Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Equatorial Guinea 2.5 2.4 1.5 1.8 2.0
Myanmar 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3
Indonesia 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5
Congo, Rep. 3.1 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6
Pakistan 3.7 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9
Bangladesh 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 4.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1
Oman 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2
Kuwait 3.7 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2
Eritrea 4.7 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.2
Philippines 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2
Fiji 3.1 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4
Liberia 6.0 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4
Thailand 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Algeria 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6
Comoros 3.8 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6
Singapore 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.9 3.6
Vanuatu 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7
Kazakhstan 4.4 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.3 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7
Bahrain 4.1 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7
Tanzania 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7
Gabon 3.5 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8
Sudan 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.8
Malaysia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.9
Mauritius 3.4 3.7 3.8 4.2 3.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9
Sri Lanka 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9
Monaco 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9
Saudi Arabia 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1
Libya 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.9 4.1
Qatar 2.9 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.6 3.8 4.2
India 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3
Botswana 3.8 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3
Iraq 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4
Central African Republic 3.9 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.0 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.4
Kenya 4.2 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Tajikistan 3.9 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Peru 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5
Belize 3.7 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5
Jamaica 4.7 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6
Benin 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7
Seychelles 5.3 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.8
Madagascar 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8
Ghana 5.1 4.8 5.6 4.8 4.8
Guinea 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.1 4.9
Ethiopia 3.9 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.9
Estonia 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9
Cameroon 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9
Angola 4.1 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9
Lao PDR 3.7 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9
Dominica 5.9 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Cabo Verde 4.6 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0
Yemen, Rep. 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0
Bhutan 6.7 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1
Tonga 5.1 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.2 4.8 4.3 4.2 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1
Trinidad and Tobago 4.3 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.9 6.5 5.2 4.7 5.1
Samoa 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1
San Marino 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.5 5.1
Korea, Rep. 4.3 4.3 5.0 4.8 5.2
Uzbekistan 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2
Vietnam 4.9 5.3 5.6 5.1 5.2
Morocco 4.0 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3
Haiti 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3
Romania 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3
Turkey 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3
Tunisia 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 4.8 6.0 5.4
Senegal 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4
Kyrgyz Republic 5.3 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4
Nepal 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.4
Burkina Faso 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5
Guyana 4.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6
Armenia 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6
Bolivia 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6
Togo 4.7 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6
Russian Federation 5.8 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6
Swaziland 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.8
Guinea-Bissau 5.8 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8
Chad 5.9 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8
Mexico 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8
Andorra 6.0 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.8
Slovak Republic 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8
Venezuela, RB 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9
Colombia 8.7 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9
Solomon Islands 3.8 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0
Maldives 6.6 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0
Paraguay 6.8 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1
Nicaragua 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1
Latvia 6.4 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2
Grenada 7.8 6.6 7.6 6.6 6.2
Albania 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2
St. Lucia 5.5 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2
Mali 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2
Djibouti 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2
Poland 5.7 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2
Cuba 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3
Rwanda 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3
Malawi 6.5 6.1 5.1 4.8 6.3
Guatemala 4.9 5.6 6.4 6.2 6.4
Mozambique 5.3 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4
Croatia 7.3 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4
Dominican Republic 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.5
Lithuania 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5
Namibia 7.0 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5
Azerbaijan 5.4 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6
Belarus 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6
Suriname 6.8 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6
Ecuador 4.0 3.6 4.0 4.8 6.7
Zambia 5.8 5.6 6.0 6.7 6.7
Niger 6.9 6.4 7.4 7.0 6.8
Cyprus 5.6 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8
Ukraine 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9
Brazil 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0
Barbados 6.1 6.3 6.7 7.4 7.1
Chile 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.1
Lesotho 6.8 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1
Czech Republic 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1
Burundi 5.6 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.2
Ireland 6.1 6.1 6.7 7.0 7.3
El Salvador 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.3
Cambodia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.4 7.3
Mongolia 4.0 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4
Nigeria 5.6 4.6 4.8 3.9 7.5
Timor-Leste 5.1 6.2 6.1 7.5
Uganda 6.7 6.6 7.2 7.5 7.6
Bulgaria 6.0 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6
Panama 6.9 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6
Luxembourg 5.8 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.9 7.8 7.7
United Kingdom 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.8
New Zealand 7.5 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.9
Japan 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.9 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0
Costa Rica 6.8 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1
Finland 7.4 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2
Spain 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2
Italy 7.6 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2
Malta 6.4 6.6 7.0 7.9 8.2
Argentina 9.4 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2
Palau 11.1 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3
Honduras 6.2 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3
Moldova 5.9 6.7 7.1 8.1 8.3
Australia 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3
Georgia 6.3 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5
Hungary 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6
South Africa 8.9 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6
Slovenia 7.8 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.6
Serbia 7.4 7.4 7.6 8.9 8.8
Greece 8.6 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9
Montenegro 7.5 7.5 8.5 8.6 9.1
Jordan 9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2
Macedonia, FYR 8.8 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.3
Sweden 8.2 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3
Denmark 9.0 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.6 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5
Kiribati 8.8 7.9 8.8 8.8 9.6
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7
Portugal 7.9 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7
Netherlands 8.1 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8
Canada 8.9 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.8
Afghanistan 8.9 10.0
Belgium 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.5 10.0
Austria 10.2 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3
Norway 10.1 9.1 9.8 10.4 10.6
Iceland 9.6 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.6
France 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8
Germany 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9
Switzerland 10.0 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9
Sao Tome and Principe 8.5 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8
Sierra Leone 15.9 18.4 16.0 16.0 15.5
United States 13.5 13.6 14.2 15.1 15.6
Marshall Islands 18.7 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3
Tuvalu 9.0 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Kosovo
South Sudan
Hong Kong SAR, China
Somalia
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Korea, Dem. Rep.
New Caledonia
Curacao
French Polynesia
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Zimbabwe

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