Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9
United States 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
Sierra Leone 11.0 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
Greece 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Canada 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Macedonia, FYR 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Norway 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
El Salvador 6.4 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Albania 9.6 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2
Uzbekistan 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5
Cambodia 5.3 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
New Zealand 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
Uganda 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8
United Kingdom 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
Argentina 6.9 6.6 6.9 7.0 7.7
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Chile 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Andorra 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.9
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Niger 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Suriname 3.8 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Nepal 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Zambia 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Bulgaria 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Seychelles 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1
San Marino 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Barbados 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Malawi 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
Peru 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Madagascar 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Equatorial Guinea 5.4 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Botswana 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
Bahrain 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
Korea, Rep. 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4
Sudan 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8
Central African Republic 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1
India 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
Mauritania 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.9
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5 6.2
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Ghana 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Gambia, The 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
Libya 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9
Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4
Tajikistan 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Ethiopia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Nigeria 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
Macao SAR, China
Isle of Man
Somalia
Greenland
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Hong Kong SAR, China
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Timor-Leste
Liberia 5.9 6.0
American Samoa
Liechtenstein
Guam
South Sudan
Bermuda
Puerto Rico
West Bank and Gaza
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
French Polynesia
New Caledonia
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Afghanistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Zimbabwe

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