Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Iraq 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4
Equatorial Guinea 2.5 2.4 1.5 1.8 2.0
Myanmar 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3
Indonesia 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5
Singapore 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.9 3.6
Congo, Rep. 3.1 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6
Qatar 2.9 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1
Pakistan 3.7 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9
Comoros 3.8 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6
Bangladesh 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.0
Philippines 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2
Oman 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2
Brunei Darussalam 4.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1
Fiji 3.1 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4
Thailand 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Gabon 3.5 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8
Monaco 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9
Malaysia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.9
Kazakhstan 4.4 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7
Tanzania 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7
Sudan 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8
Kuwait 3.7 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9
Vanuatu 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7
Sri Lanka 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9
Bahrain 4.1 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7
Mauritius 3.4 3.7 3.8 4.2 3.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.3 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.8
Algeria 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6
Eritrea 4.7 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.2
Central African Republic 3.9 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4
Ecuador 4.0 3.6 4.0 4.8 6.7
Libya 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.9 4.1
Lao PDR 3.7 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.2 4.8 4.3 4.2 5.1
Yemen, Rep. 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0
Rwanda 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3
Romania 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.0 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.4
Trinidad and Tobago 4.3 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1
Morocco 4.0 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3
Azerbaijan 5.4 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6
Saudi Arabia 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0
Belize 3.7 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5
India 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3
Papua New Guinea 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.6 3.8 4.2
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8
Tajikistan 3.9 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Mongolia 4.0 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4
Kenya 4.2 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Cameroon 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9
Seychelles 5.3 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.8
Peru 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5
Benin 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6
Ethiopia 3.9 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.9
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 4.8 6.0 5.4
Kyrgyz Republic 5.3 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4
Nigeria 5.6 4.6 4.8 3.9 7.5
Estonia 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9
Syrian Arab Republic 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1
Burkina Faso 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5
Korea, Rep. 4.3 4.3 5.0 4.8 5.2
Dominica 5.9 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Senegal 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4
Guinea-Bissau 5.8 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8
Madagascar 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8
Malawi 6.5 6.1 5.1 4.8 6.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7
Jamaica 4.7 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6
Togo 4.7 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6
Turkey 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3
Swaziland 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.8
Botswana 3.8 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3
San Marino 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.5 5.1
Cabo Verde 4.6 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0
Cote d'Ivoire 6.9 6.5 5.2 4.7 5.1
Nicaragua 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1
Uzbekistan 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2
Tunisia 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4
Maldives 6.6 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0
Nepal 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.4
Djibouti 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2
Mexico 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8
Slovak Republic 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8
Ghana 5.1 4.8 5.6 4.8 4.8
Vietnam 4.9 5.3 5.6 5.1 5.2
Andorra 6.0 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.8
Haiti 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3
Mozambique 5.3 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4
Tonga 5.1 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1
Ukraine 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9
Russian Federation 5.8 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Samoa 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6
Cyprus 5.6 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8
Angola 4.1 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9
Guyana 4.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6
Poland 5.7 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2
Guinea 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.1 4.9
Armenia 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6
Venezuela, RB 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9
Colombia 8.7 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9
Zambia 5.8 5.6 6.0 6.7 6.7
Chad 5.9 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8
Albania 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2
Timor-Leste 5.1 6.2 6.1 7.5
Latvia 6.4 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2
Namibia 7.0 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5
Bhutan 6.7 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1
Dominican Republic 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.5
Cambodia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.4 7.3
St. Lucia 5.5 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2
Lithuania 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5
Cuba 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3
Bolivia 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6
Mali 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2
Liberia 6.0 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4
Czech Republic 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1
Solomon Islands 3.8 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0
Guatemala 4.9 5.6 6.4 6.2 6.4
Belarus 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6
Barbados 6.1 6.3 6.7 7.4 7.1
Ireland 6.1 6.1 6.7 7.0 7.3
Burundi 5.6 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.2
Honduras 6.2 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3
Malta 6.4 6.6 7.0 7.9 8.2
Moldova 5.9 6.7 7.1 8.1 8.3
Costa Rica 6.8 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1
Croatia 7.3 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4
Uganda 6.7 6.6 7.2 7.5 7.6
Hungary 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6
Spain 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.9 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0
Brazil 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0
United Kingdom 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.8
Bulgaria 6.0 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6
Niger 6.9 6.4 7.4 7.0 6.8
Luxembourg 5.8 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7
Finland 7.4 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2
Lesotho 6.8 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1
Serbia 7.4 7.4 7.6 8.9 8.8
Paraguay 6.8 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1
Grenada 7.8 6.6 7.6 6.6 6.2
Chile 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.1
New Zealand 7.5 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.9
Panama 6.9 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6
Japan 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Georgia 6.3 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.9 7.8 7.7
El Salvador 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.3
Italy 7.6 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2
Australia 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3
Belgium 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.5 10.0
Netherlands 8.1 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8
Suriname 6.8 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6
Montenegro 7.5 7.5 8.5 8.6 9.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.8 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.6 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5
Slovenia 7.8 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.6
South Africa 8.9 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6
Palau 11.1 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3
Greece 8.6 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9
Kiribati 8.8 7.9 8.8 8.8 9.6
Sweden 8.2 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3
Denmark 9.0 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5
Tuvalu 9.0 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6
Portugal 7.9 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7
Canada 8.9 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.8
Iceland 9.6 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.6
Argentina 9.4 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2
Norway 10.1 9.1 9.8 10.4 10.6
Jordan 9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2
Austria 10.2 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3
France 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8
Sao Tome and Principe 8.5 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8
Switzerland 10.0 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9
Germany 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.3
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7
United States 13.5 13.6 14.2 15.1 15.6
Sierra Leone 15.9 18.4 16.0 16.0 15.5
Marshall Islands 18.7 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
New Caledonia
Curacao
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
Somalia
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Guam
Macao SAR, China
French Polynesia
Liechtenstein
Afghanistan 8.9 10.0
Faeroe Islands
Kosovo
Cayman Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Isle of Man
Zimbabwe

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