Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Iraq 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4
Myanmar 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3
Indonesia 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6
Equatorial Guinea 2.5 2.4 1.5 1.8 2.0
Bangladesh 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.0
Singapore 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.9 3.6
Qatar 2.9 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1
Malaysia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.9
Congo, Rep. 3.1 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6
Fiji 3.1 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4
Philippines 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2
Monaco 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9
Libya 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.9 4.1
Algeria 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6
Mauritius 3.4 3.7 3.8 4.2 3.9
Gabon 3.5 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8
Thailand 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Tanzania 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7
Sri Lanka 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9
Vanuatu 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7
Oman 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2
Kuwait 3.7 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2
Belize 3.7 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5
Pakistan 3.7 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9
Lao PDR 3.7 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9
Comoros 3.8 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6
Sudan 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8
Solomon Islands 3.8 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0
Botswana 3.8 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3
Ethiopia 3.9 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.9
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.8
Tajikistan 3.9 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Central African Republic 3.9 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.0 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.4
Morocco 4.0 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3
Ecuador 4.0 3.6 4.0 4.8 6.7
Mongolia 4.0 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4
India 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3
Brunei Darussalam 4.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1
Papua New Guinea 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1
Saudi Arabia 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0
Angola 4.1 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9
Bahrain 4.1 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9
Kenya 4.2 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
Romania 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.2 4.8 4.3 4.2 5.1
Trinidad and Tobago 4.3 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1
Korea, Rep. 4.3 4.3 5.0 4.8 5.2
Yemen, Rep. 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.6 3.8 4.2
Kazakhstan 4.4 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7
Cameroon 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9
Senegal 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4
Madagascar 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8
Rwanda 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3
Benin 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7
Cabo Verde 4.6 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0
Eritrea 4.7 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.2
Guyana 4.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6
Jamaica 4.7 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6
Togo 4.7 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6
Turkey 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3
Peru 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5
Vietnam 4.9 5.3 5.6 5.1 5.2
Guatemala 4.9 5.6 6.4 6.2 6.4
Ghana 5.1 4.8 5.6 4.8 4.8
Mexico 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8
Tonga 5.1 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6
San Marino 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.5 5.1
Syrian Arab Republic 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1
Burkina Faso 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5
Mozambique 5.3 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4
Seychelles 5.3 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.8
Nicaragua 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1
Swaziland 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.8
Kyrgyz Republic 5.3 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.3 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7
Azerbaijan 5.4 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6
Tunisia 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4
Nepal 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.4
St. Lucia 5.5 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2
Uzbekistan 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2
Burundi 5.6 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.2
Cyprus 5.6 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8
Nigeria 5.6 4.6 4.8 3.9 7.5
Guinea 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.1 4.9
Estonia 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9
Haiti 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3
Venezuela, RB 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9
Armenia 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6
Poland 5.7 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2
Slovak Republic 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8
Guinea-Bissau 5.8 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8
Zambia 5.8 5.6 6.0 6.7 6.7
Russian Federation 5.8 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Luxembourg 5.8 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7
Albania 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2
Chad 5.9 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8
Moldova 5.9 6.7 7.1 8.1 8.3
Ukraine 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9
Dominican Republic 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.5
Dominica 5.9 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 4.8 6.0 5.4
Bulgaria 6.0 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6
Cuba 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3
Andorra 6.0 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.8
Liberia 6.0 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4
Mali 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2
Ireland 6.1 6.1 6.7 7.0 7.3
Barbados 6.1 6.3 6.7 7.4 7.1
Belarus 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6
Cambodia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.4 7.3
Bolivia 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6
Lithuania 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5
Honduras 6.2 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3
Djibouti 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2
Samoa 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1
Georgia 6.3 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5
Czech Republic 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1
Malta 6.4 6.6 7.0 7.9 8.2
Latvia 6.4 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2
Malawi 6.5 6.1 5.1 4.8 6.3
Maldives 6.6 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0
Uganda 6.7 6.6 7.2 7.5 7.6
Bhutan 6.7 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1
Lesotho 6.8 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1
Paraguay 6.8 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1
Suriname 6.8 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6
Costa Rica 6.8 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1
Panama 6.9 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6
United Kingdom 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.8
Cote d'Ivoire 6.9 6.5 5.2 4.7 5.1
Niger 6.9 6.4 7.4 7.0 6.8
Namibia 7.0 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5
Brazil 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0
Spain 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.9 7.8 7.7
Hungary 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6
Croatia 7.3 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4
Finland 7.4 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2
Serbia 7.4 7.4 7.6 8.9 8.8
Japan 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Montenegro 7.5 7.5 8.5 8.6 9.1
New Zealand 7.5 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.6 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5
Italy 7.6 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2
Chile 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.1
Australia 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3
Grenada 7.8 6.6 7.6 6.6 6.2
Slovenia 7.8 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.6
Portugal 7.9 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7
Belgium 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.5 10.0
Netherlands 8.1 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8
Sweden 8.2 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3
El Salvador 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.3
Sao Tome and Principe 8.5 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8
Greece 8.6 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9
Colombia 8.7 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9
Macedonia, FYR 8.8 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3
Kiribati 8.8 7.9 8.8 8.8 9.6
South Africa 8.9 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.9 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0
Canada 8.9 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.8
Denmark 9.0 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5
Tuvalu 9.0 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6
Argentina 9.4 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2
Jordan 9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2
Iceland 9.6 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.6
Switzerland 10.0 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9
Norway 10.1 9.1 9.8 10.4 10.6
France 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8
Austria 10.2 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3
Germany 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.3
Palau 11.1 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7
United States 13.5 13.6 14.2 15.1 15.6
Sierra Leone 15.9 18.4 16.0 16.0 15.5
Marshall Islands 18.7 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Northern Mariana Islands
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste 5.1 6.2 6.1 7.5
Puerto Rico
Somalia
American Samoa
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Curacao
Guam
Bermuda
French Polynesia
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Afghanistan 8.9 10.0
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Zimbabwe

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