Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Marshall Islands 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3 17.6
United States 13.1 13.8 14.6 15.1 15.2
Sierra Leone 13.8 11.9 11.8 11.4 11.4
Moldova 6.7 14.6 11.7 9.7 8.5
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7 8.5
Germany 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9 10.7
Switzerland 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0
France 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8 10.9
Sao Tome and Principe 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8 11.0
Iceland 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.4 9.9
Austria 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.4
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.2 8.4
Norway 8.4 8.8 9.8 10.0 9.6
Jordan 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1
Canada 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.5 9.6
Denmark 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3 8.7
Portugal 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7 10.0
Sweden 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1
Greece 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9 8.7
Kiribati 8.0 8.9 9.0 10.0 10.4
Netherlands 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8 10.0
Georgia 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5
Slovenia 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.5
Serbia 6.8 7.4 8.6 8.8 8.7
Uganda 7.2 7.9 8.5 8.2 9.7
South Africa 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.9
Belgium 8.1 8.3 8.5 9.6 9.7
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6
Montenegro 7.3 8.2 8.3 8.9 8.4
Argentina 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2 6.8
Palau 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3 9.2
Luxembourg 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2
Italy 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5
Afghanistan 8.2 9.3 9.2
Costa Rica 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1 7.8
Panama 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1
Chad 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8 5.6
New Zealand 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.8 8.0
Bhutan 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1 4.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5 10.4
Malta 6.6 7.1 7.9 8.2 8.5
Japan 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0
Finland 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2
El Salvador 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.3 7.3
Hungary 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6 8.2
Bulgaria 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.3
Chile 7.2 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.0
United Kingdom 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.8 7.9
Israel 7.1 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3
Honduras 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9
Spain 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2 8.2
Brazil 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1
Tuvalu 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6 16.6
Suriname 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6 6.9
Ireland 6.2 6.8 7.1 7.3 7.6
Burundi 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.1 9.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0 9.0
Paraguay 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1 5.9
Lesotho 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0
Guatemala 5.4 6.9 6.8 7.1 7.0
Czech Republic 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9
Grenada 6.6 7.6 6.6 5.8 5.2
Bolivia 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6 5.3
Cuba 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1
Albania 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.4
Belarus 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6
Mozambique 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9
St. Lucia 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3
Lithuania 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7
Niger 5.8 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.4
Poland 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2
Dominican Republic 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.8 4.5
Latvia 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5
Mali 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3
Croatia 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4 6.6
San Marino 5.1 5.0 6.3 4.9 5.1
Ukraine 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6
Namibia 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.3
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4
Solomon Islands 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6
Russian Federation 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2
Andorra 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.7
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.7 6.3
Zambia 6.5 6.1 5.9 6.8 7.3
Guinea-Bissau 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8 5.3
Guyana 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.7
Barbados 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7
Botswana 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3 4.9
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1
Colombia 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4
Venezuela, RB 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.6
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2
Mexico 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0
Nepal 5.4 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.8
Samoa 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.9
Haiti 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6
Djibouti 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1
Kyrgyz Republic 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6
Liberia 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8
Armenia 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5
Turkey 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4
Tunisia 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6
Morocco 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Mauritania 5.2 4.3 5.3 4.5 4.7
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0
Maldives 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0 5.9
Cabo Verde 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Swaziland 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7
Senegal 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7
Tonga 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.8
Burkina Faso 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5 6.1
Trinidad and Tobago 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2
Peru 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.6
Togo 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5
Korea, Rep. 4.4 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.2
Dominica 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.4
Jamaica 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.8
Estonia 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1
Cameroon 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.6
Ethiopia 4.4 4.3 4.8 4.7 4.3
Mongolia 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4 7.0
China 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7
Cote d'Ivoire 6.2 5.1 4.8 5.2 5.6
Vietnam 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.8 5.1
Papua New Guinea 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.6
Ecuador 3.6 4.0 4.6 5.3 5.1
Romania 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4
Libya 3.4 4.1 4.6 4.1 3.5
Kenya 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Tajikistan 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 5.1
Azerbaijan 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9
India 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6
Belize 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4
Angola 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9 5.1
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3
Benin 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.7
Mauritius 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.3
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9
Central African Republic 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.1
Seychelles 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.7 4.2
Rwanda 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3 6.2
Lao PDR 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9 4.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7
Bahrain 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9
Sri Lanka 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.2
Vanuatu 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5
Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.1
Gambia, The 3.6 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.4
Algeria 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Timor-Leste 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.3 1.8
Eritrea 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.2 2.9
Thailand 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5
Gabon 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.4
Malawi 6.1 5.1 3.7 4.8 5.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5
Kazakhstan 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0
Sudan 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.1
Kuwait 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.7
Fiji 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6
Tanzania 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.4
Malaysia 3.0 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.7
Monaco 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0
Comoros 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.9 4.0
Oman 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Ghana 3.0 3.6 3.0 3.1 4.0
Pakistan 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.8
Bangladesh 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.0
Singapore 2.7 2.4 2.8 3.6 3.2
Philippines 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5
Qatar 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.4 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.3
Congo, Rep. 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
Nigeria 2.8 3.2 2.4 4.0 4.3
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.3
Indonesia 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4
Equatorial Guinea 2.7 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.4
Iraq 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Puerto Rico
Guam
New Caledonia
Curacao
Aruba
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bermuda
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Taiwan, China
South Sudan
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
Hong Kong SAR, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Greenland
Cayman Islands
French Polynesia
Faeroe Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Macao SAR, China
Liechtenstein
Zimbabwe

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