Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Iraq 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6
Equatorial Guinea 2.7 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.4
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.3
Indonesia 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4
Singapore 2.7 2.4 2.8 3.6 3.2
Congo, Rep. 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5
Qatar 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.4 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.3
Pakistan 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.8
Comoros 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0
Bangladesh 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.0
Philippines 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2
Oman 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Nigeria 2.8 3.2 2.4 4.0 4.3
Fiji 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6
Gabon 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.4
Thailand 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5
Monaco 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0
Malaysia 3.0 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.7
Kazakhstan 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0
Tanzania 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.4
Sudan 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.1
Ghana 3.0 3.6 3.0 3.1 4.0
Eritrea 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.2 2.9
Kuwait 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.7
Timor-Leste 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.3 1.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7
Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.1
Vanuatu 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5
Gambia, The 3.6 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.4
Sri Lanka 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.2
Bahrain 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5
Algeria 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Mauritius 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.3
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.9 4.0
Central African Republic 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.1
Ecuador 3.6 4.0 4.8 6.7 6.6
Libya 3.4 4.1 4.6 4.1 3.5
Lao PDR 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9 4.6
Mauritania 5.2 4.3 5.3 4.5 4.7
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9
Ethiopia 4.4 4.3 4.8 4.7 4.3
Romania 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4
Rwanda 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3 6.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2
Morocco 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Seychelles 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.7 4.2
Azerbaijan 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.7
Belize 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3
Papua New Guinea 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.6
India 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6
China 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7
Tajikistan 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 5.1
Mongolia 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4 7.0
Kenya 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Cameroon 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.6
Benin 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6
Kyrgyz Republic 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6
Estonia 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5
Burkina Faso 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5 6.1
Dominica 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.7
San Marino 5.1 5.0 6.3 4.9 5.1
Senegal 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7
Peru 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.6
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.8
Korea, Rep. 4.4 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.2
Guinea-Bissau 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8 5.3
Malawi 6.1 5.1 3.7 4.8 5.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7
Jamaica 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.8
Swaziland 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9
Cote d'Ivoire 6.2 5.1 4.8 5.2 5.6
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0
Togo 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.9
Turkey 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4
Vietnam 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.8 5.1
Botswana 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3 4.9
Cabo Verde 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1
Tunisia 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6
Maldives 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0 5.9
Nepal 5.4 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.8
Djibouti 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8
Mexico 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0
Barbados 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2
Haiti 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6
Mozambique 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9
Tonga 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.8
Ukraine 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.7 6.3
Russian Federation 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2
Andorra 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.7
Samoa 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.3
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4
Angola 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9 5.1
Guyana 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.7
Poland 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2
Suriname 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.2 5.5
Armenia 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5
Venezuela, RB 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.6
Colombia 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4
Albania 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.4
Chad 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8 5.6
Zambia 6.5 6.1 5.9 6.8 7.3
Latvia 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5
Namibia 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5
Bhutan 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1 4.4
Dominican Republic 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.8 4.5
St. Lucia 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3
Lithuania 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7
Cuba 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1
Bolivia 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6 5.3
Mali 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3
Liberia 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8
Czech Republic 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9
Solomon Islands 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6
Belarus 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6
Niger 5.8 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.4
Guatemala 5.6 6.7 6.8 7.0 7.0
Burundi 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.1 9.7
Ireland 6.2 6.8 7.1 7.3 7.6
Honduras 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9
Malta 6.6 7.0 7.9 8.2 8.6
Costa Rica 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1 7.8
United Kingdom 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.8 7.9
Croatia 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4 6.6
Hungary 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6 8.2
Spain 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2 8.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0 9.0
Brazil 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1
Bulgaria 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.3
Luxembourg 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2
Finland 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2
Serbia 6.8 7.4 8.6 8.8 8.7
Lesotho 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0
Israel 7.1 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3
Paraguay 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1 5.9
Grenada 6.6 7.6 6.6 5.8 5.2
New Zealand 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.8 8.0
Chile 7.2 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.0
Panama 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1
Argentina 7.6 7.7 6.9 6.8 6.8
Japan 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0
Georgia 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5
El Salvador 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.3 7.3
Uganda 7.2 7.9 8.5 8.2 9.7
Italy 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6
Montenegro 7.3 8.2 8.3 8.9 8.4
Belgium 8.1 8.3 8.5 9.6 9.7
Netherlands 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8 10.0
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3 8.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5 10.4
Slovenia 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.5
South Africa 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.9
Palau 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3 9.2
Norway 8.4 8.8 9.8 10.0 9.6
Greece 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9 8.7
Sweden 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1
Kiribati 8.0 8.9 9.0 10.0 10.4
Canada 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.5 9.6
Denmark 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7
Tuvalu 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6 16.6
Portugal 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7 10.0
Iceland 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.4 9.9
Jordan 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1
Austria 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.4
France 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8 10.9
Sao Tome and Principe 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8 11.0
Switzerland 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0
Germany 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9 10.7
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.2 8.4
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7 8.5
Sierra Leone 13.8 11.9 11.8 11.4 11.4
United States 13.1 13.8 14.6 15.1 15.2
Moldova 6.7 14.6 11.7 9.7 8.5
Marshall Islands 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3 17.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
Puerto Rico
Somalia
Bermuda
Hong Kong SAR, China
American Samoa
Greenland
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Guam
Curacao
French Polynesia
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Afghanistan 8.2 9.3 9.2
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Zimbabwe

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