Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6
Sierra Leone 15.1 14.8 15.4 14.7
United States 13.6 13.6 13.5 13.5
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.4
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3
Norway 8.6 9.1 9.4 10.1
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 8.7 9.2 10.1
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3
Canada 9.0 8.8 8.8 9.0
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4
Greece 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.4
El Salvador 6.4 7.9 8.8 8.3
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1
Andorra 7.6 6.6 6.6 8.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.4 11.6 8.1 8.0
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.9 7.6 8.0
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7
New Zealand 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.7
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6
Israel 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.6
Chile 6.5 7.0 7.0 7.5
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
Serbia 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.4
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0
Niger 6.6 6.3 6.7 7.0
Cambodia 6.1 9.5 8.0 6.9
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7
United Kingdom 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5
Zambia 5.6 5.9 6.2 6.5
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4
Uzbekistan 6.8 7.2 6.9 6.4
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2
Nepal 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.2
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0
Barbados 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9
Liberia 5.9
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7
Guinea 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6
Nigeria 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.6
Uganda 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5
Malawi 5.0 4.6 5.1 5.5
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4
Bulgaria 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.4
Albania 2.5 4.0 4.8 5.3
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3
Equatorial Guinea 5.9 4.7 4.2 5.2
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2
Seychelles 5.2 5.4 5.8 5.2
Ghana 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.2
San Marino 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.2 4.8 5.0
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9
Mauritania 4.8 3.8 4.0 4.9
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.7 3.4 4.1 4.7
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5
Peru 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5
Madagascar 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.5
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4
Gambia, The 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.4
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3
India 4.0 3.9 4.2 4.3
Bahrain 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0
Korea, Rep. 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0
Sudan 3.7 4.1 3.7 4.0
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0
Botswana 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.0
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9
Libya 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.9
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7
Ethiopia 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.6
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6
Tajikistan 3.5 3.1 3.7 3.6
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6
Sri Lanka 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.6
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5
Central African Republic 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4
Tanzania 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.4
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1
Singapore 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1
Malaysia 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.8 2.7
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Puerto Rico
Cayman Islands
Aruba
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Timor-Leste
Afghanistan
Greenland
Kosovo
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
French Polynesia
Bermuda
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
Macao SAR, China
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Hong Kong SAR, China
American Samoa
Zimbabwe

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