Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Myanmar 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.1
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1 0.8
Indonesia 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.0
Bangladesh 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.2
Malaysia 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.0
Singapore 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8 2.7
Monaco 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.3
Fiji 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.9
Philippines 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.2
Ghana 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.0
Tanzania 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.4
Saudi Arabia 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1 4.2
Guinea 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.5
Qatar 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9 2.2
Nigeria 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4 2.8
Solomon Islands 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8 4.6
Gambia, The 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.6
Tajikistan 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.6
Ecuador 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0 3.6
Mauritius 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.8
Turkey 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8 4.9
Algeria 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5
Pakistan 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.0
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.7
Trinidad and Tobago 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3 4.0
Oman 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.1
Thailand 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.4
Congo, Rep. 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1 2.1
Central African Republic 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1 4.3
Romania 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2 4.3
Belize 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7 4.0
Ethiopia 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0 4.4
Papua New Guinea 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1 4.0
Morocco 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.2
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6 3.4
Vanuatu 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5 3.6
Botswana 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8 4.7
Guatemala 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.4 5.4
Senegal 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5 4.6
Comoros 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.5
Sudan 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.4
Mongolia 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0 4.7
Korea, Rep. 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2 3.7
Gabon 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8 1.4
Equatorial Guinea 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8 2.7
Eritrea 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7 4.1
Bahrain 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2 3.5
India 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.3
China 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5 4.6
Benin 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6 4.3
Cameroon 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.4
Brunei Darussalam 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1 3.0
Kuwait 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7 2.5
Madagascar 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5 5.0
Kenya 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2 4.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6 4.6
Venezuela, RB 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7 5.7
Mozambique 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3 6.2
Peru 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0 4.9
Mauritania 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3 5.2
Antigua and Barbuda 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0 4.2
Togo 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7 5.3
Burkina Faso 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3 5.1
Angola 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1 3.4
Tonga 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1 4.8
Kazakhstan 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4 4.2
Barbados 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.2
Mexico 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.1
Vietnam 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3 4.1
San Marino 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1
Seychelles 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1 4.6
Turkmenistan 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9 3.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3 4.3
Jamaica 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7 5.5
Rwanda 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6 4.2
Bolivia 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2 6.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9
St. Lucia 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.6
Bulgaria 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0 6.2
Cabo Verde 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6 4.8
Guyana 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7 5.8
Tunisia 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.4
Chad 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9 6.3
Azerbaijan 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4 4.7
Djibouti 4.0 4.6 5.5 6.2 5.8
Malawi 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5 6.1
Swaziland 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3 5.3
Estonia 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9 5.3
Cyprus 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.8
Bahamas, The 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2 5.2
Nicaragua 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.4
Honduras 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2 6.6
Slovak Republic 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.5
Luxembourg 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8 7.5
Burundi 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6 6.3
Dominica 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.8 4.8
Zambia 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0 6.5
Armenia 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7 6.3
Cuba 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0 6.1
Samoa 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3 6.0
Dominican Republic 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.3
Kyrgyz Republic 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3 4.7
Poland 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.5
Liberia 5.9 6.0 5.9
Cambodia 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5 5.8
Belarus 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2 6.1
Haiti 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 6.1
Lithuania 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2 6.5
Latvia 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.0
Ireland 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.2
Mali 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0 6.3
Niger 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3 5.8
Paraguay 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8 8.1
Uzbekistan 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5 5.3
Maldives 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.1
Malta 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.6
Lao PDR 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7 3.3
Czech Republic 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.3
Uganda 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5 7.2
Georgia 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3 6.9
United Kingdom 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8 6.9
Ukraine 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9 5.6
Nepal 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9 5.4
Russian Federation 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8 5.4
Croatia 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3 7.8
Brazil 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1 7.2
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8
Namibia 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0 6.1
Lesotho 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9
Albania 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9 6.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6 7.8
Kiribati 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8 8.0
Bhutan 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.7
Guinea-Bissau 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8 4.9
Panama 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9 7.8
Costa Rica 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8 7.1
Chile 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3 7.2
Hungary 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3 7.2
Japan 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4 7.6
Spain 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.2
Cote d'Ivoire 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5 6.2
Grenada 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8 6.6
Finland 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4 7.2
Sao Tome and Principe 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5 8.9
Israel 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2 7.1
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.3
Italy 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.9
New Zealand 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5 7.6
Australia 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8 8.1
Moldova 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9 6.7
Portugal 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9 9.3
Andorra 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8 6.0
Slovenia 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8 8.3
Belgium 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1 8.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9 7.1
Netherlands 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1 8.0
Sweden 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.2
Denmark 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0 8.7
El Salvador 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0 8.0
Tuvalu 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0 11.0
Argentina 8.0 8.4 8.5 9.4 9.2
South Africa 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9 8.3
Suriname 7.4 7.8 8.6 6.8 8.7
Colombia 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7 5.9
Canada 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7 8.7
Iceland 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6 9.5
Norway 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3 8.4
Jordan 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4 9.7
Greece 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6 7.9
Switzerland 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0 9.9
Palau 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1 12.0
Austria 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2 10.0
Macedonia, FYR 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8 8.7
Uruguay 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2 11.2
France 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2 10.1
Germany 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.4
Sierra Leone 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8 13.8
Lebanon 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9 10.9
United States 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1 13.1
Marshall Islands 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7 22.5
Guam
West Bank and Gaza
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
Timor-Leste 3.4
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
New Caledonia
American Samoa
South Sudan
Hong Kong SAR, China
French Polynesia
Greenland
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Afghanistan
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Isle of Man
Zimbabwe

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