Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Nigeria 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
Ghana 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Gambia, The 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Equatorial Guinea 5.4 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Ethiopia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Libya 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Tajikistan 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
Sudan 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Mauritania 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3
Central African Republic 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
Korea, Rep. 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Guatemala 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.4
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
India 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
Botswana 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Bahrain 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Peru 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Djibouti 4.0 4.0 4.6 5.5 6.2
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0
Madagascar 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
San Marino 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
Barbados 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Malawi 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Bulgaria 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Nepal 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Zambia 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Seychelles 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
Dominica 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.8
Niger 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Cambodia 5.3 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Andorra 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
United Kingdom 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
Uganda 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8
Chile 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5
New Zealand 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Uzbekistan 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2
Albania 9.6 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6 6.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
El Salvador 6.4 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5 9.4
Norway 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
Canada 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Macedonia, FYR 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
Greece 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
Sierra Leone 11.0 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9
United States 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Faeroe Islands
Puerto Rico
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Macao SAR, China
French Polynesia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Somalia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Liechtenstein
St. Martin (French part)
Timor-Leste
Isle of Man
Afghanistan
Aruba
Taiwan, China
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liberia 5.9 6.0
American Samoa
Curacao
Zimbabwe

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