Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Iraq 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6 4.1
Myanmar 1.8 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.8
Equatorial Guinea 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.4 1.6
Indonesia 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.8
Nigeria 3.2 2.4 4.0 4.3 4.1
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.3 3.1
Bangladesh 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7
Qatar 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6 3.0
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.3
Pakistan 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.9
Philippines 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.9
Singapore 2.4 2.8 3.6 3.2 3.7
Sudan 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.2
Brunei Darussalam 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.6
Ghana 3.6 3.1 3.1 4.0 4.5
Oman 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.6
Gabon 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.3 2.8
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.3 3.9 4.0 3.5
Comoros 2.9 3.4 3.6 4.0 4.3
Monaco 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0 4.0
Malaysia 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.7 3.3
Fiji 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.6
Vanuatu 3.4 3.5 4.0 4.1 3.9
Kuwait 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.8 2.4
Tanzania 3.3 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.7
Kazakhstan 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0 4.1
Angola 5.4 3.6 4.4 4.7 4.1
Eritrea 3.6 3.7 3.2 2.9 2.8
Algeria 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.2
Gambia, The 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.4 5.0
Guinea 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.1 2.8
Sri Lanka 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.1
Timor-Leste 3.7 3.9 2.5 1.3 1.0
Bahrain 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.4 3.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.7
Lao PDR 4.3 4.0 4.9 4.5 4.3
Togo 4.3 4.1 5.0 5.1 5.2
Central African Republic 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.1 4.3
Rwanda 4.4 4.2 6.3 6.2 6.8
Seychelles 4.5 4.2 4.6 4.2 3.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9 4.6
Mauritius 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.5
Benin 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.7
Saudi Arabia 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.6 3.4
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5
India 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.4
Cote d'Ivoire 4.8 4.5 4.7 5.2 5.4
Azerbaijan 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9 7.9
Tajikistan 4.6 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.9
Kenya 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4
Libya 4.1 4.6 4.1 3.5 2.7
Romania 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4 5.5
Korea, Rep. 4.8 4.6 4.9 5.0 5.3
Ecuador 3.9 4.6 6.5 6.2 5.9
San Marino 4.7 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.1
Thailand 3.7 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.6
Vietnam 5.2 4.7 4.8 5.1 5.4
Dominica 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.6
Ethiopia 4.3 4.7 4.6 4.2 4.2
China 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.7
Malawi 5.1 4.8 6.3 7.8 8.2
Estonia 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.8
Jamaica 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.1
Cameroon 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.8
Venezuela, RB 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7
Peru 5.0 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.7
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5 4.1
Trinidad and Tobago 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3
Samoa 5.2 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.5
Tonga 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.9 6.5
Senegal 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7 5.4
Burundi 5.0 5.2 5.2 7.1 9.8
Swaziland 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9 6.8
Cabo Verde 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 4.9
Bahamas, The 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0 6.0
Burkina Faso 4.9 5.3 5.6 6.5 6.9
Madagascar 5.2 5.3 4.8 4.9 5.0
Morocco 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.1
Mauritania 4.3 5.3 4.5 4.7 4.2
Tunisia 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.6
Turkey 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.9 6.1
Armenia 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.3
Liberia 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8 8.0
Kyrgyz Republic 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.8
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.1
Djibouti 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8 7.2
Haiti 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6 4.4
Mexico 5.4 5.5 6.0 6.1 6.0
Nepal 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.7
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2 7.0
Colombia 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4 5.8
Nicaragua 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1 6.1
Barbados 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.4
Maldives 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.9 9.5
Dominican Republic 5.6 5.8 5.5 4.3 4.3
Mongolia 5.5 5.8 6.2 6.0 5.1
Guyana 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.8
Guinea-Bissau 5.0 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.7
Cambodia 5.7 5.9 6.7 6.4 5.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.8 6.0 5.4 5.2 5.1
Andorra 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.2
Russian Federation 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2 5.2
Solomon Islands 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6 7.8
Cyprus 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4 6.4
Namibia 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5 7.3
Croatia 7.2 6.2 6.3 6.6 6.9
Ukraine 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6 6.4
Latvia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5 6.4
Albania 6.0 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.1
Mali 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3
Poland 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.2
St. Lucia 6.1 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.2
Lithuania 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7 5.8
Mozambique 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9 6.9
Belarus 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6 6.9
Botswana 5.7 6.5 4.6 5.6 5.6
Chile 6.5 6.5 7.3 6.9 6.7
Cuba 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1 9.4
Bolivia 6.3 6.5 5.3 5.2 5.7
Zimbabwe 6.2 6.5 6.5 7.1 6.4
Niger 7.0 6.6 6.2 6.6 7.1
Grenada 7.7 6.7 5.9 5.2 5.5
Guatemala 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.8
Paraguay 7.6 6.8 6.0 5.8 6.1
Czech Republic 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9 6.9
Ireland 6.6 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Lesotho 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0 6.3
Zambia 6.6 6.9 8.2 7.3 7.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.2 7.0 7.9 9.0 8.5
Brazil 7.2 7.1 6.9 7.1 8.3
Suriname 8.4 7.1 6.6 6.9 6.8
Uruguay 7.5 7.2 6.5 11.6 11.1
Spain 7.2 7.3 8.0 8.0 8.1
Honduras 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9 7.8
Bulgaria 7.2 7.4 7.4 7.1 7.1
Hungary 7.1 7.5 8.4 8.1 8.3
Israel 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3 7.4
United Kingdom 7.3 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2
Papua New Guinea 6.7 7.7 6.8 8.4 6.4
Bhutan 5.9 7.8 4.9 4.4 5.3
Afghanistan 7.8 8.8 8.8 8.3
Uganda 7.3 7.8 7.5 8.9 9.4
Finland 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2 8.4
Japan 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.0 8.2
Malta 7.1 7.9 8.1 8.5 8.8
New Zealand 7.6 7.9 7.7 7.9 8.2
El Salvador 8.0 7.9 7.6 7.3 7.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.6 8.0 9.7 10.6 12.1
Panama 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1 7.5
South Africa 8.3 8.1 8.3 7.9 7.8
Serbia 6.9 8.1 8.1 8.2 8.7
Costa Rica 7.2 8.2 8.4 7.8 7.7
Italy 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5 8.7
Luxembourg 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2 7.9
Moldova 7.0 8.3 8.2 8.5 9.2
Argentina 9.4 8.3 8.2 6.8 6.8
Montenegro 8.2 8.3 8.9 8.4 8.5
Chad 6.1 8.3 5.5 5.7 3.9
Netherlands 7.8 8.3 8.5 8.5 9.6
Australia 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6 8.5
Palau 8.6 8.4 8.5 8.8 8.2
Belgium 8.3 8.5 9.3 9.3 9.2
Slovenia 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.5 8.5
Greece 8.5 8.7 8.6 8.3 9.4
Georgia 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5 8.6
Macedonia, FYR 8.2 9.0 9.2 8.6 8.0
Kiribati 9.0 9.1 10.0 10.4 10.1
Portugal 9.1 9.2 9.5 9.8 10.0
Sweden 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1 9.1
Denmark 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7 9.8
Canada 9.1 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.6
Norway 8.6 9.6 9.9 9.4 8.9
Jordan 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1 8.9
Iceland 9.1 9.9 10.1 9.6 9.2
Lebanon 10.9 10.0 9.3 8.9 8.4
France 9.9 10.2 10.4 10.5 10.6
Austria 10.1 10.3 10.5 10.6 10.5
Germany 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.4 10.5
Sao Tome and Principe 10.3 10.6 11.1 9.9 10.0
Switzerland 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0 10.9
Sierra Leone 11.8 12.0 11.7 11.7 12.2
United States 13.7 14.5 15.1 15.1 15.2
Tuvalu 17.4 14.6 21.9 16.9 18.4
Marshall Islands 18.7 17.4 16.9 17.8 17.4
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Puerto Rico
Guam
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Aruba
French Polynesia
Faroe Islands
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Curacao
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Bermuda
Isle of Man
West Bank and Gaza
Hong Kong SAR, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa

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