Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Marshall Islands 22.5 19.4 18.2 17.3 17.6
Sierra Leone 18.4 16.0 16.0 15.5 15.4
United States 13.6 14.2 15.1 15.6 15.7
Uruguay 11.2 11.2 11.0 9.7 8.5
Germany 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.9 10.7
Switzerland 9.9 10.3 10.6 10.9 11.0
France 10.1 10.2 10.6 10.8 11.0
Sao Tome and Principe 8.9 10.3 10.6 11.8 11.0
Norway 9.1 9.8 10.4 10.6 10.1
Iceland 9.5 9.3 10.2 10.6 10.0
Austria 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.3 10.4
Lebanon 10.9 10.9 10.0 9.3 8.2
Jordan 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.2 9.1
Canada 8.8 9.3 9.6 9.8 9.8
Denmark 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.5 9.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.5 9.3 9.3 8.7
Portugal 9.3 9.3 9.3 9.7 10.0
Sweden 8.2 8.9 9.2 9.3 9.1
Greece 7.9 8.8 9.1 8.9 8.7
Afghanistan 8.9 10.0 9.8
Serbia 7.4 7.6 8.9 8.8 8.7
Netherlands 8.0 8.3 8.9 9.8 10.0
Kiribati 7.9 8.8 8.8 9.6 10.4
Georgia 6.9 7.8 8.7 8.5 8.5
Slovenia 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.3
Montenegro 7.5 8.5 8.6 9.1 8.7
South Africa 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.6 8.9
Belgium 8.1 8.3 8.5 10.0 10.0
Australia 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.6
Argentina 9.2 9.4 8.3 8.2 8.2
Palau 12.0 8.6 8.3 8.3 9.2
Luxembourg 7.5 7.4 8.3 7.7 8.2
Italy 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.5
Moldova 6.7 7.1 8.1 8.3 8.5
New Zealand 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.9 8.0
Costa Rica 7.1 7.1 8.0 8.1 7.8
Panama 7.8 7.7 8.0 7.6 8.1
Chad 6.3 6.0 8.0 5.8 5.1
Malta 6.6 7.0 7.9 8.2 8.6
Bhutan 6.7 6.2 7.9 5.1 4.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 7.8 8.5 7.9 9.5 10.4
Japan 7.6 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.0
Finland 7.2 7.4 7.8 8.2 8.2
Israel 7.4 7.9 7.8 7.7 7.6
El Salvador 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.3 7.3
United Kingdom 7.0 7.3 7.6 7.8 8.0
Hungary 7.2 7.2 7.6 8.6 8.2
Bulgaria 6.2 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.3
Uganda 6.6 7.2 7.5 7.6 7.9
Chile 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.1 6.7
Barbados 6.3 6.7 7.4 7.1 7.1
Honduras 6.6 6.9 7.3 8.3 7.9
Spain 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.2 8.2
Brazil 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.1
Tuvalu 11.0 9.2 7.2 21.6 16.6
Suriname 8.7 8.4 7.1 6.6 6.9
Burundi 6.3 6.8 7.1 7.2 9.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.1 7.2 7.1 8.0 9.0
Ireland 6.1 6.7 7.0 7.3 7.5
Niger 6.4 7.4 7.0 6.8 7.1
Paraguay 8.1 7.6 7.0 6.1 5.9
Lesotho 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1 7.0
Czech Republic 6.3 6.4 6.8 7.1 6.9
Zambia 5.6 6.0 6.7 6.7 6.7
Grenada 6.6 7.6 6.6 6.2 5.8
Bolivia 6.1 6.3 6.5 5.6 5.3
San Marino 5.3 5.2 6.5 5.1 5.3
Albania 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2 6.5
Cuba 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.1
Belarus 6.1 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.6
Mozambique 6.2 5.6 6.4 6.4 5.9
St. Lucia 5.6 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3
Lithuania 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.5 5.7
Cambodia 6.3 6.2 6.4 7.3 7.1
Poland 5.5 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2
Dominican Republic 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.5 5.1
Latvia 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.5
Mali 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3
Croatia 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.4 6.6
Ukraine 5.6 5.7 6.3 6.9 6.6
Guatemala 5.6 6.4 6.2 6.4 6.4
Namibia 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5 6.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.4 5.8 6.1 5.6 5.3
Timor-Leste 5.1 6.2 6.1 7.5 8.6
Cyprus 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.8 6.4
Solomon Islands 4.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.6
Guinea 5.6 5.9 6.1 4.9 5.3
Russian Federation 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.2
Mauritania 6.0 4.8 6.0 5.4 5.9
Guinea-Bissau 4.9 5.0 5.8 5.8 5.3
Andorra 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.7
Guyana 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.3
Botswana 4.7 5.2 5.7 4.3 4.9
Nicaragua 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.1
Colombia 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.4
Venezuela, RB 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.9 5.6
Slovak Republic 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.8 7.2
Mexico 5.1 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0
Nepal 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.8
Samoa 6.0 5.8 5.5 5.1 4.9
Haiti 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.6
Djibouti 5.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 6.8
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1
Kyrgyz Republic 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.4 5.6
Liberia 5.9 6.4 5.4 3.4 8.8
Armenia 6.3 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5
Turkey 4.9 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.4
Tunisia 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.6
Morocco 4.2 4.4 5.3 5.3 5.2
Bahamas, The 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.6 6.0
Maldives 7.1 5.3 5.2 6.0 5.9
Cabo Verde 4.8 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1
Madagascar 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.8 4.9
Swaziland 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.8 5.9
Vietnam 5.3 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7
Senegal 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.7
Dominica 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.7
Tonga 4.8 5.7 5.0 5.1 4.8
Burkina Faso 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.5 6.1
Trinidad and Tobago 4.0 4.4 5.0 5.1 5.2
Togo 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5
Libya 3.4 4.1 4.9 4.1 3.5
Jamaica 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.8
Estonia 5.3 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.1
Cameroon 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.6
Malawi 6.1 5.1 4.8 6.3 7.8
Mongolia 4.7 4.6 4.8 7.4 7.0
Peru 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.4
China 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.7
Ecuador 3.6 4.0 4.8 6.7 6.6
Korea, Rep. 4.3 5.0 4.8 5.2 5.2
Ghana 4.8 5.6 4.8 4.8 6.1
Cote d'Ivoire 6.5 5.2 4.7 5.1 5.6
Ethiopia 4.3 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.3
Papua New Guinea 4.0 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.6
Romania 4.3 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.4
Kenya 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.3
Tajikistan 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.3
Azerbaijan 4.7 4.5 4.5 6.6 7.9
India 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.5
Seychelles 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.8 4.3
Belize 4.0 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4
Angola 3.4 5.8 4.4 4.9 5.1
Antigua and Barbuda 4.0 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.1
Benin 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.6
Saudi Arabia 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.0 3.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.8 4.3 4.2 5.1 5.4
Yemen, Rep. 4.1 4.3 4.2 5.0 4.9
Central African Republic 4.3 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.1
Rwanda 4.2 4.4 4.2 6.3 5.8
Mauritius 3.7 3.8 4.2 3.9 4.2
Lao PDR 3.3 4.1 4.0 4.9 4.6
Eritrea 4.5 3.9 4.0 3.2 2.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.7
Nigeria 4.6 4.8 3.9 7.5 7.0
Bahrain 3.5 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9
Sri Lanka 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.2
Vanuatu 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5
Gambia, The 4.5 4.6 3.8 4.2 4.4
Algeria 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5
Thailand 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5
Gabon 2.9 3.3 3.7 3.8 3.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5
Kazakhstan 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.0
Sudan 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.1
Kuwait 2.5 3.6 3.6 3.2 2.7
Fiji 3.9 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6
Tanzania 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.4
Monaco 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.9 4.0
Comoros 3.5 2.8 3.4 3.6 4.0
Malaysia 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.9 3.7
Turkmenistan 3.9 3.8 3.3 3.8 3.7
Oman 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Bangladesh 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.1
Pakistan 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.8
Singapore 2.7 2.4 2.9 3.6 3.2
Philippines 3.2 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5
Qatar 2.2 2.6 2.7 4.1 3.6
Congo, Rep. 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.6
Myanmar 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.3
Indonesia 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.4
Equatorial Guinea 2.4 1.5 1.8 2.0 2.1
Iraq 0.8 1.1 1.4 4.4 5.6
Liechtenstein
Puerto Rico
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia
American Samoa
Guam
Aruba
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
Macao SAR, China
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Hong Kong SAR, China
Isle of Man
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
West Bank and Gaza
French Polynesia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Zimbabwe

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