Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.8 2.7
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9
Singapore 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3
Tanzania 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.4
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4
Central African Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.6
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6
Tajikistan 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.6
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Ethiopia 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.6
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.9
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0
Botswana 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0
Sudan 3.7 4.1 3.7 4.0
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2
Bahrain 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2
India 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.3
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3
Gambia, The 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5
Madagascar 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5
Peru 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.7
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8
Mauritania 4.8 3.8 4.0 4.9
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.2 4.8 5.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1
San Marino 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2
Ghana 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.2
Seychelles 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.2
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 4.7 4.2 5.2
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3
Albania 2.5 4.0 4.8 5.3
Bulgaria 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.4
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5
Malawi 5.0 4.6 5.1 5.5
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5
Uganda 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5
Nigeria 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.6
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7
Guinea 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9
Liberia 5.9
Barbados 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0
Central Europe and the Baltics 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.0
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1
Nepal 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.2
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3
Uzbekistan 6.8 7.2 6.9 6.4
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Zambia 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.5
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6
United Kingdom 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8
Cambodia 6.1 9.5 8.0 6.9
Niger 6.6 6.3 6.7 7.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4
Serbia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.4
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5
Chile 6.5 7.0 7.0 7.5
Israel 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.6
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6
New Zealand 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.7
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.9 7.6 8.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.4 11.6 8.1 8.0
Andorra 7.6 6.6 6.6 8.0
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
El Salvador 6.4 7.9 8.8 8.3
Greece 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.4
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9
Canada 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.0
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 8.7 9.2 10.1
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1
Norway 8.6 9.1 9.4 10.1
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.4
United States 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.5
Sierra Leone 15.1 14.8 15.4 14.7
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6
Kosovo
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
West Bank and Gaza
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Guam
Bermuda
Puerto Rico
Curacao
Afghanistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Aruba
Isle of Man
Macao SAR, China
French Polynesia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
Timor-Leste
American Samoa
New Caledonia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
Fragile and conflict affected situations
St. Martin (French part)
Zimbabwe

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