Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1
Sierra Leone 15.1 14.8 15.4 14.7
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.4
United States 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.5
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.4 11.6 8.1 8.0
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7
Canada 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.0
Greece 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.4
Norway 8.6 9.1 9.4 10.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 8.7 9.2 10.1
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6
Andorra 7.6 6.6 6.6 8.0
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Israel 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.6
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2
Serbia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.4
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6
New Zealand 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.7
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2
Uzbekistan 6.8 7.2 6.9 6.4
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7
United Kingdom 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
Niger 6.6 6.3 6.7 7.0
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1
Chile 6.5 7.0 7.0 7.5
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8
El Salvador 6.4 7.9 8.8 8.3
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.9 7.6 8.0
Barbados 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8
Cambodia 6.1 9.5 8.0 6.9
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 4.7 4.2 5.2
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1
Uganda 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4
Zambia 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.5
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7
Guinea 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1
San Marino 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6
Ghana 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.2
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2
Bulgaria 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.4
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6
Seychelles 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.2
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3
Malawi 5.0 4.6 5.1 5.5
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5
Nepal 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.2
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7
Mauritania 4.8 3.8 4.0 4.9
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6
Nigeria 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.6
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0
Gambia, The 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3
Peru 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5
Botswana 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Madagascar 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7
Bahrain 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1
India 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.3
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9
Tanzania 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.4
Central African Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6
Sudan 3.7 4.1 3.7 4.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.7
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.8 2.7
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8
Tajikistan 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.6
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.9
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.6
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.2 4.8 5.0
Singapore 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3
Ethiopia 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.6
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
Albania 2.5 4.0 4.8 5.3
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
Aruba
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greenland
Somalia
Bermuda
Guam
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Macao SAR, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Curacao
Afghanistan
Isle of Man
Kosovo
Timor-Leste
New Caledonia
Puerto Rico
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza
American Samoa
Liberia 5.9
Zimbabwe

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