Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Ghana 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Nigeria 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Gambia, The 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6
Tajikistan 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Central African Republic 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Ethiopia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Libya 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Botswana 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8
Guatemala 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.4
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Sudan 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
Korea, Rep. 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8
Equatorial Guinea 5.4 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Bahrain 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2
India 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Madagascar 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Peru 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0
Mauritania 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Barbados 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
San Marino 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Seychelles 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Bulgaria 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Djibouti 4.0 4.0 4.6 5.5 6.2
Malawi 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
Dominica 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.8
Zambia 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Liberia 5.9 6.0
Cambodia 5.3 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Niger 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
Uzbekistan 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Uganda 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
United Kingdom 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
Nepal 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
Albania 9.6 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
Chile 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
New Zealand 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
Andorra 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
El Salvador 6.4 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5 9.4
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6 6.8
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
Canada 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
Norway 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Greece 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
Macedonia, FYR 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
Sierra Leone 11.0 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9
United States 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
South Sudan
Taiwan, China
Faeroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
West Bank and Gaza
Puerto Rico
Somalia
Curacao
French Polynesia
Greenland
New Caledonia
Timor-Leste
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bermuda
Guam
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Macao SAR, China
Afghanistan
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Hong Kong SAR, China
American Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
Zimbabwe

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