Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Marshall Islands 17.6 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9
Tuvalu 16.6 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3
United States 15.7 15.8 15.9 16.1 16.5
Sierra Leone 15.4 15.9 14.2 14.0 14.2
Sao Tome and Principe 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3
France 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 11.0
Switzerland 11.0 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3
Germany 10.7 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7
Austria 10.4 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5
Kiribati 10.4 10.1 11.0 12.1 13.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 10.4 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9
Norway 10.1 9.5 9.2 9.5 9.0
Portugal 10.0 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2
Iceland 10.0 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.3
Belgium 10.0 10.0 9.5 9.5 9.9
Netherlands 10.0 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0
Canada 9.8 9.8 10.0 10.0 10.3
Afghanistan 9.8 9.2 9.1 10.0 9.7
Burundi 9.7 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9
Denmark 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2
Palau 9.2 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6
Sweden 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2
Jordan 9.1 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8
South Africa 8.9 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0
Liberia 8.8 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9
Greece 8.7 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1
Montenegro 8.7 8.7 8.2 7.0 6.3
Serbia 8.7 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4
Malta 8.6 9.1 9.0 8.5 8.2
Australia 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.8
Timor-Leste 8.6 7.3 10.6 8.0 8.6
Georgia 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0
Uruguay 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.0 8.0
Italy 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9
Moldova 8.5 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4
Slovenia 8.3 8.4 8.3 7.9 8.3
Lebanon 8.2 7.8 8.1 8.0 7.5
Hungary 8.2 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5
Spain 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9
Finland 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3
Luxembourg 8.2 7.9 7.7 6.8 7.3
Argentina 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.3
Panama 8.1 7.5 7.0 6.7 7.3
New Zealand 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.5 9.3
United Kingdom 8.0 8.3 8.4 8.5 9.0
Japan 8.0 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6
Azerbaijan 7.9 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4
Honduras 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4
Uganda 7.9 9.2 9.6 9.4 8.8
Malawi 7.8 8.2 9.0 6.7 8.4
Costa Rica 7.8 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0
Israel 7.6 7.7 7.4 7.5 7.6
Ireland 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.1
Bulgaria 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0
El Salvador 7.3 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2
Slovak Republic 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0
Brazil 7.1 8.2 8.5 8.5 8.3
Niger 7.1 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1
Barbados 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.5 7.5
Cambodia 7.1 6.9 5.4 4.5 5.5
Mongolia 7.0 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4
Lesotho 7.0 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9
Nigeria 7.0 6.6 5.7 7.2 6.5
Czech Republic 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8
Suriname 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9
Djibouti 6.8 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0
Chile 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.8
Zambia 6.7 7.1 6.4 6.0 6.6
Croatia 6.6 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8
Ukraine 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Belarus 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9
Ecuador 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.3
Albania 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.1
Latvia 6.5 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6
Namibia 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9 6.9
Cyprus 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9
Guatemala 6.4 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9
St. Lucia 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.5
Mali 6.3 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9
Cuba 6.1 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8
Ghana 6.1 7.0 5.4 6.0 5.6
Nicaragua 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.2
Burkina Faso 6.1 6.9 7.4 7.7 8.6
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3
Mexico 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8
Mozambique 5.9 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5
Maldives 5.9 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9
Paraguay 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.6
Mauritania 5.9 5.0 3.5 4.4 4.3
Togo 5.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5
Swaziland 5.9 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2
Grenada 5.8 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.0
Rwanda 5.8 6.1 10.0 10.0 10.1
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1
Andorra 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.2
Senegal 5.7 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9
Lithuania 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6
Solomon Islands 5.6 7.8 6.7 5.6 5.6
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Iraq 5.6 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9
Haiti 5.6 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5
Cote d'Ivoire 5.6 5.7 6.0 6.6 6.5
Kyrgyz Republic 5.6 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1
Venezuela, RB 5.6 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Vietnam 5.5 5.9 6.5 7.1 6.0
Armenia 5.5 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8
Romania 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4
Colombia 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6
Turkey 5.4 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.9 7.3
Guyana 5.3 5.3 4.1 3.9 6.6
Bolivia 5.3 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9
San Marino 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0
Guinea-Bissau 5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8
Guinea 5.3 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.0
Trinidad and Tobago 5.2 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4
Morocco 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.6 6.1 6.4 6.6
Russian Federation 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.1
Angola 5.1 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.2
Estonia 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.0
Dominican Republic 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.3
Chad 5.1 4.7 4.0 4.2 3.6
Cabo Verde 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0
Botswana 4.9 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3
Samoa 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1
Yemen, Rep. 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.3
Jamaica 4.8 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4
Tonga 4.8 6.4 5.5 6.9 6.3
China 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.7 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4
Dominica 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Cameroon 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.0 3.5 4.2 4.6
Lao PDR 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Benin 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.2
India 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.9
Syrian Arab Republic 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4
Bhutan 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.0 5.2
Belize 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.8 5.1
Peru 4.4 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.7
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.1 4.1
Ethiopia 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3
Tajikistan 4.3 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.6
Seychelles 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.4 2.7
Kenya 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2
Sri Lanka 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4
Mauritius 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.0 4.6
Central African Republic 4.1 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3
Sudan 4.1 4.1 5.0 6.2 7.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4
Monaco 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6
Comoros 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2
Kazakhstan 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.9
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7
Saudi Arabia 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1
Malaysia 3.7 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.4
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.1 1.9
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6
Qatar 3.6 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9
Algeria 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.1 4.2
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Libya 3.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.2
Vanuatu 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7
Tanzania 3.4 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4
Gabon 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7
Philippines 3.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8
Singapore 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.5 4.0
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2
Oman 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1
Eritrea 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.4
Pakistan 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.3
Kuwait 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9
Congo, Rep. 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7
Indonesia 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8
Myanmar 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Equatorial Guinea 2.1 1.6 2.3 2.4 3.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Macao SAR, China
Puerto Rico
South Sudan 2.0
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
French Polynesia
Kosovo
Aruba
Cayman Islands
Guam
Hong Kong SAR, China
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Zimbabwe

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