Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
United States 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Sierra Leone 11.0 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
Greece 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
Macedonia, FYR 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
Canada 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
Norway 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
El Salvador 6.4 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
Albania 9.6 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Uzbekistan 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
New Zealand 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Argentina 6.9 6.6 6.9 7.0 7.7
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
Chile 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8
Uganda 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
United Kingdom 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
Andorra 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Cambodia 5.3 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.9
Niger 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Suriname 3.8 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.1
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Seychelles 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Zambia 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Nepal 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
Bulgaria 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Malawi 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Barbados 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
San Marino 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Madagascar 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5 6.2
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Peru 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Bahrain 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Botswana 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
India 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
Korea, Rep. 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Central African Republic 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1
Mauritania 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.9
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Sudan 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
Tajikistan 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Libya 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Ethiopia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Equatorial Guinea 5.4 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Gambia, The 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Ghana 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
Nigeria 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Curacao
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Afghanistan
French Polynesia
Northern Mariana Islands
Macao SAR, China
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Guam
Aruba
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Liberia 5.9 6.0
New Caledonia
Liechtenstein
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Kosovo
Timor-Leste
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Hong Kong SAR, China
Zimbabwe

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