Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Iraq 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 2.7 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.4
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.3
Indonesia 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4
Singapore 2.7 2.4 2.8 3.6 3.2
Congo, Rep. 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5
Qatar 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.4 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.3
Pakistan 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.8
Comoros 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0
Bangladesh 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.0
Philippines 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2
Oman 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Nigeria 2.8 3.2 2.4 4.0 4.3
Fiji 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6
Gabon 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.4
Thailand 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5
Monaco 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0
Malaysia 3.0 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.7
Kazakhstan 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0
Tanzania 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.4
Sudan 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.1
Ghana 3.0 3.6 3.0 3.1 4.0
Eritrea 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.2 2.9
Kuwait 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.7
Timor-Leste 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.3 1.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7
Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.1
Vanuatu 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5
Gambia, The 3.6 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.4
Sri Lanka 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.2
Bahrain 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5
Algeria 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Mauritius 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.3
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.9 4.0
Central African Republic 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.1
Ecuador 3.6 4.0 4.6 5.3 5.1
Libya 3.4 4.1 4.6 4.1 3.5
Lao PDR 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9 4.6
Mauritania 5.2 4.3 5.3 4.5 4.7
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9
Ethiopia 4.4 4.3 4.8 4.7 4.3
Romania 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4
Rwanda 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3 6.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2
Morocco 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Seychelles 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.7 4.2
Azerbaijan 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.7
Belize 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3
Papua New Guinea 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.6
India 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6
China 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7
Tajikistan 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 5.1
Mongolia 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4 7.0
Kenya 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Cameroon 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.6
Benin 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6
Kyrgyz Republic 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6
Dominica 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.4
Estonia 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5
Burkina Faso 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5 6.1
San Marino 5.1 5.0 6.3 4.9 5.1
Senegal 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7
Peru 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.6
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.8
Korea, Rep. 4.4 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.2
Guinea-Bissau 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8 5.3
Malawi 6.1 5.1 3.7 4.8 5.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7
Jamaica 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.8
Swaziland 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9
Cote d'Ivoire 6.2 5.1 4.8 5.2 5.6
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0
Togo 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.9
Turkey 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4
Vietnam 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.8 5.1
Botswana 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3 4.9
Cabo Verde 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1
Tunisia 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6
Maldives 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0 5.9
Nepal 5.4 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.8
Djibouti 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8
Mexico 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0
Barbados 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2
Haiti 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6
Mozambique 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9
Tonga 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.8
Ukraine 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.7 6.3
Russian Federation 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2
Andorra 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.7
Samoa 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.3
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4
Angola 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9 5.1
Guyana 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.7
Poland 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2
Armenia 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5
Venezuela, RB 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.6
Colombia 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4
Albania 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.4
Chad 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8 5.6
Zambia 6.5 6.1 5.9 6.8 7.3
Latvia 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5
Namibia 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5
Bhutan 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1 4.4
Dominican Republic 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.8 4.5
St. Lucia 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3
Lithuania 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7
Cuba 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1
Bolivia 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6 5.3
Mali 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3
Liberia 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8
Czech Republic 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9
Solomon Islands 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6
Belarus 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6
Niger 5.8 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.4
Burundi 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.1 9.7
Ireland 6.2 6.8 7.1 7.3 7.6
Honduras 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9
Guatemala 5.4 6.9 6.8 7.1 7.0
Malta 6.6 7.1 7.9 8.2 8.5
Costa Rica 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1 7.8
United Kingdom 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.8 7.9
Croatia 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4 6.6
Hungary 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6 8.2
Spain 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2 8.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0 9.0
Brazil 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1
Bulgaria 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.3
Luxembourg 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2
Finland 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2
Serbia 6.8 7.4 8.6 8.8 8.7
Lesotho 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0
Israel 7.1 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3
Paraguay 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1 5.9
Grenada 6.6 7.6 6.6 5.8 5.2
New Zealand 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.8 8.0
Chile 7.2 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.0
Panama 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1
Japan 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0
Georgia 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5
El Salvador 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.3 7.3
Uganda 7.2 7.9 8.5 8.2 9.7
Italy 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6
Montenegro 7.3 8.2 8.3 8.9 8.4
Belgium 8.1 8.3 8.5 9.6 9.7
Netherlands 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8 10.0
Suriname 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6 6.9
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3 8.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5 10.4
Slovenia 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.5
South Africa 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.9
Palau 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3 9.2
Norway 8.4 8.8 9.8 10.0 9.6
Greece 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9 8.7
Sweden 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1
Kiribati 8.0 8.9 9.0 10.0 10.4
Canada 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.5 9.6
Denmark 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7
Tuvalu 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6 16.6
Portugal 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7 10.0
Iceland 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.4 9.9
Argentina 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2 6.8
Jordan 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1
Austria 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.4
France 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8 10.9
Sao Tome and Principe 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8 11.0
Switzerland 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0
Germany 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9 10.7
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.2 8.4
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7 8.5
Sierra Leone 13.8 11.9 11.8 11.4 11.4
United States 13.1 13.8 14.6 15.1 15.2
Moldova 6.7 14.6 11.7 9.7 8.5
Marshall Islands 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3 17.6
Hong Kong SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Taiwan, China
Guam
Afghanistan 8.2 9.3 9.2
American Samoa
Macao SAR, China
Curacao
Greenland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Puerto Rico
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Somalia
Liechtenstein
Aruba
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Zimbabwe

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