Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Marshall Islands 15.8 19.0 19.9 18.6 18.7
United States 13.2 13.1 13.0 13.1 13.1
Lebanon 14.3 15.2 13.0 11.5 10.9
Sierra Leone 11.0 10.8 11.2 10.6 11.8
Germany 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4
France 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.2
Uruguay 15.6 13.0 9.3 10.1 11.2
Macedonia, FYR 8.4 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.8
Austria 9.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.2
Palau 11.4 11.6 11.4 10.0 11.1
Switzerland 9.3 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.0
Greece 9.6 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.6
Jordan 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
Norway 7.9 7.8 8.4 9.3 9.3
Iceland 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.9 9.6
Canada 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.7
Colombia 6.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.7
South Africa 7.4 8.0 8.3 8.6 8.9
Tuvalu 8.5 11.4 8.5 8.4 9.0
El Salvador 6.4 7.6 8.1 8.2 8.0
Denmark 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.2 9.0
Sweden 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 8.2
Netherlands 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 10.2 8.0 8.0 8.9
Belgium 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.1
Slovenia 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.8 7.8
Andorra 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 5.8
Portugal 7.5 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
Moldova 9.1 10.3 9.5 7.7 5.9
Australia 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.8
New Zealand 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.6 7.5
Italy 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.6
Montenegro 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.5
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.2
Sao Tome and Principe 7.6 7.1 8.3 7.4 8.5
Finland 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.4 7.4
Grenada 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.8
Cote d'Ivoire 6.4 6.8 7.1 7.3 6.5
Spain 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.3
Japan 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.2 7.4
Hungary 7.3 7.1 6.8 7.2 7.3
Chile 6.0 6.5 6.7 7.2 7.3
Costa Rica 6.5 6.7 6.4 7.1 6.8
Panama 7.7 7.2 7.1 7.1 6.9
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 7.0 6.7 7.1 5.8
Argentina 6.9 6.6 6.9 7.0 7.7
Bhutan 3.8 6.2 7.2 7.0 6.7
Kiribati 9.4 9.2 9.4 7.0 8.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 9.1 8.6 7.8 7.0 7.6
Albania 9.6 7.4 7.6 6.9 6.9
Lesotho 7.5 7.5 6.7 6.8 6.8
Namibia 6.2 6.6 6.8 6.8 7.0
Serbia 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.8 6.8
Brazil 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 7.1
Croatia 6.8 7.1 5.9 6.7 7.3
Russian Federation 5.4 5.6 7.1 6.6 5.8
Nepal 5.3 5.4 5.5 6.6 5.9
Ukraine 7.7 7.0 6.9 6.6 5.9
United Kingdom 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.8
Georgia 5.1 7.5 8.0 6.5 6.3
Uganda 8.5 6.9 6.6 6.5 6.5
Czech Republic 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.3
Lao PDR 4.1 4.6 6.3 6.4 3.7
Malta 5.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.4
Maldives 5.7 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Uzbekistan 6.9 7.3 7.3 6.4 5.5
Paraguay 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.8
Niger 6.0 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.3
Mali 5.2 7.8 7.0 6.2 6.0
Ireland 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.1 6.1
Latvia 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.4
Lithuania 5.4 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2
Haiti 6.6 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7
Belarus 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.2
Cambodia 5.3 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.5
Liberia 5.9 6.0
Poland 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.7
Dominica 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.9 5.9
Kyrgyz Republic 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.3
Dominican Republic 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.8 5.9
Samoa 5.2 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.3
Cuba 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.8 6.0
Armenia 6.4 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.7
Zambia 4.8 5.3 5.5 5.7 7.0
Burundi 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
Luxembourg 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.8
Slovak Republic 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.8
Honduras 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.6 6.2
Nicaragua 6.5 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.3
Bahamas, The 6.9 6.9 5.6 5.6 5.2
Cyprus 4.7 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.6
Estonia 6.3 6.6 6.2 5.6 5.9
Swaziland 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.3
Malawi 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.5 6.5
Suriname 3.8 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.1
Djibouti 3.6 3.6 4.6 5.5 6.2
Azerbaijan 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4
Chad 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.9
Tunisia 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.4
Guyana 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.3 4.7
Cabo Verde 5.3 4.8 4.7 5.2 4.6
Bulgaria 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.0
St. Lucia 4.7 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.5
Syrian Arab Republic 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.2
Bolivia 4.5 4.6 4.4 5.1 6.2
Rwanda 4.3 4.4 4.4 5.1 4.6
Jamaica 4.1 4.7 6.0 5.1 4.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.9 4.3 5.0 5.1 5.3
Turkmenistan 3.1 3.1 5.0 5.0 3.9
Seychelles 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.1
San Marino 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.3
Vietnam 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.9 4.9
Mexico 5.1 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.1
Barbados 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0
Kazakhstan 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.4
Tonga 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 5.1
Angola 4.8 3.4 4.6 4.7 4.1
Burkina Faso 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.7 5.3
Togo 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.0
Mauritania 4.6 3.7 3.9 4.6 5.3
Peru 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.0
Mozambique 5.3 4.3 4.6 4.5 5.3
Venezuela, RB 4.2 3.5 3.9 4.5 5.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.5 4.6
Kenya 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.5 4.2
Madagascar 4.1 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.5
Kuwait 3.8 3.5 3.7 4.4 3.7
Brunei Darussalam 2.9 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.1
Cameroon 3.9 5.2 4.6 4.4 4.4
Benin 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.6
China 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.4 4.5
India 4.1 3.9 4.3 4.3 4.1
Bahrain 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3 4.2
Eritrea 4.5 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.7
Equatorial Guinea 5.4 4.4 3.2 4.3 2.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.3 3.8
Gabon 3.4 3.4 3.0 4.2 3.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.5 4.4 4.7 4.2 4.2
Korea, Rep. 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4
Guatemala 3.7 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.9
Mongolia 3.2 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.0
Sudan 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8
Comoros 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.0 3.8
Senegal 3.9 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.5
Botswana 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.0 3.8
Vanuatu 2.6 2.3 3.3 3.9 3.5
Libya 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.9 3.6
Morocco 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9 4.0
Papua New Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.8 4.1
Ethiopia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.0
Belize 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.7
Romania 3.2 3.2 4.2 3.8 4.2
Central African Republic 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.1
Congo, Rep. 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.7 3.1
Thailand 3.5 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.5
Oman 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.7 3.5
Trinidad and Tobago 4.7 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3
Sri Lanka 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Pakistan 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.7
Algeria 3.7 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4
Turkey 3.4 3.9 4.2 3.6 4.8
Mauritius 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Ecuador 3.4 3.7 3.7 3.6 4.0
Tajikistan 3.1 3.1 3.6 3.6 3.9
Gambia, The 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.5 3.6
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.5 3.8
Nigeria 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.5 3.4
Qatar 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.4 2.9
Guinea 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.4
Saudi Arabia 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.3 4.1
Tanzania 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2
Ghana 3.1 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.1
Philippines 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.2
Fiji 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.2 3.1
Monaco 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.4
Singapore 2.9 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.8
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.0
United Arab Emirates 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5
Bangladesh 3.5 3.5 2.6 2.6 2.6
Indonesia 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.3
Iraq 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.1
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.8
Curacao
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Hong Kong SAR, China
South Sudan
French Polynesia
Somalia
Aruba
Timor-Leste
West Bank and Gaza
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Kosovo
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda
American Samoa
Afghanistan
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macao SAR, China
Puerto Rico
Zimbabwe

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