Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Afghanistan 6.7 6.5 10.5
Myanmar 14.2 12.5 15.3 12.4 13.6
Azerbaijan 18.6 18.9 17.7 12.6 13.0
Georgia 17.0 17.8 16.1 14.8 15.3
Tajikistan 20.4 20.7 20.2 20.4 18.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.1 5.4 6.2 21.9 21.5
Nigeria 33.5 31.4 25.6 22.4 32.7
Guinea-Bissau 10.5 9.6 22.1 23.0 16.4
India 27.0 24.8 24.2 23.9 21.9
Sierra Leone 28.7 26.4 26.0 24.1 23.2
Pakistan 21.7 21.0 29.2 24.5 25.9
Lao PDR 35.1 27.3 26.8 25.8 17.6
Togo 28.5 23.9 18.3 25.8 28.6
Uganda 27.1 27.3 27.1 25.8 25.5
Morocco 29.4 32.2 26.0 26.6 27.4
Ecuador 31.2 34.5 30.9 27.0 28.0
Cameroon 21.0 24.2 26.7 27.0 24.4
Armenia 18.2 26.8 25.2 27.3 25.5
Nepal 24.6 29.3 28.8 27.3 26.7
Niger 26.2 27.5 30.0 27.4 28.6
Burundi 30.6 35.3 33.5 28.4 37.2
Cote d'Ivoire 29.6 26.7 31.8 28.8 28.0
Sudan 27.2 27.0 27.6 28.9 32.1
Haiti 27.7 26.2 25.8 29.8 36.2
Dominican Republic 34.5 31.1 31.9 31.4 30.9
Vietnam 30.9 31.5 30.5 32.1 27.4
Paraguay 39.9 34.9 34.1 33.9 36.5
Guatemala 38.5 33.3 33.0 34.5 34.2
Liberia 24.5 25.7 20.1 34.6 27.5
Cambodia 22.2 22.1 25.0 35.1 36.1
Albania 36.1 38.2 34.8 35.9 42.0
China 38.3 35.6 35.8 36.2 38.0
Chile 36.1 39.6 38.7 36.3 37.7
Singapore 45.0 37.4 37.2 37.1 32.5
Lebanon 29.5 34.2 37.2 37.6 38.2
Kyrgyz Republic 44.3 41.1 39.5 37.9 40.8
Guinea 31.7 34.8 34.9 38.1 28.0
Venezuela, RB 41.5 40.7 39.3 38.1 41.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40.5 40.5 40.3 38.2 38.1
Senegal 40.9 42.9 38.5 38.7 37.3
Bangladesh 40.7 41.5 41.2 38.9 39.8
Eritrea 39.1 38.7 44.3 40.0 41.9
Indonesia 36.1 43.2 38.1 40.1 39.5
Philippines 47.6 44.2 40.0 40.2 40.4
South Africa 41.3 40.4 39.7 40.3 36.6
Moldova 48.5 22.0 34.5 40.7 49.3
Zambia 47.4 49.2 50.4 41.1 49.9
Gabon 40.5 41.3 35.2 41.7 43.5
Sri Lanka 48.4 45.7 42.8 42.0 46.2
Angola 49.5 48.3 42.2 42.9 47.9
Kenya 46.3 44.7 42.8 43.4 41.9
Yemen, Rep. 54.0 52.9 50.8 43.6 37.9
United States 43.0 44.0 43.9 43.7 44.1
Mali 32.9 44.9 40.2 44.1 49.2
Mexico 46.6 44.7 43.8 44.2 45.2
Brazil 40.3 42.3 44.6 44.4 47.0
Cyprus 41.7 42.4 45.0 45.1 43.8
Iraq 4.8 4.5 2.5 45.4 72.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 41.6 43.7 44.0 45.8 43.5
Uzbekistan 47.5 48.3 44.6 46.0 44.2
Burkina Faso 39.6 37.4 43.9 46.4 53.7
Chad 42.5 39.8 31.0 46.8 41.2
Madagascar 49.6 52.9 50.3 47.0 49.3
Bahamas, The 48.1 47.9 47.8 47.1 47.8
El Salvador 45.2 45.4 46.6 47.3 49.8
Benin 44.2 49.3 44.2 47.8 47.7
Mauritania 52.6 43.1 53.7 47.9 52.2
Syrian Arab Republic 40.4 44.2 45.8 48.2 48.0
Jordan 48.0 48.3 49.7 48.6 51.8
Central African Republic 50.2 47.7 50.0 48.8 45.4
St. Lucia 52.6 54.3 52.3 49.0 48.4
Comoros 43.7 38.7 48.3 49.2 51.6
Tanzania 43.4 45.5 44.6 49.5 44.4
Maldives 57.6 57.7 57.6 49.8 52.8
Congo, Rep. 57.5 54.8 52.5 49.8 53.6
Gambia, The 34.2 41.9 37.5 50.3 57.8
Jamaica 52.6 43.4 57.4 50.6 56.7
Ghana 50.0 57.5 49.7 50.6 60.6
Suriname 53.4 50.0 49.7 50.7 48.4
Trinidad and Tobago 45.4 50.6 53.0 50.7 49.8
Uruguay 54.6 54.0 53.2 50.8 49.5
Sao Tome and Principe 43.2 36.9 36.4 51.2 46.6
Argentina 53.9 54.0 53.6 51.7 51.5
Grenada 52.0 58.8 52.8 51.8 51.6
Korea, Rep. 49.0 55.3 54.2 52.2 52.6
Rwanda 39.2 48.8 52.3 52.7 46.1
Mauritius 52.1 51.8 51.5 52.8 54.7
Latvia 54.4 51.2 52.1 52.8 56.6
Tunisia 54.9 53.6 52.7 52.9 51.8
Kazakhstan 50.9 56.6 53.5 54.5 58.1
Mongolia 82.1 84.5 78.6 55.0 56.1
Ethiopia 54.6 52.3 53.9 55.1 56.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 60.4 59.7 57.3 56.5 53.4
Lesotho 50.2 58.1 55.5 56.6 56.5
Nicaragua 53.5 53.9 52.4 56.6 55.3
Namibia 68.9 56.2 58.0 57.1 49.6
Honduras 54.2 52.6 53.6 57.1 53.3
Belize 52.6 57.5 56.1 57.1 57.1
Ukraine 51.8 54.3 56.2 58.3 58.6
Switzerland 55.4 56.9 57.7 58.3 58.4
Peru 56.4 56.8 57.2 58.5 56.7
Macedonia, FYR 57.7 59.0 59.0 58.7 59.7
Russian Federation 59.9 58.7 59.0 58.8 59.6
Malaysia 55.8 58.6 57.6 59.7 56.6
Greece 60.0 60.8 58.0 59.8 59.1
Bolivia 60.1 59.3 62.8 60.1 62.5
Netherlands 63.1 62.8 62.5 61.2 59.8
Israel 62.6 62.0 63.2 61.7 60.9
Bulgaria 60.9 58.4 61.3 62.1 60.8
United Arab Emirates 76.7 78.3 63.1 63.2 59.1
Antigua and Barbuda 67.1 65.3 65.7 63.7 62.9
Thailand 56.1 56.4 63.5 63.8 64.9
Botswana 62.2 72.2 75.4 64.1 70.1
Mozambique 70.0 70.3 69.6 64.3 59.6
Swaziland 56.3 57.4 59.2 65.2 63.3
Barbados 65.8 67.6 68.8 66.1 65.1
Australia 66.9 66.3 67.0 66.2 66.8
Libya 48.7 54.5 66.9 66.2 65.8
Panama 68.1 67.1 69.0 66.4 70.3
Bahrain 67.3 66.7 66.4 66.9 67.4
Djibouti 67.8 64.9 64.5 67.0 68.0
Equatorial Guinea 79.3 74.9 54.2 68.5 56.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 56.7 59.9 62.5 68.6 57.2
Andorra 64.8 68.8 68.8 68.6 69.2
Portugal 66.6 67.0 68.6 68.7 68.1
Dominica 70.7 70.1 69.8 69.1 68.8
Malta 72.5 69.0 70.3 69.7 69.5
Poland 70.0 71.9 71.2 69.9 68.6
Canada 70.4 70.0 69.5 70.2 70.3
Spain 71.6 71.2 71.3 70.2 70.5
Turkmenistan 81.5 72.8 72.8 70.3 60.0
Serbia 67.2 68.0 71.9 70.9 68.8
Hungary 70.7 69.0 70.2 71.1 69.6
Turkey 62.9 68.1 70.7 71.9 71.2
Slovenia 74.0 73.3 73.4 72.0 73.5
Malawi 45.8 43.8 60.4 72.1 73.1
Saudi Arabia 72.1 72.5 72.3 72.4 71.6
Finland 71.3 72.0 72.5 72.8 73.3
Belgium 74.6 75.4 73.8 73.1 73.9
Belarus 75.5 71.5 70.5 73.8 74.7
Bhutan 79.3 78.4 83.8 74.1 72.5
Austria 75.6 75.1 74.8 74.5 74.7
Montenegro 71.0 72.4 70.6 74.8 73.8
Cabo Verde 73.3 75.4 75.3 75.0 74.9
Vanuatu 76.6 76.0 75.6 75.1 74.0
Costa Rica 78.6 75.2 75.8 75.3 72.5
Lithuania 69.7 72.6 74.9 76.0 67.6
Italy 74.2 75.9 75.9 76.2 77.4
Ireland 74.1 74.4 75.5 76.7 76.3
Estonia 77.2 78.6 77.1 76.7 75.5
Algeria 73.3 77.4 76.5 77.8 72.4
France 79.4 79.4 79.7 77.9 77.9
New Zealand 78.0 76.4 77.9 78.3 79.6
Germany 79.5 79.3 79.0 78.5 76.8
Palau 58.5 80.1 77.4 79.1 80.3
United Kingdom 79.1 79.1 79.4 79.3 81.4
Guyana 84.7 84.1 84.7 79.5 79.4
Samoa 76.8 75.0 80.0 79.6 81.9
Papua New Guinea 81.7 82.8 78.6 80.2 81.8
Japan 80.8 81.4 81.3 80.4 80.8
Kuwait 76.3 81.7 80.1 80.5 80.0
Fiji 83.6 80.1 82.0 80.5 79.9
Iceland 81.1 81.0 81.9 81.7 81.2
Sweden 84.9 81.1 81.4 82.0 81.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 82.3 81.0 82.2 82.1 81.2
Croatia 86.1 83.3 80.0 82.6 81.1
Colombia 79.3 78.7 80.3 82.7 76.0
Oman 81.8 82.1 83.5 82.9 81.9
Tonga 70.5 75.7 75.7 83.1 83.1
Brunei Darussalam 86.5 81.1 82.4 83.7 83.7
Norway 82.5 83.6 83.5 83.7 83.6
Luxembourg 85.1 84.3 85.5 84.2 84.8
Qatar 72.3 75.2 75.1 84.2 84.2
Marshall Islands 87.9 86.0 85.0 84.2 84.6
Denmark 83.9 84.2 84.5 84.5 84.3
Romania 81.2 81.1 82.2 84.8 75.0
San Marino 85.8 85.9 89.1 85.7 86.6
Monaco 87.1 87.4 87.2 88.1 88.1
Slovak Republic 89.4 89.3 89.1 88.3 73.8
Seychelles 82.0 84.4 86.4 89.3 91.5
Cuba 90.8 90.4 88.1 89.5 89.1
Czech Republic 90.3 89.8 90.5 89.8 89.2
Solomon Islands 94.3 95.6 95.6 92.2 91.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 93.9 94.4 93.9 94.9 95.3
Kiribati 94.9 95.4 95.3 95.1 95.3
Timor-Leste 65.7 59.9 59.6 95.9 96.5
Tuvalu 100.0 99.8 99.7 99.9 99.9
Isle of Man
Macao SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Puerto Rico
Guam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Somalia
Middle East (developing only)
Hong Kong SAR, China
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
French Polynesia
New Caledonia
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Zimbabwe

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