Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 23.5 26.8 30.2 36.5 36.1
Algeria 74.7 71.0 70.3 69.4 73.3
American Samoa
Andorra 69.5 69.9 74.0 68.7 68.8
Angola 61.8 58.0 42.4 63.1 60.2
Antigua and Barbuda 63.9 65.9 68.2 69.3 67.6
Argentina 57.7 54.5 54.2 55.1 53.9
Armenia 28.0 24.4 28.6 28.4 18.2
Aruba
Australia 65.2 66.9 66.4 68.4 66.8
Austria 74.5 74.9 74.8 75.1 74.9
Azerbaijan 24.3 22.5 16.6 18.4 18.6
Bahamas, The 40.1 42.5 45.5 47.2 48.1
Bahrain 68.1 70.1 66.8 67.8 67.3
Bangladesh 34.8 43.0 41.5 40.8 40.7
Barbados 68.3 65.2 65.4 65.4 65.8
Belarus 75.3 82.3 77.0 76.5 75.5
Belgium 78.2 75.4 74.8 74.6 74.6
Belize 56.4 57.7 56.8 55.5 52.6
Benin 44.3 42.1 44.2 46.0 44.2
Bermuda
Bhutan 78.0 76.0 74.9 72.9 77.0
Bolivia 64.3 64.0 61.2 58.1 57.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 47.0 43.1 40.9 53.1 56.9
Botswana 52.6 56.6 56.5 57.8 62.4
Brazil 40.3 43.0 42.6 42.7 40.3
Brunei Darussalam 81.0 80.8 83.5 83.4 85.1
Bulgaria 69.6 71.7 69.9 66.3 60.9
Burkina Faso 37.7 40.3 39.2 41.6 39.9
Burundi 33.2 27.5 27.7 28.2 28.2
Cabo Verde 81.7 81.6 75.0 73.7 73.3
Cambodia 35.6 31.8 22.5 21.2 22.8
Cameroon 17.3 21.1 17.7 18.8 20.8
Canada 70.8 70.1 70.6 70.0 70.4
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 45.0 33.9 37.8 46.0 49.6
Chad 36.2 35.3 30.7 33.9 42.5
Chile 47.2 47.1 48.1 49.9 52.1
China 46.6 44.2 41.8 40.9 38.3
Colombia 62.1 62.5 69.9 74.5 79.3
Comoros 60.6 57.5 54.0 50.8 42.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 5.7 4.2 6.5 3.1
Congo, Rep. 60.1 61.7 59.3 57.2 57.5
Costa Rica 76.2 76.2 79.0 78.5 78.8
Cote d'Ivoire 27.5 28.4 25.9 27.6 29.8
Croatia 87.6 84.5 87.0 87.3 86.1
Cuba 90.5 90.7 90.6 91.2 90.8
Curacao
Cyprus 34.1 35.2 41.9 42.7 41.7
Czech Republic 90.7 90.3 90.4 90.5 90.3
Denmark 82.4 82.3 82.1 84.0 83.9
Djibouti 58.4 61.6 66.2 70.9 67.8
Dominica 71.9 72.9 72.4 71.8 70.7
Dominican Republic 24.7 28.2 33.1 35.3 37.1
Ecuador 58.9 53.5 39.1 36.1 26.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 41.6 38.7 40.0 40.4 40.5
El Salvador 41.0 39.0 43.7 44.7 46.5
Equatorial Guinea 61.5 70.7 71.4 69.7 79.3
Eritrea 37.3 42.2 43.1 42.8 39.1
Estonia 88.4 89.2 86.3 77.5 77.2
Ethiopia 38.1 40.9 43.8 46.6 54.6
Faroe Islands
Fiji 80.8 81.9 81.8 79.7 83.6
Finland 71.6 72.1 72.5 71.5 71.3
France 79.6 79.6 79.5 79.4 79.4
French Polynesia
Gabon 37.9 39.7 40.8 34.5 40.0
Gambia, The 26.6 29.6 33.8 35.2 34.2
Georgia 11.7 18.7 18.3 18.1 17.0
Germany 81.9 80.6 80.0 79.7 79.2
Ghana 58.6 47.9 54.9 51.7 50.0
Greece 53.0 52.8 52.1 53.4 60.0
Greenland
Grenada 43.4 43.5 42.9 47.6 52.0
Guam
Guatemala 38.2 41.1 43.7 42.5 36.3
Guinea 24.6 24.7 28.0 30.3 31.7
Guinea-Bissau 30.3 33.5 31.3 25.3 10.5
Guyana 81.7 82.9 81.9 81.5 84.7
Haiti 38.1 39.4 33.9 30.0 27.7
Honduras 49.6 48.6 51.9 46.7 54.2
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 81.6 81.3 74.8 72.4 70.7
Iceland 83.3 82.1 80.6 82.4 81.3
India 25.8 25.2 25.7 28.1 26.1
Indonesia 36.6 35.2 34.4 34.8 36.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 47.4 48.5 48.5 42.4 41.6
Iraq 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 4.7
Ireland 71.5 74.9 74.7 75.3 74.1
Isle of Man
Israel 69.0 68.0 64.2 64.3 62.6
Italy 70.7 70.8 70.2 70.6 72.1
Jamaica 60.4 56.2 61.7 53.8 55.4
Japan 82.3 81.3 80.7 80.5 80.8
Jordan 61.1 57.0 56.9 53.3 48.0
Kazakhstan 63.5 64.3 64.0 52.5 50.9
Kenya 40.1 38.8 44.4 39.8 46.3
Kiribati 95.6 96.0 95.2 95.8 93.4
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 40.4 43.0 47.8 48.5 49.0
Kuwait 79.4 79.9 79.0 79.4 76.0
Kyrgyz Republic 44.2 48.9 43.2 42.2 44.3
Lao PDR 49.8 45.0 34.1 29.5 33.1
Latvia 57.8 55.8 59.2 58.4 54.4
Lebanon 37.1 38.7 27.5 27.1 29.5
Lesotho 50.4 46.4 47.8 47.9 50.2
Liberia 24.6 26.1 24.5
Libya 49.6 51.8 48.3 45.3 48.7
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 70.4 72.5 76.0 74.9 69.7
Luxembourg 92.8 92.5 92.4 89.8 85.1
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 59.7 61.1 65.0 60.7 56.2
Madagascar 42.4 44.9 43.5 44.9 50.6
Malawi 27.4 31.1 34.2 34.9 45.8
Malaysia 57.7 55.2 55.5 55.5 55.8
Maldives 56.6 55.5 61.9 64.4 64.0
Mali 39.6 36.1 34.5 30.1 32.9
Malta 67.6 70.2 68.9 68.3 69.4
Marshall Islands 85.7 86.4 85.4 85.4 87.9
Mauritania 35.5 38.1 45.1 54.4 52.7
Mauritius 54.0 54.2 54.7 54.0 52.1
Mexico 41.4 44.7 46.0 47.8 46.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 94.3 93.5 93.0 93.2 93.3
Moldova 65.3 64.3 56.2 49.3 48.5
Monaco 89.6 89.2 88.1 87.5 87.1
Mongolia 85.5 84.0 86.2 84.6 77.8
Montenegro 69.9 70.2 70.0 69.5 71.0
Morocco 32.8 28.9 30.1 28.8 29.4
Mozambique 60.7 63.8 65.7 67.5 70.0
Myanmar 15.8 14.6 10.6 11.0 14.2
Namibia 72.2 72.0 72.4 73.3 68.9
Nepal 26.2 26.8 38.6 30.0 24.9
Netherlands 66.2 67.8 64.1 62.7 63.1
New Caledonia
New Zealand 76.7 77.3 77.0 77.5 78.0
Nicaragua 59.2 48.9 49.3 45.8 53.5
Niger 20.4 25.0 25.0 24.9 25.4
Nigeria 20.6 24.6 26.1 29.1 33.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 84.2 81.3 82.2 82.6 82.5
Oman 83.9 82.9 81.6 81.7 81.8
Pakistan 27.8 25.6 20.8 19.6 21.8
Palau 75.0 74.2 71.1 67.6 67.1
Panama 64.4 68.5 66.7 66.3 68.1
Papua New Guinea 83.5 81.8 83.1 82.4 81.7
Paraguay 40.3 39.2 44.9 44.6 39.9
Peru 54.2 51.7 56.4 57.1 56.4
Philippines 41.0 43.1 42.9 44.2 47.6
Poland 73.4 72.0 65.4 71.1 70.0
Portugal 65.3 65.7 67.1 67.6 67.7
Puerto Rico
Qatar 67.6 68.3 66.5 67.2 72.3
Romania 73.2 79.4 75.6 79.7 81.2
Russian Federation 71.4 70.8 65.1 61.9 59.9
Rwanda 42.3 42.0 50.4 45.6 39.2
Samoa 72.1 71.9 76.0 76.3 77.5
San Marino 85.9 89.9 90.1 90.9 91.1
Sao Tome and Principe 27.8 35.3 39.5 45.4 43.2
Saudi Arabia 55.1 57.9 58.7 68.4 72.1
Senegal 36.3 32.6 33.1 38.8 40.9
Serbia 65.6 65.5 65.0 64.6 65.4
Seychelles 87.8 86.5 84.6 85.5 82.0
Sierra Leone 19.5 21.7 18.7 25.2 25.6
Singapore 48.7 48.1 53.6 52.5 45.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 88.7 91.7 91.6 89.6 89.4
Slovenia 76.2 75.0 75.5 75.7 74.0
Solomon Islands 92.2 92.8 92.9 93.2 94.3
Somalia
South Africa 45.3 43.7 42.2 40.2 40.8
South Sudan
Spain 72.4 72.5 72.2 72.0 71.6
Sri Lanka 46.6 45.5 50.6 47.8 48.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 52.3 52.5 54.2 50.9 48.4
St. Lucia 50.1 47.1 60.1 55.7 52.0
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 55.9 52.2 49.7 53.5 82.3
Sudan 25.1 21.1 23.0 20.0 27.5
Suriname 42.4 56.2 63.9 58.3 58.2
Swaziland 56.6 54.9 52.3 56.3 56.3
Sweden 86.9 85.8 85.8 85.7 84.9
Switzerland 54.5 55.0 54.7 55.1 55.4
Syrian Arab Republic 35.5 35.4 38.3 38.4 40.4
Tajikistan 41.8 44.1 32.1 26.8 20.4
Tanzania 42.3 40.6 39.7 41.9 43.4
Thailand 51.5 58.0 59.3 59.5 60.7
Timor-Leste 37.5
Togo 36.8 32.6 38.9 35.5 32.7
Tonga 66.4 67.9 68.0 73.2 70.5
Trinidad and Tobago 50.4 51.2 46.7 49.8 46.9
Tunisia 55.0 52.5 54.1 53.4 54.9
Turkey 69.2 71.6 71.9 61.1 62.9
Turkmenistan 72.2 70.1 69.6 61.5 81.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu 99.0 97.9 98.3 98.7 99.8
Uganda 24.9 25.8 30.6 26.8 27.1
Ukraine 69.9 61.2 53.6 49.9 51.8
United Arab Emirates 79.3 78.3 71.1 70.7 70.5
United Kingdom 82.9 80.4 80.4 80.6 79.6
United States 45.2 45.0 43.7 43.2 43.3
Uruguay 32.0 31.1 29.0 37.6 34.7
Uzbekistan 51.9 48.4 46.7 50.7 47.5
Vanuatu 76.0 81.1 84.3 82.0 83.4
Venezuela, RB 31.4 34.2 33.0 37.3 44.1
Vietnam 32.3 32.9 35.2 35.2 30.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 40.0 44.6 46.7 49.7 54.0
Zambia 41.4 41.2 44.4 46.2 51.9
Zimbabwe 62.3

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