Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Tuvalu 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3 12.8
Marshall Islands 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9 17.5
United States 15.2 15.3 15.6 16.1 17.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9 13.4
Sierra Leone 11.9 10.4 9.8 10.0 12.7
France 10.9 10.9 10.8 10.9 11.6
Netherlands 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0 11.9
Switzerland 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3 11.0
Germany 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7 11.8
Austria 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5 11.2
Portugal 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2 10.8
Uganda 10.2 8.0 9.5 10.0 9.6
Burundi 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9 7.0
Kiribati 10.1 10.9 12.2 12.9 10.8
Sao Tome and Principe 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3 7.5
Denmark 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2 11.5
Greece 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1 10.2
Belgium 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.9 10.7
Canada 9.6 9.7 9.8 10.0 11.1
Iceland 9.4 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.6
Moldova 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4 12.5
Malta 9.1 9.1 8.5 8.2 8.3
Sweden 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.9
Serbia 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4 10.5
Norway 9.0 8.6 8.7 8.6 9.7
Jordan 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8 9.5
South Africa 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0 8.7
Afghanistan 8.8 8.6 8.4 9.6 8.5
Italy 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9 9.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.8
Georgia 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0 10.2
Slovenia 8.5 8.4 8.0 8.5 9.4
Montenegro 8.5 8.0 6.7 6.1 6.1
Australia 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.8 9.0
Hungary 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5 7.7
Finland 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3 9.2
Brazil 8.4 8.5 8.5 8.4 8.9
New Zealand 8.3 8.7 8.4 9.3 9.8
Spain 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9 9.6
Palau 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.4
Uruguay 8.2 8.3 8.0 7.9 9.0
Japan 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6 9.5
United Kingdom 8.1 8.3 8.4 8.8 9.7
Cuba 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8 11.7
Macedonia, FYR 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9 6.8
Liberia 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8 14.2
Luxembourg 7.9 7.7 6.7 7.3 8.1
Azerbaijan 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4 5.9
Lebanon 7.9 8.3 8.1 7.7 7.3
Solomon Islands 7.8 6.7 6.4 6.0 7.9
Costa Rica 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0 9.7
Honduras 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4 8.8
Ireland 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.0 9.9
Panama 7.5 7.0 6.3 6.8 7.6
Israel 7.4 7.2 7.2 7.3 7.3
Namibia 7.3 7.2 6.9 7.1 8.1
Bulgaria 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0 7.2
Djibouti 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0 8.3
El Salvador 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2 6.8
Guatemala 7.1 7.4 7.1 7.0 7.2
Niger 7.1 7.3 6.8 6.9 7.2
Slovak Republic 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0 9.2
Maldives 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9 7.6
Croatia 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8 8.2
Czech Republic 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8 7.8
Belarus 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9 6.1
Burkina Faso 6.9 7.4 7.7 6.8 7.4
Mozambique 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5 6.0
Rwanda 6.9 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.2
Argentina 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.7 7.6
Swaziland 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2 8.5
Suriname 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.1
Chile 6.7 6.2 6.4 6.9 7.4
Togo 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5 7.2
Ukraine 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6 7.8
Tonga 6.4 5.5 5.5 5.1 4.6
Latvia 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6 6.8
Cyprus 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9 7.4
Mali 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7 6.8
St. Lucia 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.4 8.0
Lesotho 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9 9.8
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9 7.2
Zambia 6.2 5.4 4.3 4.8 4.7
Malawi 6.2 7.0 5.5 6.7 6.8
Albania 6.1 5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8
Nicaragua 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.0 7.5
Mongolia 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4 6.4
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4
Tajikistan 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.6 5.9
Mexico 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.4
Lithuania 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6 7.5
Guyana 5.8 4.7 5.8 7.2 7.3
Kyrgyz Republic 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1 6.8
Colombia 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6 7.0
Cambodia 5.8 4.2 3.5 5.5 6.3
Andorra 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.1
Nepal 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1 6.0
Guinea-Bissau 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0 6.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.7 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.8
Korea, Rep. 5.7 6.1 6.4 6.6 7.2
Botswana 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3 6.1
Paraguay 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.7 7.5
Bolivia 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.8
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 6.2
Grenada 5.5 6.0 5.9 5.8 6.2
Romania 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.6
Turkey 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1
Venezuela, RB 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.8
Barbados 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.1 6.2
Vietnam 5.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.0
Senegal 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9 4.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4 7.2
Bhutan 5.3 5.3 5.9 6.3 5.6
Trinidad and Tobago 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4 6.1
Armenia 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8 4.5
Russian Federation 5.2 5.3 5.4 6.2 7.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.0
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.5 5.8 5.9 6.3
Morocco 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7
San Marino 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.9
Estonia 5.0 5.0 5.2 6.1 6.9
Gambia, The 5.0 5.5 5.8 5.9 5.8
Samoa 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1 5.7
Cameroon 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.1
Ecuador 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.6
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.3 4.5
Cabo Verde 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0 4.2
Benin 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.2 4.4
Dominica 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.7 5.4
China 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6 5.1
Peru 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.3
Yemen, Rep. 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.3
Ghana 4.5 4.6 5.3 4.9 5.2
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.7
Mauritius 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6 5.0
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.3 4.3 4.7 4.9
Belize 4.5 4.4 4.8 5.1 5.8
Haiti 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5 6.4
Kenya 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6
Central African Republic 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3 3.6
Lao PDR 4.3 4.3 4.2 2.7 3.6
India 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.1
Comoros 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2 3.8
Ethiopia 4.3 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.4
Chad 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.2 3.5
Mauritania 4.2 3.2 3.5 3.7 4.8
Angola 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8 4.4
Iraq 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.6
Syrian Arab Republic 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.5
Sudan 4.1 4.9 6.1 7.3 7.4
Nigeria 4.1 3.7 4.5 4.0 4.2
Kazakhstan 4.1 3.7 3.2 3.6 4.1
Jamaica 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4 5.2
Sri Lanka 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.3
Tanzania 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4 5.6
Monaco 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6 4.3
Papua New Guinea 4.0 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.8
Philippines 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.3
Seychelles 3.9 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.6
Bahrain 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1 4.5
Singapore 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7 5.1
Fiji 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6 4.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.6 4.1 4.1 4.2 5.0
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9 4.1
Saudi Arabia 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1 4.6
Turkmenistan 3.5 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.9
Malaysia 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.0
Vanuatu 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.9
Algeria 3.2 3.4 3.8 4.2 5.2
Pakistan 3.2 3.7 3.6 3.4 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.1 3.4 3.6 4.5 5.6
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3
Qatar 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9 2.6
Gabon 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7 3.7
Eritrea 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.3
Guinea 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.8
Indonesia 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8 2.8
Libya 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.0 3.2
Oman 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1 3.0
Brunei Darussalam 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.8
Congo, Rep. 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.3
Kuwait 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9 3.9
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7 3.6
Myanmar 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1
Equatorial Guinea 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.3 5.3
Timor-Leste 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.3
American Samoa
West Bank and Gaza
Macao SAR, China
Bermuda
Hong Kong SAR, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Taiwan, China
Somalia
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
South Sudan 1.9 2.1
Puerto Rico
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
New Caledonia
Aruba
Zimbabwe

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