Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.4
Sierra Leone 15.1 14.8 15.4 14.7
United States 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.5
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.4 11.6 8.1 8.0
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0
Cambodia 6.1 9.5 8.0 6.9
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0
Norway 8.6 9.1 9.4 10.1
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3
Canada 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.0
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 8.7 9.2 10.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0
Greece 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.4
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9
El Salvador 6.4 7.9 8.8 8.3
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5
Israel 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.6
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6
Serbia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.4
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1
Uzbekistan 6.8 7.2 6.9 6.4
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2
Chile 6.5 7.0 7.0 7.5
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6
New Zealand 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.7
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.9 7.6 8.0
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
United Kingdom 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6
Andorra 7.6 6.6 6.6 8.0
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Niger 6.6 6.3 6.7 7.0
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0
Barbados 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9
Zambia 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.5
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7
Guinea 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1
Uganda 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4
Seychelles 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.2
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8
San Marino 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4
Ghana 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.2
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9
Nepal 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.2
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8
Nigeria 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.6
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 4.7 4.2 5.2
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9
Bulgaria 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.4
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1
Malawi 5.0 4.6 5.1 5.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7
Peru 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5
Madagascar 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7
Gambia, The 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7
Botswana 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0
Sudan 3.7 4.1 3.7 4.0
Bahrain 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2
Albania 2.5 4.0 4.8 5.3
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6
India 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.3
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7
Mauritania 4.8 3.8 4.0 4.9
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4
Central African Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4
Tanzania 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.4
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.9
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.8 2.7
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.7
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.6
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.2 4.8 5.0
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8
Tajikistan 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.6
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5
Ethiopia 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.6
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9
Singapore 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
French Polynesia
Bermuda
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Timor-Leste
Afghanistan
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
Puerto Rico
Liechtenstein
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
Liberia 5.9
Aruba
Hong Kong SAR, China
Guam
Curacao
Macao SAR, China
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Kosovo
Zimbabwe

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