Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Iraq 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.4 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.3
Indonesia 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.3
Congo, Rep. 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
Qatar 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5
Kuwait 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.7
Bangladesh 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.0
Singapore 2.7 2.4 2.8 3.6 3.2
Equatorial Guinea 2.7 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.4
Nigeria 2.8 3.2 2.4 4.0 4.3
Gabon 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.4
Ghana 3.0 3.6 3.0 3.1 4.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Pakistan 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.8
Malaysia 3.0 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.7
Oman 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0
Philippines 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2
Monaco 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0
Lao PDR 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9 4.6
Timor-Leste 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.3 1.8
Tanzania 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.4
Sudan 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.1
Angola 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9 5.1
Thailand 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5
Libya 3.4 4.1 4.6 4.1 3.5
Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.1
Comoros 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0
Algeria 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Bahrain 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9
Vanuatu 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5
Ecuador 3.6 4.0 4.6 5.3 5.1
Gambia, The 3.6 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7
Sri Lanka 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.2
Mauritius 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.3
Fiji 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.9 4.0
Belize 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4
Papua New Guinea 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.6
Trinidad and Tobago 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2
Eritrea 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.2 2.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3
Kazakhstan 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0
Morocco 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Rwanda 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3 6.2
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.7
Central African Republic 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5
India 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6
Benin 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6
Romania 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4
Cameroon 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.6
Korea, Rep. 4.4 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.2
Ethiopia 4.4 4.3 4.8 4.7 4.3
Solomon Islands 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7
Seychelles 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.7 4.2
China 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7
Senegal 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7
Tajikistan 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 5.1
Mongolia 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4 7.0
Azerbaijan 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9
Kyrgyz Republic 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6
Kenya 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Botswana 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3 4.9
Tonga 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.8
Cabo Verde 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Dominica 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.4
Peru 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.6
Vietnam 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.8 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5
Guinea-Bissau 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8 5.3
Turkey 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.8
San Marino 5.1 5.0 6.3 4.9 5.1
Mexico 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0
Burkina Faso 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5 6.1
Barbados 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0
Mauritania 5.2 4.3 5.3 4.5 4.7
Swaziland 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9
Estonia 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1
Togo 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.9
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1
Tunisia 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6
Nepal 5.4 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.8
Russian Federation 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.3
Guatemala 5.4 6.9 6.8 7.1 7.0
Jamaica 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.8
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2
Poland 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2
St. Lucia 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3
Ukraine 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6
Venezuela, RB 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.6
Djibouti 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4
Niger 5.8 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.4
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.7 6.3
Guyana 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.7
Colombia 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4
Liberia 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8
Andorra 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.7
Latvia 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5
Samoa 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.9
Haiti 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6
Malawi 6.1 5.1 3.7 4.8 5.9
Cuba 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1
Bolivia 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6 5.3
Namibia 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5
Belarus 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6
Mozambique 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9
Ireland 6.2 6.8 7.1 7.3 7.6
Bulgaria 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.3
Cote d'Ivoire 6.2 5.1 4.8 5.2 5.6
Armenia 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5
Albania 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.4
Chad 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8 5.6
Mali 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3
Burundi 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.1 9.7
Czech Republic 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9
Dominican Republic 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.8 4.5
Lithuania 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7
Zambia 6.5 6.1 5.9 6.8 7.3
Malta 6.6 7.1 7.9 8.2 8.5
Grenada 6.6 7.6 6.6 5.8 5.2
Honduras 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9
Moldova 6.7 14.6 11.7 9.7 8.5
Bhutan 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1 4.4
Serbia 6.8 7.4 8.6 8.8 8.7
Lesotho 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0
United Kingdom 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.8 7.9
Georgia 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5
Maldives 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0 5.9
Costa Rica 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1 7.8
Israel 7.1 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0 9.0
Brazil 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1
Hungary 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6 8.2
Spain 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2 8.2
Chile 7.2 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.0
Finland 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2
Uganda 7.2 7.9 8.5 8.2 9.7
Montenegro 7.3 8.2 8.3 8.9 8.4
Luxembourg 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2
New Zealand 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.8 8.0
Japan 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0
Croatia 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4 6.6
Panama 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5 10.4
Italy 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5
Greece 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9 8.7
Netherlands 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8 10.0
El Salvador 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.3 7.3
Kiribati 8.0 8.9 9.0 10.0 10.4
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6
Paraguay 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1 5.9
Belgium 8.1 8.3 8.5 9.6 9.7
Sweden 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1
Slovenia 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.5
South Africa 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.9
Norway 8.4 8.8 9.8 10.0 9.6
Canada 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.5 9.6
Denmark 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3 8.7
Suriname 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6 6.9
Sao Tome and Principe 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8 11.0
Argentina 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2 6.8
Portugal 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7 10.0
Iceland 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.4 9.9
Jordan 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1
Switzerland 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0
Austria 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.4
France 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8 10.9
Germany 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9 10.7
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.2 8.4
Tuvalu 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6 16.6
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7 8.5
Palau 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3 9.2
United States 13.1 13.8 14.6 15.1 15.2
Sierra Leone 13.8 11.9 11.8 11.4 11.4
Marshall Islands 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3 17.6
Bermuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Somalia
Puerto Rico
Guam
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
Greenland
Hong Kong SAR, China
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Macao SAR, China
New Caledonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Afghanistan 8.2 9.3 9.2
French Polynesia
American Samoa
Taiwan, China
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Aruba
Isle of Man
West Bank and Gaza
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Zimbabwe

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