Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
Nigeria 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Ethiopia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8
Tajikistan 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9
Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Libya 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Gambia, The 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Ghana 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Mauritania 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
India 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1
Guatemala 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.4
Djibouti 4.0 4.0 4.6 5.5 6.2
Central African Republic 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1
Sudan 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8
Korea, Rep. 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
Bahrain 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Botswana 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Equatorial Guinea 5.4 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Madagascar 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Peru 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0
Malawi 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Barbados 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0
San Marino 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Seychelles 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Bulgaria 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Zambia 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
Nepal 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Niger 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Dominica 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.8
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
Andorra 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Chile 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
United Kingdom 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Uganda 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
New Zealand 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Cambodia 5.3 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5
Uzbekistan 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6 6.8
Albania 9.6 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
El Salvador 6.4 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
Norway 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5 9.4
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
Macedonia, FYR 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Canada 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
Greece 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
Sierra Leone 11.0 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
United States 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Taiwan, China
Somalia
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Liberia 5.9 6.0
Bermuda
Afghanistan
St. Martin (French part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
New Caledonia
Macao SAR, China
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Greenland
Aruba
American Samoa
West Bank and Gaza
Hong Kong SAR, China
Guam
Zimbabwe

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