Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9
Singapore 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3
Ethiopia 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1
Tajikistan 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.6
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.2 4.8 5.0
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.6
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.7
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.8 2.7
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.9
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1
Tanzania 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.4
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6
Central African Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4
Mauritania 4.8 3.8 4.0 4.9
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9
India 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.3
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0
Albania 2.5 4.0 4.8 5.3
Bahrain 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2
Sudan 3.7 4.1 3.7 4.0
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5
Botswana 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5
Gambia, The 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2
Madagascar 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5
Peru 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6
Malawi 5.0 4.6 5.1 5.5
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7
Bulgaria 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.4
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 4.7 4.2 5.2
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1
Nigeria 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.6
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6
Nepal 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.2
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9
Ghana 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.2
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8
San Marino 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8
Seychelles 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.2
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1
Uganda 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1
Guinea 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9
Zambia 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.5
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4
Barbados 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0
Niger 6.6 6.3 6.7 7.0
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1
Andorra 7.6 6.6 6.6 8.0
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1
United Kingdom 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.9 7.6 8.0
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2
New Zealand 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.7
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6
Chile 6.5 7.0 7.0 7.5
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5
Uzbekistan 6.8 7.2 6.9 6.4
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1
Serbia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.4
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3
Israel 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.6
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2
El Salvador 6.4 7.9 8.8 8.3
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Greece 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 8.7 9.2 10.1
Canada 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.0
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3
Norway 8.6 9.1 9.4 10.1
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0
Cambodia 6.1 9.5 8.0 6.9
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.4 11.6 8.1 8.0
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1
United States 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.5
Sierra Leone 15.1 14.8 15.4 14.7
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.4
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6
Isle of Man
Somalia
West Bank and Gaza
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Bermuda
New Caledonia
American Samoa
Guam
Korea, Dem. Rep.
French Polynesia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macao SAR, China
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Liberia 5.9
Cayman Islands
Afghanistan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Kosovo
Zimbabwe

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