Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Marshall Islands 18.7 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3
Sierra Leone 15.9 18.4 16.0 16.0 15.5
United States 13.5 13.6 14.2 15.1 15.6
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7
Palau 11.1 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.3
Germany 10.4 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9
Austria 10.2 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3
France 10.2 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8
Norway 10.1 9.1 9.8 10.4 10.6
Switzerland 10.0 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9
Iceland 9.6 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.6
Jordan 9.4 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2
Argentina 9.4 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2
Tuvalu 9.0 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6
Denmark 9.0 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5
Canada 8.9 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.9 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0
South Africa 8.9 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6
Kiribati 8.8 7.9 8.8 8.8 9.6
Macedonia, FYR 8.8 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3
Colombia 8.7 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9
Greece 8.6 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9
Sao Tome and Principe 8.5 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8
El Salvador 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.3
Sweden 8.2 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3
Netherlands 8.1 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8
Belgium 8.1 8.1 8.3 8.5 10.0
Portugal 7.9 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7
Slovenia 7.8 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.6
Grenada 7.8 6.6 7.6 6.6 6.2
Australia 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3
Chile 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.1
Italy 7.6 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.6 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5
New Zealand 7.5 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.9
Montenegro 7.5 7.5 8.5 8.6 9.1
Japan 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0
Serbia 7.4 7.4 7.6 8.9 8.8
Finland 7.4 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2
Croatia 7.3 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4
Hungary 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6
Israel 7.3 7.4 7.9 7.8 7.7
Spain 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2
Brazil 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0
Namibia 7.0 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5
Niger 6.9 6.4 7.4 7.0 6.8
Cote d'Ivoire 6.9 6.5 5.2 4.7 5.1
United Kingdom 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.8
Panama 6.9 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6
Costa Rica 6.8 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1
Suriname 6.8 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6
Paraguay 6.8 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1
Lesotho 6.8 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1
Bhutan 6.7 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1
Uganda 6.7 6.6 7.2 7.5 7.6
Maldives 6.6 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0
Malawi 6.5 6.1 5.1 4.8 6.3
Latvia 6.4 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2
Malta 6.4 6.6 7.0 7.9 8.2
Czech Republic 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1
Georgia 6.3 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5
Samoa 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1
Djibouti 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2
Honduras 6.2 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3
Lithuania 6.2 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5
Bolivia 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6
Cambodia 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.4 7.3
Belarus 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6
Barbados 6.1 6.3 6.7 7.4 7.1
Ireland 6.1 6.1 6.7 7.0 7.3
Mali 6.0 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2
Liberia 6.0 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4
Andorra 6.0 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.8
Cuba 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3
Bulgaria 6.0 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6
Mauritania 6.0 6.0 4.8 6.0 5.4
Dominica 5.9 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Dominican Republic 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.5
Ukraine 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9
Moldova 5.9 6.7 7.1 8.1 8.3
Chad 5.9 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8
Albania 5.8 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2
Luxembourg 5.8 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7
Russian Federation 5.8 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Zambia 5.8 5.6 6.0 6.7 6.7
Guinea-Bissau 5.8 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8
Slovak Republic 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8
Poland 5.7 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2
Armenia 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6
Venezuela, RB 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9
Haiti 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3
Estonia 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9
Guinea 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.1 4.9
Nigeria 5.6 4.6 4.8 3.9 7.5
Cyprus 5.6 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8
Burundi 5.6 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.2
Uzbekistan 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2
St. Lucia 5.5 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2
Nepal 5.5 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.4
Tunisia 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4
Azerbaijan 5.4 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.3 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6
Kyrgyz Republic 5.3 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4
Swaziland 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.8
Nicaragua 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1
Seychelles 5.3 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.8
Mozambique 5.3 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4
Burkina Faso 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5
Syrian Arab Republic 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1
San Marino 5.2 5.3 5.2 6.5 5.1
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6
Tonga 5.1 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1
Mexico 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8
Ghana 5.1 4.8 5.6 4.8 4.8
Guatemala 4.9 5.6 6.4 6.2 6.4
Vietnam 4.9 5.3 5.6 5.1 5.2
Peru 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5
Turkey 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3
Togo 4.7 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6
Jamaica 4.7 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6
Guyana 4.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6
Eritrea 4.7 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.2
Cabo Verde 4.6 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7
Benin 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6
Rwanda 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3
China 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8
Madagascar 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8
Senegal 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4
Cameroon 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9
Kazakhstan 4.4 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.6 3.8 4.2
Yemen, Rep. 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0
Korea, Rep. 4.3 4.3 5.0 4.8 5.2
Trinidad and Tobago 4.3 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.2 4.8 4.3 4.2 5.1
Romania 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3
Kenya 4.2 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.2 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9
Bahrain 4.1 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7
Angola 4.1 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9
Saudi Arabia 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0
Papua New Guinea 4.1 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1
Brunei Darussalam 4.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1
India 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3
Mongolia 4.0 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4
Ecuador 4.0 3.6 4.0 4.8 6.7
Morocco 4.0 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.0 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.4
Central African Republic 3.9 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4
Tajikistan 3.9 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.8
Ethiopia 3.9 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.9
Botswana 3.8 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3
Solomon Islands 3.8 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0
Sudan 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8
Comoros 3.8 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6
Lao PDR 3.7 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9
Pakistan 3.7 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9
Belize 3.7 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5
Kuwait 3.7 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2
Oman 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2
Vanuatu 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7
Sri Lanka 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9
Tanzania 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7
Thailand 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6
Gabon 3.5 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8
Mauritius 3.4 3.7 3.8 4.2 3.9
Algeria 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6
Libya 3.4 3.4 4.1 4.9 4.1
Monaco 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9
Philippines 3.2 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2
Fiji 3.1 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4
Congo, Rep. 3.1 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6
Malaysia 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.9
Qatar 2.9 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1
Singapore 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.9 3.6
Bangladesh 2.8 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.0
Equatorial Guinea 2.5 2.4 1.5 1.8 2.0
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6
Indonesia 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5
Myanmar 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3
Iraq 1.1 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4
Aruba
Northern Mariana Islands
New Caledonia
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia
Greenland
Puerto Rico
Hong Kong SAR, China
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
South Sudan
French Polynesia
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Afghanistan 8.9 10.0
Timor-Leste 5.1 6.2 6.1 7.5
Bermuda
Kosovo
West Bank and Gaza
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Isle of Man
Zimbabwe

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