Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.8 4.2 5.3 6.0 21.7
Iraq 6.3 4.8 4.5 2.5 45.4
Myanmar 11.0 14.2 12.5 15.3 12.4
Georgia 18.1 17.0 17.8 16.1 14.8
Cambodia 18.2 20.5 20.1 23.1 32.1
Guinea 18.4 19.4 21.9 22.0 15.9
Azerbaijan 18.4 18.6 18.9 17.7 12.6
Sierra Leone 18.7 21.5 19.5 19.2 17.7
Cameroon 18.8 21.0 24.2 26.7 27.0
Pakistan 19.5 21.7 21.0 29.2 24.5
Sudan 19.7 27.1 27.0 27.6 28.9
Niger 23.2 23.6 24.8 27.3 24.8
Guinea-Bissau 25.3 10.5 9.6 22.1 23.0
Cote d'Ivoire 25.7 28.5 26.1 32.1 29.0
Liberia 26.1 24.5 25.7 20.1 34.6
Tajikistan 26.8 20.4 20.7 20.2 20.4
Lebanon 27.1 29.5 34.2 37.2 37.6
India 28.0 26.0 23.9 23.2 22.8
Armenia 28.4 18.2 26.8 25.2 27.3
Gambia, The 28.7 27.6 34.1 37.5 50.3
Morocco 28.8 29.4 32.2 26.0 26.6
Nigeria 29.1 33.5 31.4 25.6 22.4
Haiti 30.0 27.7 26.2 25.8 29.8
Nepal 30.0 24.6 29.3 28.8 27.3
Mali 30.1 32.9 44.9 40.2 44.1
Uganda 30.6 26.8 27.3 29.5 29.3
Lao PDR 31.0 35.1 27.3 26.8 25.8
Burundi 31.2 30.6 35.3 33.5 28.3
Togo 31.4 28.5 23.9 18.3 25.8
Dominican Republic 33.8 34.5 31.1 31.9 38.6
Chad 33.9 42.5 39.8 31.0 46.8
Indonesia 34.6 36.1 43.2 38.1 40.1
Gabon 34.8 40.3 41.1 35.0 41.5
Malawi 34.9 45.8 43.8 60.4 72.1
Vietnam 35.2 30.9 31.5 30.5 32.1
Venezuela, RB 37.0 41.5 40.7 39.3 38.1
Syrian Arab Republic 38.4 40.4 44.2 45.8 48.2
Senegal 38.8 40.9 42.9 38.5 38.7
Ecuador 39.4 31.2 34.5 33.7 25.0
Kenya 39.8 46.3 44.7 42.8 43.4
Bangladesh 39.9 39.0 39.9 39.7 37.6
South Africa 40.1 41.3 40.4 39.7 40.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40.4 40.5 40.5 40.3 38.2
China 40.9 38.3 35.6 35.8 36.2
Burkina Faso 41.2 39.6 37.4 43.9 46.4
Chile 41.5 43.3 42.8 42.5 38.5
Kyrgyz Republic 42.2 44.3 41.1 39.5 37.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.4 41.6 43.7 44.0 45.8
Cyprus 42.7 41.7 42.4 45.0 45.1
Brazil 42.7 40.3 42.3 44.6 44.4
Eritrea 42.8 39.1 38.7 44.3 40.0
United States 43.0 43.0 44.0 43.9 43.8
Albania 43.3 36.1 38.2 34.8 35.9
Tanzania 43.3 43.4 45.5 44.6 49.5
Madagascar 43.5 49.3 52.6 50.0 46.7
Philippines 44.2 47.6 44.2 40.0 40.2
Trinidad and Tobago 44.4 45.4 50.6 53.0 50.7
Paraguay 44.6 39.9 34.9 34.1 33.9
Libya 45.3 49.1 54.8 67.0 66.5
Suriname 45.4 53.4 50.0 49.7 50.7
Sao Tome and Principe 45.4 43.2 36.9 36.4 51.2
Rwanda 45.6 39.2 48.9 52.3 52.7
El Salvador 45.7 46.1 46.5 47.0 47.3
Nicaragua 45.8 53.5 53.9 52.4 56.6
Benin 46.0 44.2 49.3 44.2 47.8
Central African Republic 46.5 50.2 47.6 50.0 48.7
Ethiopia 46.6 53.6 57.1 54.0 57.9
Honduras 46.7 54.2 52.6 53.6 57.1
Bahamas, The 47.2 48.1 47.9 47.8 47.1
Sri Lanka 47.4 48.4 45.7 42.8 42.0
Grenada 47.6 52.0 58.8 52.8 49.1
Mexico 47.8 46.6 44.7 43.8 44.2
Lesotho 47.9 50.2 58.1 55.5 56.6
Moldova 49.3 48.5 45.1 50.1 47.6
Zambia 49.4 51.3 57.6 64.4 62.1
Yemen, Rep. 49.7 54.0 52.9 50.8 43.6
Guatemala 49.9 40.2 37.4 35.5 37.0
Ukraine 49.9 51.8 54.3 56.2 58.3
Korea, Rep. 50.1 50.4 56.1 55.0 52.6
Jamaica 50.3 52.6 43.4 57.4 50.6
Uzbekistan 50.7 47.5 48.3 44.6 46.0
Ghana 51.2 49.4 56.8 49.7 51.3
Comoros 51.7 43.7 38.7 48.3 49.2
Angola 51.9 49.5 48.3 42.2 42.9
Greece 52.4 60.0 59.6 57.1 58.8
Kazakhstan 52.5 50.9 56.6 53.5 54.5
Singapore 52.5 45.0 37.4 37.2 37.3
Jordan 53.3 48.0 48.3 49.7 48.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 53.4 56.7 59.9 62.5 68.6
Tunisia 53.4 54.9 53.6 52.7 52.9
Mauritius 54.0 52.0 51.8 51.5 54.2
Thailand 54.9 56.1 56.4 63.5 63.8
Argentina 55.1 53.9 54.0 53.6 51.7
Switzerland 55.1 55.4 56.9 57.7 58.3
Equatorial Guinea 55.2 77.4 72.9 51.2 65.9
Belize 55.5 52.6 57.5 56.1 57.1
Malaysia 55.6 55.8 58.5 57.4 59.5
St. Lucia 55.8 52.6 54.3 52.3 49.0
Swaziland 56.3 56.3 56.8 59.2 64.5
Peru 56.6 58.7 57.9 57.6 58.7
Uruguay 56.8 54.6 54.0 53.2 50.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 56.8 60.4 59.7 57.3 56.5
Maldives 57.0 57.6 57.7 57.6 49.8
Congo, Rep. 57.2 57.5 54.8 52.5 49.8
Botswana 57.8 62.2 72.2 75.4 64.1
Bolivia 58.1 60.1 59.3 62.8 60.1
Latvia 58.4 54.4 51.2 52.1 52.8
Macedonia, FYR 60.7 57.7 59.0 59.0 58.7
Turkey 61.1 62.9 68.1 70.7 71.9
Turkmenistan 61.2 81.8 73.4 72.7 70.4
Russian Federation 61.9 59.9 58.7 59.0 58.8
Netherlands 62.7 63.1 62.8 62.5 61.2
Palau 62.8 58.5 80.1 77.4 79.1
Barbados 65.4 65.8 67.6 68.8 66.1
Israel 66.0 64.0 63.2 64.6 62.9
Andorra 66.2 64.8 68.8 68.8 68.6
Panama 66.3 68.1 67.1 69.0 66.4
Bulgaria 66.3 60.9 58.4 61.3 62.1
Qatar 67.2 72.3 75.2 75.1 84.2
Mozambique 67.5 70.0 70.3 69.6 64.3
Portugal 67.6 66.6 67.0 68.6 68.7
Mauritania 67.7 66.5 59.9 66.6 63.6
Australia 68.4 66.8 66.3 66.9 66.1
Saudi Arabia 68.4 72.1 72.5 72.3 72.4
Bahrain 68.9 67.3 66.7 66.4 66.9
Antigua and Barbuda 69.3 69.0 67.3 68.4 67.0
Algeria 69.4 73.3 77.4 76.5 77.8
Montenegro 69.5 69.0 70.5 68.6 73.0
Malta 69.8 72.5 69.4 69.6 70.0
Dominica 69.9 69.0 67.7 67.3 66.1
Canada 70.0 70.4 70.0 69.5 70.2
Serbia 70.0 70.0 68.5 72.6 70.9
Djibouti 70.9 67.8 64.9 64.5 67.0
Poland 71.1 70.0 71.9 71.2 69.9
Finland 71.5 71.3 72.0 72.5 72.8
Spain 72.0 71.6 71.2 71.3 70.2
Hungary 72.4 70.7 69.0 70.2 71.1
Italy 72.7 74.2 75.9 75.9 76.2
Tonga 73.2 70.5 75.7 75.7 83.1
Namibia 73.3 68.9 56.2 58.0 57.1
Cabo Verde 73.7 73.3 75.4 75.3 75.0
Colombia 74.5 79.3 78.7 80.3 82.7
Belgium 74.6 74.6 75.4 73.8 75.2
Vanuatu 74.9 76.6 76.0 75.6 75.1
Lithuania 74.9 69.7 72.6 74.9 76.0
Bhutan 75.1 79.3 78.4 83.8 74.1
Ireland 75.3 75.1 75.6 76.4 76.8
Slovenia 75.7 74.0 73.3 73.4 71.6
Austria 75.7 75.6 75.1 74.8 74.5
Samoa 76.3 76.8 75.0 80.0 79.6
Belarus 76.5 75.5 71.5 70.5 73.8
United Arab Emirates 77.4 76.7 78.3 63.1 63.2
New Zealand 77.5 78.0 76.4 77.9 78.3
Brunei Darussalam 77.8 86.5 81.1 82.4 83.7
Costa Rica 78.5 78.6 75.2 75.8 75.3
France 79.4 79.4 79.4 79.7 77.8
Romania 79.7 81.2 81.1 82.2 84.8
Fiji 79.7 83.6 80.1 82.0 80.5
Kuwait 79.7 76.3 81.7 80.1 80.5
Germany 79.8 79.5 79.3 79.0 78.5
Estonia 80.3 77.4 78.6 77.1 76.8
United Kingdom 80.6 79.1 79.1 79.4 79.5
Japan 80.7 80.8 81.4 81.3 80.4
Guyana 81.5 84.7 84.1 84.7 85.2
Oman 81.7 81.8 82.1 83.5 82.9
Iceland 82.2 81.1 81.0 81.9 82.0
Papua New Guinea 82.4 81.7 82.8 78.6 80.2
Norway 82.5 83.6 83.5 83.7 83.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 83.3 82.3 81.0 82.2 82.1
Denmark 84.0 83.9 84.2 84.5 84.5
Seychelles 84.0 82.7 85.1 87.0 89.7
Mongolia 84.6 82.1 84.5 78.6 55.0
Marshall Islands 85.4 87.9 86.0 85.0 84.2
Sweden 85.7 84.9 81.1 81.4 82.0
San Marino 85.9 85.8 85.9 89.1 85.7
Croatia 87.3 86.1 83.3 80.0 82.6
Monaco 87.5 87.1 87.4 87.2 88.1
Slovak Republic 89.6 89.4 89.3 89.1 88.3
Luxembourg 89.8 85.1 84.3 85.5 84.2
Czech Republic 90.5 90.3 89.8 90.5 89.8
Cuba 91.2 90.8 90.4 88.1 89.5
Solomon Islands 93.2 94.3 95.6 95.6 92.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 93.6 93.9 94.4 93.9 94.9
Kiribati 95.4 94.9 95.4 95.3 95.1
Tuvalu 99.9 100.0 99.8 99.7 99.9
Puerto Rico
Guam
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
Liechtenstein
French Polynesia
Greenland
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa
Aruba
Afghanistan 6.7 6.5
Somalia
South Sudan
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Kosovo
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macao SAR, China
West Bank and Gaza
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
New Caledonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
Timor-Leste 67.9 59.9 59.6 68.9
Zimbabwe

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