Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6
Sierra Leone 15.1 14.8 15.4 14.7
United States 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.5
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.4
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7
Norway 8.6 9.1 9.4 10.1
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 8.7 9.2 10.1
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7
Canada 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.0
El Salvador 6.4 7.9 8.8 8.3
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4
Greece 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.4
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.4 11.6 8.1 8.0
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5
Cambodia 6.1 9.5 8.0 6.9
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8
Israel 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.6
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.9 7.6 8.0
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Serbia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.4
New Zealand 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.7
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6
Chile 6.5 7.0 7.0 7.5
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2
Uzbekistan 6.8 7.2 6.9 6.4
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
Niger 6.6 6.3 6.7 7.0
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0
Andorra 7.6 6.6 6.6 8.0
United Kingdom 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1
Zambia 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.5
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1
Barbados 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9
Central Europe and the Baltics 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.0
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7
Seychelles 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.2
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7
Guinea 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4
Uganda 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5
Ghana 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.2
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1
San Marino 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8
Malawi 5.0 4.6 5.1 5.5
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4
Nepal 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.2
Bulgaria 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.4
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.2 4.8 5.0
Albania 2.5 4.0 4.8 5.3
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9
Madagascar 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2
Nigeria 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.6
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1
Botswana 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1
Bahrain 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2
Peru 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4
India 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.3
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8
Gambia, The 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 4.7 4.2 5.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.7
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7
Mauritania 4.8 3.8 4.0 4.9
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.9
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4
Sudan 3.7 4.1 3.7 4.0
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4
Tajikistan 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.6
Central African Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6
Tanzania 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.4
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.6
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7
Ethiopia 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.6
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2
Singapore 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.8 2.7
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8
Fragile and conflict affected situations
Hong Kong SAR, China
Somalia
Puerto Rico
Greenland
Guam
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
Curacao
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kosovo
American Samoa
French Polynesia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Northern Mariana Islands
Timor-Leste
Afghanistan
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Liberia 5.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Aruba
Zimbabwe

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