Country name 2010 2011 2012 2013
United States 17.1 17.1 17.0 17.1
Tuvalu 16.8 18.5 15.0 19.7
Marshall Islands 16.0 16.0 15.6 16.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 13.8 13.7 12.8 12.6
Uganda 12.3 10.4 9.8 9.8
Netherlands 12.1 12.1 12.7 12.9
Moldova 11.7 11.4 11.8 11.8
Germany 11.6 11.2 11.3 11.3
France 11.6 11.5 11.6 11.7
Liberia 11.5 12.1 9.4 10.0
Rwanda 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.1
Austria 11.1 10.9 11.1 11.0
Canada 11.1 10.9 10.9 10.9
Denmark 11.1 10.9 11.0 10.6
Switzerland 10.9 11.1 11.4 11.5
Lesotho 10.9 11.9 12.1 11.5
Portugal 10.9 10.4 9.9 9.7
Serbia 10.7 10.3 10.6 10.6
Cuba 10.6 10.6 8.6 8.8
Belgium 10.6 10.6 10.9 11.2
Kiribati 10.5 10.4 10.2 10.1
Sierra Leone 10.5 11.6 10.9 11.8
Georgia 10.1 9.4 9.2 9.4
New Zealand 10.0 10.0 10.2 9.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.8 9.9 10.1 9.6
Costa Rica 9.7 10.2 10.1 9.9
Palau 9.7 9.0 9.5 9.9
Spain 9.6 9.4 9.3 8.9
Japan 9.6 10.1 10.3 10.3
Greece 9.5 9.8 9.3 9.8
Sweden 9.5 9.5 9.6 9.7
Norway 9.4 9.3 9.3 9.6
Italy 9.4 9.2 9.2 9.1
United Kingdom 9.4 9.2 9.3 9.1
Haiti 9.3 8.0 9.6 9.4
Iceland 9.3 9.0 9.0 9.1
Ireland 9.2 8.7 8.9 8.9
Slovenia 9.1 9.1 9.4 9.2
Australia 9.0 9.2 9.4 9.4
Brazil 9.0 9.2 9.5 9.7
Finland 9.0 8.9 9.1 9.4
Burundi 8.8 8.6 8.2 8.0
Uruguay 8.8 8.2 8.6 8.8
Paraguay 8.8 9.3 9.7 9.0
Djibouti 8.8 8.7 8.8 8.9
Jordan 8.8 9.1 8.0 7.2
South Africa 8.7 8.6 8.9 8.9
Slovak Republic 8.5 8.0 8.1 8.2
Afghanistan 8.5 8.1 8.5 8.1
Honduras 8.5 8.4 9.5 8.7
Croatia 8.4 7.3 7.3 7.3
Malta 8.3 9.5 8.7 8.7
Hungary 8.1 8.0 8.0 8.0
Panama 8.0 7.5 7.2 7.2
Swaziland 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.4
Namibia 8.0 8.6 8.0 7.7
Togo 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.6
Ukraine 7.8 7.3 7.5 7.8
Luxembourg 7.7 7.4 7.2 7.1
Bulgaria 7.6 7.4 7.4 7.6
St. Lucia 7.5 7.2 7.9 8.5
Czech Republic 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.2
Bahamas, The 7.4 7.6 7.3 7.3
Korea, Rep. 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.2
Solomon Islands 7.3 5.0 5.5 5.1
Nicaragua 7.3 7.4 8.1 8.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 7.3 6.3 6.6 6.7
Andorra 7.3 7.5 8.3 8.1
Cyprus 7.3 7.6 7.4 7.4
Malawi 7.2 8.4 9.2 8.3
Israel 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.2
Tanzania 7.2 7.5 7.1 7.3
Burkina Faso 7.2 6.4 6.1 6.4
Lebanon 7.1 7.1 7.5 7.2
Lithuania 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.2
Sao Tome and Principe 7.1 7.6 7.9 6.9
Chile 7.1 7.1 7.3 7.7
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 6.0 6.2 5.5
Poland 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.7
Guatemala 6.9 6.4 6.4 6.4
Russian Federation 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.5
El Salvador 6.9 6.8 6.7 6.9
Montenegro 6.9 6.9 7.2 6.5
Mali 6.9 6.8 5.8 7.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.9 6.7 6.5 5.7
Macedonia, FYR 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.4
Colombia 6.8 6.5 6.8 6.8
Tunisia 6.7 7.0 7.0 7.1
Niger 6.7 6.8 6.1 6.5
Kyrgyz Republic 6.7 6.2 7.0 6.7
Latvia 6.6 6.1 5.9 5.7
Argentina 6.6 6.3 6.8 7.3
Guyana 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.5
Sudan 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.5
Samoa 6.4 6.8 6.7 7.5
Grenada 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.3
Vietnam 6.4 6.2 6.0 6.0
Mexico 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.2
Mongolia 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.0
Estonia 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.7
Barbados 6.2 6.5 6.8 6.8
Tajikistan 6.0 6.0 6.4 6.8
Ecuador 6.0 6.0 6.7 7.5
Mozambique 6.0 6.6 5.8 6.8
Romania 5.9 5.6 5.6 5.3
Dominica 5.9 5.9 5.8 6.0
Nepal 5.9 6.1 5.5 6.0
Morocco 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.0
Belize 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.4
Cambodia 5.8 5.6 7.3 7.5
Suriname 5.8 5.9 4.7 4.6
Maldives 5.8 8.1 11.4 10.8
Gambia, The 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.0
Botswana 5.6 5.2 5.5 5.4
Antigua and Barbuda 5.6 5.7 5.4 4.9
Turkey 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.6
Belarus 5.6 4.9 5.0 6.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.5 6.0 6.5 6.4
Comoros 5.5 5.9 6.5 5.8
Bolivia 5.5 5.0 5.8 6.1
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.6 6.1 6.1
Albania 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.9
Ghana 5.3 4.8 5.2 5.4
Azerbaijan 5.3 5.0 5.4 5.6
Jamaica 5.3 5.2 5.7 5.9
Cameroon 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.1
San Marino 5.2 5.6 6.5 6.5
Mauritius 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.8
Trinidad and Tobago 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.5
Bhutan 5.2 4.8 3.6 3.6
Yemen, Rep. 5.1 5.0 5.6 5.4
Madagascar 5.0 4.0 3.3 4.2
Peru 5.0 4.8 5.7 5.3
China 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.6
Ethiopia 4.9 5.2 4.9 5.1
Venezuela, RB 4.9 4.7 4.9 3.6
Cabo Verde 4.8 4.6 4.6 4.4
Algeria 4.8 5.1 6.0 6.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.8 4.9 4.9 5.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.7 5.0 5.4 5.2
Benin 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.6
Vanuatu 4.7 3.8 3.6 3.9
Dominican Republic 4.7 4.9 5.4 5.4
Senegal 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2
Armenia 4.6 3.7 4.5 4.5
Tonga 4.6 4.0 4.4 4.7
Guinea 4.5 4.2 4.5 4.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.5 4.0 3.6 3.5
Mauritania 4.5 3.3 3.8 3.8
Kazakhstan 4.4 4.1 4.3 4.3
Monaco 4.4 4.2 4.3 4.0
Kenya 4.4 4.3 4.5 4.5
Bahrain 4.3 3.8 4.4 4.9
Philippines 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.4
Fiji 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.1
Zambia 4.1 4.4 4.8 5.0
Saudi Arabia 4.0 4.1 3.8 3.2
Malaysia 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0
Singapore 3.9 3.9 4.2 4.6
Central African Republic 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9
Equatorial Guinea 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.5
India 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0
Thailand 3.8 4.1 4.5 4.6
Iraq 3.7 3.2 4.8 5.2
Seychelles 3.6 3.4 4.5 4.0
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.5 4.4 4.5
Bangladesh 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.7
Gabon 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.8
Nigeria 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.9
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.2
Angola 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.8
United Arab Emirates 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.2
Chad 3.3 3.9 3.6 3.6
Syrian Arab Republic 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3
Eritrea 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.0
Libya 3.1 4.8 4.3 4.3
Pakistan 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.8
Indonesia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.1
Oman 2.8 2.4 2.7 2.6
Kuwait 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.9
Brunei Darussalam 2.7 2.2 2.3 2.5
Lao PDR 2.4 2.1 1.9 2.0
Congo, Rep. 2.3 2.8 4.0 4.1
Qatar 2.1 1.9 2.2 2.2
Turkmenistan 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0
South Sudan 1.9 1.4 2.7 2.2
Myanmar 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Timor-Leste 0.9 0.7 1.4 1.3
Guam
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
French Polynesia
Liechtenstein
Greenland
Aruba
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Puerto Rico
Middle East (developing only)
Isle of Man
Somalia
Bermuda
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Curacao
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macao SAR, China
Zimbabwe

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