Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Iraq 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6 4.1
Equatorial Guinea 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.4 1.6
Myanmar 1.8 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.8
Indonesia 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.8
Singapore 2.4 2.8 3.6 3.2 3.7
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.4
Bangladesh 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3
Qatar 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6 3.0
Pakistan 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.3 3.1
Comoros 2.9 3.4 3.6 4.0 4.3
Sudan 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.2
Philippines 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.9
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.6
Oman 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.6
Gabon 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.3 2.8
Nigeria 3.2 2.4 4.0 4.3 4.1
Tanzania 3.3 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.7
Fiji 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6
Monaco 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0 4.0
Vanuatu 3.4 3.5 4.0 4.1 3.9
Malaysia 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.7 3.3
Kazakhstan 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0 4.1
Ghana 3.6 3.1 3.1 4.0 4.5
Eritrea 3.6 3.7 3.2 2.9 2.8
Kuwait 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.8 2.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.7
Guinea 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.1 2.8
Gambia, The 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.4 5.0
Thailand 3.7 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.6
Timor-Leste 3.7 3.9 2.5 1.3 1.0
Bahrain 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.4 3.2
Sri Lanka 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.1
Algeria 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.2
Ecuador 3.9 4.6 6.5 6.2 5.9
Mauritius 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.5
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.3 3.9 4.0 3.5
Central African Republic 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.3
Libya 4.1 4.6 4.1 3.5 2.7
Ethiopia 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.2 4.2
Togo 4.3 4.1 5.0 5.1 5.2
Lao PDR 4.3 4.0 4.9 4.5 4.3
Yemen, Rep. 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9 4.6
Mauritania 4.3 5.3 4.5 4.7 4.2
Romania 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4 5.5
Rwanda 4.4 4.2 6.3 6.2 6.8
Trinidad and Tobago 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3
Morocco 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Seychelles 4.5 4.2 4.6 4.2 3.9
Azerbaijan 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9 7.9
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.4
Saudi Arabia 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.6 3.4
India 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5
China 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Tajikistan 4.6 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.9
Dominica 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.6
Kenya 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4
Benin 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.7
Cameroon 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.8
San Marino 4.7 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.1
Korea, Rep. 4.8 4.6 4.9 5.0 5.3
Kyrgyz Republic 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.8
Cote d'Ivoire 4.8 4.5 4.7 5.2 5.4
Burkina Faso 4.9 5.3 5.6 6.5 6.9
Estonia 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.0
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5 4.1
Burundi 5.0 5.2 5.2 7.1 9.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.8
Senegal 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7 5.4
Peru 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.9 6.1
Guinea-Bissau 5.0 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.7
Malawi 5.1 4.8 6.3 7.8 8.2
Swaziland 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9 6.8
Bahamas, The 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0 6.0
Samoa 5.2 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.5
Turkey 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4
Madagascar 5.2 5.3 4.8 4.9 5.0
Vietnam 5.2 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.4
Cabo Verde 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.9
Venezuela, RB 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Nicaragua 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1 6.1
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.1
Tunisia 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.6
Jamaica 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.1
Mexico 5.4 5.5 6.0 6.1 6.0
Nepal 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.7
Djibouti 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8 7.2
Angola 5.4 3.6 4.4 4.7 4.1
Mongolia 5.5 5.8 6.2 6.0 5.1
Barbados 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.4
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2 7.0
Dominican Republic 5.6 5.8 5.5 4.3 4.3
Haiti 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6 4.4
Mozambique 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9 6.9
Ukraine 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6 6.4
Tonga 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.9 6.5
Russian Federation 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2 5.2
Cambodia 5.7 5.9 6.7 6.4 5.8
Botswana 5.7 6.5 4.6 5.6 5.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.8 6.0 5.4 5.2 5.1
Cyprus 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4 6.4
Andorra 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.2
Guyana 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.8
Maldives 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 9.5
Poland 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
Bhutan 5.9 7.8 4.9 4.4 5.3
Armenia 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.3
Colombia 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.8
Albania 6.0 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.1
Chad 6.1 8.3 5.5 5.7 3.9
St. Lucia 6.1 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.2
Zimbabwe 6.2 6.5 6.5 7.1 6.4
Latvia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5 6.4
Namibia 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5 7.3
Lithuania 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7 5.8
Cuba 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1 9.4
Bolivia 6.3 6.5 5.3 5.2 5.7
Mali 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Liberia 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8 8.0
Czech Republic 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9 6.9
Solomon Islands 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6 7.8
Chile 6.5 6.5 7.3 6.9 6.7
Zambia 6.6 6.9 8.2 7.3 7.6
Ireland 6.6 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Belarus 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.9
Papua New Guinea 6.7 7.7 6.8 8.4 6.4
Guatemala 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.8
Honduras 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9 7.8
Serbia 6.9 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.7
Moldova 7.0 8.3 8.2 8.5 9.2
Niger 7.0 6.6 6.2 6.6 7.1
Malta 7.1 7.9 8.1 8.5 8.8
Hungary 7.1 7.5 8.4 8.1 8.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.2 7.0 7.9 9.0 8.5
Croatia 7.2 6.2 6.3 6.6 6.9
Brazil 7.2 7.1 6.9 7.1 8.3
Bulgaria 7.2 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.1
Spain 7.2 7.3 8.0 8.0 8.1
Costa Rica 7.2 8.2 8.4 7.8 7.7
Uganda 7.3 7.8 7.5 8.9 9.4
United Kingdom 7.3 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2
Luxembourg 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2 7.9
Finland 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2 8.4
Uruguay 7.5 7.2 6.5 11.6 11.1
Lesotho 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0 6.3
New Zealand 7.6 7.9 7.7 7.9 8.2
Israel 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.4
Paraguay 7.6 6.8 6.0 5.8 6.1
Grenada 7.7 6.7 5.9 5.2 5.5
Panama 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1 7.5
Japan 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.0 8.2
Netherlands 7.8 8.3 8.5 8.5 9.6
Georgia 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5 8.6
El Salvador 8.0 7.9 7.6 7.3 7.2
Italy 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5 8.7
Australia 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6 8.5
Macedonia, FYR 8.2 9.0 9.2 8.6 8.0
Montenegro 8.2 8.3 8.9 8.4 8.5
Belgium 8.3 8.5 9.3 9.3 9.2
South Africa 8.3 8.1 8.3 7.9 7.8
Suriname 8.4 7.1 6.6 6.9 6.8
Greece 8.5 8.7 8.6 8.3 9.4
Slovenia 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.5 8.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.6 8.0 9.7 10.6 12.1
Palau 8.6 8.4 8.5 8.8 8.2
Norway 8.6 9.6 9.9 9.4 8.9
Sweden 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1 9.1
Kiribati 9.0 9.1 10.0 10.4 10.1
Canada 9.1 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.6
Denmark 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7 9.8
Portugal 9.1 9.2 9.5 9.8 10.0
Iceland 9.1 9.9 10.1 9.6 9.2
Argentina 9.4 8.3 8.2 6.8 6.8
France 9.9 10.2 10.4 10.5 10.6
Jordan 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1 8.9
Austria 10.1 10.3 10.5 10.6 10.5
Germany 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.4 10.5
Sao Tome and Principe 10.3 10.6 11.1 9.9 10.0
Switzerland 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0 10.9
Lebanon 10.9 10.0 9.3 8.9 8.4
Sierra Leone 11.8 12.0 11.7 11.7 12.2
United States 13.7 14.5 15.1 15.1 15.2
Tuvalu 17.4 14.6 21.9 16.9 18.4
Marshall Islands 18.7 17.4 16.9 17.8 17.4
Faroe Islands
Puerto Rico
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
Greenland
Isle of Man
Cayman Islands
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macao SAR, China
Hong Kong SAR, China
Liechtenstein
South Sudan
Afghanistan 7.8 8.8 8.8 8.3
French Polynesia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Aruba
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Bermuda
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
American Samoa

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