Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Equatorial Guinea 2.1 1.6 2.3 2.4 3.4
Myanmar 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7
Kuwait 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9
Congo, Rep. 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2
Libya 3.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.2
Oman 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1
Indonesia 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8
Eritrea 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.4
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.1 1.9
Gabon 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7
Qatar 3.6 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9
Algeria 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.8
Pakistan 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.3
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5
Malaysia 3.7 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.4
Vanuatu 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7
Saudi Arabia 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.1 4.2
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1
Singapore 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.5 4.0
Philippines 3.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.0 3.5 4.2 4.6
Monaco 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6
Seychelles 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.4 2.7
Tanzania 3.4 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4
Sri Lanka 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4
Jamaica 4.8 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4
Kazakhstan 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.9
Sudan 4.1 4.1 5.0 6.2 7.5
Syrian Arab Republic 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4
Ethiopia 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3
Iraq 5.6 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9
Angola 5.1 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8
India 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.9
Comoros 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2
Lao PDR 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Bhutan 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.0 5.2
Central African Republic 4.1 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3
Kenya 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2
Haiti 5.6 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5
Belize 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.8 5.1
Peru 4.4 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.7
Mauritius 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.0 4.6
Antigua and Barbuda 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.1 4.1
Yemen, Rep. 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1
China 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6
Chad 5.1 4.7 4.0 4.2 3.6
Benin 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.2
Tajikistan 4.3 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.6
Cabo Verde 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0
Cameroon 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.3
Samoa 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1
Dominica 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Estonia 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.0
Mauritania 5.9 5.0 3.5 4.4 4.3
Morocco 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8
Russian Federation 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.1
Armenia 5.5 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8
Trinidad and Tobago 5.2 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4
San Marino 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0
Dominican Republic 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.9 7.3
Guinea 5.3 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.7 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4
Guyana 5.3 5.3 4.1 3.9 6.6
Senegal 5.7 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9
Venezuela, RB 5.6 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Turkey 5.4 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1
Romania 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4
Paraguay 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.6
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Bolivia 5.3 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9
Botswana 4.9 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.6 6.1 6.4 6.6
Cote d'Ivoire 5.6 5.7 6.0 6.6 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1
Andorra 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.2
Colombia 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6
Kyrgyz Republic 5.6 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1
Lithuania 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6
Vietnam 5.5 5.9 6.5 7.1 6.0
Mexico 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3
Mongolia 7.0 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4
Grenada 5.8 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.0
Rwanda 5.8 6.1 10.0 10.0 10.1
Nicaragua 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.2
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9
Albania 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.1
Lesotho 7.0 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9
Ecuador 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.3
St. Lucia 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.5
Mali 6.3 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7
Cyprus 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9
Latvia 6.5 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6
Tonga 4.8 6.4 5.5 6.9 6.3
Ukraine 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Guatemala 6.4 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9
Togo 5.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5
Chile 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.8
Nigeria 7.0 6.6 5.7 7.2 6.5
Suriname 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9
Swaziland 5.9 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2
Mozambique 5.9 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5
Burkina Faso 6.1 6.9 7.4 7.7 8.6
Belarus 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9
Czech Republic 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8
Cambodia 7.1 6.9 5.4 4.5 5.5
Barbados 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.5 7.5
Croatia 6.6 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8
Ghana 6.1 7.0 5.4 6.0 5.6
Maldives 5.9 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9
Slovak Republic 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0
Zambia 6.7 7.1 6.4 6.0 6.6
El Salvador 7.3 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2
Djibouti 6.8 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0
Timor-Leste 8.6 7.3 10.6 8.0 8.6
Bulgaria 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0
Namibia 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9 6.9
Panama 8.1 7.5 7.0 6.7 7.3
Ireland 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.1
Honduras 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4
Israel 7.6 7.7 7.4 7.5 7.6
Niger 7.1 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1
Costa Rica 7.8 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0
Lebanon 8.2 7.8 8.1 8.0 7.5
Solomon Islands 5.6 7.8 6.7 5.6 5.6
Azerbaijan 7.9 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4
Luxembourg 8.2 7.9 7.7 6.8 7.3
Liberia 8.8 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9
Cuba 6.1 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8
Brazil 7.1 8.2 8.5 8.5 8.3
Japan 8.0 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6
Malawi 7.8 8.2 9.0 6.7 8.4
Uruguay 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.0 8.0
United Kingdom 8.0 8.3 8.4 8.5 9.0
Palau 9.2 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6
Spain 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9
Argentina 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.3
Slovenia 8.3 8.4 8.3 7.9 8.3
New Zealand 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.5 9.3
Finland 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3
Hungary 8.2 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5
Australia 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.8
Georgia 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0
Montenegro 8.7 8.7 8.2 7.0 6.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8
Italy 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9
South Africa 8.9 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0
Jordan 9.1 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8
Serbia 8.7 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4
Sweden 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2
Malta 8.6 9.1 9.0 8.5 8.2
Moldova 8.5 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4
Uganda 7.9 9.2 9.6 9.4 8.8
Afghanistan 9.8 9.2 9.1 10.0 9.7
Norway 10.1 9.5 9.2 9.5 9.0
Iceland 10.0 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.3
Greece 8.7 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1
Denmark 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2
Canada 9.8 9.8 10.0 10.0 10.3
Belgium 10.0 10.0 9.5 9.5 9.9
Sao Tome and Principe 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3
Burundi 9.7 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9
Kiribati 10.4 10.1 11.0 12.1 13.2
Portugal 10.0 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2
Austria 10.4 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5
Germany 10.7 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7
Switzerland 11.0 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3
Netherlands 10.0 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0
France 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 11.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 10.4 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9
United States 15.7 15.8 15.9 16.1 16.5
Sierra Leone 15.4 15.9 14.2 14.0 14.2
Marshall Islands 17.6 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9
Tuvalu 16.6 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3
Korea, Dem. Rep.
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Curacao
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Macao SAR, China
Cayman Islands
Aruba
South Sudan 2.0
Faeroe Islands
Somalia
French Polynesia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
St. Martin (French part)
Kosovo
Turks and Caicos Islands
Puerto Rico
American Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
Liechtenstein
Isle of Man
Zimbabwe

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