Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.8 2.7
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9
Singapore 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3
Tanzania 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.4
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4
Central African Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.6
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6
Tajikistan 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.6
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Ethiopia 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.6
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.9
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0
Botswana 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0
Sudan 3.7 4.1 3.7 4.0
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2
Bahrain 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2
India 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.3
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3
Gambia, The 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5
Madagascar 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5
Peru 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.7
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8
Mauritania 4.8 3.8 4.0 4.9
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.2 4.8 5.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1
San Marino 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2
Ghana 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.2
Seychelles 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.2
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 4.7 4.2 5.2
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3
Albania 2.5 4.0 4.8 5.3
Bulgaria 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.4
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5
Malawi 5.0 4.6 5.1 5.5
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5
Uganda 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5
Nigeria 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.6
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7
Guinea 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9
Liberia 5.9
Barbados 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1
Nepal 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.2
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3
Uzbekistan 6.8 7.2 6.9 6.4
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Zambia 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.5
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6
United Kingdom 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8
Cambodia 6.1 9.5 8.0 6.9
Niger 6.6 6.3 6.7 7.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4
Serbia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.4
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5
Chile 6.5 7.0 7.0 7.5
Israel 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.6
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6
New Zealand 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.7
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.9 7.6 8.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.4 11.6 8.1 8.0
Andorra 7.6 6.6 6.6 8.0
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
El Salvador 6.4 7.9 8.8 8.3
Greece 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.4
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9
Canada 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.0
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 8.7 9.2 10.1
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1
Norway 8.6 9.1 9.4 10.1
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.4
United States 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.5
Sierra Leone 15.1 14.8 15.4 14.7
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6
Guam
Somalia
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Timor-Leste
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Curacao
Greenland
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Afghanistan
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Zimbabwe

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