Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Tuvalu 16.6 17.9 19.1 16.6 13.3
Marshall Islands 17.6 17.3 19.6 19.6 17.9
Sierra Leone 15.4 15.9 14.2 14.0 14.2
United States 15.7 15.8 15.9 16.1 16.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 10.4 12.1 11.9 12.0 12.9
France 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 11.0
Netherlands 10.0 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.0
Switzerland 11.0 10.9 10.4 10.2 10.3
Germany 10.7 10.8 10.6 10.5 10.7
Austria 10.4 10.4 10.2 10.3 10.5
Portugal 10.0 10.4 10.0 10.0 10.2
Kiribati 10.4 10.1 11.0 12.1 13.2
Burundi 9.7 10.1 11.6 10.0 7.9
Sao Tome and Principe 11.0 10.0 7.8 7.1 6.3
Belgium 10.0 10.0 9.5 9.5 9.9
Canada 9.8 9.8 10.0 10.0 10.3
Denmark 9.7 9.8 9.9 10.0 10.2
Greece 8.7 9.7 9.7 9.8 10.1
Iceland 10.0 9.6 9.4 9.3 9.3
Norway 10.1 9.5 9.2 9.5 9.0
Afghanistan 9.8 9.2 9.1 10.0 9.7
Uganda 7.9 9.2 9.6 9.4 8.8
Moldova 8.5 9.2 10.6 10.9 11.4
Malta 8.6 9.1 9.0 8.5 8.2
Sweden 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.2
Serbia 8.7 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.4
Jordan 9.1 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.8
South Africa 8.9 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.0
Italy 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.5 8.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.0 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.8
Montenegro 8.7 8.7 8.2 7.0 6.3
Georgia 8.5 8.6 8.4 8.2 9.0
Australia 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.8
Hungary 8.2 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.5
Finland 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.0 8.3
New Zealand 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.5 9.3
Slovenia 8.3 8.4 8.3 7.9 8.3
Argentina 8.2 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.3
Spain 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9
Palau 9.2 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.6
United Kingdom 8.0 8.3 8.4 8.5 9.0
Uruguay 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.0 8.0
Malawi 7.8 8.2 9.0 6.7 8.4
Japan 8.0 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.6
Brazil 7.1 8.2 8.5 8.5 8.3
Cuba 6.1 8.1 7.7 10.4 10.8
Macedonia, FYR 8.7 8.1 7.8 7.0 6.9
Liberia 8.8 8.0 10.9 10.2 11.8
Luxembourg 8.2 7.9 7.7 6.8 7.3
Azerbaijan 7.9 7.9 6.2 5.1 4.4
Solomon Islands 5.6 7.8 6.7 5.6 5.6
Lebanon 8.2 7.8 8.1 8.0 7.5
Costa Rica 7.8 7.7 7.8 8.4 9.0
Niger 7.1 7.7 7.9 7.4 7.1
Israel 7.6 7.7 7.4 7.5 7.6
Honduras 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.4
Ireland 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.1
Panama 8.1 7.5 7.0 6.7 7.3
Namibia 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9 6.9
Bulgaria 7.3 7.3 6.9 6.8 7.0
Timor-Leste 8.6 7.3 10.6 8.0 8.6
Djibouti 6.8 7.2 7.1 7.7 8.0
El Salvador 7.3 7.2 6.7 6.3 6.2
Zambia 6.7 7.1 6.4 6.0 6.6
Slovak Republic 7.2 7.0 7.3 7.8 8.0
Maldives 5.9 7.0 6.7 6.3 7.9
Ghana 6.1 7.0 5.4 6.0 5.6
Croatia 6.6 7.0 7.0 7.5 7.8
Barbados 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.5 7.5
Cambodia 7.1 6.9 5.4 4.5 5.5
Czech Republic 6.9 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.8
Belarus 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.4 5.9
Burkina Faso 6.1 6.9 7.4 7.7 8.6
Mozambique 5.9 6.9 6.5 6.0 5.5
Swaziland 5.9 6.8 6.8 7.0 8.2
Suriname 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.9
Nigeria 7.0 6.6 5.7 7.2 6.5
Chile 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.8
Togo 5.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 6.5
Guatemala 6.4 6.5 7.3 7.2 6.9
Ukraine 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.6
Tonga 4.8 6.4 5.5 6.9 6.3
Latvia 6.5 6.4 6.8 7.0 6.6
Cyprus 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.9
Mali 6.3 6.3 6.6 7.0 6.7
St. Lucia 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.5
Ecuador 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.3
Lesotho 7.0 6.3 7.1 8.5 8.9
Albania 6.5 6.3 6.0 6.4 6.1
Poland 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.9
Nicaragua 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.9 7.2
Rwanda 5.8 6.1 10.0 10.0 10.1
Grenada 5.8 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.0
Mongolia 7.0 6.0 5.4 5.7 6.4
Bahamas, The 6.0 6.0 6.9 7.1 7.3
Mexico 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8
Vietnam 5.5 5.9 6.5 7.1 6.0
Lithuania 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.2 6.6
Kyrgyz Republic 5.6 5.8 6.7 6.9 6.1
Colombia 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.6
Andorra 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.2
Nepal 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1
Guinea-Bissau 5.3 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.0
Cote d'Ivoire 5.6 5.7 6.0 6.6 6.5
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.6 6.1 6.4 6.6
Botswana 4.9 5.6 4.9 4.7 5.3
Bolivia 5.3 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.9
Tunisia 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6 5.6
Paraguay 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.6
Romania 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.4
Turkey 5.4 5.4 5.8 6.0 6.1
Venezuela, RB 5.6 5.4 5.7 6.0 5.6
Senegal 5.7 5.4 5.4 4.7 4.9
Guyana 5.3 5.3 4.1 3.9 6.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.7 5.3 5.1 5.1 6.4
Guinea 5.3 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 5.4 5.3 5.5 5.9 7.3
Dominican Republic 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.3
San Marino 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0
Trinidad and Tobago 5.2 5.3 4.4 4.8 4.4
Armenia 5.5 5.3 4.6 4.3 3.8
Russian Federation 5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.8
Uzbekistan 5.1 5.1 5.5 5.4 5.2
Morocco 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.5 5.4
Mauritania 5.9 5.0 3.5 4.4 4.3
Estonia 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 6.0
Dominica 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9
Samoa 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.9 5.1
Madagascar 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.3
Cameroon 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.7 5.0
Cabo Verde 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.0
Tajikistan 4.3 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.6
Benin 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.5 4.2
Chad 5.1 4.7 4.0 4.2 3.6
China 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6
Yemen, Rep. 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1
Gambia, The 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.1 4.1
Antigua and Barbuda 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.4
Mauritius 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.0 4.6
Peru 4.4 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.7
Belize 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.8 5.1
Haiti 5.6 4.4 5.7 5.4 5.5
Kenya 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2
Central African Republic 4.1 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3
Bhutan 4.4 4.3 4.4 5.0 5.2
Lao PDR 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.1
Comoros 4.0 4.3 4.6 4.9 5.2
India 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.9
Angola 5.1 4.2 4.5 3.4 3.8
Iraq 5.6 4.1 3.0 3.7 3.9
Ethiopia 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.8 4.3
Syrian Arab Republic 4.5 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.4
Sudan 4.1 4.1 5.0 6.2 7.5
Kazakhstan 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.9
Jamaica 4.8 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.4
Sri Lanka 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4
Tanzania 3.4 4.0 6.5 5.7 5.4
Seychelles 4.3 4.0 3.8 3.4 2.7
Monaco 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.6
Papua New Guinea 4.6 4.0 3.5 4.2 4.6
Philippines 3.2 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8
Singapore 3.2 3.8 3.7 3.5 4.0
Bahrain 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.7
Fiji 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.1 4.2
Thailand 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.9
Saudi Arabia 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.1
Vanuatu 3.5 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7
Malaysia 3.7 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.4
Bangladesh 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5
Pakistan 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.3
Algeria 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.8
Qatar 3.6 3.0 2.6 2.3 1.9
Gabon 3.4 3.0 3.2 3.3 2.7
Turkmenistan 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.1 1.9
Eritrea 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.4
Indonesia 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.1 2.8
Oman 3.0 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.1
Libya 3.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.2
Brunei Darussalam 3.0 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.2
Congo, Rep. 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.1
Kuwait 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.1 1.9
United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.7
Myanmar 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Equatorial Guinea 2.1 1.6 2.3 2.4 3.4
Hong Kong SAR, China
Aruba
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
South Sudan 2.0
Somalia
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Puerto Rico
West Bank and Gaza
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
New Caledonia
Isle of Man
Cayman Islands
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Macao SAR, China
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Kosovo
Zimbabwe

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