Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Indonesia 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.0
Myanmar 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.1
Vanuatu 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.6
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.2
Malaysia 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.0
Singapore 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8 2.7
Congo, Rep. 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1 2.1
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1 0.8
Nigeria 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4 2.8
Saudi Arabia 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1 4.2
Ethiopia 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0 4.4
Solomon Islands 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8 4.6
Monaco 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8 1.4
Tajikistan 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.6
Guinea 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.5
Turkmenistan 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9 3.9
Romania 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2 4.3
Fiji 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.9
Algeria 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6 3.4
Gabon 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5 2.9
Pakistan 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.0
Gambia, The 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.6
Tanzania 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.4
Ghana 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.0
Angola 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1 3.4
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.7
Bangladesh 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
Kuwait 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7 2.5
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7 5.7
Mauritius 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.8
Philippines 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mongolia 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.7
Oman 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.1
Qatar 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9 2.2
Belize 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7 4.0
Eritrea 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7 4.1
Papua New Guinea 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1 4.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6 4.6
Brunei Darussalam 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1 3.0
Ecuador 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0 3.6
Mauritania 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3 5.2
China 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5 4.6
Thailand 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.4
Morocco 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.2
Turkey 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8 4.9
India 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.3
Guatemala 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.4 5.4
Djibouti 4.0 4.6 5.5 6.2 5.8
Central African Republic 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1 4.3
Sudan 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.4
Korea, Rep. 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.4
Senegal 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5 4.6
Bahrain 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2 3.5
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3 4.1
Kenya 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2 4.7
Botswana 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8 4.7
Tonga 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1 4.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.4
Mozambique 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3 6.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3 4.0
Kazakhstan 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4 4.2
Comoros 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.5
Rwanda 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6 4.2
Equatorial Guinea 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8 2.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2 3.7
Madagascar 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5 5.0
Burkina Faso 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3 5.1
Peru 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0 4.9
Benin 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6 4.3
Lao PDR 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7 3.3
Bolivia 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2 6.1
Togo 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7 5.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0 4.2
Malawi 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5 6.1
Mexico 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.1
Jamaica 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7 5.5
Samoa 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3 6.0
Cabo Verde 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6 4.8
Guyana 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7 5.8
Honduras 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2 6.6
Vietnam 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9
Barbados 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.2
San Marino 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1
Seychelles 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1 4.6
Cameroon 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.4
Bulgaria 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0 6.2
Cyprus 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.8
Cuba 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0 6.1
Zambia 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0 6.5
Dominican Republic 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.3
Tunisia 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.4
Swaziland 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3 5.3
Burundi 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6 6.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3 4.3
Nepal 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9 5.4
St. Lucia 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.6
Chad 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9 6.3
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9
Russian Federation 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8 5.4
Lithuania 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2 6.5
Luxembourg 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8 7.5
Niger 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3 5.8
Kyrgyz Republic 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3 4.7
Armenia 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.3
Dominica 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.8 4.8
Poland 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.5
Malta 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.6
Paraguay 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8 8.1
Latvia 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.0
Azerbaijan 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4 4.7
Bhutan 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.7
Belarus 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.1
Andorra 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8 6.0
Maldives 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.1
Nicaragua 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.4
Czech Republic 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Slovak Republic 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.5
Haiti 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 6.1
Chile 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3 7.2
Ireland 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.2
Estonia 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9 5.3
Namibia 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0 6.1
Costa Rica 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8 7.1
United Kingdom 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8 6.9
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8
Cote d'Ivoire 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5 6.2
Brazil 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1 7.2
Uganda 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5 7.2
Bahamas, The 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2 5.2
New Zealand 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5 7.6
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8 4.9
Grenada 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8 6.6
Japan 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4 7.6
Ukraine 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9 5.6
Hungary 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3 7.2
Sao Tome and Principe 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5 8.9
Croatia 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3 7.8
Italy 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.9
Panama 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9 7.8
Cambodia 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5 5.8
Uzbekistan 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5 5.3
Israel 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.1
Suriname 7.4 7.8 8.6 6.8 8.7
Albania 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9 6.3
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.3
Australia 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8 8.1
Spain 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2
Georgia 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3 6.9
Lesotho 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
El Salvador 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0 8.0
Slovenia 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8 8.3
Portugal 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9 9.3
Norway 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3 8.4
Mali 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0 6.3
Belgium 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1 8.1
South Africa 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9 8.3
Argentina 8.0 8.4 8.5 9.4 9.2
Finland 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4 7.2
Colombia 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7 5.9
Iceland 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6 9.5
Sweden 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.2
Netherlands 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1 8.0
Denmark 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0 8.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8 8.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6 7.8
Canada 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7 8.7
Jordan 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4 9.7
Kiribati 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8 8.0
Austria 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2 10.0
Greece 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6 7.9
Switzerland 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0 9.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9 7.1
Moldova 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9 6.7
France 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2 10.1
Germany 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.4
Sierra Leone 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8 13.8
Tuvalu 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0 11.0
Palau 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1 12.0
Uruguay 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2 11.2
United States 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1 13.1
Lebanon 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9 10.9
Marshall Islands 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7 22.5
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Somalia
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
South Sudan
Timor-Leste 3.4
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macao SAR, China
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Liberia 5.9 6.0 5.9
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Afghanistan
Aruba
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Zimbabwe

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