Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Marshall Islands 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3 17.6
United States 13.1 13.8 14.6 15.1 15.2
Sierra Leone 13.8 11.9 11.8 11.4 11.4
Moldova 6.7 14.6 11.7 9.7 8.5
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7 8.5
Germany 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9 10.7
Switzerland 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0
France 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8 10.9
Sao Tome and Principe 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8 11.0
Iceland 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.4 9.9
Austria 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.4
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.2 8.4
Norway 8.4 8.8 9.8 10.0 9.6
Jordan 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1
Canada 8.7 9.1 9.4 9.5 9.6
Denmark 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3 8.7
Portugal 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7 10.0
Sweden 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1
Greece 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9 8.7
Kiribati 8.0 8.9 9.0 10.0 10.4
Netherlands 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8 10.0
Georgia 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5
Slovenia 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.8 8.5
Serbia 6.8 7.4 8.6 8.8 8.7
Uganda 7.2 7.9 8.5 8.2 9.7
South Africa 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.9
Belgium 8.1 8.3 8.5 9.6 9.7
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6
Montenegro 7.3 8.2 8.3 8.9 8.4
Argentina 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2 6.8
Palau 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3 9.2
Luxembourg 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2
Italy 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5
Afghanistan 8.2 9.3 9.2
Costa Rica 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1 7.8
Panama 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1
Chad 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8 5.6
New Zealand 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.8 8.0
Bhutan 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1 4.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5 10.4
Malta 6.6 7.1 7.9 8.2 8.5
Japan 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0
Finland 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2
El Salvador 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.3 7.3
Hungary 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6 8.2
Bulgaria 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.3
Chile 7.2 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.0
United Kingdom 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.8 7.9
Israel 7.1 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.3
Honduras 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9
Spain 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2 8.2
Brazil 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1
Tuvalu 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6 16.6
Suriname 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6 6.9
Ireland 6.2 6.8 7.1 7.3 7.6
Burundi 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.1 9.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0 9.0
Paraguay 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1 5.9
Lesotho 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0
Guatemala 5.4 6.9 6.8 7.1 7.0
Czech Republic 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9
Grenada 6.6 7.6 6.6 5.8 5.2
Bolivia 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6 5.3
Cuba 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1
Albania 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.4
Belarus 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6
Mozambique 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9
St. Lucia 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3
Lithuania 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7
Niger 5.8 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.4
Poland 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2
Dominican Republic 6.3 6.2 6.3 5.8 4.5
Latvia 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5
Mali 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3
Croatia 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4 6.6
San Marino 5.1 5.0 6.3 4.9 5.1
Ukraine 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6
Namibia 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.3
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4
Solomon Islands 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6
Russian Federation 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2
Andorra 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.8 5.7
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.7 6.3
Zambia 6.5 6.1 5.9 6.8 7.3
Guinea-Bissau 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8 5.3
Guyana 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.0 5.7
Barbados 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7
Botswana 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3 4.9
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1
Colombia 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4
Venezuela, RB 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.6
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2
Mexico 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0
Nepal 5.4 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.8
Samoa 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.9
Haiti 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6
Djibouti 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1
Kyrgyz Republic 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6
Liberia 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8
Armenia 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5
Turkey 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4
Tunisia 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6
Morocco 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Mauritania 5.2 4.3 5.3 4.5 4.7
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0
Maldives 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0 5.9
Cabo Verde 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Swaziland 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7
Senegal 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7
Tonga 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.8
Burkina Faso 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5 6.1
Trinidad and Tobago 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2
Peru 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.6
Togo 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5
Korea, Rep. 4.4 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.2
Dominica 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.7 4.4
Jamaica 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.8
Estonia 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1
Cameroon 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.6
Ethiopia 4.4 4.3 4.8 4.7 4.3
Mongolia 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4 7.0
China 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7
Cote d'Ivoire 6.2 5.1 4.8 5.2 5.6
Vietnam 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.8 5.1
Papua New Guinea 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.6
Ecuador 3.6 4.0 4.6 5.3 5.1
Romania 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4
Libya 3.4 4.1 4.6 4.1 3.5
Kenya 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Tajikistan 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 5.1
Azerbaijan 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9
India 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6
Belize 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4
Angola 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9 5.1
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3
Benin 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.7
Mauritius 3.8 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.3
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9
Central African Republic 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.1
Seychelles 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.7 4.2
Rwanda 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3 6.2
Lao PDR 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9 4.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7
Bahrain 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9
Sri Lanka 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 4.2
Vanuatu 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5
Guinea 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.1
Gambia, The 3.6 3.7 3.8 4.2 4.4
Algeria 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Timor-Leste 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.3 1.8
Eritrea 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.2 2.9
Thailand 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5
Gabon 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.4
Malawi 6.1 5.1 3.7 4.8 5.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5
Kazakhstan 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0
Sudan 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.1
Kuwait 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.7
Fiji 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6
Tanzania 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.4
Malaysia 3.0 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.7
Monaco 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0
Comoros 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.9 4.0
Oman 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Ghana 3.0 3.6 3.0 3.1 4.0
Pakistan 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.8 2.8
Bangladesh 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.0
Singapore 2.7 2.4 2.8 3.6 3.2
Philippines 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5
Qatar 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.4 2.7 2.6 3.2 3.3
Congo, Rep. 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
Nigeria 2.8 3.2 2.4 4.0 4.3
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.3
Indonesia 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4
Equatorial Guinea 2.7 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.4
Iraq 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Puerto Rico
Liechtenstein
French Polynesia
Middle East (developing only)
South Sudan
Bermuda
Hong Kong SAR, China
Somalia
Aruba
American Samoa
Curacao
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Isle of Man
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
Macao SAR, China
New Caledonia
Zimbabwe

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