Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.8 4.2 5.3 6.0 21.7
Iraq 6.3 4.8 4.5 2.5 45.4
Guinea-Bissau 25.3 10.5 9.6 22.1 23.0
Myanmar 11.0 14.2 12.5 15.3 12.4
Georgia 18.1 17.0 17.8 16.1 14.8
Armenia 28.4 18.2 26.8 25.2 27.3
Azerbaijan 18.4 18.6 18.9 17.7 12.6
Guinea 18.4 19.4 21.9 22.0 15.9
Tajikistan 26.8 20.4 20.7 20.2 20.4
Cambodia 18.2 20.5 20.1 23.1 32.1
Cameroon 18.8 21.0 24.2 26.7 27.0
Sierra Leone 18.7 21.5 19.5 19.2 17.7
Pakistan 19.5 21.7 21.0 29.2 24.5
Niger 23.2 23.6 24.8 27.3 24.8
Liberia 26.1 24.5 25.7 20.1 34.6
Nepal 30.0 24.6 29.3 28.8 27.3
India 28.0 26.0 23.9 23.2 22.8
Uganda 30.6 26.8 27.3 29.5 29.3
Sudan 19.7 27.1 27.0 27.6 28.9
Gambia, The 28.7 27.6 34.1 37.5 50.3
Haiti 30.0 27.7 26.2 25.8 29.8
Cote d'Ivoire 25.7 28.5 26.1 32.1 29.0
Togo 31.4 28.5 23.9 18.3 25.8
Morocco 28.8 29.4 32.2 26.0 26.6
Lebanon 27.1 29.5 34.2 37.2 37.6
Burundi 31.2 30.6 35.3 33.5 28.3
Vietnam 35.2 30.9 31.5 30.5 32.1
Ecuador 39.4 31.2 34.5 33.7 25.0
Mali 30.1 32.9 44.9 40.2 44.1
Nigeria 29.1 33.5 31.4 25.6 22.4
Dominican Republic 33.8 34.5 31.1 31.9 38.6
Lao PDR 31.0 35.1 27.3 26.8 25.8
Albania 43.3 36.1 38.2 34.8 35.9
Indonesia 34.6 36.1 43.2 38.1 40.1
China 40.9 38.3 35.6 35.8 36.2
Bangladesh 39.9 39.0 39.9 39.7 37.6
Eritrea 42.8 39.1 38.7 44.3 40.0
Rwanda 45.6 39.2 48.9 52.3 52.7
Burkina Faso 41.2 39.6 37.4 43.9 46.4
Paraguay 44.6 39.9 34.9 34.1 33.9
Guatemala 49.9 40.2 37.4 35.5 37.0
Gabon 34.8 40.3 41.1 35.0 41.5
Brazil 42.7 40.3 42.3 44.6 44.4
Syrian Arab Republic 38.4 40.4 44.2 45.8 48.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40.4 40.5 40.5 40.3 38.2
Senegal 38.8 40.9 42.9 38.5 38.7
South Africa 40.1 41.3 40.4 39.7 40.3
Venezuela, RB 37.0 41.5 40.7 39.3 38.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.4 41.6 43.7 44.0 45.8
Cyprus 42.7 41.7 42.4 45.0 45.1
Chad 33.9 42.5 39.8 31.0 46.8
United States 43.0 43.0 44.0 43.9 43.8
Sao Tome and Principe 45.4 43.2 36.9 36.4 51.2
Chile 41.5 43.3 42.8 42.5 38.5
Tanzania 43.3 43.4 45.5 44.6 49.5
Comoros 51.7 43.7 38.7 48.3 49.2
Benin 46.0 44.2 49.3 44.2 47.8
Kyrgyz Republic 42.2 44.3 41.1 39.5 37.9
Singapore 52.5 45.0 37.4 37.2 37.3
Trinidad and Tobago 44.4 45.4 50.6 53.0 50.7
Malawi 34.9 45.8 43.8 60.4 72.1
El Salvador 45.7 46.1 46.5 47.0 47.3
Kenya 39.8 46.3 44.7 42.8 43.4
Mexico 47.8 46.6 44.7 43.8 44.2
Uzbekistan 50.7 47.5 48.3 44.6 46.0
Philippines 44.2 47.6 44.2 40.0 40.2
Jordan 53.3 48.0 48.3 49.7 48.6
Bahamas, The 47.2 48.1 47.9 47.8 47.1
Sri Lanka 47.4 48.4 45.7 42.8 42.0
Moldova 49.3 48.5 45.1 50.1 47.6
Libya 45.3 49.1 54.8 67.0 66.5
Madagascar 43.5 49.3 52.6 50.0 46.7
Ghana 51.2 49.4 56.8 49.7 51.3
Angola 51.9 49.5 48.3 42.2 42.9
Central African Republic 46.5 50.2 47.6 50.0 48.7
Lesotho 47.9 50.2 58.1 55.5 56.6
Korea, Rep. 50.1 50.4 56.1 55.0 52.6
Kazakhstan 52.5 50.9 56.6 53.5 54.5
Zambia 49.4 51.3 57.6 64.4 62.1
Ukraine 49.9 51.8 54.3 56.2 58.3
Grenada 47.6 52.0 58.8 52.8 49.1
Mauritius 54.0 52.0 51.8 51.5 54.2
St. Lucia 55.8 52.6 54.3 52.3 49.0
Belize 55.5 52.6 57.5 56.1 57.1
Jamaica 50.3 52.6 43.4 57.4 50.6
Suriname 45.4 53.4 50.0 49.7 50.7
Nicaragua 45.8 53.5 53.9 52.4 56.6
Ethiopia 46.6 53.6 57.1 54.0 57.9
Argentina 55.1 53.9 54.0 53.6 51.7
Yemen, Rep. 49.7 54.0 52.9 50.8 43.6
Honduras 46.7 54.2 52.6 53.6 57.1
Latvia 58.4 54.4 51.2 52.1 52.8
Uruguay 56.8 54.6 54.0 53.2 50.8
Tunisia 53.4 54.9 53.6 52.7 52.9
Switzerland 55.1 55.4 56.9 57.7 58.3
Malaysia 55.6 55.8 58.5 57.4 59.5
Thailand 54.9 56.1 56.4 63.5 63.8
Swaziland 56.3 56.3 56.8 59.2 64.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 53.4 56.7 59.9 62.5 68.6
Congo, Rep. 57.2 57.5 54.8 52.5 49.8
Maldives 57.0 57.6 57.7 57.6 49.8
Macedonia, FYR 60.7 57.7 59.0 59.0 58.7
Palau 62.8 58.5 80.1 77.4 79.1
Peru 56.6 58.7 57.9 57.6 58.7
Russian Federation 61.9 59.9 58.7 59.0 58.8
Greece 52.4 60.0 59.6 57.1 58.8
Bolivia 58.1 60.1 59.3 62.8 60.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 56.8 60.4 59.7 57.3 56.5
Bulgaria 66.3 60.9 58.4 61.3 62.1
Botswana 57.8 62.2 72.2 75.4 64.1
Turkey 61.1 62.9 68.1 70.7 71.9
Netherlands 62.7 63.1 62.8 62.5 61.2
Israel 66.0 64.0 63.2 64.6 62.9
Andorra 66.2 64.8 68.8 68.8 68.6
Barbados 65.4 65.8 67.6 68.8 66.1
Mauritania 67.7 66.5 59.9 66.6 63.6
Portugal 67.6 66.6 67.0 68.6 68.7
Australia 68.4 66.8 66.3 66.9 66.1
Bahrain 68.9 67.3 66.7 66.4 66.9
Djibouti 70.9 67.8 64.9 64.5 67.0
Timor-Leste 67.9 59.9 59.6 68.9
Panama 66.3 68.1 67.1 69.0 66.4
Namibia 73.3 68.9 56.2 58.0 57.1
Dominica 69.9 69.0 67.7 67.3 66.1
Antigua and Barbuda 69.3 69.0 67.3 68.4 67.0
Montenegro 69.5 69.0 70.5 68.6 73.0
Lithuania 74.9 69.7 72.6 74.9 76.0
Mozambique 67.5 70.0 70.3 69.6 64.3
Serbia 70.0 70.0 68.5 72.6 70.9
Poland 71.1 70.0 71.9 71.2 69.9
Canada 70.0 70.4 70.0 69.5 70.2
Tonga 73.2 70.5 75.7 75.7 83.1
Hungary 72.4 70.7 69.0 70.2 71.1
Finland 71.5 71.3 72.0 72.5 72.8
Spain 72.0 71.6 71.2 71.3 70.2
Saudi Arabia 68.4 72.1 72.5 72.3 72.4
Qatar 67.2 72.3 75.2 75.1 84.2
Malta 69.8 72.5 69.4 69.6 70.0
Cabo Verde 73.7 73.3 75.4 75.3 75.0
Algeria 69.4 73.3 77.4 76.5 77.8
Slovenia 75.7 74.0 73.3 73.4 71.6
Italy 72.7 74.2 75.9 75.9 76.2
Belgium 74.6 74.6 75.4 73.8 75.2
Ireland 75.3 75.1 75.6 76.4 76.8
Belarus 76.5 75.5 71.5 70.5 73.8
Austria 75.7 75.6 75.1 74.8 74.5
Kuwait 79.7 76.3 81.7 80.1 80.5
Vanuatu 74.9 76.6 76.0 75.6 75.1
United Arab Emirates 77.4 76.7 78.3 63.1 63.2
Samoa 76.3 76.8 75.0 80.0 79.6
Equatorial Guinea 55.2 77.4 72.9 51.2 65.9
Estonia 80.3 77.4 78.6 77.1 76.8
New Zealand 77.5 78.0 76.4 77.9 78.3
Costa Rica 78.5 78.6 75.2 75.8 75.3
United Kingdom 80.6 79.1 79.1 79.4 79.5
Bhutan 75.1 79.3 78.4 83.8 74.1
Colombia 74.5 79.3 78.7 80.3 82.7
France 79.4 79.4 79.4 79.7 77.8
Germany 79.8 79.5 79.3 79.0 78.5
Japan 80.7 80.8 81.4 81.3 80.4
Iceland 82.2 81.1 81.0 81.9 82.0
Romania 79.7 81.2 81.1 82.2 84.8
Papua New Guinea 82.4 81.7 82.8 78.6 80.2
Oman 81.7 81.8 82.1 83.5 82.9
Turkmenistan 61.2 81.8 73.4 72.7 70.4
Mongolia 84.6 82.1 84.5 78.6 55.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 83.3 82.3 81.0 82.2 82.1
Seychelles 84.0 82.7 85.1 87.0 89.7
Norway 82.5 83.6 83.5 83.7 83.6
Fiji 79.7 83.6 80.1 82.0 80.5
Denmark 84.0 83.9 84.2 84.5 84.5
Guyana 81.5 84.7 84.1 84.7 85.2
Sweden 85.7 84.9 81.1 81.4 82.0
Luxembourg 89.8 85.1 84.3 85.5 84.2
San Marino 85.9 85.8 85.9 89.1 85.7
Croatia 87.3 86.1 83.3 80.0 82.6
Brunei Darussalam 77.8 86.5 81.1 82.4 83.7
Monaco 87.5 87.1 87.4 87.2 88.1
Marshall Islands 85.4 87.9 86.0 85.0 84.2
Slovak Republic 89.6 89.4 89.3 89.1 88.3
Czech Republic 90.5 90.3 89.8 90.5 89.8
Cuba 91.2 90.8 90.4 88.1 89.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 93.6 93.9 94.4 93.9 94.9
Solomon Islands 93.2 94.3 95.6 95.6 92.2
Kiribati 95.4 94.9 95.4 95.3 95.1
Tuvalu 99.9 100.0 99.8 99.7 99.9
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
American Samoa
New Caledonia
Curacao
South Sudan
French Polynesia
Greenland
Somalia
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Aruba
Northern Mariana Islands
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
Kosovo
West Bank and Gaza
Macao SAR, China
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Afghanistan 6.7 6.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Zimbabwe

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