros 60.6 57.5 54.0 50.8 42.8
Tunisia 55.0 52.5 54.1 53.4 54.9
Argentina 57.7 54.5 54.2 55.1 53.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 52.3 52.5 54.2 50.9 48.4
Switzerland 54.5 55.0 54.7 55.1 55.4
Mauritius 54.0 54.2 54.7 54.0 52.1
Ghana 58.6 47.9 54.9 51.7 50.0
Malaysia 57.7 55.2 55.5 55.5 55.8
Moldova 65.3 64.3 56.2 49.3 48.5
Peru 54.2 51.7 56.4 57.1 56.4
Botswana 52.6 56.6 56.5 57.8 62.4
Belize 56.4 57.7 56.8 55.5 52.6
Jordan 61.1 57.0 56.9 53.3 48.0
Saudi Arabia 55.1 57.9 58.7 68.4 72.1
Latvia 57.8 55.8 59.2 58.4 54.4
Thailand 51.5 58.0 59.3 59.5 60.7
Congo, Rep. 60.1 61.7 59.3 57.2 57.5
St. Lucia 50.1 47.1 60.1 55.7 52.0
Bolivia 64.3 64.0 61.2 58.1 57.2
Jamaica 60.4 56.2 61.7 53.8 55.4
Maldives 56.6 55.5 61.9 64.4 64.0
Suriname 42.4 56.2 63.9 58.3 58.2
Kazakhstan 63.5 64.3 64.0 52.5 50.9
Netherlands 66.2 67.8 64.1 62.7 63.1
Israel 69.0 68.0 64.2 64.3 62.6
Macedonia, FYR 59.7 61.1 65.0 60.7 56.2
Serbia 65.6 65.5 65.0 64.6 65.4
Russian Federation 71.4 70.8 65.1 61.9 59.9
Poland 73.4 72.0 65.4 71.1 70.0
Barbados 68.3 65.2 65.4 65.4 65.8
Mozambique 60.7 63.8 65.7 67.5 70.0
Djibouti 58.4 61.6 66.2 70.9 67.8
Australia 65.2 66.9 66.4 68.4 66.8
Qatar 67.6 68.3 66.5 67.2 72.3
Panama 64.4 68.5 66.7 66.3 68.1
Bahrain 68.1 70.1 66.8 67.8 67.3
Portugal 65.3 65.7 67.1 67.6 67.7
Tonga 66.4 67.9 68.0 73.2 70.5
Antigua and Barbuda 63.9 65.9 68.2 69.3 67.6
Malta 67.6 70.2 68.9 68.3 69.4
Turkmenistan 72.2 70.1 69.6 61.5 81.5
Bulgaria 69.6 71.7 69.9 66.3 60.9
Colombia 62.1 62.5 69.9 74.5 79.3
Montenegro 69.9 70.2 70.0 69.5 71.0
Italy 70.7 70.8 70.2 70.6 72.1
Algeria 74.7 71.0 70.3 69.4 73.3
Canada 70.8 70.1 70.6 70.0 70.4
United Arab Emirates 79.3 78.3 71.1 70.7 70.5
Palau 75.0 74.2 71.1 67.6 67.1
Equatorial Guinea 61.5 70.7 71.4 69.7 79.3
Turkey 69.2 71.6 71.9 61.1 62.9
Spain 72.4 72.5 72.2 72.0 71.6
Dominica 71.9 72.9 72.4 71.8 70.7
Namibia 72.2 72.0 72.4 73.3 68.9
Finland 71.6 72.1 72.5 71.5 71.3
Andorra 69.5 69.9 74.0 68.7 68.8
Ireland 71.5 74.9 74.7 75.3 74.1
Hungary 81.6 81.3 74.8 72.4 70.7
Belgium 78.2 75.4 74.8 74.6 74.6
Austria 74.5 74.9 74.8 75.1 74.9
Bhutan 78.0 76.0 74.9 72.9 77.0
Cabo Verde 81.7 81.6 75.0 73.7 73.3
Slovenia 76.2 75.0 75.5 75.7 74.0
Romania 73.2 79.4 75.6 79.7 81.2
Lithuania 70.4 72.5 76.0 74.9 69.7
Samoa 72.1 71.9 76.0 76.3 77.5
New Zealand 76.7 77.3 77.0 77.5 78.0
Belarus 75.3 82.3 77.0 76.5 75.5
Kuwait 79.4 79.9 79.0 79.4 76.0
Costa Rica 76.2 76.2 79.0 78.5 78.8
France 79.6 79.6 79.5 79.4 79.4
Germany 81.9 80.6 80.0 79.7 79.2
United Kingdom 82.9 80.4 80.4 80.6 79.6
Iceland 83.3 82.1 80.6 82.4 81.3
Japan 82.3 81.3 80.7 80.5 80.8
Oman 83.9 82.9 81.6 81.7 81.8
Fiji 80.8 81.9 81.8 79.7 83.6
Guyana 81.7 82.9 81.9 81.5 84.7
Denmark 82.4 82.3 82.1 84.0 83.9
Norway 84.2 81.3 82.2 82.6 82.5
Papua New Guinea 83.5 81.8 83.1 82.4 81.7
Brunei Darussalam 81.0 80.8 83.5 83.4 85.1
Vanuatu 76.0 81.1 84.3 82.0 83.4
Seychelles 87.8 86.5 84.6 85.5 82.0
Marshall Islands 85.7 86.4 85.4 85.4 87.9
Sweden 86.9 85.8 85.8 85.7 84.9
Mongolia 85.5 84.0 86.2 84.6 77.8
Estonia 88.4 89.2 86.3 77.5 77.2
Croatia 87.6 84.5 87.0 87.3 86.1
Monaco 89.6 89.2 88.1 87.5 87.1
San Marino 85.9 89.9 90.1 90.9 91.1
Czech Republic 90.7 90.3 90.4 90.5 90.3
Cuba 90.5 90.7 90.6 91.2 90.8
Slovak Republic 88.7 91.7 91.6 89.6 89.4
Luxembourg 92.8 92.5 92.4 89.8 85.1
Solomon Islands 92.2 92.8 92.9 93.2 94.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 94.3 93.5 93.0 93.2 93.3
Kiribati 95.6 96.0 95.2 95.8 93.4
Tuvalu 99.0 97.9 98.3 98.7 99.8
Curacao
Hong Kong SAR, China
Faroe Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Afghanistan
American Samoa
Timor-Leste 37.5
Isle of Man
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Macao SAR, China
Greenland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Puerto Rico
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
Somalia
French Polynesia
Zimbabwe 62.3

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