Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Iraq 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4
Indonesia 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5
Myanmar 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3
Congo, Rep. 3.1 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6
Qatar 2.9 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6
Equatorial Guinea 2.5 2.4 1.5 1.8 2.0
Kuwait 3.7 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2
Singapore 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.9 3.6
Bangladesh 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.0
Gabon 3.5 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8
Malaysia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 4.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1
Pakistan 3.7 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9
Oman 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2
Philippines 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2
Monaco 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9
Lao PDR 3.7 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9
Tanzania 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7
Angola 4.1 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9
Sudan 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8
Thailand 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Libya 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.9 4.1
Comoros 3.8 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6
Algeria 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6
Bahrain 4.1 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7
Vanuatu 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7
Ecuador 4.0 3.6 4.0 4.8 6.7
Sri Lanka 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9
Mauritius 3.4 3.7 3.8 4.2 3.9
Fiji 3.1 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.8
Belize 3.7 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5
Papua New Guinea 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1
Antigua and Barbuda 4.0 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.4
Trinidad and Tobago 4.3 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1
Yemen, Rep. 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0
Kazakhstan 4.4 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7
Morocco 4.0 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3
Rwanda 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3
Saudi Arabia 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0
India 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3
Central African Republic 3.9 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.3 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7
Ethiopia 3.9 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.9
Korea, Rep. 4.3 4.3 5.0 4.8 5.2
Benin 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6
Romania 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3
Cameroon 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.6 3.8 4.2
Eritrea 4.7 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.2
Solomon Islands 3.8 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7
Nigeria 5.6 4.6 4.8 3.9 7.5
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8
Senegal 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4
Tajikistan 3.9 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Mongolia 4.0 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4
Azerbaijan 5.4 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6
Kyrgyz Republic 5.3 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4
Kenya 4.2 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Peru 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5
Botswana 3.8 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3
Tonga 5.1 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.2 4.8 4.3 4.2 5.1
Ghana 5.1 4.8 5.6 4.8 4.8
Cabo Verde 4.6 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0
Seychelles 5.3 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.8
Syrian Arab Republic 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1
Guinea-Bissau 5.8 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8
Turkey 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3
Dominica 5.9 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Madagascar 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8
Nepal 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.4
Mexico 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8
Burkina Faso 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5
Timor-Leste 5.1 6.2 6.1 7.5
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6
Swaziland 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.8
Estonia 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9
Vietnam 4.9 5.3 5.6 5.1 5.2
San Marino 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.5 5.1
Uzbekistan 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2
Togo 4.7 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6
Nicaragua 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1
Tunisia 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4
Russian Federation 5.8 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6
Jamaica 4.7 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6
Slovak Republic 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8
Poland 5.7 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2
St. Lucia 5.5 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2
Ukraine 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9
Guatemala 4.9 5.6 6.4 6.2 6.4
Zambia 5.8 5.6 6.0 6.7 6.7
Guinea 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.1 4.9
Venezuela, RB 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9
Djibouti 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2
Cyprus 5.6 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8
Guyana 4.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6
Colombia 8.7 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9
Liberia 6.0 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 4.8 6.0 5.4
Latvia 6.4 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2
Samoa 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1
Haiti 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3
Cuba 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3
Bolivia 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6
Malawi 6.5 6.1 5.1 4.8 6.3
Ireland 6.1 6.1 6.7 7.0 7.3
Namibia 7.0 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5
Belarus 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6
Mozambique 5.3 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4
Bulgaria 6.0 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6
Andorra 6.0 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.8
Armenia 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6
Chad 5.9 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8
Barbados 6.1 6.3 6.7 7.4 7.1
Mali 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2
Burundi 5.6 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.2
Czech Republic 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1
Cambodia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.4 7.3
Dominican Republic 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.5
Albania 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2
Niger 6.9 6.4 7.4 7.0 6.8
Lithuania 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5
Cote d'Ivoire 6.9 6.5 5.2 4.7 5.1
Malta 6.4 6.6 7.0 7.9 8.2
Grenada 7.8 6.6 7.6 6.6 6.2
Honduras 6.2 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3
Uganda 6.7 6.6 7.2 7.5 7.6
Moldova 5.9 6.7 7.1 8.1 8.3
Bhutan 6.7 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1
Lesotho 6.8 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1
Georgia 6.3 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5
United Kingdom 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.8
Maldives 6.6 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0
Costa Rica 6.8 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.9 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0
Brazil 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0
Hungary 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6
Spain 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2
Finland 7.4 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.9 7.8 7.7
Serbia 7.4 7.4 7.6 8.9 8.8
Luxembourg 5.8 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7
Montenegro 7.5 7.5 8.5 8.6 9.1
Japan 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
New Zealand 7.5 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.9
Chile 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.1
Croatia 7.3 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4
Panama 6.9 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.6 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5
Italy 7.6 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2
Greece 8.6 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9
Kiribati 8.8 7.9 8.8 8.8 9.6
Netherlands 8.1 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8
Australia 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3
Paraguay 6.8 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1
El Salvador 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.3
Belgium 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.5 10.0
Sweden 8.2 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3
Slovenia 7.8 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.6
South Africa 8.9 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6
Denmark 9.0 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5
Macedonia, FYR 8.8 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3
Suriname 6.8 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6
Canada 8.9 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.8
Sao Tome and Principe 8.5 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8
Norway 10.1 9.1 9.8 10.4 10.6
Argentina 9.4 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2
Portugal 7.9 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7
Iceland 9.6 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.6
Jordan 9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2
Switzerland 10.0 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9
Austria 10.2 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3
France 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8
Germany 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.3
Tuvalu 9.0 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7
Palau 11.1 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3
United States 13.5 13.6 14.2 15.1 15.6
Sierra Leone 15.9 18.4 16.0 16.0 15.5
Marshall Islands 18.7 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Greenland
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Somalia
South Sudan
Curacao
Guam
Macao SAR, China
French Polynesia
Liechtenstein
Afghanistan 8.9 10.0
Faeroe Islands
Kosovo
Cayman Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Zimbabwe

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