Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
Sierra Leone 15.1 14.8 15.4 14.7 15.9
United States 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.5 13.5
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.4 10.9
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
Norway 8.6 9.1 9.4 10.1 10.1
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 8.7 9.2 10.1 8.8
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
Canada 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.0 8.9
El Salvador 6.4 7.9 8.8 8.3 8.3
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
Greece 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.4 8.6
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5 9.4
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.4 11.6 8.1 8.0 8.9
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
Cambodia 6.1 9.5 8.0 6.9 6.2
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6 6.8
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Israel 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.6 7.3
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.9 7.6 8.0 6.9
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.8
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Serbia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.4 7.4
New Zealand 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.7 7.5
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Chile 6.5 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.7
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
Uzbekistan 6.8 7.2 6.9 6.4 5.5
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Niger 6.6 6.3 6.7 7.0 6.9
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
Andorra 7.6 6.6 6.6 8.0 6.0
United Kingdom 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.9
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Zambia 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.5 5.8
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.6
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.9
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
Barbados 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.1
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Seychelles 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.2 5.3
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Guinea 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.6
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Uganda 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5 6.7
Ghana 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
San Marino 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Malawi 5.0 4.6 5.1 5.5 6.5
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
Nepal 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.2 5.5
Bulgaria 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.4 6.0
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.2 4.8 5.0 3.9
Albania 2.5 4.0 4.8 5.3 5.8
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Madagascar 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Nigeria 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.6 5.6
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.0
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5 6.2
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Botswana 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0 3.8
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Bahrain 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.1
Peru 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.9
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
India 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.0
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Gambia, The 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4 4.4
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 4.7 4.2 5.2 2.5
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.7 4.2
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
Mauritania 4.8 3.8 4.0 4.9 6.0
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.3
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.4
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.9
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Sudan 3.7 4.1 3.7 4.0 3.8
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Tajikistan 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.6 3.9
Central African Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.9
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Tanzania 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.4
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.5
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Ethiopia 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.6 3.9
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
Singapore 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.9
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.8 2.7 2.8
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9 3.0
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Isle of Man
Aruba
French Polynesia
Macao SAR, China
Afghanistan
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
Puerto Rico
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
American Samoa
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
Kosovo
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
Liberia 5.9 6.0
Zimbabwe

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