Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
United States 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9
Sierra Leone 11.0 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
Macedonia, FYR 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
Greece 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Norway 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
Canada 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
Suriname 5.2 7.4 7.8 8.6 6.8
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Argentina 8.3 8.0 8.4 8.5 9.4
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
El Salvador 6.4 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Andorra 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
New Zealand 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Chile 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Albania 9.6 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Nepal 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
United Kingdom 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
Uganda 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Uzbekistan 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
Niger 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
Cambodia 5.3 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5
Liberia 5.9 6.0
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Zambia 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0
Dominica 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.8
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Malawi 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5
Djibouti 4.0 4.0 4.6 5.5 6.2
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
Bulgaria 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9
Seychelles 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1
San Marino 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Barbados 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0
Mauritania 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3
Peru 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Madagascar 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
India 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1
Bahrain 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.4 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Korea, Rep. 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
Sudan 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
Guatemala 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.4
Botswana 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Libya 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Ethiopia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Central African Republic 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Tajikistan 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9
Gambia, The 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Nigeria 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Ghana 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Afghanistan
Curacao
Isle of Man
South Sudan
Taiwan, China
Somalia
French Polynesia
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Timor-Leste
Turks and Caicos Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Macao SAR, China
Northern Mariana Islands
Aruba
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa
Bermuda
Liechtenstein
Guam
Puerto Rico
West Bank and Gaza
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
New Caledonia
Zimbabwe

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