Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Myanmar 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.1 1.9
Kuwait 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2
Qatar 3.6 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9
Equatorial Guinea 2.1 1.6 2.3 2.4 3.4
Libya 3.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.2
Oman 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7
Congo, Rep. 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1
Indonesia 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8
Gabon 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7
Eritrea 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.4
Monaco 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6
Angola 5.1 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8
Seychelles 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.4 2.7
Kazakhstan 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.9
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5
Algeria 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.8
Malaysia 3.7 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.4
Singapore 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.5 4.0
Pakistan 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.3
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1
Vanuatu 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7
Sri Lanka 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4
Iraq 5.6 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6
Saudi Arabia 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1
Syrian Arab Republic 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4
India 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.9
Philippines 3.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7
Guyana 5.3 5.3 4.1 3.9 6.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.1 4.2
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.1 4.1
Lao PDR 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.0 3.5 4.2 4.6
Chad 5.1 4.7 4.0 4.2 3.6
Cabo Verde 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0
Armenia 5.5 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8
Central African Republic 4.1 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3
China 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6
Mauritania 5.9 5.0 3.5 4.4 4.3
Kenya 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2
Cambodia 7.1 6.9 5.4 4.5 5.5
Benin 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.2
Antigua and Barbuda 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4
Bolivia 5.3 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9
Senegal 5.7 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9
Cameroon 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0
Botswana 4.9 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3
Fragile and conflict affected situations 5.3 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.8
Ethiopia 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3
Trinidad and Tobago 5.2 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4
Belize 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.8 5.1
Jamaica 4.8 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4
Comoros 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2
Yemen, Rep. 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8
Mauritius 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.0 4.6
Dominican Republic 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.3
San Marino 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0
Bhutan 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.0 5.2
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.3
Peru 4.4 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.7
Azerbaijan 7.9 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4
Estonia 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.7 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4
Dominica 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Romania 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4
Tajikistan 4.3 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.6
Russian Federation 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.1
Haiti 5.6 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.2
Morocco 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1
Solomon Islands 5.6 7.8 6.7 5.6 5.6
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Mongolia 7.0 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4
Tanzania 3.4 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4
Mexico 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.9 7.3
Samoa 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1
Suriname 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9
Zambia 6.7 7.1 6.4 6.0 6.6
Mozambique 5.9 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5
Venezuela, RB 5.6 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Paraguay 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.6
Ghana 6.1 7.0 5.4 6.0 5.6
Turkey 5.4 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1
Cyprus 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9
Guinea-Bissau 5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0
Grenada 5.8 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.0
Sudan 4.1 4.1 5.0 6.2 7.5
Andorra 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.2
Lithuania 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6
Colombia 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6
Guinea 5.3 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.0
Maldives 5.9 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9
El Salvador 7.3 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9
Ukraine 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Chile 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.8
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.6 6.1 6.4 6.6
Belarus 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9
Albania 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.1
Togo 5.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5
Czech Republic 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.6 5.7 6.0 6.6 6.5
Central Europe and the Baltics 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.9
Malawi 7.8 8.2 9.0 6.7 8.4
Panama 8.1 7.5 7.0 6.7 7.3
Ecuador 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.3
Luxembourg 8.2 7.9 7.7 6.8 7.3
Bulgaria 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0
St. Lucia 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.5
Tonga 4.8 6.4 5.5 6.9 6.3
Kyrgyz Republic 5.6 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1
Nicaragua 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.2
Namibia 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9 6.9
Montenegro 8.7 8.7 8.2 7.0 6.3
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9
Mali 6.3 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7
Latvia 6.5 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6
Swaziland 5.9 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3
Vietnam 5.5 5.9 6.5 7.1 6.0
Sao Tome and Principe 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3
Guatemala 6.4 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9
Nigeria 7.0 6.6 5.7 7.2 6.5
Niger 7.1 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1
Israel 7.6 7.7 7.4 7.5 7.6
Barbados 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.5 7.5
Croatia 6.6 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8
Burkina Faso 6.1 6.9 7.4 7.7 8.6
Hungary 8.2 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5
Djibouti 6.8 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0
Slovak Republic 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0
South Africa 8.9 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0
Slovenia 8.3 8.4 8.3 7.9 8.3
Honduras 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4
Ireland 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.1
Lebanon 8.2 7.8 8.1 8.0 7.5
Uruguay 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.0 8.0
Timor-Leste 8.6 7.3 10.6 8.0 8.6
Finland 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3
Georgia 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0
Argentina 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.3
Japan 8.0 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6
Jordan 9.1 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8
Costa Rica 7.8 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0
Malta 8.6 9.1 9.0 8.5 8.2
Lesotho 7.0 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9
Brazil 7.1 8.2 8.5 8.5 8.3
New Zealand 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.5 9.3
Spain 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9
Italy 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9
United Kingdom 8.0 8.3 8.4 8.5 9.0
Australia 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8
Palau 9.2 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6
Sweden 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2
Iceland 10.0 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.3
Uganda 7.9 9.2 9.6 9.4 8.8
Norway 10.1 9.5 9.2 9.5 9.0
Belgium 10.0 10.0 9.5 9.5 9.9
Greece 8.7 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1
Denmark 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2
Portugal 10.0 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2
Rwanda 5.8 6.1 10.0 10.0 10.1
Afghanistan 9.8 9.2 9.1 10.0 9.7
Canada 9.8 9.8 10.0 10.0 10.3
Burundi 9.7 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9
Switzerland 11.0 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3
Liberia 8.8 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8
Austria 10.4 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5
Serbia 8.7 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4
Cuba 6.1 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8
Germany 10.7 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7
Netherlands 10.0 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0
France 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 11.0
Moldova 8.5 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 10.4 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9
Kiribati 10.4 10.1 11.0 12.1 13.2
Sierra Leone 15.4 15.9 14.2 14.0 14.2
United States 15.7 15.8 15.9 16.1 16.5
Tuvalu 16.6 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3
Marshall Islands 17.6 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9
Macao SAR, China
Curacao
Cayman Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Somalia
Faeroe Islands
South Sudan 2.0
West Bank and Gaza
French Polynesia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
New Caledonia
Greenland
Guam
Kosovo
Puerto Rico
Liechtenstein
Hong Kong SAR, China
Aruba
Bermuda
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Zimbabwe

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