Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9
Singapore 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3
Ethiopia 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1
Tajikistan 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.6
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.2 4.8 5.0
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.6
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.7
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.8 2.7
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.9
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1
Tanzania 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.4
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6
Central African Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4
Mauritania 4.8 3.8 4.0 4.9
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9
India 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.3
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0
Albania 2.5 4.0 4.8 5.3
Bahrain 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2
Sudan 3.7 4.1 3.7 4.0
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5
Botswana 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5
Gambia, The 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2
Madagascar 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5
Peru 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6
Malawi 5.0 4.6 5.1 5.5
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7
Bulgaria 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.4
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 4.7 4.2 5.2
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1
Nigeria 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.6
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6
Nepal 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.2
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9
Ghana 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.2
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8
San Marino 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8
Seychelles 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.2
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1
Uganda 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1
Guinea 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9
Zambia 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.5
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4
Central Europe and the Baltics 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.0
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4
Barbados 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0
Niger 6.6 6.3 6.7 7.0
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1
Andorra 7.6 6.6 6.6 8.0
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1
United Kingdom 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.9 7.6 8.0
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2
New Zealand 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.7
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6
Chile 6.5 7.0 7.0 7.5
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5
Uzbekistan 6.8 7.2 6.9 6.4
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1
Serbia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.4
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3
Israel 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.6
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2
El Salvador 6.4 7.9 8.8 8.3
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Greece 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 8.7 9.2 10.1
Canada 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.0
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3
Norway 8.6 9.1 9.4 10.1
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0
Cambodia 6.1 9.5 8.0 6.9
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.4 11.6 8.1 8.0
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1
United States 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.5
Sierra Leone 15.1 14.8 15.4 14.7
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.4
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6
Curacao
Macao SAR, China
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
West Bank and Gaza
Fragile and conflict affected situations
Kosovo
Liechtenstein
St. Martin (French part)
Bermuda
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
New Caledonia
Somalia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Puerto Rico
Aruba
French Polynesia
Cayman Islands
Guam
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liberia 5.9
Greenland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan
Isle of Man
Zimbabwe

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